Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Law & Jurisprudence

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Industrial revolution human rights

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

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  1. Mention the steps of realization for the Right of Health under article 12 of ICESCR.
    1. Reduce Infant Mortality and ensure healthy development of the child
    2. Improve environmental and industrial hygiene
    3. Present treat    and control epidemic, endemic , occupational and other and other diseases
    4. Create conditions to ensure access to health care for all
  2. All individuals are equal before the law, without distinction between the ruler and the ruled” is a statement under what convention/declaration? CDHRI Article 19
  3. Mention the statements under article 14 of the ICESCR referring to Right to Equality:
    1. The right to equality before the law .
    2. The right to be presumed innocent until proven Guilty
    3. To have fair and Public Hearing by Impartial Tribunal
  4. The UN introduced
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Collegial court

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

Written at on English with a size of 27.77 KB.

How To solve conflicts. How people act when they have a conflict, by themselves or Institutions or the courts (jurisdiction).

Jurisdiction (who)

Action (what)

Procedure (how)

LESSON 1: JURISDICTION AND THE JURISDICTIONAL FUNCTION

Legal conflicts resolution and the abolition of private Justice.

Different kind of Conflicts (personal, social, ethical, legal, etc.).

-Legal Conflict: when sb breaks a legal rule, infringes others´s rights or Breaches their legal duty.

-Two Types of conflicts: a) between private parties (Civil, Commercial And Labour conflicts); b) conflicts between a person and the State (Criminal Law).

Systems Of solving conflicts

A.By the people involved in the conflict:

-by Negotiations and transactions to reach an agreement.

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Law 19983 on

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

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Article 3 - Interstate relations
1-FULL FAITH AND CREDIT CLAUSE- EVERY STATE MUST HONOR EVERY OTHER STATE EX. DIVORCED IN FL, DIVORCED IN CA
2-PRIVILEGES OF IMMUNITIES CLAUSE- The Privileges and Immunities Clause prevents a state from treating citizens of other states in a discriminatory manner. Ex. SPEED LIMIT
3-EXTRADICTION- criminals can be requested back
4-NATIONAL PROTECTION-?> NATIONAL GUARD
ARTICLE 5- AMENDMENTS, NEW AMENDMENTS CAN BE ADDED TO THE CONSTITUTION,2/3 vote of congress2/3 calling constitutional convention, Ratification ¾ of state legislatures
Ratification convention (the only amendment that was ratified by the convention was the repeal of prohibition)
ARTICLE 6- SUPREMACY CLAUSE, constituion and federal laws are higher than
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Essential elements of complete theory

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

Written at on English with a size of 3.94 KB.

Businesspeople And commercial law are two elements that cannot go separately. When doing business, commercial law is always present and has to be taken into account in Order to fulfil the law and have legal effects. But now, how is commercial law Developed in business? What is the impact on it? Is it positive? Or negative? All those questions will answer an important matter regarding business and law, Two keys that have a huge impact in nowadays society and life./First of all, it Is needed to define what commercial law is in order to understand which are the Matters and issues that are affected. It is the body of law that applies to the Rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, Trade, and sales.
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What is the time of the pet

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

Written at on English with a size of 5.01 KB.

What kind of cargo is used for FAS? Why? In containers, because it is carried on board  a ship. Which are the two possible cases of delivery for FCA?:  when the goods have been loaded on the transport designated by the buyer or by a person acting on its behalf. When the goods are made available to the seller’s carrier transport, without being discharged. 

Allocation of costs and risk for FAS and FOB:  the seller is required to deliver the goods alongside the actual ship on the pier. From that point forward, the buyer bears all cost(loading cost, freight, insurance) and risk. Under FAS terms, the buyer is required to clear the goods for export and pay the cost of loading the goods.

Why is so important for the seller to have the bill

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Past perfect

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

Written at on English with a size of 2.95 KB.

Present perfect simple

Has + P.P(fact)

Already, ever, just, neer, yet, so far

, until now, up to now..

Present perfect continuous

Has been + ing(duration)

All day, for 5 years, since…, how long,

 whole week

Past perfect simple

Had + p.P(fact)

Already, just, never, once,

until that day

Past perfect continuous

Had been + ing(duration)

For, since, whole day, all day

Going to

Plans per el future

Will

Decisions espontaneas

Future continuous

Will be + ing

Future perfect simple

Will hae + p.P

By Monday, in a week

Future perfect continuous

Will have been + ing

All day long

í!

admin

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

Written at on English with a size of 4.7 KB.

oAdministrative Procedure= a group of steps in Order to get a final decision/ resolution within the administration

§2 parties Involved: the administration (2 functions: as a judge and a party) and the citizen (or a collective of citizens)

§The citizen Has the right to be hard either orally or in writing

oMandatory in all countries to exhaust the administrative procedure before challenging the court

§Judicial Procedure: There is an order within the courts that must be follow for the appeal: first the appeal court…

·Administrative Justice= it comprises every tool that administrative law places in the hands of The citizens.

oFailure of act

oUnlawful act: without a previous law or Procedure

§Citizen that Suffered damage from this action can

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A problem that is often debated nowadays is

Posted by Ferran and classified in Law & Jurisprudence

Written at on English with a size of 783 bytes.

NOWADAYS, THERE IS A HUGE PROBLEM WITH THE SYRIAN WAR BECAUSE A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE RUNNING AWAY. EU HAS PROMISE THAT FOR EACH SYRIAN MIGRANT RETURNED TO TURKEY THEY WILL TAKE ANOTHER LEGAL SYRIAN. IS THAT PROBLEM?

ON THE ONE HAND, IT IS A GOOD IDEA BECAUSE IN EU THEY WILL TAKE SYRIAN REFUGEES. WHAT’S MORE, THIS PEOPLE WILL NOT BE UNDER BETTER CONDITIONS.

ON THE OTHER HAND, IT’S  A CONDINTIONAL DEAL. IT WILL ONLY BE FULFILLED IF THERE ARE EXPELLED REFUGEES, AND THE OTHER MAKE A LEGITÍMATE REQUEST. 

AS FOR AS I AM CONCERNED, IT’S A BRILLANT IDEA BUT IT MUST BE UNCONDITIONAL. THEY MUST TAKE IN AS MUCH AS REFUGEES AS TURKEY CAN.

Criminal efficientism

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

Written at on English with a size of 4.36 KB.

Criminal procedure- Inquisit- (legality princp) neutral oficer conducts the investigat nd judge or panel of judgs determine guilt or inoc. Bried nd informal afair conducted by presiding judge no jury. Acuse has to testify, no req atendance of al witnes can last 1 yr. Adv- (oportunity princp) grnd jury nd jury is dif. Starts w police invest aims on suspect. Held b4 neutral dec maker w no prior knowledge of case. Defendant right of jury, atorneys conduct trial- continuos nd subject to princ of orality. Criminal invest- public pros, police, privat pros, popular acusat, civil plaintif, investigat judge, grand jury. Trial- defndnt, jury. SP-acusitorial princ- someone has to acuse- if not no case, can b public prosecutor (pursued by pp), popular
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Concept of education

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

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how does a charitable Trust work?

charitable trusts are trusts for the purpose, (property is held for a Purpose, there is no beneficiary)

purpose to be 'charitable'

charities act 2011 MUST BE FOR THE PUBLIC BENEFIT

Fiscal Advantages/benefit

-exempt from Inheritance Tax

-exempt from tax on investments

-exempt from income tax

-Gift Aid (reclaim the basic rate of tax on gift)

S.1 DEFINES CHAIRTY

s.2 defines CHARITABLE PURPOSE

s.3 defines PURPOSES

Charitable status - S.3 (1)(A) POVERTY

poverty defined in case:
 RE COULTHURST

Widows and orphaned children of deceased officers of the bank (workers).
Poverty just means when your going SHORT than your normal doing. (food, Clothes)

RE SAUNDERS TRUST

Left a gift for the working classes and their families, just being... Continue reading "Concept of education" »