Perceptual Grouping: Tendency to group several stimuli together into a recognizable pattern-Continuity: only the obvious continuous patterns or relationships -Closure: Perceptual process will close the gaps that are unfilled from sensory inputs (May see whole where none exist or may not see what exists -Proximity: Nearness states that a group of stimuli that are close together will be perceived as whole pattern of parts belonging together . Exp Students coming out of lecture hall. -Similarity: Greater similarity of stimuli, the greater the tendency to perceive them as a common group. Group of ppl coming out of office building = proximity & similarity -Contrast Effect: is the tendency to perceive stimuli that differ from expectations... Continue reading "Theories of work motivation" »
4. DARWIN: (A) General facts. +He explained how natural selection could produce evolution. +The HMS Beagle adventure: five year round the world trip to make maps. +He recorded data (notes and pictures) and collected specimens. +The experience in Galapagos Islands. Darwin was shocked by the great variability in the islands. +The famous Galapagos finches: beak designed for different food. Do they come from just one species? +He came up with an idea that was not new, but he was the first one making enough argument to persuade people that evolution happens. (B) History of Darwin / Wallace. Darwin was born in 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He belonged to a wealthy family. His father and grandfather were both Physicians. He started studying Medicine... Continue reading "Fixism theory" »
Sociology is a branch of the social sciences that uses systematic methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop and refine A body of knowledge about human Social structure and activity.
Sociology has its roots in Significant social changes:
-The industrial Revolution.
-The creation of The empire.
-The age of Enlightenment of scientific reasoning.
Early practitioners developed The discipline as an attempt to understand social changes.
Sociology is a broad... Continue reading "Sociology is a science because it involves systematic methods of investigation and evaluation of theories in the light of the data and logical argument" »
Basic feature of a normal Distribution: is that most individuals are fairly close to the average (mean) with relatively few individuals far away from de average (mean).
Basic feature of a sampling distribution: The most possible samples give a statistic that
Auguste Comte: Sociology social physics. Sociology is the last cs created, but the most important development that should govern. His approach is based on progress. He proposed the law in three stages (theological, metaphysical and scientific.) Non-empirical research
Herbert Spencer: Go society as a living organism (physiological anatomy)
Emile Durkheim: Father of social cs. His contribution was in the social fact (modes of action that were imposed, are external... Continue reading "Sociologia" »
Genetics is the science k is studying the mechanisms of heredity. The behavior is not inherited, what is inherited is DNA. There is no single gene that determines a type of human behavior, knowledge of the genome will change medicine and psychology. Endocrine system is comprised of various ductless glands. The hypophysis (pituitary gland) located at the base of the brain, is the leading ductless glands of the endocrine system is controlled by the hypothalamus. The thyroid gland, located on both sides of the throat, produces thyroxine. The parathyroid glands produce parathyroid hormone. The pancreas controls the level of blood sugar. The adrenal glands increase the pace and power of heart rate and blood pressure. Ovaries: estrogen and progesterone.... Continue reading "Psicologia: D: D: D" »
They are interested in gathering as much knowledge to use.
Advisor of Social Action.
Social action policy is a prediction. Sociologists can help predict the effects of a policy, and thus contribute to the selection of actions that achieve the intended purpose.
The sociologist as a coach.
The sociologist is working as an applied scientist, has pledged to use scientific knowledge to obtain certain values: a smooth and efficient workforce, an attractive public image of the industry or an effective community action.
The sociologist as a teacher.
Education is the main careers of many sociologists.
The sociologist and social action.
Many social scientists today feel that they should play a greater role in decisions... Continue reading "Sociologia" »