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Divergence in the upper air results, near the surface in: atpl

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Ozone (O3 ) is a made with three oxygen atoms; it is very unstable and has a short lifetime. At room Temperature and pressure has acrid odour and no colour, although at high concentration levels can turn Into blue. At high concentrations can be toxic and can cause death. It s not emitted directly into the air, but is created by chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the presence of sunlight. VOC + NOx + sunlight tropospheric O3Particulate Matter (PM) "Particulate matter," also known as particle pollution or PM, is a complex mixture of extremely small Particles and liquid droplets. Particle pollution is made up of a number of components, including acids (such as nitrates and sulfates), organic... Continue reading "Divergence in the upper air results, near the surface in: atpl" »

Coh3 chemical name

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lehmann discontinuity:the boundary between the liquid outer core and the solid inner core of the Earth.HOTSPOT:volcanic regions thought to be fed by  underlying mantle hot compared with the  surrounding mantle.They may be on, near to, or far from tectonic plates boundaries.Crystalline matter:They consist of atoms arranged in an orderly repeated partner.Crystal:regular polyhedral structure, solid material whose constituents, such as atoms,or ions, are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure.Polymorphism is the term used to describe that various Crystal forms a single compound,this occurs when minerals with the same chemical composition hace different crystal structures.Isomorphism is the term used for similar crystal structures
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At which altitude is it necessary to breathe

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CLIMATE

  1. LATIDUDE
  • Latitude is the distance form any point on earth to the Equator.
  • Latitude determines the level of insolation at any point. Insolation is the amount of solar energy received. As we move further from the Equator insolation is less intense.
  • Latitude determines the main climate zones:
    • Tropical zones: from tropic of cancer to trpic of capricorn. There are high temperatures and abundant precipitation.
    • Temperate zones. Temperatures vary depending on the season and prcipitation is more abundant in areas near the sea.
    • Polar zones. Very low temperatures and low precipitation.
  1. ALTITUDE
  • Is the heigth of a place relative to sea level.
  • Temperature falls 0.6º for every 100 m
  • Relief can also cause precipitation when it causes moist air to rise and condense.
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dsfsdfs

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-Harvesting: A corp or yield of one growing season.

-Crops: The cultivated produce of the ground, while growing or when gattered.
-Pursuit: An effort to secure or attain, quest.
-Buttressed: Any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts.
-Ridges: A long, narrow elevation of land.
-Patch: A piece of cloth or other material used to mend or strengthen a torn or weak point.
-Sloping- To move to an inclination.
- Hood: Any of various implements of similar forms, as for mixing plaster.
-Mounds: a natural elevation of earth.
Parsley: An herb, native to the Mediterranean, having either curled leaf clusters.
-Tarragon- An old world plant, having aromatic purposes using for seasoning.
-Battered: To beat persistently or
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Non metal mineral materials

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earth's crust:hard outher surface of--rust:a reddish-brown material that...

wedges:objects with a triangular...--temper:an addictive that increases the
crush: press or break into small..--flux:an addictive that reduces the melting
breakwaters:walls built from the...
metamorphic:rock transformed by...
igneous:rock formed from magma...
exothermic:producing heat

stone blocks:quarrying, processing:cutting, shaping,polishing.Aggregates:
cleaning,crushing,sorting.Aggregates that come from rivers are called river
rock.Crushed rock has irregular edges that provide more friction. Natural stone: limestone,marble,granite,slate,tuff.Stone binders:in construction plaster lime and cement are used as binders to hold other materials together. Plaster,lime,cement,
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Curing concrete in "carbonated water"

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b)A Reinforced concrete (RC) sea wall has been in operation for 45 years and shows Visible signs of brown staining and spalling of the surface concrete around the Bottom two thirds of the height on the seaward side and similar damage on the Top section exposed on the roadside as indicated in Fig. Q1 c) below:


Fig. Q1 c) RC Sea wall

  1. Comment on the level of exposure and describe the Most likely cause of the damage.

    Answer 1 b) i):

    The level of exposure in a coastal Environment can be severe and problems can arise due to a number of factors:

  • Erosion of the concrete surface due to wave action And abrasion due to sand being picked up and impacted against the sea wall.

  • Ingress of sea water under pressure with tidal Movement and

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Alexander mery history

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Spontaneous generation: life began from inanimate objects. Oparin’s theory: Alexander Ivanovich Oparin developed this abiogenic theory. 1.Components atmosphere (methane, ammonia, hydrogen and water vapour) reacted due to the energy of the storms, solar radiation and continuous volcanic eruptions creating simple organic molecules. 2.Earth cooled down, intense rain produced primitive seas, where organic molecules accumulated. 3.Organic molecules joined, creating bigger molecules; some of them were insulated from the water inside structures calles coacervates. 4. Some of the coacervates developed molecules in their interior that were able to self-replicating; these were the first organisims and the origin of all cells. Panspermia theory: life 
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INTERNAL FORCES IN THE FORMATION OF RELIEF

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    WATER IN THE OCEANS 
  • SALT WATER: oceans and seas cover 71%of the earth´s surface . Most of the water on the planet is salt water. Rivers and rain carry rocks and minerals to oceans and seas ; this makes thm saline. Not all seawater hast the same salinity. Water in landlocked seas and in warmer latitudes is usually saltier, because the heat causes more evaporation than in open and cold seas.
  • WATER IN MOVEMENT: Seawater is constantly moving because of the movement of curents, tides and waves. This movement erodes and shapes coastlines. Ocean currents are like big rivers moving within the oceans. The water in these currents does not mix with the rest of the sea because it has a different temperature or salinity. Currents can be warm or
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Air law

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Water Cycle : the natural sequence through Which water passes into the atmosphere as water vapor, precipitates to earth in Liquid or solid form, and ultimately returns to the atmosphere through evaporation.

Sequence Of the water cycle proces :

Evaporation : water molecules in liquid state escapes into the air as Water vapor. /

Condensation: molecules Of water vapor in the air become liquid water. / Precipitation: any from of water that falls from clouds and Reaches Eath’s surface. /

Collection: This is when water runs off slopes.

Info: hydrological cycle: pathway of Water from the atmosphere to Earth’s surface, bellow ground and back. / Biogeochemical cycle: movement of A chemical through the biological and geological, or living and nonliving,

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Mass and balance

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CALCITE:CaCO3. HOTSPOT: 

Volcanic regions thought to be fed by the
mantle, yhey may be on, near to, or far from
tectonic plates. Crystal; Regular polyhedral structre, 
solid material, which components are arranged in
 a highly ordered microscopic structure.
Mineral ore. Aggregate of minerals or mineral form which a valuable consttituent can be proffited mined or extracted. Marl:Mix of calcite and clay.Dolomite: Composed of the minerals calcite and dolomite
Non clastic -Carbonate: Limestone dolomite marl. Evaporate: Salt rock gypsum. Organic: Coal Oil Natural gas
IGneous: formed from magma, a mass of molten rock which ussually contains dissolved gases and suspended solid fragments. Intrusive Granite Syenite Gabbro. Extrusive rhyolite andesite basalt.
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