Introduction to OB
Organisational behaviour is more about Individual and team
Human are easy to deceive
Intuition can be wrong
Definition:It Is the shared set of beliefs, expectations, values, norms, and work routines That influence how members of an organization relate to one another and work Together to achieve organizational goals.
7 dimension of organizational culture
Innovation/Stability/Respect for people/Outcome orientation/Attention to detail/Team orientation/Aggressiveness
Variability in culture is low than the Relationship between outcome and culture is clear
Importance of a strong organisational Culture
Organisational identity(like sense of belonging)/Sense-making device/Collective commitment/Social system stability(... Continue reading "Equity theory and work attitudes" »
Present simple, make(s) -> is/are made //
Present continuos, is/are making -> is/are being made //
Present perfect, has/have made -> has/have been made //
Past simple, made -> was/were made //
Past continous, was/were making -> was/were being made //
Past perfect, had made -> had been made //
Future simple, will make -> will be made //
Future continous, will be making -> will be being made //
Future `perfect, will have made -> will have been made //
Modals, can make o must have made -> can be made o must have been made //
2:- The Learning process:-
3) Learning situation
Processes of Memory
o Memory: the capacity to retain and retrieve information
o Storage: retention of information
o Retrieval: calling up stored information
o Both processes must be working correctly in order for us to remember something
o Prior to storage, memory must first be encoded in the brain at the actual time the event happens
o Effortless encoding: occurs automatically
o Effortful encoding: requires practicing information (rehearsal)
o Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) proposed a three-stage model (a.K.A. Dual store model)
o (insert image here)
o Three different parts of our memory: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory
o In the process of memory storage/retrieval, info may pass through each of these stages in different
Attention: process that directs awareness as info becomes available to senses
focus: ability to direct attention to specific info
concentration: ability to sustain focus
attention span: length of time one can focus & concentrate
relevant cues: necessary info to perform a task
physical error: problem due to motor production
mental error: problem due to attention
athletes can selectively attend to one thing(consumes all attention)(avoid distraction) selectively attend to several things simul
capacity model: limited info processing space
selective attention: focusing & concentrating on relevant info while blocking out irrelevant info. Athletes need to selectively attend.
Orienting response: attention drawn automatically toward stimulus
scanning:... Continue reading "swag" »
What's more important in determining life success, book smarts or street smarts? Is true that being smart nowadays is something very valued, indeed, the smarter you are the easier things come in means of work.Nevertheless, it is always important to know how to speak with a person correctly and understand their emotions.
In the other hand,tradicional intelligence comes with academic achievement and are assumed to be destined for a life of accomplishment and achievement.
However, I think that to have a great success you have to combine both. Most positions require... Continue reading "Emotional intelligence capabilities" »
Job evaluation is performed internally and does not take into account the wage rates in the marketplace or what other firms are doing. It focuses only on the value of the tasks that make up each job.6 steps:conduct job analysis:the study of what, how and why of various tasks that make up the job.Determinejobspecif:workercharacteristics that an employee must have to perform the job successfully.Write job descriptions: identify define and describe each job in terms of duties responsibilities, working compensations.Rate worth of all jobs using a predetermined system.Create job hierarchy: a listing of jobs in terms of their relative assessed value. Classify jobs by grade levels: the job hierarchy is reduced to a manageable number of grade levels.
FAD theory: frustration: a blocked goal. Aggression: a result of frustration Displacement: aggression stimulus similarity
Moral reasoning theory: willigness to aggress is determined by level of moral reasoning.
Attention perspective: we focus on relative information, relative info in aggression is being blocked out thus decreasing performance
Arousal perspective: too much anger or agression can cause arousalto rise above an athletes zone of optimal functioning and can cause a decrement in performance.
Cogntive perspective: too much anger or aggression can cause an athletes anxiety levels to rise leading to decrease in performance.
mood/emotion perspective: Athletes with high levels of ego or who possess the trait of anger are more likely to... Continue reading "swag" »
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) : 1- Alarm Phase: consists of perceiving a stressor, which then triggers the fight or flight response
2- Resistance: the resulting changes in your body are collectively referred to as the resistance phase. Also known as the adaption phase due to adapting to the new situation (Brain & Body) 3- Exhaustion Phase: the body starts to eventually become exhausted because it’s limited resources of dealing with stress. Damage to body more risk, medical problems.
Sleep: The Naturally recurring experience during which normal consciousness is suspended, there are five different stages of sleep during the night, they cycle through the night Stage 1: Hypnogogic Sleep: The initial stage of sleep which lasts about 5... Continue reading "psychology 101" »