ABCDE religious

Classified in Geography

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CALIPHATE OF CORDOBA(929-1031)
Created by Abd al-Rahman III who became its caliph (supreme political and religious authority) 
Why?
1. Strengthened his authority by repressing revolts and resisting the Christian kingdoms 2. Córdoba was one of the most important cities in the world3. Cultural centre: Córdoba home to many philosophers (Averroes), astronomer, doctors, musicians and poets, and a huge library with more than 400.000 books
AL-MANSUR: Tyrannical ruler
surprised military campaigns (razzias)
destroyed many towns
executed all their citizens
obtain money and prisoners

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