America and Spanish-American novel

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The American novel from an OS the sixties: In the sixties produced the final consecration of the American novel, both because of their intrinsic quality as extra-literary factors, among which we must mention the triumph of the Cuban revolution, the Spanish industry development and politics of the book that attempts to retrieve the Latin American market that existed in Spain before the war and the many translations into English, German and French of these novels and frequent film versions, which reach to a wide audience. In general outlines of the period are as follows: a) a preoccupation with the narrative structures that require an active reader capable of organizing the subject of the story: One Hundred Years of Solitude, Gabriel García Márquez. b) Development of linguistic experimentation and experimentation with new techniques and ways of telling:Hopscotch, by Julio Cortazar c) Invention of various fictional universes, Comala, in Pedro Paramo, Juan Rulfo, Macondo in the novels of Gabriel García Márquez, Santa Maria in the Juan Carlos Onetti. d) Appearance of historical novels - society, with a broad overview of the national inquiry: On Heroes and Tombs by Ernesto Sabato. e) Focusing on the existential issues, flight of the psychological aspects of characters, deepening mythology: Conversations at the Cathedral, Mario Vargas Llosa ... The list of authors and works of this period is overwhelming but the above is also cite others as CubansJosé Lezama Lima: Paradiso, Alejo Carpentier: The Cathedral, the Paraguayan Augusto Roa Bastos Spanish citizen, Son of man, or the Mexican Carlos Fuentes, The Death of Artemio Cruz and the huge figure of Jorge Luis Borges who continued to publish: The report Brodie. In the last decades of the century continue to publish the figures set forth, although many of these writers were forced into exile. Novels are written in general less demanding for the reader, are several novels about the dictator: The Autumn of the Patriarch by Gabriel García Márquez or the Supreme by Augusto Roa Bastos and other subjective and intimate themesLove in the Time of Cholera, the Colombian Nobel laureate.

The Spanish in America: From the Rio Grande to Tierra del Fuego, with the exception of Brazil, plus some Caribbean islands are a variety of Spanish spoken by the Spanish colonizers levied from the sixteenth century, which on a broad base of dialects Southern, was enriched with some input from Native American languages and other European languages especially French, English and Italian in Argentina. Today is the official language in 18 Latin American republics, co-official with Guarani in Paraguay and in English in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The Spanish in America with the obvious variations of a language spoken in a territory so vast and so different linguistic substrates, has a number of common characteristics which are shown below:
Phonetic: The lisp, sapato by shoe s aspiration of the implosive position cajtaña by chestnut and yeismo, yave by key are the main phonetic features of this variety of Spanish, all common to the dialects of southern Spain.
It may be added more melodic intonation and more melodic overtones that Castilian of the peninsula.
Morphosyntactic: Voseo, substitution of the pronoun
you for you, entering a monophthongs form of the second person plural:feel for sit down, is an archaism preserved peninsular in Argentina and Uruguay.
Different use of the bypass through
diminutive and augmentative: Right now I go, the girl, etc. Lindita people.
Increased use of simple past tense to the detriment of the compound
was now in place has now come.
More frequent use of the adjective adverbializer:
beautiful walks.
Preposing possessive in the vocative:
Come my son!
leismo and laísmo.
Lexical-semantic. The main lexical-semantic features are a higher persistence
archaisms, blanket by blanket, block by block houses, markets to buy, suitcase by etc. and a more abundant use of terms from Native American languages, turkey, etc. ranch. so that some Latin American literary works require a glossary at the end devoted to speakers Peninsula. Despite the rich variety of nuances of a language spoken in a territory so vast, the Spanish is characterized by its linguistic unity. To preserve this unity contribute important cultural institutions like the Royal Spanish Academy, the Association of Spanish Language Academies and the Instituto Cervantes.

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