Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Medicine & Health

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Enfermedades del sistema circulatorio

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Arteriosclerosis: is a serious illness caused by the accumulation of fats in the arteries which causes them to narrow and restricts the blood flow.

Thrombosis: is due to the forming of blood clots in a bloos vessel. The blood clot circulates until it reaches a narrow blood vessel where it gets stuck. In this way, the blood is prevented from reaching the area where the obstruction is. This illness can have serious consequences, especially if the obstruction occurs in the brain or the heart.

Heart attacks: kill a part of the heart due to the total obstruction of the arteries. Caused an intense pain in the chest which goes down the left arm and which does not disappear with rest.

Angina: coronary art. partly blocked. Heart muscle will get less oxygen.

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Enfermedades de los sistemas respiratorio y digestivo

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CAVITIES:consist of the progressive destruction of teeth due to attacks from the bacteria which live in the mouth. the only way to prevent cavities is to ensure your dental hygiene is appropiate and to go to the dentist. 

ULCERS: is a small wound which appears on the wall of the estomach or the duodenum. An ulcer is generally cansidered to be related to stress.

GASTRITIS: is the inflamation of the walls of the stomach and it causes a burning sensation and makes digestion difficult. It is a very common illness and it can be effectively treated with drugs.

GASTROENTERITIS: is caused by an infection provoked by a virus or bacteria or by food poisoning. It causes discomfort, fever, vomiting and diarrhoea. It can be cured by a few days rest.


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ATC Code or Classification System Anatomical, Therapeutic, Chemical

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ATC code or Classification System Anatomical, Therapeutic Chemical (ATC: acronym of Anatomical, Therapeutic, Chemical Classification System) is an index of drug substances and drugs, organized according to therapeutic groups. This system was established by the World Health Organization , and has been adopted in Europa . The code contains the organ or system on which it acts, the pharmacological effects, therapeutic indications and the drug's chemical structure

It is structured into five levels:

  • 1 .- Level (anatomy) organ or system in which the drug acts. There are 14 groups in total

Chest and abdominal muscles

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Chest muscles: the pectoralis major, can act as an accessory in respiration. Sawing greater, located between the scapula and the chest wall. Origin in the lateral surface of the first eight ribs; insertion, regardless of the scapula spine. Action: rotation of the scapula and inspiratori. External intercostal muscles, each of these 11 pairs occupy the intercostal space, the ribs superior to inferior, from the Tuber of the rib to the cost-chondral junction; intercostal muscles inmates are in a position perpendicular to the deepest and external intercostal, previously and subsequently to reach al'estern angle of the ribs, the intercostal muscles are similar to internal and intimate are the deepest portion. are respiratory muscles; media intercostal... Continue reading "Chest and abdominal muscles" »

Bipolar world

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At the end of World War II, the world was dominated by two powers: the United States and the Soviet Union.
Bloc politics led to the alignment of many countries in the world in one way or another block.
The Soviet Union became the strength of the field, exerts its influence over vast territories.

1. United States, leader of the capitalist world 1.1. The assertion of American power
The prevalence of EE. UU. rested on three pillars:
"Q The technological and economic superiority.
"Q The political prestige.
"Q The military power.
The U.S. action focused on two objectives: to maintain its supremacy over the capitalist world and stop the spread of communism.
He believed that to stop the Soviet advance was the best weapon to help

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Classified in Medicine & Health

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vanguardias europeas:1el futurismo nace en italia 1909 se declara el antiromanticismo y su defensa de un arte que mire hacia el futuro.2cubismo.primero aparecio en la pintura y mas tarde en literatura una de las aportaciones mas importantes fue el caligrama tambien el contrapunto.3el dadaismo.reivindica el mundo infantil anterior a todo logica4.el la vanguardia mas pesimista.craa un arte politico desarollo en alemania.5el inicio en paris andre breton en 1924,pretendia una revolucion integral.grandes seguidores,sirvio para rehumanizar el arte
-vanguardias españolas:fueron conocidass en españa muy pronto con seguidores destacados.el final de estas se produjo hacia 1930.1creacionismo:defiende
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Ostomy and enemas

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Intervention quiruqica an organ which communicate with the outside through a hole not natural.ESTOMAS NUTRITION: An alternative route of nutrition when for some reason prevented from doing so naturally due to cancer of the mouth, esophagus, or ingestion of caustic. This feeding is done through sondas.esofagostomia, faringostomia, gastrostomy, jejunostomy.
STOMATA DISPOSAL: Externalization of the intestine to abdominal wall travez sutured to the skin in order to create an artificial outlet for the evacuation of areas are heces.Dependiendo denominan.ILIOSTOMIA.ilon semiliquidas.COLOSTOMIAASCENDENTE feces: feces semiliqi. erritantes for piel.COLOSTOMIA TRANSVERSE: Lee semiliq.poco errirantes for piel.COLOSTOMIA Descending: Lee skin-solid... Continue reading "Ostomy and enemas" »


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               Science 2003

  1. The acid to water slowly while stirring constantly.
  2. Hiding from predators
  3. Be, Mg, Sr.
  4. 14.0 cm/s
  5. Scientists have observed tiny smoke particles moved by unseen particles in a rapid, irregular fashion.
  6. Helper T cell.
  7. Doubtful because it provides insufficient folate and vitamin B6 and lacks vitamin B12.
  8. Digestion
  9. How much energy is converted to heat.
  10. Crushing the crystal.
  11. 1.5 N
  12. Northern leopard frog, Rana pipiens.
  13. Green plants making their own food.
  14. The chemical formula for vitamin C.
  15. Kidney- ureter- bladder- uretra
  16. Decreasing air pressure.
  17. Sunlight.
  18. 2
  19. 144.3
  20. T
  21. The same as the original density
  22. 38
  23. 0.5 kg.
  24. Why does a lower temperature slow the rate of evaporation?
  25. Circulatory system
  26. Numerous uncontrolled variables are involved in
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Classified in Medicine & Health

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Competencia imperfecta
Cuando las empresas oferentes influyen individualmente en el precio del producto de la industria. Las empresas concurrentes no actúan como precio-aceptantes, sino como precio-ofertantes, puesto que, de alguna forma, imponen los precios que rigen en el mercado.

Características básicas de la competencia imperfecta.
La competencia imperfecta no implica que una empresa tenga un control absoluto sobre el precio de su producto.
La diferencia entre la competencia perfecta y la imperfecta puede expresarse también  en términos de las elasticidad precio de la demanda, en el caso de la empresa competitiva, la curva de demanda es completamente elástica, mientras que en el caso de la competencia imperfecta, la empresa se enfrenta... Continue reading "Adsa" »

Cushing Syndrome

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It is a disease that occurs when the body produces too much hormone cortisol. You can also occur if you take too much cortisol or other steroid hormones.

Causes and Risk Factors

The most common cause of Cushing's syndrome are the side effects of taking anti-inflammatory steroid medications for conditions such as asthma or rheumatoid arthritis.

The second most common cause is Cushing's disease, which occurs when the pituitary gland produces too much adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH, for its acronym in English), which stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol.

Cushing's disease affects women more often than men.

Cushing syndrome can also be caused by the following:

  • Pituitary tumor or adrenal gland
  • Tumor elsewhere in the body (ectopic
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