In the spring of 1940, the Germans launched a massive invasion known as the blitzkrieg, meaningLightning war
What did the “lend-lease” plan in 1940 allow the U.S. To do?
Under this plan, the president would lend or lease arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the United States."
What did President Franklin Roosevelt do in 1941, prior to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?President Franklin Roosevelt froze all Japanese assets in the United States.
Which nation declared war first, Germany or United States?
In World War II, the main American strategy to fight Japan was to
Mount two offensive campaigns to attack the Japanese from two directions
In World War II, one of the primary American commanders in the Pacific
was Chester Nimitz
Explain the Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942.
1. Japan moves southerly hoping to take control of Southern nations
2. America reacts and fights back
3. ultimately America wins because Japan is forced to withdraw due to a
lack of equipment and specialties.
48.Explain the Battle of Midway in 1942.
June 4, 1942
-USA intercepted Japanese plans to attack Midway = Nimitz (USA) set up around Midway
-USA launched attack on major portion of the Japanese fleet
-USA defeated Japanese and delivered a major blow to the Japanese fleet
-Viewed as turning point of war
49.After 1943, the United States advanced on Japan primarily with the
aid of forces from Australia and New Zealand
In 1942–1943, the British and American war effort against the Nazis
Concentrated onNorth Africa
During World War II, the first Axis country to be defeated was Italy
Was there evidence of a domestic security risk by Japanese-Americans in
1942, when the United States interned them in “relocation centers?”
There was no evidence that the Japanese Americans were a domestic security risk.
In August 1944, the Allies liberated from German occupation the city of
What was the result of the Allied bombing on Dresden, Germany, in February 1945?
1. Destroyed 75% of the previously undamaged city.
2. Killed approximately 135,000 people.
3. Resulted in mostly civilian casualties.
Briefly describe the Battle of the Bulge. It was the last major battle on the
western front, an unsuccessful attempt to push the Allies back from
German home territory.
In April 1945, American and British forces halted their advance on
Germany at the Elbe River wait for the Russian army to arrive
Briefly describe the 1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf.
It was the largest naval engagement in history, permitted U.S. Invasion of the Philippines, and reinforced the Allies' control of the Pacific.
The costliest battle in the history of the United States Marines Corps was
The Battle of Iwo Jima
In 1939, the first steps toward the creation of an atomic bomb were taken
by Nazi Germany
Prior to ordering the use of an atomic bomb against Japan, President Harry
Truman issued an ultimatum to Japan to surrender or face utter
In August 1945, the primary reason the United States dropped a second
atomic bomb on Japan was because the Japanese did not immediately
surrender after the first bomb was dropped
62. Who were the leaders of the following nations during the World War II:
U.S.: Franklin Roosevelt
USSR: Joseph Stalin
UK: Winston Churchill
GERMANY: Adolf Hittler
JAPAN: Emperor Hirohito
ITALY: Benito Mussolini
63. Which nations were working on developing the Atomic bomb during World War II? The U.S, Great Britain and Canada.
Which nation developed the 1st operational jet fighter aircraft?
What was the 1st functional long-range ballistic missile to be used operationally and which nation developed it?
The V2, Germany.