Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Psychology and Sociology

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Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 2.17 KB.

Irrational: can't controle-We know that they exist and what causes them, but they are superior to us. 

Rational: can controle-We behave in ways that are predictable and logical b/c we know what we feel.

4. Differences between feelings and free attitudes
Our feelings are very related to our organic states. Feelings make us react to reality to the extent that it affects us. Feelings are initial tendencies, they precede our actions, but our freedom decides whether To accept or reject them.

5. Affective balance

The human personality is composed of imagination, freedom, intelligence and feelings. To have the emotional balance is not the most important to rationalize, but to observe the Imagination and freedom, since the free act is the most important.

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Biology simple sampling

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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1. Problem statement: articulates the problem and an argument that explains the need for the study. 2.Purpose statement:aim of the study. 4.Independent variablesPresumed Cause/influence,Will Cause change in outcome of interest,May Be an intervention Dependent Variable: presumed effect, outcome variable,variable researchers are trying to understant, explain, predict. 7.Experimental: RCT, QUASI,Nonexp(observational): decriptive, Cross-sectional,cohort, case control, 8. RCT a:Best Evidence that the intervention caused the outcome,Gold Standard;Causation;Multiple RCTs can become Meta-analysis D:Many Research variables cannot be manipulated (either realistically or ethically;May Not be possible to randomize into group; Subject To the Hawthorne
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birds of a feather, flock together

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 5.26 KB.

But why do we form them? Why do we choose to have X as a friend and Not be friends with Y? This essay will explore the common saying ‘birds of a Feather, flock together’ which states that similar people stay together. Past Research about how relationships start will be explored andfactors like attraction, similarity and complementary And why those factors are crucial to form relationships.The first stage of a relationship takes place when attraction appears; Attraction is a key factor when it comes to socializing with people around us. Attraction factors to start relationships are proximity, familiarity, physical attractiveness and similarity or complementary. Proximity is shown to be a Factor of attractiveness, studies have shown that... Continue reading "birds of a feather, flock together" »

Beck's "negative cognitive triad of depression"

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Observer Discomfort
Violation Of ideal standards 
Efficient Self perception
Realistic Self esteem and acceptance
Voluntary Control of behaviour
True Perception of the world
Sustaining Relationships and giving affection
DIATHESIS STRESS MODEL: depresion is due to environment
VULNERABILITY MODEL: losine ppl, no trust, unemployemeny, children
Marsella: culture depression, loneliness, sad, isolated
COGNITIVE: learned hope and helplessness
Faulty attribution: NEGATIVE avents: internal (dispositional), stable (always happens), global (every situation). Pessimists, self blame, negative mind
Serotonin for well being. During neurotransmission all serotonin
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Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 2.15 KB.

Efficacy: strength of your expectation to be successful. Self efficacy theory: ID to execute a task, efficacy expectations, behavior, outcome

Self competence: belief in ones own competence Self competence theory: 1 experience success-increased compet- increase MO 2 experience failure- decrease comp- decrease MO

Goal setting theory:process goals-performance goals- outcome goals. Goal setting guidelines: specific measurable and observable, identify time constraints, challenging but realistic, short term goals structured to reach long term, consider ID differences.

goal orientations: reason for achievement Goal perspective theory: two goal orientations influence perception of competency. Task oriented goal: mastery ego oriented: out performing others,... Continue reading "swag" »


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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1.A statement describing the topic and the questions the research attemps to anser à present tense (past tense also when dealing with historical ideas)

2.A brief description of the methods à past tense

3.Abrief statement of the major results à present tense

4.Aprecise indication of the conclusions…… à present/future/modal

Presenting the objective of the article

- in this paper, we are interested in…

- the aim of this study is to…

- the current study examines how…

- this paper analyzes…

- the present article reviews…

Describing the methodology

-We asked participants in the study to…

-We conducted a search in order to…

-We presented a method to evaluate…

-We developed a model which…

-We Will describe the type of data... Continue reading "wq4g3" »


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

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Mision - What you want now, what you do? How you do it?

Vision - What you want in the future, where you want to be?

Profession - Work or job Career - Studies that prepares you for a profession

Vocation - What you want to be, your dreams

Mega trends - Reports about changes in the works (workforce or workplace)

Curriculum - Educational and professional experiences

Dimensions - Spiritual, emotional, mental, physical, social

Potentiality - Quality that can be developed to make something better

Self knowledge - Undestanding of one's own capabilities

Skill - Use ones knowledge to execute a performance

Talent - Special ability that aloows someone to do something well

Values - You learn it at school, family


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 1.31 KB.

Personality - Individual differences (thinking, feeeling)

Aptitude - Natural ability to do something (SSA)

Interest - Attract your atenttion (AAI)

Character - The way someone thinks, someones personality

Temperament - Usual attitude or behaviour of a person

LEARNING STYLES Visual - Spacial, linguistic, mathematical, intrapersonal

Auditory - Musical, linguistic

Kinaesthesic - Bodily, mathematical, interpersonal

Visual Audiable Read/Write Kinestesic

MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES Spatial - Uses space Linguisic - Verbal expression, redaction, etc Mathematical - Good with maths Intrapersonal - Relation with oneself Musical - Sing, play instruments, etc Bodily - Physical activity Interpersonal - Relation with other people Naturistic - Appreciate... Continue reading "desarrollo" »


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 5.28 KB.

Simple tensesactivapasiva
Present simpleJames designs the adsThe ads are designed by james
past simpleJames designed the adsThe ads were designed by james
future simple:willJames will deigned the adsThe ads will be designed by james
conditionalJmaes would design the ads

The ads would be designed by james

Perfect tensesActivepasive
present perfectJames has designed the adsThe ads have been designed by James
past perfect'' has designed ''''  had been designed ''
future perfect'' will have designed '''' will have been designed ''
past conditional'' would have designed ''''would have been designed''

Superior intelligence and processing speed

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 9.81 KB.

COGNITIVE:1-Intelligence:ur ability to solve prblms;ur ability to acq knwdg & assmilte It.2vws:Trditl Approach:IQ Tests:measuring (meta-) linguistic and logico-mathematical ability, Calculating a ‘g’ factor, but nt communicate abilities; recent App: Theory of multiple-intelligences (Gardner): Intraprsonl (u Undrstand urslf, u can control it & being aware f hw u feel & So sth about it) & Interprsnal (u are good at commnicating, understnding situations): Verbal-linguistic;mathematical-logical;musical;existential;visual-spatial;naturalist; Interprsnal; intraprsnal;bodily/kinesthetic. Cognitive abilities wth Only weak correlation btw them (u can be very good at 1 & very Bad at others) Intelligence is no 1 single ability.
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