- Latitude is the distance form any point on earth to the Equator.
- Latitude determines the level of insolation at any point. Insolation is the amount of solar energy received. As we move further from the Equator insolation is less intense.
- Latitude determines the main climate zones:
- Is the heigth of a place relative to sea level.
- Temperature falls 0.6º for every 100 m
- Relief can also cause precipitation when it causes moist air to rise and condense.
- DISTANCE FROM THE SEA
STRUCTURE OF THE ATMOSPHERE
- In coastal areas, temperatures are mild all the year. This is so beceause the seas and oceans regulate temperature
- There is also more precipitation near the sea.
- Exosphere: transitional zone between atmosphere and space. Gasses lose chemical properties and dispense until their composition is like the space.
- Thermosphere: high temperatures up to 1000ºC. This layer includes ionosphere where aurora boreails occurs.
- Mesosphere: Coldest layer of the atmosphere with low air density.
- Stratosphere: Air is strafied and stable. Ozone layer wich absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the Sun is located here, between 20-40km above the Earth.
- Troposphere: is the lowest layer. Most air we breathe is found in the first 6km of the troposphere main meteorogical phenomean occur in this layer.