Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Psychology and Sociology

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Theories of work motivation

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Perceptual Grouping: Tendency to group several stimuli together into a recognizable pattern-Continuity: only the obvious continuous  patterns or relationships  -Closure: Perceptual process will close the gaps that are unfilled from sensory inputs (May see whole where none exist or may not see what exists -Proximity: Nearness states that a group of stimuli that are close together will be perceived as whole pattern of parts belonging together . Exp Students coming out of lecture hall.  -Similarity: Greater similarity of stimuli, the greater the tendency to perceive them as a common group. Group of ppl coming out of office building = proximity & similarity -Contrast Effect: is the tendency to perceive stimuli that differ from expectations

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Signud Freud

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Freud´s psychoanalytic theory: Sigmund Freud, developed Psychoanalytic theory in the early 1990s. Conscious experience is a small part Of our psychological makeup and experience. He argued that much of our behavior Is motivated by the unconscious, a part of the personality that contains the Memories, knowledge, and instincts of which the individual is not aware. The Contents of the unconscious far surpassed in quantity the information in our Conscious awareness.  For him much of our Personality is determined by our unconscious. Some of the unconscious is made Up of the preconscious. But deeper in the unconscious are instinctual drives, Desires, and needs that are hidden from conscious awareness because of the Conflicts and pain they would
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Redaccion language learning

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Language biography: Childrens must be aware of the languages they are sorruneded by and recognize them.The biography is a reflection of the learn´s individual learning language process.Inside and outside school formal educational contexts and the biography we can find intercultural and linguistic experiences.
Dossier: The dossier is one of the most important parts of the ELP for young children. Their experiences and achievements.The ones they do not like from the ones they like and they can rember them in the future.
Language passport: has two parts: one is a table game and the aim is the self-assessment an the other part consists on the different levels the Commn European Framework suggests. Firstly it helps to recognize different situations
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Fixism theory

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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4. DARWIN: (A) General facts. +He explained how natural selection could produce evolution. +The HMS Beagle adventure: five year round the world trip to make maps. +He recorded data (notes and pictures) and collected specimens. +The experience in Galapagos Islands. Darwin was shocked by the great variability in the islands. +The famous Galapagos finches: beak designed for different food. Do they come from just one species? +He came up with an idea that was not new, but he was the first one making enough argument to persuade people that evolution happens. (B) History of Darwin / Wallace. Darwin was born in 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He belonged to a  wealthy family. His father and grandfather were both Physicians. He started studying Medicine

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ghhgh

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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How Do sociologist approach the study of families and family life? Before, the nuclear family was viewed in very + terms as an imp and necessary Part of the society. Recent approaches see thing differently as they focus more On the - aspects of family and family life. The + approach to the study of the nuclear family: some sociologist That the nuclear family performs a number of essential functions, both for Individuals and society. This view is known as the consensus of functionalist approach, people and society have basic needs. Functionalists identify 4 main Functions on the nuclear family. Reproduction: The nuclear family has an important role in procreation and childbearing. The Family reproduces the human race ant the future workforce.
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Sociology is a science because it involves systematic methods of investigation and evaluation of theories in the light of the data and logical argument

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Sociology is a branch of the social sciences that uses systematic methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop and refine A body of knowledge about human Social structure and activity.

                Sociology has its roots in Significant social changes:

                               -The industrial Revolution.

                               -The creation of The empire.

                               -The age of Enlightenment of scientific reasoning.

                Early practitioners developed The discipline as an attempt to understand social changes.

                Sociology is a broad

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Distribution

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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parameter: resfers to some feature of the population as a whole. statistics: refers to some feature of a sample.Sample Space: the set of possible samples that can be taken from a population. Sampling Distribution: its the proportion of all possible samples that can be taken from a population. Sample Distribution: Refers to the distribution of individuals in a particular sample. Central Limit Theorem: Any statistic that is calculating by average will tend to have a normal distribution.

  

Basic feature of a normal Distribution: is that most individuals are fairly close to the average (mean) with relatively few individuals far away from de average (mean).
Basic feature of a sampling distribution: The most possible samples give a statistic that
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Sociologia

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Cosmopolitan: A set of knowledge, beliefs, techniques, roles, norms, values, ideologies, attitudes, customs, rituals, symbols and practices relating to the field of health and disease. It is rational, scientific, western, academic, bureaucratic (special% Chinese) and international.
Auguste Comte: Sociology social physics. Sociology is the last cs created, but the most important development that should govern. His approach is based on progress. He proposed the law in three stages (theological, metaphysical and scientific.) Non-empirical research
Herbert Spencer: Go society as a living organism (physiological anatomy)
Emile Durkheim: Father of social cs. His contribution was in the social fact (modes of action that were imposed, are external... Continue reading "Sociologia" »

Sociologia

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Practice No. 3: SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY AND SOCIOLOGY:From birth we are in a SOCIETY FORMED BY A SET OF INDIVIDUALS WITH RULES, moral norms, customs, AFTER THE FAMILY, SCHOOL, INSTITUTE, ETC WE DO AND INFLUENCE OF INDIVIDUAL SOCIAL OR WE BE Socialize. ALL MEN ARE AS LONG AS HER SON OF HIS FATHER AND HIS MOTHER. INFLUENCE SOCIETY AS WELL AS THE GENETICS, HUMAN NATURE IS MODELED BY THE COMPANY. Aristotle: Man is a social being. CONCERN of philosophers social philosophy which is particularly concerned with the "ought" and the sociology of "BE". SOCIOLOGY HAS A very recent history, COMTE S. XIX, Durkheim, Marx, Weber, S.XX. Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Rousseau, Locke, Kant, ETC Prehistory of sociology or social philosophy.The Athens of Plato and Aristotle:

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Psicologia: D: D: D

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Genetics is the science k is studying the mechanisms of heredity. The behavior is not inherited, what is inherited is DNA. There is no single gene that determines a type of human behavior, knowledge of the genome will change medicine and psychology. Endocrine system is comprised of various ductless glands. The hypophysis (pituitary gland) located at the base of the brain, is the leading ductless glands of the endocrine system is controlled by the hypothalamus. The thyroid gland, located on both sides of the throat, produces thyroxine. The parathyroid glands produce parathyroid hormone. The pancreas controls the level of blood sugar. The adrenal glands increase the pace and power of heart rate and blood pressure. Ovaries: estrogen and progesterone.... Continue reading "Psicologia: D: D: D" »