Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Psychology and Sociology

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Superior intelligence and processing speed

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 9.81 KB.

COGNITIVE:1-Intelligence:ur ability to solve prblms;ur ability to acq knwdg & assmilte It.2vws:Trditl Approach:IQ Tests:measuring (meta-) linguistic and logico-mathematical ability, Calculating a ‘g’ factor, but nt communicate abilities; recent App: Theory of multiple-intelligences (Gardner): Intraprsonl (u Undrstand urslf, u can control it & being aware f hw u feel & So sth about it) & Interprsnal (u are good at commnicating, understnding situations): Verbal-linguistic;mathematical-logical;musical;existential;visual-spatial;naturalist; Interprsnal; intraprsnal;bodily/kinesthetic. Cognitive abilities wth Only weak correlation btw them (u can be very good at 1 & very Bad at others) Intelligence is no 1 single ability.
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Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 1.05 KB.

Present simple, make(s) -> is/are made //

Present continuos, is/are making -> is/are being made //

Present perfect, has/have made -> has/have been made //

Past simple, made -> was/were made //

Past continous, was/were making -> was/were being made //

Past perfect, had made -> had been made //

Future simple, will make -> will be made //

Future continous, will be making -> will be being made //

Future `perfect, will have made -> will have been made //

Modals, can make o must have made -> can be made o must have been made //


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 2.69 KB.

A) study of mind
·study of pupil's mind.
Study of behaviour.
B) developmental characterstics.
C) effects of heredity and environment.
D) Individual differences.              
2:- The Learning process:-
A) teacher's positive attitude.
B) factors affecting learning process.
C) effective teaching methods.
D) use of audio-visual aids.
E) evaluation of learning outcome and other personality aspect.                        
 3) Learning situation

Following are the symptoms.
1) Dissatisfaction 
2) conflicts 
3) sense of superiority and inferiority 
4) anxiety 
5) excess of Day dreaming
6) neurotic diseases

-enviromental causes
-personal causes 
... Continue reading "swdad" »

Sheet 1

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 2.28 KB.

Processes of Memory
o Memory: the capacity to retain and retrieve information
o Storage: retention of information
o Retrieval: calling up stored information
o Both processes must be working correctly in order for us to remember something
o Prior to storage, memory must first be encoded in the brain at the actual time the event happens
o Effortless encoding: occurs automatically
o Effortful encoding: requires practicing information (rehearsal)
o Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) proposed a three-stage model (a.K.A. Dual store model)
o (insert image here)
o Three different parts of our memory: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory
o In the process of memory storage/retrieval, info may pass through each of these stages in different
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Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 2.37 KB.

Attention: process that directs awareness as info becomes available to senses

focus: ability to direct attention to specific info

concentration: ability to sustain focus

attention span: length of time one can focus & concentrate

relevant cues: necessary info to perform a task

physical error: problem due to motor production

mental error: problem due to attention

athletes can selectively attend to one thing(consumes all attention)(avoid distraction) selectively attend to several things simul

capacity model: limited info processing space

selective attention: focusing & concentrating on relevant info while blocking out irrelevant info. Athletes need to selectively attend.

Orienting response: attention drawn automatically toward stimulus


... Continue reading "swag" »

Emotional intelligence capabilities

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 1.49 KB.

What's more important in determining life success, book smarts or street smarts? Is true that being smart nowadays is something very valued, indeed, the smarter you are the easier things come in means of work.Nevertheless, it is always important to know how to speak with a person correctly and understand their emotions.

In one hand, People with high emocional intelligence usually are great leaders and team players because of their ability to understand,empathize, and connect with the people around them.

In the other hand,tradicional intelligence comes with academic achievement and are assumed to be destined for a life of accomplishment and achievement.

However, I think that to have a great success you have to combine both. Most positions require... Continue reading "Emotional intelligence capabilities" »


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 3.47 KB.

Job evaluation is performed internally and does not take into account the wage rates in the marketplace or what other firms are doing. It focuses only on the value of the tasks that make up each job.6 steps:conduct job analysis:the study of what, how and why of various tasks that make up the job.Determinejobspecif:workercharacteristics that an employee must have to perform the job successfully.Write job descriptions: identify define and describe each job in terms of duties responsibilities, working compensations.Rate worth of all jobs using a predetermined system.Create job hierarchy: a listing of jobs in terms of their relative assessed value. Classify jobs by grade levels: the job hierarchy is reduced to a manageable number of grade levels.

... Continue reading "hhrr" »


Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 2.4 KB.

FAD theory: frustration: a blocked goal. Aggression: a result of frustration Displacement: aggression stimulus similarity

Moral reasoning theory: willigness to aggress is determined by level of moral reasoning.

Attention perspective: we focus on relative information, relative info in aggression is being blocked out thus decreasing performance

Arousal perspective: too much anger or agression can cause arousalto rise above an athletes zone of optimal functioning and can cause a decrement in performance.

Cogntive perspective: too much anger or aggression can cause an athletes anxiety levels to rise leading to decrease in performance.

mood/emotion perspective: Athletes with high levels of ego or who possess the trait of anger are more  likely to... Continue reading "swag" »

psychology 101

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 3.96 KB.

General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) : 1- Alarm Phase: consists of perceiving a stressor, which then triggers the fight or flight response

2- Resistance: the resulting changes in your body are collectively referred to as the resistance phase. Also known as the adaption phase due to adapting to the new situation (Brain & Body) 3- Exhaustion Phase: the body starts to eventually become exhausted because it’s limited resources  of dealing with stress. Damage to body more risk, medical problems.

Sleep: The Naturally recurring experience during which normal consciousness is suspended, there are five different stages of sleep during the night, they cycle through the night Stage 1: Hypnogogic Sleep: The initial stage of sleep which lasts about 5... Continue reading "psychology 101" »

Crime and punishment

Classified in Psychology and Sociology

Written at on English with a size of 4.17 KB.

locating crime within the individual

Positivism: research methodology,

quantification, objectivity, causality,

deductive reasoning, generating and

testing hypotheses. 

It spams biological, psychological and

sociological attemps to identify key

causes of crime. 

Early positivism in criminology, first

explanations of criminal behaviour were

biological. Profound impact of Darwin’s works. 

Classicism: free will

crime as an error or mistake

punishment as deterrent

punishment fits the offence

Positivism: human actions are determined

crime determined by biological, psychological

or sociological factors

treatment to prevent 

treatment fits the offender