Inorganic biomolecules Essential for non-living things. ● Water: The most abundant Substance found in living things. It makes up about 65% of the human body. ● Mineral salts: Substances that Can be found in living things in The form of dissolved ions, such As sodium ion.
Organic biomolecules Unique to living things. Structures Made up of carbon. ● Carbohydrates. Made of carbon And water. ● Lipids: Fats, phospholipids and Cholesterol. ● Proteins: Chains of amino acids. ● Nucleic acids: Groups of Nucleotides.
The cell: Functions
Structural Functional Basic Biological
Prokaryotic cell - No nucleus - Organelles: Ribosomes - Bacteria are prokaryotes - Membranes: Cell membrane, Cell wall and bacterial capsule (not always) - Flagela and Fimbriae
Eukaryotic cell - Nucleus - Cell membrane: two layers of Phospholipids. - Cytoplasm: Hyaloplasm, Organelles and cytoskeleton.