Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Philosophy and ethics

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Theory of need by lamarck

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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  1. Anthropology

 Is the science that deals with the biological aspects of humans and their behaviour as members of a society. Its area of activity covers three dimensions: the biological dimension, the cultural dimension and philosophical dimension of the human being:

a) Biological anthropology studies the anatomical and physical transformations experienced by humans throughout their biological evolution, as well as their origin and differentiation as a species in the animal world.

b) Sociocultural anthropology studies human beings from their relationships with other living beings. His research deals with the comparative study between different social systems and different types of group behaviour.

c) Philosophical anthropology tries to establish,... Continue reading "Theory of need by lamarck" »

ingles electivo

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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Sociable: Someone who likes meeting new people

egotistical: A girl who expresses a high opinion of herself.

Supporitve : Someone who encourages others to achieve thei goals.

Stingy : A man or woman who doesn´t like giving things to people

Modest : Someone eho likes to be quiet and relaxed

unreliable: Aperson who doesn´t do what he or she has promised

Tempreamental: Someone that has a very unpredictable mood

Intolerant: Aperson who doesn´t accept other people differences.

Easygoing: Aperson that has a good relationship with everyone.

UCORE 3000

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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Argument: a set of statements where some (premises) are intended to support another (conclusion); putting ideas into clear, concise, readily understandable language
Valid: an argument is said to be valid IF the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true (hypothetical); the truth of the premises guarantees the truth
Sound: has two feature: (1) it is valid (2) all its premises are true
Invalid: on the assumption that the premises are true, the conclusion could still be false Unsound: either invalid or it has at least one false premise (or both)
Modus Ponen: "mode of affirmation"- valid form If A, then B A So, B
Modus Tollens: "mode of denial"- valid argument form If A, then B Not B So, not A
Denying the Antecedent: Invalid form If A,
... Continue reading "UCORE 3000" »

Family Conflicts

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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1.- Explain how the sex-gender distinction is key to the advancement of feminist consciousness, and how some feminist authors elaborate on it, including those who question it. It is true that the distinction between sex and gender is key to the advancement of feminist consciousness. There are several authors who have argued that this distinction is very important. However, other authors question whether it is really important to make this distinction between sex and gender or is not really necessary. On the one hand we have authors who think it is important to make the distinction between sex and gender. One of these authors is Mary Wollstonecraft. Her book A Vindication of the Rights of Woman was probably the most important book in the feminist
... Continue reading "Family Conflicts" »

Dirty Sox

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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Delight(sadness), furitively (openly) secretly, seedy dirty and unpleasant, tilitate(boring)  interesting esp. Sexually, pervasive being present everywhere, transform(preserve), compulsiveness  state of being unable to stop or control your emotions/actions diverting(boring) entertaining and amusing  formative having an important and lasting influence on the development of sb  promote(discourage), cue signal, submissive(assertive) willing to obey, correlation link/connection multiply(decrease) increase, prod poke, prodding encouraging to do something, reciptient(giver) person who receives, invigorated(exhausted) refreshed, clavicle collarbone, release (stress), pilgrimage journey to a place connected with sth you admire, connect(loosen),
... Continue reading "Dirty Sox" »

la loca

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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From my personal point of view, feeding transgenic products, despite representing a benefit both to carry a healthy lifestyle, as well as saving money, the harmful symptoms that may be worse throughout your life, not so much for oneself, but for the general environment, as their production represents a high rate of contamination to the environment and endangers the natural biodiversity of plants and animals treated, causing irreversible damage, even reaching such a degree of cause possible extinction. In my opinion, consume GM food is not a good option; remember that the companies behind this business only watch their financial interests at the expense of public and environmental health.


Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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Morality stages

Stage 1. Avoid punishment: authority, Obedience, punishment. Children.

Stage 2: Self-interest: fair deal, Favours, selfishness, whats in it for me? Schoolchildren.

Stage 3: good boy attitude: Motive, character, doing what society spects. Early teens, people living in small towns or tribes. Anyone who lives only in a Face to face world.

Stage 4: law and order morality: Law and order, duty to society. Late Teens, most people in large societies.

Stage 5: social contracts. Rights, Democracy, changing unjust laws, revolution. Jefferson, some in their midd 20 or later.

Stage 6: Principle: duty to justice, civil disobedience. Gandhi, Martin Luther King

Aristotelis natural society

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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For any regime, the best regime is always going to be the regime that is most connected to the end. It meets the end of political life most fully.

Why does Plato hold that Thymos and reason ground that which is considered the best regime (specifically speaking, the.

The Callipolis is the best regime on Plato’s view because it meets the end most fully. Democracy falls afoul of the end and is a degenerate regime.


 Rule on the basis of reason


 Material Appetites



Material Appetites

Cause: The upper class begin to favor themselves


Love of Money vs. Poor

Cause: Honor is valuable to the forces of wealth especially if that wealth is not based on principal


 Freedom and Equality

 Poor Many

... Continue reading "Aristotelis natural society" »


Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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What is democracy and how does it compare to the best regime?

Plato – Democracy is defined by the love of freedom, i.E doing whatever one wants whenever one wants. The people become a slave to their appetitive desires. He views this as a degenerate regime.

Aristotle- Rule by many for the sake of many on the basis of number. Not a good regime because it is not on the basis of merit or the common good.  Rule by the many poor for the sake of the many poor on the basis of their number.
Cicero- One of  “the good regimes”. He believes that democracy is good in itself because it preserves liberty.  And is

In accord w/ natural law

For the sake of a particular community

That is because democracy contributes to the mixed commonwealth state, which

... Continue reading "Petty" »

Plato's simile of the sun from the republic

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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Making political decisions requires judgement and skill. It should, Plato urges, be left to the experts.” In Plato’s The Republic, Socrates sets out an example of a ship led by men ignorant of navigation, who

In Plato’s work, The Republic, there is a systematic questioning of being, as The Republic itself is an attempt to answer a problem in human behaviour: justice. To deal with the problem of justice, Plato considers the ideal polis, a collective unit of self-government, and the relationship between the structure of the Republic and the attainment of justice. Plato argues that philosopher kings should be the rulers, as all philosophers aim to discover the ideal polis. The ‘kallipolis’, or the beautiful city, is a just city where... Continue reading "Plato's simile of the sun from the republic" »