Oceania Oceania is made up of Australia, New Zealand & lots of small Pacific Islands. Australia is by far the largest landmass in the continent. AustraliaCapital = Canberra (although largest city is Sydney).Divided into 8 states. Population = 21.2 million people. Population density = 2.6 people per km2.80 % of the population live on the coast. 95% of the population live in urban areas (towns/cities).Australia´s Climate. Factors that affect climate: Latitude - as you move away from Equator, temperatures fall. Distance from sea - the sea moderates the temps. of places near the coast (e.g. Sea cools coastal places in summer; warms coastal places in winter). Ocean currents - either warm (from equator) or cold (from poles). These currents can warm up/cool down the climate of the land they pass. Prevailing winds - pick up the characteristics of the place they blow over (e.g. Winds from...).The Different Climates of Australia Equatorial - hot all year (close to equator); much rain either all year or in rainy season. Desert - less than 250 mm rain per year. Mediterranean/temperate - warm, wet winters; hot, dry summers. Australian History 1770 - Britain claims Australia as colony; Terra Nullius = empty land.1778 - British ships arrive with soldiers, prisoners & supplies to set up penal (prison) colony. British discover Aborigine (indigenous) Australians friendly relations become hostile when Aborigine realizes British want their land. Aboriginal Dreaming Dreaming stories give meaning to human life. Idea of land as Mother & same spirits who created the land, sea, waterways & life involved in conception/birth of a child (= direct connection to Ancestral Beings and life).Creation Dreaming stories explain the origins of human life on Earth. Ancestral Beings should be respected b/c their actions show people how to live (treating others in a socially responsible manner, managing resources/ecologically sustainable environmental practice, & religious/cultural ceremonies). General Information (Asia)Largest, most populated continent. 30% of world landmass. 60% of world population (China & India have over 2 billion of the world´s 6 bil. pop.).Europe & Asia sit on the same tectonic plate (Eurasian), so not considered separate. Most diverse continent in terms of economy, culture, religion, climate. ClimateWide variety, since it stretches from Equator to North Pole. Equatorial - Hot & wet all year. Hot - on the equator & receives strong perpendicular sunrays. Wet - convectional rainfall & also winds coming from sea. Monsoon 6 months = warmer and wet (wind from the sea, the warm Indian and Pacific oceans - in summer).6 months = very dry and warm /hot (winds blow from the land) The Himalayas - to the sea in winter. Desert (cold) - less than 250 mm per year.The Gobi Desert.194 mm per year of rain, cold because in the north and located on 900-1500 m from sea, the wind form the Siberian stripes reaches extreme temp (-40ºC/+50ºC).Oceania: New Zealand. Capital: Wellington. Largest City: Auckland. Constituted by 16 regions inside two islands. Population density: high European People: 80% Maori: 20%The economy is based in service industry It depends on free trade industry Tourists contribute in money and jobs Tourism will improve Oceania: Australia Capital city: Canberra Largest city: Sydney Ayers rock: very big stone in the south of Australia Cacadu Natural Park: is a world heritage and it covers 20000km2Coral Reef: the largest reef in the world Sydney: is the largest city Asia: India Capital: New Delhi Largest City: Bombay Coin: rupee Official Language: HindiIt has the worlds twelve largest economy at market exchange. It has a high population and very dense Asia: China Capital: Peking Population density: high Languages: Mandarin, Wu, and Cantonese…Climate Changes: Biggest consumer and producer of coal Causes: co2 emissions and other products that affect ozone layer. Consequences: Frozen rivers melt and poor living conditions. Against climate change: wind turbines and solar panels, accelerating green belt and green house products, collaborating with Kyoto protocol. Kyoto protocol: fighting against global warming, nearly every country is a member.