SCIENTIFIC TEXT - Structure and language - Text good structured in three parts: introduction, body and conclusion .- A target language clear and precise, with the following features: Vocabulary - Verbs meaning neutral, indicating non-affective states or processes: ser, estar, found ... - value specified with descriptive adjectives, not subjective .- Techniques and symbols of the abstract universal value .- Morphology and Syntax - Intonation limitation, with a referential function, informative .- present indicative to highlight the continued value of the scientific truths .- 3rd person and sentences are, which give an impersonal view of reality is, it happens, is divided, comprises ... WORDS: COMPOSITION - The word is the smallest unit of meaning. Composition: - Lexeme or root, which gives the primary meaning .- Morpheme, which can occupy two different positions: - Linked to the lexeme: Derivatives if they form a new word and desinenciales, if they make changes in a single word. - Not linked: They are separate words (prepositions, conjunctions) and (determinants). The words are primitive and simple, if not from another of our language and consist of lexeme and morpheme desinenciales, derivatives, or formed by derivational morphemes and composite, consisting of the union of two lexemes. The invariant lexical phrases are composed of two or more words: nominal (country house), verbal (is required), adjectives (hard shell), certain (amount of), adverbial (by eye), prepositional (near) and conjunctiva (while). Mechanisms grammatical cohesion. grammatical cohesion mechanisms establishing the formal relationship between the various sequences of speech .* The matches: gender, number, person, tense, mood ... * The mode of statements: statements, hortatory ... * The connectors or organizers textual words or phrases that relate to statements or paragraphs that are followed in a text, or make the order that is still in its development. REGISTERS OF LANGUAGE-1. Records informal conversational-registration, the fruit of oral communicative situation, is based on spontaneous dialogue partners and is characterized by the following properties:-Language-verbal. not function emotiva.-Interaction of interlocutores.-Economía.Los family and juvenile recordsparticipate in the conversational language features are apparent not only in dialogue but also in forms of written communication. 2. Logs care - care records require an issuer worship
and a relevant situation or social respect. They are of various types: - Registration worship select vocabulary, learned references and resources .- Registration formalized literary type, if you take care of precision and correctness, without fanfare or adornment formal .- scholars specialized records, plenty of technicalities. 3. Logs limited-limited records are characterized by poor knowledge of the mechanisms governing the language: "The restricted code is distinguished by the poverty of ordinary registration vocabulario.-poverty joins the slang vocabulary of phonetic and morphological, and syntactic incorrectas.-slang is vulgar slang used by marginalized social groups to avoid being understood by the rest of society. ESPRONCEDA-POETRY-Espronceda is the most representative of Spanish Romanticism, by his exalted life. Espronceda wrote two long poems: El Estudiante de Salamanca and El diablo mundo. He also composed a series of short poems, whose protagonists are the marginalized people who love freedom and rebellion against society. (Song of the pirate). His language is very strong and musical. To the many sound effects (alliteration, onomatopoeia ...) is added polymetry (plurality of lines and stanzas) and the musicality of the rhyme, this allows content to adjust the rate at each moment to express serenity, excitement, despair, violence ... THE POETRY-BÉCQUER-Becquer embodies the Romantic and intimate behind the second half of the nineteenth century. Becquer's life was a dark, full of economic hardship, family problems and illnesses, and his works drew on his inner conflicts. Becquer pursued the pure lyricism and express their feelings in an atmosphere of intimacy with the reader, using a simple and direct language assonance and rhyme. It is the starting point of the modern lyric. The 84 Rimas Becquer are an intimate autobiography around four key themes: poetry, love, sometimes joyful and other hopeless, loneliness and death. In prose he wrote the legends that are a collection of short stories, fantastic tone, which dominate the mysterious and the supernatural.