Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Psychology and Sociology

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Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Irrational: can't controle-We know that they exist and what causes them, but they are superior to us. 

Rational: can controle-We behave in ways that are predictable and logical b/c we know what we feel.

4. Differences between feelings and free attitudes
Our feelings are very related to our organic states. Feelings make us react to reality to the extent that it affects us. Feelings are initial tendencies, they precede our actions, but our freedom decides whether To accept or reject them.

5. Affective balance

The human personality is composed of imagination, freedom, intelligence and feelings. To have the emotional balance is not the most important to rationalize, but to observe the Imagination and freedom, since the free act is the most important.

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Human relation theory was an improvement scientific management theory of organigation

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Values and Modernization – Conceptual Framework Modernization theory builds on a long tradition stressing the Potential and extent of human progress. Generalized expectation that socio-economic modernization Effects value change. Enlightment: Science and reason set individuals free Marx: Technological change and capitalism makes Communism possible Smith: Technology is a source of wellbeing Postwar theorists: Some values favor economic progress While other ones not (e.G. Parsons) Nevertheless, classic modernization theory underspecifies (a) Mechanims and (b) types of values brought by modernization. Inglehart and central social theorists consider that economic Change is the main source of value change in modern societies. Values differ much... Continue reading "Human relation theory was an improvement scientific management theory of organigation" »

Biology simple sampling

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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1. Problem statement: articulates the problem and an argument that explains the need for the study. 2.Purpose statement:aim of the study. 4.Independent variablesPresumed Cause/influence,Will Cause change in outcome of interest,May Be an intervention Dependent Variable: presumed effect, outcome variable,variable researchers are trying to understant, explain, predict. 7.Experimental: RCT, QUASI,Nonexp(observational): decriptive, Cross-sectional,cohort, case control, 8. RCT a:Best Evidence that the intervention caused the outcome,Gold Standard;Causation;Multiple RCTs can become Meta-analysis D:Many Research variables cannot be manipulated (either realistically or ethically;May Not be possible to randomize into group; Subject To the Hawthorne
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Microeconomics +explain how real world conditions match model + sources.Edu

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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A)No Interface position(any Relation)-Represented by Krashen(the main author of that)-2 different Ways to develop lg. competence: acquisition & learning.*Krashen, 1982:10–Acq (is) a process similar, if not identical to the way Children develop ability in their 1 lg. Acq is a subconscious Process, lg. Acquires are not usually aware of the fact that they are Acquiring lg., but we only aware of the fact that they are using the Lg. For communication. The result of lg. Acq, acquired competence, is Also subconscious. We are generally not consciously aware of the Rules of the lgs we have acquired. Instead, we have a ''feel''for Correctness.Gramm sentences'sound' right or 'feel'right,& errors Feel wrong,even if we do not consciously know
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birds of a feather, flock together

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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But why do we form them? Why do we choose to have X as a friend and Not be friends with Y? This essay will explore the common saying ‘birds of a Feather, flock together’ which states that similar people stay together. Past Research about how relationships start will be explored andfactors like attraction, similarity and complementary And why those factors are crucial to form relationships.The first stage of a relationship takes place when attraction appears; Attraction is a key factor when it comes to socializing with people around us. Attraction factors to start relationships are proximity, familiarity, physical attractiveness and similarity or complementary. Proximity is shown to be a Factor of attractiveness, studies have shown that... Continue reading "birds of a feather, flock together" »

Beck's "negative cognitive triad of depression"

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Observer Discomfort
Violation Of ideal standards 
Efficient Self perception
Realistic Self esteem and acceptance
Voluntary Control of behaviour
True Perception of the world
Sustaining Relationships and giving affection
DIATHESIS STRESS MODEL: depresion is due to environment
VULNERABILITY MODEL: losine ppl, no trust, unemployemeny, children
Marsella: culture depression, loneliness, sad, isolated
COGNITIVE: learned hope and helplessness
Faulty attribution: NEGATIVE avents: internal (dispositional), stable (always happens), global (every situation). Pessimists, self blame, negative mind
Serotonin for well being. During neurotransmission all serotonin
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Human performance

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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1.Psychology:scientific study of human mind and behaviour:  How we think, feel, act and interact individually and in groups.

2.Health psychology:Uses knowledge of psychology and health to promote general well-being And understand physical illness.

3.Clinical psychology:Deals with a wide range of mental and physical health problems including Addiction, anxiety, depression, learning difficulties and relationship Issues. 

4.Educational psychology:Tackles challenges such as learning Difficulties, social and emotional problems, issues around disability as well As more complex developmental disorders

5.Research psychology:Research underpins much of the teaching and practice of psychology as it Provides the evidence-base for psychological theory and

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Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 2.15 KB.

Efficacy: strength of your expectation to be successful. Self efficacy theory: ID to execute a task, efficacy expectations, behavior, outcome

Self competence: belief in ones own competence Self competence theory: 1 experience success-increased compet- increase MO 2 experience failure- decrease comp- decrease MO

Goal setting theory:process goals-performance goals- outcome goals. Goal setting guidelines: specific measurable and observable, identify time constraints, challenging but realistic, short term goals structured to reach long term, consider ID differences.

goal orientations: reason for achievement Goal perspective theory: two goal orientations influence perception of competency. Task oriented goal: mastery ego oriented: out performing others,... Continue reading "swag" »


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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1.A statement describing the topic and the questions the research attemps to anser à present tense (past tense also when dealing with historical ideas)

2.A brief description of the methods à past tense

3.Abrief statement of the major results à present tense

4.Aprecise indication of the conclusions…… à present/future/modal

Presenting the objective of the article

- in this paper, we are interested in…

- the aim of this study is to…

- the current study examines how…

- this paper analyzes…

- the present article reviews…

Describing the methodology

-We asked participants in the study to…

-We conducted a search in order to…

-We presented a method to evaluate…

-We developed a model which…

-We Will describe the type of data... Continue reading "wq4g3" »


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Mision - What you want now, what you do? How you do it?

Vision - What you want in the future, where you want to be?

Profession - Work or job Career - Studies that prepares you for a profession

Vocation - What you want to be, your dreams

Mega trends - Reports about changes in the works (workforce or workplace)

Curriculum - Educational and professional experiences

Dimensions - Spiritual, emotional, mental, physical, social

Potentiality - Quality that can be developed to make something better

Self knowledge - Undestanding of one's own capabilities

Skill - Use ones knowledge to execute a performance

Talent - Special ability that aloows someone to do something well

Values - You learn it at school, family