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Differentiate of Gregorian chants from troubadour music

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MIDDLE AGES. (5-14 c.) main purpose of religious music was to teach people the ideas of Christianity. Gregorian chants: singing of the christian church. Primitive polyphony (organum), ars antiqua & ars nova. Profane music: minstrels(travelling musicians) & troubadours. Instruments: flutes, lute, small percussion instr. Compo- Leonin & Perotin, polyphony. Alfonso x the wise: cantigas de santa maria.   RENAISSANCE. (15-16 c.) christian church divided into: catholic church (pope in rome) and protestant church (luther). Patrons of the art appear. Music becomes more human. Vocal music- protestant reformation: chorale (homophony and German). Catholic counter-reformation: motet & mass (counterpoint & latin). Profane music: madrigal-
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for taking out stitches? Suture scissors are used for
for giving injections?
Syringe and needle are used for
for exploring a wound?
a wound probe and sinus forceps
for handling sterile dressings?
dissecting/ dressing forceps
for cutting bandages? (Lister’s) bandage scissors
for removing clips? clip removing fórceps
for handling sterile instruments?
Cheatle’s forceps/ instrument handling forceps
A wound probe and sinus forceps are used for exploring a wound
Cheatle's forceps are used for
handling sterile instruments.
A syringe and needle are used for
giving injections.
Bandage scissors are used for
cutting bandages.
Dissecting forceps are used for
handling sterile dressings.
Suture scissors are used for
removing sutures.
Clip-removing forceps
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Obligacio: MUST, HAVE TO, HAS TO. Absència obligacio: DON’T HAVE, NEEDEN’T, DOESN’T HAVE. Prohibicio: mustn’t, can’t. Consellshould, must, ought to50% may, might, could 100% must be 100% fals can’t be Habi o Capac: PR(can you, you can’t) PA: (could, couldn’t) VOC: conduct, listen to, produce, record, lyrics, earplugs | bland, challenging, shooting, high pitched, catchy, ear splitting | beat,gig, mix, perform, track, turn up/down, release, live album, compose | sing you up, avaliable, demo, post, fans bone |

ingles 2

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When you take a look at the way we celebrate certain festivals, you Might think that most traditions have always been there.However, most Christmas related events and decorations come from Anglo-Saxon countries: Christmas Lights, holly, ivy and mistletoe... And Santa Claus,

  Halloween, St Valentine’s Day have become all Pervasive on TV shows, stores and even street or school life.The sandwich is an English invention we all consider inherent to our lifestyle nowadays.If you go to any supermarket at Easter, you Can easily find Easter chocolate eggs, chocolate bunnies and decorated Easter Eggs. Barbecues are catching on and American fast food restaurants have become A must among families with children, teenagers and workers without much time... Continue reading "ingles 2" »

ABCDE religious

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Baroque art = artistic style emerged in Italy at the end of 16 th century , developed
during 17 th century and the beginning of the 18th century.
Characterised by its expressiveness , use of curved features and rich decoration.
Symbolised a break with the balanced and harmony of the Renaissance.
Catholic countries = it’s emergence was linked to the Counter-Reformation. Catholic
church aimed to used art to strengthen people’s faith.
Protestan countries= reformed churches faouvered a more austere style of art. Religion
was less influential and bourgeoisie were the main patrons of works of art.
Architecture = the buildings aimed to reflect a sense of movement .
Straight lines were abandoned in favour of =
Curved features , fragmental features , open
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Concept of education

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Some 30,000 lines of Old English(OE) Poetry have come down to us from Anglo-Saxon times. Their alliterative form Appears, with minor modification, in the oldest poetic remains of other early Germanic languages, such as Old Icelandic.

Certain features of its Diction, even verse formulas and themes, are similarly shared and betray a common Germanic inheritance.

In England itself the Earliest poetry of the Anglo-Saxon settlers was necessarily composed orally and It was often sung or chanted to the accompaniment of a stringed instrument.

Despite the introduction Of writing, oral composition was practiced throughout the period. But Focusing on the writing (as a literary art), we can assert  that it was introduced

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ABCDE religious

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[7/3 18:06] ???????????? ☁️????: Oratorio similar dan ópera but is religious and catholic the text can from the new testament
In oratorio there are no dances  it represents during the event
Poison similar to an oratorio it only represents the dead of christ it was playing during the holy week
Cantana the name is music to visiting is composed Ford luterman religious and secular text has recitacións Arias and choruses
Instrumental music
Basso continuo it's a type of musical accompaniment it's played by harpschord it consists of a love Melody 
Concierto is a dialog between different groups of instruments 
Concert grasso the dialoge os between a small group of instruments

Music Appreciation

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syncopation:accord on the part of beats

jazz: an improvised music
improv: making melody as it goes along
rythm section: base, piano and drums. Main component
pizzicato: to pluck the string
comping: chords on trials play on the weak beat
walking bass: the walking beat to a melody
instrumentation: combination of musical nstruments
polyrhythm: 2 or more rythms played symultanusly
blue notes: notes not part of the scale
RAGTIME: syncapated played by piano
dixieland: 1920 1930
blues: 19100
jazz originated in new orleans
elements of music: pitch:highets and lowest of sounds, melody: complete musical statement of idea, the true, harmony: melody and chords played simultaneusly, dynamics: intensity of sounds, rythm: the beat measured through time, timber: quality
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The main stages of cold war.

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  1. What time period (dates) did the Renaissance occur? 1350-1600 What does the term Renaissance mean? rebirth Where did the Renaissance begin? City-states of Italy What city-state was the birthplace of the Renaissance? Florence What was the main business of the Medici family? banking What did Humanism focus on? secular, or worldly themes What did it also stress? individualism and independent thinking, dignity and worthName 3 ways Renaissance ideas spread. 

War, Trade, Printing Who was Johannes Gutenberg? What did his invention do? Developed the printing press; books were created faster and were less expensive; things were easier to copy & print What was a certificate of indulgence?

Pardons for sins. What did Martin Luther criticize the sale... Continue reading "The main stages of cold war." »


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Aimée Ann Duffy was born in 1984 in Wales.

She's usually known by her artistic name, “Duffy”. She's a Welsh singer-songwriter.

Duffy became famous at the age of 24 whenwhen her first album, Rockferry, went to number one in the UK Album Chart. It was the best-selling UK album in 2008 and 1.68 millions copies were sold. Mercy, the first single from the album, was number for five weeks. Last year, Duffy won the Grammy award for Best Pop Vocal Album and she was nominated for two other awards. Since then, she has performed live at concerts and festivals all cover the world. She has just released her second album. She is plannin a tour now.

Duffy is also involved in charity work. Recently, she recorded a song for the War Child Heroes charity album.

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