The creation of the USSR:
In 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was created.
Political organisation:The political organisation of the USSR put into practice Marxist ideas(communism) with the establishment of a proletariat dictatorship.
-Political power was held by the soviets, which had the power to make laws and choose the people who held executive power.
-The Communist Party of th Soviet Union(CPSU)was the only political party, and it represented the interests of the workers.
Economy:Lenin was forced to postpone the implementation of socialism because of the shortage of food caused by the Civil War. New Economic Policy (NEP) Allowed some capitalist systems. Peasants could sell their produce, and small private artisan were set up. The state controlled the important sectors(large industries, foreign trade and banks).Territorial organisation:It was a federal state.The federal system resolved the problems of former nationalities of the Russian Empire, as it respected their autonomy and right to self-determination.
In Europe, between 1905 and 1945, artists were influenced by the avant-garde style, a new artistic language that symbolised the definitive break with traditional art.
Expressionism:depicts human emotions, such as suffering, anguish and disappointment, through an expressive and simple technique in which the human body is deformed, reduced to a silhoutte or the use of angular shapes.
Cubism:Representation of figures by the use of geometric shapes, such as cubes, cylinders or spheres and with no reflection of depth.The figures are created with defined areas of colour called facets. Collage was sticking different materials, such as newspaper and cloth.Open sculpture was used for the first time, in which spaces and holes had artistic value.
Dadaism:This style originated in the disillusionment felt by artists when contemplating the tragic consequences of the first World War.Dadaists created a style of art that rebelled against established forms and aimed to provoke the viewer. They used photomontage(a work composed of photos), or “ready-made”, where they used everyday objects. Objects such as urinals and wheels were removed from their context in order to make works of art.