in adverbial

Classified in Mathematics

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 in-adverbials + simple past express the  ‘size’ of a [+durative] [+telic] eventuality, and as a result: With states they are usually anomalous because states are [–telic].  // With  activities they are usually anomalous because activities are [–telic] // With  accomplishments, which  are  [+durative]  [+telic],  they are  perfectly natural  and express duration of the event // With  achievements, which are [–durative], they can only express the time elapsed before the  event (onset reading). But this reading is more natural with the preposition within // With semelfactives they are usually anomalous because semelfactives are [durative] [telic].  in-adverbials +future tense express a delay-before-the-eventuality reading from the time of speech and are thus compatible with all aspectual classes .  for-adverbials express the duration of a [–telic] eventuality. With states, which are [–telic], they express duration of the state . With activities, which are [–telic], they express duration of the event. With  accomplishments they are generally anomalous because accomplishments are [+telic] . In some cases they for-adverbials can occur with accomplishments, but then they express a repeated series of events. With achievements they are generally anomalous because achievements are [+telic].  In some cases for-adverbials can occur with achievements, but then they express the duration of the state of affairs which is the result of the achievement. With  semelfactives, which are [–durative], it can only express duration of the iterated event.  Theprogressive emphasizes the progress of a [+durative] eventuality. With  states it is generally anomalous because states are [+static] and thus cannot involve progress, but with some it suggests temporariness. With activities it is very natural, as activities are [–static]. with  accomplishments  it  is  also  very  natura,  as  accomplishments  are  [–static]. With  achievements it is generally anomalous because achievements are [–durative] and thus have no process component. But in a number of achievements there is a coerced reading in which the progressive emphasizes the progress of the process leading up to the event. With semelfactives, , it can only take an iterative interpretation in which it emphasizes the progress of several instances of the event.

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