Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Spanish

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Adjective clause defining non defining

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Defining

- Who/that: personas -> a people who (quien) plays football

- that/which: objetos -> There are website which (lo cual) help people.

- When: tiempo -> There was a time when (cuando) people play football.

- Where: lugar -> This is a party where (donde) people dance.

- Whose: posesión -> The house whose (cuya) door is blue belongs to me. (pertenece a mi)


Non defining

Va entre comas y no se utiliza el that.

- Used to: solía ->situaciones que suceden normalmente en el pasado.Ej: Every week, my mother used to, pick me.

- Would: lo mismo que used to pero se pone solo con adv. Ej: Some years ago, we would often, pick me

Adv: often,always,never,sometimes,ever,usually,normally.

asdas

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Propiedades:
1)Asociativa { (a+b)+c = a+(b+c)

                    { (a*b)*c = a*(b*c)

2)Conmutativa { a+b = b+a
                         { a*b = b*a

3)Existe el neutro { a+0 = a
                            { 1*a = a

4)¿Opuesto o Inverso? { " -a"                 "1/a"
                                      { a+(-a)=0         a*1/a=1

5)Distrubutiva { a*(b+c) = a*b+a*c
                        { a+(b*c) = (a+b)*(a+c) (NO OCURRE CON NUMEROS)

DEFINICION: Un algebra de boole es un conjunto C con dos operaciones :
a+b=\
a*b =/a*b pertenece C
que cumplen las 5 propiedades.

OTRAS PROPIEDADES:
1)LOS NUMEROS SON UNICOS            2)INVOLUCION a(doble barra) = a
3)IDEMPOTENCIAS {a+a =
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Composition advice

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Preparation 

1) Preheat your oven to 350 degrees. Line 2 baking sheets with parchment paper and set aside. 

2) In a small bowl combine first 4 ingredients and set aside. 

3) In a large bowl cream together the butter and 1 cup of sugar, add the egg and vanilla and mix until creamy and combined. 

4) Add the dry ingredients and mix until everything incorporated. 

5) Using a small (1 Tbsp measuring) cooking scoop or just using a tablespoon, form your cookies and roll them around in the extra sugar. Place them on your prepared baking sheet a few inches apart and bake for about 18 minutes rotating the baking sheet once. 

6) Let cool on baking sheet for 5 minutes and remove to a wire rack to cool completely.

You should drive more carefully.

DeberÍas

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Peace and silence

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PAST CONTINUOUS::i was:yo fui//you were:tu fuiste//he was:el fue//she was:ella fue//its was:eso fue//we were:nosotros fuimos//you were:vosotros fuisteis//they were:ellos fueron

CUANTIFIERS=a lot of: demasiado//some:alguno//much:muchos//
many:muchos//any:ninguno//enougth:suficiente

fell:callo//jumped:salto//stole:robo//climbed:escondio/
threw:arrojo//caugth:atrapo//chosed:escapo

when he opened the door he did not imagine that he was observing with Large red tracks that looked like blood, he was very afraid to know who was Inside his house, so he did not make much noise, he took his cell phone and saw The hallway in silence when he saw the look saw a silhouette she gave a cry When she realized it and whatever it was there noticed her presence and

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Good morning, have you got

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angry at-enfadado con/aware of-consciente de/bad for-malo para/devoted to-dedicado/different to from- diferente/excited about-emocionado con/famous for/fluent in/good at-for/guilty of- culpable de/hopeful about-esperanzado con/inclined to-dispuesto a/interested in/involed in-implicado en/nervous about/optimistic about/pleased for-with contento con por/pround of-orgulloso de/rsponsible for/satisfied with/similar to/suitable for/thrilled about with emocionado/tired from-cansado/tired of/unhappy with/upset about with disgustado/worried about,preocupado////The aim of this essay is to/fortunately suerte/Let's not forget that/also/beside ademas/nevertheless a pesar de eso/for this reason x esta raxon/one further point about the otro pto mas q anadir/
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Email formal/informal

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1.Narrative essay

- introduction: introduce los personajes y explica el Espacio (pasado). Last summer,I went to…

- describe lo que pasó. At First…

- qué pasó al final. Afterwards……i Will never forget it!

2.Informal letter or Email.

 - Hi Ana,Thanks for your letter. It was great to hear From you! I’m sorry i haven’t written for ages, but i’ve been busy revising for My exams. Y responder preguntas o porque le escribes.

 - Da información y Haz preguntas. What will the course cost?

 - Acaba y Write son! Love, laia.

3.Discussion essay

 - introducció. A General statement about the topic. However, There are both + and - aspects of….

 - 2 in Favor. On the one hand…

 - 2 Against.  On the other hand…

 - Give your opinión. To

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jk

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Presente Simple:A-make, makes. N-don't make, doesn't make. I-do I make?, Does she make?/Yo como(usually, often, always...)//Pasado Simple: A-walked. N-Didn't walk. I-Did I walk?/ Yo comí (yesterday, last year...)// Presente Continuo: A- Is; am; are+ing, I am writing. N- aren't eating. I- Are yuo eating?/yo estoy comiendo (at the moment, now)// Pasado Continuo: A-was; were loving; you were loving. N-wasn't; weren't loving. I- was he loving/Yo estaba comiendo (while)// Presente Perfecto: A- have; has + 3ª columna;I have eaten. N- haven't; hasn't + 3ª columna; I haven't eaten. I- have you eaten?/ Yo he comido// Pasado Perfecto: A-Had + 3ª columna; I had written. N- Hadn't + 3ª columna ; You hadn't written. I- Had I written? /Yo había comido.
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esquemas

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PRES.PERF.SIMP:he comido/he.She.It(has)i have eaten-havent-have you eaten? PAS.PERF.SIMP:habia estudiado/i had studied-hadnt-had you studied? FUT.PER.SIM:habre perdido/i will have lost-won’t-wiil you have lost? PRES.PERF.CONT: he estado durmiendò / i have been sleeping-i haven’t been sleeping-have you been sleeping? PAS.PERF.CONT: habia estado estudiando/ i had been.ing-hadn’t been.Ing-had ou been.Ing? FUT,PERF.CON:habré estado estudiando/ i will have been –ing-i will haven’t ben.Ing-will you have been-ing?

Inglés

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I had brown hair (yo tenia el pelo marron)
We had one car (nosotros teniamos un coche)
He had short hair (el tenia el pelo corto)
Mark had a dictionary (Mark tenia un dicionario)
She had a boyfriend (ella tenia un novio)
You had two childre (tu tenias dos niños)
They had a big house (ellos tenian una casa grande)
I had four brothers (ello tenia cuatro hermanos)
He had curly hair (el tenia el pelo rizado)
We had a computer (nosotros teniamos un ordenador
Ejercicio:
We didn't have one brother (nosotros no teniamos un hermano)
She didn't have a car (ella no tenia un coche)
They didn't have long hair (ellos no tenian el pelo largo)
. I didn't have a radio (yo no tenia una radio)
We didn't have a cd player ( nosotros no teniamos un lector de cedes)
She
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.

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afirmativo  she ella + verbo s

                  he  el
                  it  esto
CAROLINE GOES (GO) TO SCHOOL
verbos terminados o,x,sm,cm,es +es
they ellos 
we nosotros
y  yo
you ustedes vos      + v.infinitivo
PAUL AND SUSAN WORK (WORK) AT THE OFFICE
DO we, you, they, y 
DOES she he it 
negativo not
persona+dont  doesnt+ v.Infinitivo
interrogativo do does + persona+ v.Infinitivo+...
DOES PAUL LIVE IN LONDON?
no he doesnt 
yes he does
DO YOU LIKE CHOCOLATE?
yes y do
no y dont

GOING TO 
she he it (IS)
we you they (ARE)
y (AM)
afirmativo persona+ is am are + going to + v.Infinitivo
SHE IS GOING TO GO TO PARIS NEXT HOLIDAY
negativo persona+ isnt am not arent + going to + v.Inf
WE ARENT GOING TO BUY A CAR THE YEAR
interrogativo am are is+ persona+
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