Do you agree that if the required rate of return on a bond (rd) is greater than its coupon interest rate and will remain above that rate, then the market value of the bond will always be below its par value until the bond matures, at which time its m

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1. An investment offers \$4,900 per year for 15 years, with the first payment Occurring one year from now. If the required return is 8%, what is the Present value of the investment? What would be the value if the payments Occurred for 40 years? Forever? 15 years case ???????? ???????? ???????????????????????????? = ???? [ 1/???? − 1 ????(1 + ????)^???? ] ???? = 4,900, ???? = 0.08, ???????????? ???? = 15 ???????? = 4,900 [ (1/0.08) − (1/0.08(1 + 0.08)^15)] = 41,941.45

2. Find the EAR in each of the following cases: APR Compounding period EAR 7% Quarterly 16% Monthly 11% Daily (365 days in a year) ???????????? = (1 + ???? ???? ) ???? − 1 If m becomes infinite, ???????????? = ???? ???? − 1 7% APR and quarterly compounding: ???? = 0.07, ???????????? ???? = 4 ???????????? = (1 + 0.07/4 )^4 − 1 = 7.19% 16% APR and monthly compounding: ???? = 0.16, ???????????? ???? = 12 ???????????? = (1 + 0.16/12 )^12 − 1 = 17.23% 11% APR and daily compounding: ???? = 0.11, ???????????? ???? = 365 ???????????? = (1 + 0.11/365)^365 − 1 = 11.63%
3. Given an interest rate of 6.1% per year, what is the value at Date t=7 of a Perpetual stream of \$2,500 annual payments that begins at Date t=15? ???????? ???????? ???????????????????????????????????????? = ???? ???? ???? = 2,500, ???????????? ???? = 0.061 3 PV of the perpetuity at date t=14 is 2,500/0.061 = 40,983.61. Discounting it back to date t=7, we Should have ????????7 = 40,983.61 (1+0.061)^7 = 27,077.12.
4. Cohen has issued a bond with the following characteristics: Par: \$1,000; Time to maturity: 15 years; Coupon rate: 7%; Semiannual payment. What is The price of the bond if the YTM is 9%? ???????????????????? = 35 ∗ ( 1/0.045 − 1/0.045(1 + 0.045)^30) + 1,000/(1 + 0.045)^30 = 837.11
5. Jay, Inc. Has 7% coupon bonds outstanding with semiannual payments and is Priced at par value. The Jay, Inc. Bond has 2 years to maturity. If interest rate Suddenly rises from 7% to 9%, what is the percentage change in the price of The bond? If interest rate increases to 9% ???????????????????????????????? = 35 ∗ (1/ 0.045 − 1/0.045(1 + 0.045)^4 ) + 1,000/(1 + 0.045)^4 = 964.12 ????ℎ???????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????????? = 964.12 − 1,000/1,000 = −3.59%
You purchase a bond with an invoice price of \$950. The bond has a coupon Rate of 6.8%, and there are 2 months to the next semiannual coupon date. What is the clean price of the bond? ???????????????????? ???????????????????? = 950 − 1,000 ∗ 0.068/2* ∗ 4/6 = 927.33
1. A T-bill with face value \$10,000 and 87 days to maturity is selling at a bank discount ask Yield of 3.4%. 1) What is the price of the bill? Price = 10,000 ∗ (1 − 3.4% ∗ 87/360) = 9,917.83
2. What is its bond equivalent yield? Bond equivalent yield = (10,000 − 9,917.83/9,917.83) ∗ (365/87) = 3.48%
3. You purchase 100 shares of Argon Co. Today for \$540 per share. After one year, you sell The stock for \$500 per share and collect \$10 dividends per share
What is the dividend yield? Dividend yield = 10/540 = 1.85%
What is the capital gain? Capital gain = (500 − 540)/540 = −7.41%
What is the total return? Total return = 1.85% − 7.41% = −5.56%
4. Rachel opens a margin account and purchases 400 shares of Ross Inc. At \$40 per share. The initial margin requirement is 50%. The share price falls to \$25 per share by the end Of the year.
What is the remaining margin in the account?
Margin = (400 ∗ 25 − 400 ∗ 40 ∗ 50%)/(400 ∗ 25) = 20%
If the maintenance margin requirement is 30%, will she receive a margin call? Yes, she will
How much will she have to put up to get back to 50% when her broker calls? Value of stock = 400 ∗ 25 = 10,000 Maximum borrowing = 10,000 ∗ 50% = 5,000 Additional money required = 8,000 − 5,000 = 3,000
If she does not have any more cash, how many shares she has to sell to pay back the Broker? Assume she has to sell N shares Value of remaining stock = (400 − N) ∗ 25 = 10,000 − 25???? Remaining loan = 8,000 − 25N Margin = ((10,000 − 25????) − (8,000 − 25N))/(10,000 − 25????) = 50% ???? = 240
If price increases to \$50 per share by the end of the year instead, how many more Shares she can buy by borrowing more from her broker? Assume she can buy Y more shares Value of stock = (400 + Y) ∗ 50 = 20,000 + 50???? Maximum borrowing = 8,000 + 50Y Margin = ((20,000 + 50????) − (8,000 + 50Y))/(20,000 + 50????) = 50% ???? = 80