Casa de lucas

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-"Conditioned" air is air that has: BEEN CONTROLLED IN RESPECT OF TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE.

-"Frequency wild" in relation to a AC generation system means the generator: OUTPUT FREQUENCY VARIES WITH ENGINE SPEED.

-"Nose wheel shimmy" may be described as: A POSSIBLY DAMAGING VIBRATION OF THE NOSE WHEEL WHEN MOVING ON THE GROUND.

-"Vapour lock" is the phenomenon by which: HEAT PRODUCES VAPOUR BUBBLES IN THE FUEL LINE.

-"Vapour lock" is the phenomenon by which: HEAT PRODUCES VAPOUR BUBBLES IN THE FUEL LINE.

-A "fan" stage of a ducted-fan turbine engine is driven by: THE LOW PRESSURE TURBINE.

-A "trip-free" type circuit breaker is a circuit protection device which : WILL NOT ALLOW THE CONTACTS TO BE HELD CLOSED WHILE A CURRENT FAULT EXISTS IN THE CIRCUIT.

-A "Zener" diode is used for: VOLTAGE STABILISATION.

-A 3 phase AC generator has 3 separate stator windings spaced at: 120°.

-A booster or LP compressor in a twin spool turbofan: ROTATES AT THE SAME ROTOR SPEED AS THE FAN.

-A bus-bar is: A DISTRIBUTION POINT FOR ELECTRICAL POWER.

-A cabin pressure controller maintains a pre-set cabin altitude by regulating the: POSITION OF THE OUTFLOW VALVE(S).

-A cabin rate of descent: RESULTS IN A CABIN PRESSURE INCREASE.

-A cantilever wing is: A WING ATTACHED TO THE FUSELAGE AT THE WING ROOT ONLY.

-A capacitor in parallel with breaker points: INDUCES A VERY HIGH VOLTAGE ACROSS THE SECONDARY WINDINGS.

-A chip detector in the oil system of an engine/gearbox is to indicate that: THERE ARE METAL PARTICLES IN THE OIL

-A composite structural component consists of: A MATRIX AND FIBRES.

-A condenser in parallel with breaker points will: INTENSIFY CURRENT IN SECONDARY WINDING

-A constant speed drive (CSD) that has been disconnected in flight: CAN BE RESET ONLY ON THE GROUND AFTER ENGINE SHUT-DOWN.

-A Constant Speed Drive aims at ensuring: THAT THE ELECTRIC GENERATOR PRODUCES A CONSTANT FREQUENCY.

-A continuous loop detector system is a: OVERHEAT DETECTION SYSTEM.

-A CSD of an AC generator may be disconnected in flight. The primary reason(s) for disconnection are : LOW OIL PRESSURE AND/OR HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE OF THE GENERATOR DRIVE.

-A CSD unit is normally provided with means of monitoring during flight the: OIL TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE.

-A CSD unit which has been disconnected in flight : MAY BE RESET ON THE GROUND ONLY, AFTER ENGINE SHUT-DOWN.

-A current limiter fuse in a DC generation system is used to: ALLOW A SHORT TERM OVERLOAD BEFORE RUPTURING.

-A diffuser in a gas turbine engine is a device in which the: PRESSURE RISES AND VELOCITY FALLS.

-A diluter demand oxygen regulator selected to "100%":DELIVERS OXYGEN FLOW WHEN INHALING.

-A FADEC on a gas turbine engine: IS SINGLE FAULT TOLERANT.

-A fault protection circuit in a fire detection system will: INHIBIT THE FIRE DETECTOR WHEN THE DETECTION LINE IS CONNECTED TO GROUND.

-A feeder fault on a direct current circuit results from a flux unbalance between the: VOLTAGE COIL AND THE SERIES WINDING TURN.

-A flat rated turbofan engine has a constant maximum rated thrust level: UP TO A SPECIFIC OAT.

-A flat rated turbofan will be temperature limited if: OAT IS HIGHER THAN FLAT RATED TEMPERATURE.

-A flight control surface actuator is said to be "irreversible" when: THERE IS NO FEEDBACK TO THE PILOT'S CONTROLS OF THE AERODYNAMIC FORCES ACTING ON THE CONTROL SURFACE.

-A flight control surface actuator is said to be "reversible" when: THERE IS FEEDBACK TO THE PILOT''S CONTROLS OF THE AERODYNAMIC FORCES ACTING ON THE CONTROL SURFACE.

-A fuel strainer when fitted to a carburettor will be positioned: UPSTREAM OF THE NEEDLE VALVE.

-A gas turbine engine is run at ground idle for a period of time prior to shutdown to: PREVENT SEIZURE OF THE ROTOR BLADES IN THEIR SEALS.

-A gas turbine engine turbine section may employ active clearance control: TO PROVIDE ENHANCED CLEARANCES BETWEEN THE BLADE TIPS AND THE CASING.

-A gas turbine engine turbine section may employ active clearance control: TO PROVIDE ENHANCED CLEARANCES BETWEEN THE BLADE TIPS AND THE CASING.

-A gaseous fire loop system is tested by: HEATING UP THE SENSOR.

-A gaseous sensor/responder tube fire sensor is tested by: HEATING UP THE SENSOR WITH TEST POWER CONNECTION.

-A hung (abortive) start of a gas turbine engine may be caused by: A TOO LOW PNEUMATIC STARTER PRESSURE.

-A hydraulic low pressure alert is the first indication of: THE PUMP OUTPUT PRESSURE BEING INSUFFICIENT.

-A hydraulic shuttle valve: ENABLES AN ALTERNATE SUPPLY TO OPERATE AN ACTUATOR.

-A Krueger flap is normally located at the: LEADING EDGE.

-A magnetic circuit-breaker is: A PROTECTION SYSTEM THAT HAS A QUICK TRIPPING RESPONSE.

-A magnetic plug can be used to: COLLECT FERROUS PARTICLES REACHING THE SUMP

-A magnetic plug in an engine oil system can be used to: COLLECT FERROUS PARTICLES.

-A manual inflation handle: SERVES TO ACTUATE INFLATION OF A SLIDE WHEN AUTOMATIC INFLATION FAILS

-A mixture setting richer than best power has to be used during climb segments. This results in: LOWER CYLINDER HEAD TEMPERATURE.

-A modern Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) is designed to provide power for ground starting of an engine. It also supplies both in the air (subject to certification limitations) and on the ground: AIR CONDITIONING AND ELECTRICAL SERVICES.

-A non-cantilever wing is: A WING SUPPORTED BY BRACES OR A STRUT CONNECTED TO THE FUSELAGE.

-A passenger emergency mask is a : A CONTINUOUS FLOW MASK AND CANNOT BE USED IF THERE IS SMOKE IN THE CABIN.

-A passenger oxygen mask is: A CONTINUOUS FLOW MASK AND IN PRINCIPLE SHOULD NOT BE USED IF THERE IS SMOKE IN THE CABIN.

-A pilot can actuate the feathering system by: PULLING THE PROPELLER CONTROL LEVER REARWARDS.

-A pilot can determine the amount of oxygen in a bottle by observing its: PRESSURE.

-A piston engine compression ratio is the ratio of the: TOTAL VOLUME TO THE CLEARANCE VOLUME.

-A piston engine may use a fuel of a different grade than the recommended: PROVIDED THAT THE GRADE IS HIGHER

-A pressure regulator is used in a hydraulic system: IN CONJUNCTION WITH A CONSTANT DELIVERY TYPE PUMP.

-A pressure relief valve in an oil system that does not seat correctly could result in: LOW OIL PRESSURE.

-A pressure relief valve that does not fit on its seat properly would result in: LOW OIL PRESSURE

-A pressurised aeroplane is flying at FL 370 and experiences a rapid decompression. Which of the following statements is correct about the oxygen system? THE OXYGEN MASKS ARE AUTOMATICALLY PRESENTED TO CABIN CREW MEMBERS AND PASSENGERS

-A pressurized aeroplane is operated at FL 300. It undergoes a rapid decompression so that the pressure in the cabin goes quickly down to the outside pressure value. What happens concerning the oxygen system ? THE OXYGEN MASKS ARE AUTOMATICALLY PRESENTED TO CABIN CREW MEMBERS AND PASSENGERS

-A propeller blade is twisted, so as to: KEEP THE LOCAL ANGLE OF ATTACK CONSTANT ALONG THE BLADE.

-A radio signal looses strength as range from the transmitter increases, this is called: ATTENUATION

-A red or an amber light on an undercarriage position indicator signifies: AT LEAST ONE WHEEL IS IN THE TRAVELLING OR UNLOCKED CONDITION.

-A relay is: A MAGNETICALLY OPERATED SWITCH.

-A relay is: AN ELECTROMAGNETICALLY OPERATED SWITCH.

-A reverse thrust alert on the flight deck occurs when: 1. the reverser doors are unlocked with the reverse lever in the stowed position. 2. the reverser doors are locked with the reverse lever in the stowed position. 3. the reverser doors remain stowed with the reverse lever in the deployed position. 4. the reverser doors have moved to the reverse thrust position with the reverse lever in the deployed position. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 3

-A rich mixture setting has to be used during climb segments. This results in a: LOWER CYLINDER HEAD TEMPERATURE.

-A safe-life aircraft structural component: MAY BE USED DURING A DECLARED NUMBER OF CYCLES OR FLIGHT HOURS.

-A sandwich structural part is unsuitable for absorbing: CONCENTRATED LOADS.

-A sandwich structural part is: COMPOSED OF TWO THIN SHEETS AND A LIGHT CORE MATERIAL.

-A sandwich structural part: CONSISTS OF TWO THIN SHEETS SEPARATED BY A LIGHT CORE MATERIAL.

-A sandwich type structure is often used in aircraft because of its: LOW MASS AND HIGH STIFFNESS.

-A scissor is a component found on landing gears. Its function is to : PREVENT ANY ROTATION OF THE OLEO STRUT IN THE UNDERCARRIAGE SHOCK ABSORBER.

-A semi-monocoque aircraft fuselage structure usually consists of: SKIN, FRAMES ,STRINGERS.

-A single acting actuator: IS POWERED IN ONE DIRECTION ONLY BY HYDRAULIC POWER, THE RETURN MOVEMENT BEING UNDER ANOTHER FORCE.

-A single action actuator: IS POWERED IN ONE DIRECTION ONLY BY HYDRAULIC POWER, THE RETURN MOVEMENT BEING UNDER SPRING FORCE.

-A smoke hood is a device covering: THE WHOLE HEAD AND WITH A CONTINUOUS OXYGEN FLOW.

-A smoke mask is a: MASK WITH FLOW ON REQUEST AND COVERS THE WHOLE FACE.

-A stage in an axial compressor: CONSISTS OF A ROTOR DISC FOLLOWED BY A RING OF STATOR BLADES.

-A static converter is powered by: DIRECT CURRENT ON INPUT, ALTERNATING CURRENT OUTPUT

-A static inverter is powered by: DIRECT CURRENT AND PRODUCES AN ALTERNATING CURRENT OUTPUT.

-A structure in which the skin takes all of the load is: A MONOCOQUE STRUCTURE.

-A substance which may never be used in the vicinity or on parts of an oxygen installation is: GREASE

-A test to assess the state of charge of a lead-acid battery would involve: COMPARING THE "ON-LOAD" AND "OFF-LOAD" BATTERY VOLTAGES.

-A thermal circuit breaker: PROTECTS THE SYSTEM IN THE EVENT OF OVERLOAD/OVERHEATING.

-A torsion link assembly is installed on the landing gear to: AVOID ROTATION OF THE PISTON ROD RELATIVE TO THE GEAR OLEO STRUT.

-A tubeless tyre is a tyre: 1. which requires solid or branched wheels 2. whose valve can be sheared in sudden accelerations 3. whose mounting rim must be flawless 4. which requires no rim protection between rim flange and tire removing device 5. which does not burst in the event of a tire puncture 6. which eliminates internal friction between the tube and the tire The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 1, 5, 6.

-A turbo compressor air conditioning system (bootstrap system) includes two heat exchangers; the primary exchanger (P) and the secondary exchanger (S). The functions of these heat exchangers are as follows: P: PRECOOLS THE ENGINE BLEED AIR S: COOLS AIR BEHIND THE PACK'S COMPRESSOR.

-A turbo compressor air conditioning system (bootstrap system) will: CAUSE A PRESSURE DROP AS WELL AS AN ASSOCIATED TEMPERATURE DROP IN THE CHARGE AIR.

-A turbocharger in a reciprocating engine consists of a: COMPRESSOR AND TURBINE MOUNTED ON A COMMON SHAFT.

-A turbocharger system in a reciprocating engine is normally driven by: THE EXHAUST SYSTEM.

-A turbofan engine with a bypass air mass flow of 200 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 20 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 10

-A turbofan engine with a bypass mass flow of 250 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 50 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 5

-A turbofan engine with a bypass mass flow of 888 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 111 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 8

-A turbofan engine with an inlet air mass flow of 1000 kg/s and a bypass mass flow of 889 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 8.01

-A turbofan engine with an inlet air mass flow of 1000 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 111 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 8.01

-A turbofan engine with an inlet air mass flow of 200 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 20 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 9

-A turbofan engine with an inlet air mass flow of 220 kg/s and a bypass mass flow of 200 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 10

-A turbofan engine with an inlet air mass flow of 220 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 20 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 10

-A turbofan engine with an inlet air mass flow of 300 kg/s and a bypass mass flow of 250 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 5

-A turbofan engine with an inlet air mass flow of 300 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 50 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 5

-A twin spool gas turbine engine is one in which the: LP TURBINE DRIVES THE LP COMPRESSOR AND THE HP TURBINE DRIVES THE HP COMPRESSOR.

-A twin-spool engine with a bypass mass flow of 250 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 250 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 1

-A twin-spool engine with an inlet air mass flow of 220 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 220 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 0

-A twin-spool engine with an inlet air mass flow of 500 kg/s and a HP compressor mass flow of 250 kg/s has a bypass ratio of: 1

-A twin-spool engine with an inlet air mass flow of 500 kg/s and a bypass mass flow of 250 kg/s has a bypass ratio (BPR) of: 1

-A unit that converts electrical DC into AC is: AN INVERTER.

-A warning device alerts the crew in case of an excessive cabin altitude. This warning must be triggered on reaching the following altitude: 10000 ft (approx. 3000 m)

-Awing spar typically consists of: A WEB AND GIRDERS.

-About a twin spool compressor: THE LOW PRESSURE SPOOL RUNS AT A LOWER RPM THAN THE HIGH PRESSURE SPOOL.

-AC generators operated in parallel must have the same: VOLTAGE AND PHASE.

-According JAR/CS 25 the allowable average failure probability per flight hour for a minor failure should be on the order of (^ means to the power of): between 10^ -3 and 10^ -5. (probable)

-According JAR/CS 25 the allowable average failure probability per flight hour probability for a major failure should be on the order of (^ means to the power of): between 10^ -5 and 10^ -7. (remote)

-According JAR/CS 25 the allowable quantitative average failure probability per flight hour for a hazardous failure should be on the order of (^ means to the power of): between 10^ -7 and 10^ -9. (extremely remote)

-According JAR/CS 25 the allowable quantitative average failure probability per flight hour for a catastrophic failure should be on the order of (^ means to the power of): less than 10^ -9. (extremely improbable)

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a catastrophic failure on the aeroplane could be: HULL LOSS.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a catastrophic failure on the flight crew could be: FATALITIES OR INCAPACITATION.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a catastrophic failure on the occupants of an aeroplane excluding flight crew could be: MULTIPLE FATALITIES.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a hazardous failure on the aeroplane could be: LARGE REDUCTION IN FUNCTIONAL CAPABILITIES OR SAFETY MARGINS.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a hazardous failure on the flight crew could be: PHYSICAL DISTRESS OR EXCESSIVE WORKLOAD, IMPAIRS ABILITY TO PERFORM TASKS.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a hazardous failure on the occupants of an aeroplane excluding flight crew could be: SERIOUS OR FATAL INJURY TO A SMALL NUMBER OF PASSENGERS OR CABIN CREW.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a major failure on the aeroplane could be: SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION IN FUNCTIONAL CAPABILITIES OR SAFETY MARGINS.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a major failure on the flight crew could be: PHYSICAL DISCOMFORT OR A SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN WORKLOAD.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a major failure on the occupants of an aeroplane excluding flight crew could be: PHYSICAL DISTRESS, POSSIBLY INCLUDING INJURIES.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a minor failure on the aeroplane could be: SLIGHT REDUCTION IN FUNCTIONAL CAPABILITIES OR SAFETY MARGINS.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a minor failure on the flight crew could be: A SLIGHT INCREASE IN WORKLOAD.

-According JAR/CS 25 the worst effect of a minor failure on the occupants of an aeroplane excluding flight crew could be: PHYSICAL DISCOMFORT.

-After a successful start of a high bypass turbofan engine, the air starter: IS DISENGAGED BY THE COUPLING BETWEEN ENGINE N2 SPOOL AND STARTER BY THE USE OF CENTRIFUGAL FORCES.

-After air has passed through the compressor of a gas turbine engine the: TEMPERATURE WILL BE HIGHER THAN THE INLET TEMPERATURE.

-Aircraft fuel tanks should be checked for water: BEFORE THE FIRST FLIGHT OF THE DAY.

-Aircraft magneto`s receive electrical energy from: ROTATING PERMANENT MAGNETO'S.

-Alternating current can be derived from direct current by: AN INVERTER.

-Among the different types of aircraft structures, the shell structures efficiently transmit the: 1. normal bending stresses 2. tangent bending stresses 3. torsional moment 4. shear stresses The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 2, 3

-An abortive (hung) start is the term used to describe an attempt to start in which the engine: LIGHTS UP, BUT FAILS TO ACCELERATE SUFFICIENTLY.

-An AC generator driven by a CSD unit: REQUIRES A VOLTAGE CONTROLLER TO MAINTAIN CONSTANT VOLTAGE UNDER LOAD.

-An accumulator in a hydraulic system will: STORE FLUID UNDER PRESSURE.

-An aeroplane equipped with fully powered flight controls (irreversible type): REQUIRES THE USE OF AN ARTIFICIAL FEEL SYSTEM.

-An aeroplane equipped with irreversible flight controls: NEED NOT BE EQUIPPED WITH A SEPARATE GUST LOCK SYSTEM.

-An aeroplane equipped with irreversible flight controls: REQUIRES AN ARTIFICIAL FEEL SYSTEM.

-An aeroplane equipped with reversible flight controls: DOES NOT REQUIRE AN ARTIFICIAL FEEL SYSTEM.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is 61 to 200 seats must be equipped with at least: 3 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is 31 to 60 seats must be equipped with at least: 2 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is greater than 60 seats must be equipped with at least: 3 HALON 1211 FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is greater than 600 seats must be equipped with at least: 8 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is 401 to 500 seats must be equipped with at least: 6 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is 501 to 600 seats must be equipped with at least: 7 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is 301 to 400 seats must be equipped with at least: 5 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An aeroplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is 201 to 300 seats must be equipped with at least: 4 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An air cycle machine (air conditioning pack) : CAUSES A PRESSURE AND TEMPERAURE DROP IN THE BLEED AIR.

-An aircraft flying in conditions of continuous heavy rain and high ambient temperatures may require the precautionary use of: ENGINE IGNITERS.

-An aircraft magneto is switched off by: 1. grounding the primary circuit. 2. opening the primary circuit. 3. opening the secondary circuit. 4. grounding the secondary circuit. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 4.

-An aircraft whose maximum approved configuration for passenger seats is 200 seats must be equipped with: 3 HAND FIRE EXTINGUISHERS IN THE COMPARTMENT.

-An aircraft with a pressurized cabin flies at FL 310 and, following a malfunction of the pressure controller, the outflow valve runs to the open position. Given : CAB V/S : Cabin rate of climb indication CAB ALT: Cabin pressure altitude DELTA P: Differential pressure This will result in a: CAB V/S INCREASE CAB ALT INCREASE DELTA P DECREASE

-An aircraft with a pressurized cabin is settled at its cruise level. During the flight, a malfunction of the pressure controller is detected by the crew and the cabin rate indicator reads -200ft/min. Given that: DELTA P: Differential pressure Zc: Cabin altitude:  DELTA P WILL RISE UP TO ITS MAXIMUM VALUE, THUS CAUSING THE SAFETY RELIEF VALVES TO OPEN.

-An airplane whose maximum approved passenger seating configuration is 7 to 30 seats must be equipped with at least: 1 HAND FIRE-EXTINGUISHER CONVENIENTLY LOCATED IN THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT.

-An artificial feel system: FUNCTIONS IN PARALLEL TO AN IRREVERSIBLE SERVO-CONTROL UNIT.

-An artificial feel unit is necessary in the pitch channel when: THE ELEVATORS ARE ACTUATED BY IRREVERSIBLE SERVO-CONTROL UNITS.

-An asymmetric loading (p-factor) on the propeller exists: IF THE AEROPLANE HAS A LARGE ANGLE OF ATTACK.

-An axial compressor, when operating below its design speed, has: A TENDENCY TO STALL IN THE FRONT STAGES.

-An EGT (Exhaust Gas Temperature) indicator for a piston engine is used to: ASSIST THE PILOT TO SET THE CORRECT MIXTURE.

-An electrically heated windscreen is manufactured from: A GLASS AND POLYCARBONATE LAMINATE.

-An engine fire in a large transport aeroplane is indicated by a(n): VISUAL WARNING AND AN AURAL ALERT.

-An engine fire is indicated by a(n): WARNING AND AN AURAL ALERT.

-An engine pressure ratio (EPR) can be defined as the ratio of: JET PIPE TOTAL PRESSURE TO COMPRESSOR INLET TOTAL PRESSURE.

-An engine pressure ratio (EPR) gauge reading normally shows the ratio of: JET PIPE PRESSURE TO COMPRESSOR INLET PRESSURE.

-An excessively rich mixture can be detected by: BLACK SMOKE FROM EXHAUST.

-An impulse coupling is inhibited at higher than normal rotational starting speeds by: CENTRIFUGAL FORCE

-An impulse coupling is installed on a magneto of a piston engine to: PROVIDE A STRONGER SPARK ON TOP DEAD CENTRE FOR ENGINE STARTING.

-An impulse coupling is installed on a magneto of a piston engine to: PROVIDE A STRONGER SPARK ON TOP DEAD CENTRE FOR ENGINE STARTING.

-An impulse magneto coupling: GIVES A RETARDED SPARK AT STARTING

-An inverter is a: unit used to convert dc into ac.

-An oxygen regulator has 3 controls : - a power lever : ON/OFF - an "O2" lever : NORMAL/100% - an emergency lever : ON/OFF Among the following statements, the correct proposition is : THE POWER LEVER ON ON, AND, THE "O2" LEVER ON NORMAL ALLOWS THE OXYGEN TO ENTER THE REGULATOR AND ENABLES BREATHING OF A MIXTURE OF AIR/OXYGEN ACCORDING TO ALTITUDE.

-An oxygen supply system must be kept absolutely free of oil or grease as: THESE SUBSTANCES CATCH FIRE SPONTANEOUSLY IN THE PRESENCE OF OXYGEN.

-An under-inflated tyre will: EXPERIENCE INCREASED WEAR AT THE SHOULDERS.

-Apart from flight into known icing conditions, the intake system of a diesel engine: IS NEVER HEATED BECAUSE A DIESEL ENGINE IS A INJECTION ENGINE.

-As altitude increases, the mixture ratio of a piston engine should be adjusted to : REDUCE THE FUEL FLOW IN ORDER TO COMPENSATE FOR THE DECREASING AIR DENSITY.

-As the flight altitude increases, if no leaning is made with the mixture control: THE DENSITY OF AIR ENTERING THE CARBURETTOR DECREASES AND THE AMOUNT OF FUEL REMAINS CONSTANT

-Associate the correct legend to each of the numbered diagrams : 1- CANTILEVER 2- FORK 3- HALF FORK 4- DUAL WHEELS

-Assume an initial condition at a high cruise altitude with a constant speed propeller. What will happen if the altitude is decreased while the throttle remains fully open and the waste gate is seized in the cruise position: THE MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (MAP) VALUE MAY EXCEED THE MAXIMUM ALLOWED VALUE.

-Assume that during cruise flight with airconditioning packs ON, the outflow valve(s) would close. The result would be that: THE PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL WOULD GO TO THE MAXIMUM VALUE

-Assuming a CSD fault is indicated, the CSD should be disconnected : PROVIDED THE ENGINE IS RUNNING.

-Assuming a hydraulic accumulator is pre-charged with air to 1000 psi. If the hydraulic system is then pressurised to its operating pressure of 3000 psi, the indicated pressure on the air side of the accumulator should be: 3000 PSI.

-Assuming an accumulator is pre-charged with air to 1000 psi and the hydraulic system is pressurised to 1500 psi, the accumulator gauge will read: 1500 PSI.

-Assuming cabin differential pressure has attained the required value in normal flight conditions, if flight altitude is maintained: A CONSTANT MASS AIR FLOW IS PERMITTED THROUGH THE CABIN.

-Assuming cabin differential pressure has reached the required value in normal flight conditions, if flight altitude and air conditioning system setting are maintained: THE MASS AIR FLOW THROUGH THE CABIN IS CONSTANT.

-Assuming cabin pressure decreases, the cabin rate of climb indicator should indicate: A RATE OF CLIMB.

-Assuming the initiating cause is removed, which of these statements about resetting are correct or incorrect? I. A fuse is not resettable II. A circuit breaker is resettable: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Assuming the initiating cause is removed, which of these statements about resetting are correct or incorrect? I. A fuse is not resettable II. A circuit breaker is not resettable: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Assuming the initiating cause is removed, which of these statements about resetting are correct or incorrect? I. A fuse is resettable II. A circuit breaker is not resettable: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Assuming the initiating cause is removed, which of these statements about resetting are correct or incorrect? I. A fuse is resettable II. A circuit breaker is resettable: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Assuming the jet pipe is not choked, the equation to calculate jet engine thrust T (with mass flow m, airspeed Vv and jet velocity Vj ) is: T = M(VJ - VV)

-Assuming the same swept volume and no turbo charger, diesel engines compared to petrol engines: PRODUCE LESS MAXIMUM POWER OUTPUT.

-At constant fuel flow, if engine compressor air is bled off for engine anti-icing or a similar system, the turbine temperature: WILL RISE.

-Automatic temperature control of the system as shown, would be accomplished by: THE TEMPERATURE SELECTOR IN CONJUNCTION WITH CABIN SENSORS AND THE TEMPERATURE REGULATOR, MODULATING THE MIX VALVE.

-Axial piston pumps are often used in hydraulic systems due to: THEIR ABILITY TO PRODUCE HIGH PRESSURE WHEN REQUIRED BUT CAN BE OFF LOADED TO REDUCE POWER CONSUMPTION.

-Because of the connection in parallel of electrical equipments on an AC bus bar, isolation of individual equipments: DECREASES THE BUS BAR CURRENT CONSUMPTION.

-Because of the input/output relationship of an AND gate, it is often referred to as the: "ALL OR NOTHING" GATE.

-Because of the input/output relationship of an OR gate, it is often referred to as the: "ANY OR ALL" GATE.

-Below its design speed an axial compressor: HAS A TENDENCY TO SURGE IN THE FRONT STAGES.

-Bleeding air from the HP compressor of a turbofan, whilst maintaining thrust, increases: EGT AND FUEL FLOW.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a gas turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a gas turbine engine is continuous. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant pressure:  I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a piston engine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a piston engine is intermittent. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant volume: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a piston engine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a piston engine is continuous. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant volume: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a piston engine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a piston engine is continuous. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant pressure: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a gas turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a gas turbine engine is continuous. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant volumen: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a piston engine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a piston engine is intermittent. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant pressure: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a gas turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a gas turbine engine is intermittent. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant volumen: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines use a cycle made up of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust phases. Which of these statements about a gas turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The process in a gas turbine engine is intermittent. II. Theoretically the combustion occurs at constant pressure: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Both gas turbine and piston engines utilise a cycle of induction, compression, combustion and exhaust. However in the gas turbine these processes are (i)...........and combustion occurs at (ii).........Respectively (i) and (ii) are:   (I) Continuous (Ii) Constant Pressure

-By-pass ratio in a turbine engine is the ratio of the: COLD AIR MASS FLOW TO THE HOT AIR MASS FLOW

-By-pass turbine engines are mainly used in commercial aviation, because: AT HIGH SUBSONIC AIRSPEEDS THEY HAVE A BETTER PROPULSIVE EFFICIENCY THAN PROPELLER OR STRAIGHT JET ENGINES.

-Cabin air for a large aeroplane during flight: IS TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED.

-Cabin air for JAR 25 aeroplanes is usually taken from: THE HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR AND FROM THE LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR IF NECESSARY.

-Cabin air for modern aircraft is usually taken from: THE LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR AND FROM THE HIGH PRESSURE COMPRESSOR IF NECESSARY.

-Cabin altitude is the: CABIN PRESSURE EXPRESSED AS ALTITUDE.

-Cabin differential pressure means the pressure difference between: CABIN PRESSURE AND AMBIENT AIR PRESSURE.

-Cabin heating in a large jet transport aeroplane is obtained from: HOT AIR BLED FROM THE COMPRESSORS.

-Cabin pressure is controlled by: DELIVERING A SUBSTANTIALLY CONSTANT FLOW OF AIR INTO THE CABIN AND CONTROLLING THE OUTFLOW.

-Cabin pressurisation is regulated by the: CABIN OUTFLOW VALVE(S).

-Cabin pressurization is controlled by the: CABIN OUTFLOW VALVE.

-Chemical oxygen generators are used to furnish oxygen to the: 1. cockpit 2. cabin 3. toilets 4. smoke hood The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3, 4

-Circuit breakers protecting circuits may be: USED IN AC AND DC CIRCUITS.

-Compared to a tyre fitted with an inner tube, a tubeless tyre presents the following characteristics: 1 - high heating 2 - valve fragility 3 - lower risk of bursting 4 - better adjustment to wheels The combination containing all the correct statements is: 3 – 4

-Compressor stall in a gas turbine engine: CAN BE CAUSED BY AN AXIAL AIRFLOW VELOCITY THAT IS LOW RELATIVE TO THE ROTOR SPEED.

-Compressor stall is due to: AN EXCESSIVELY HIGH ANGLE OF ATTACK OF THE ROTOR BLADES.

-Compressor surge may be controlled by means of: BLEED VALVES.

-Concerning a constant speed propeller of a twin engine aeroplane controlled by a single-acting pitch control unit: OIL PRESSURE TURNS THE PROPELLER BLADES TOWARDS SMALLER PITCH ANGLE.

-Concerning electrically powered ice protection devices, the only true statement is: ON MODERN AEROPLANES, ELECTRICALLY POWERED THERMAL DEVICES ARE USED TO PREVENT ICING ON SMALL SURFACES (PITOT-STATIC, WINDSHIELD...).

-Concerning the fuel system high-pressure shut-off valve (HPSOV) of a gas turbine engine: IGNITION IS ACTIVATED BEFORE FUEL IS DELIVERED BY THE HPSOV TO THE FUEL NOZZLES.

-Concerning the sequential pneumatic impulses used in certain leading edge de-icing devices, one can affirm that: 1 - They prevent ice formation. 2 - They are triggered from the flight deck after icing has become visible. 3 - A cycle lasts more than ten seconds. 4 - There are more than ten cycles per second. The combination which regroups all the correct statements is: 2 – 3

-Concerning the starting procedure of a gas turbine engine: THE SELECTED IGNITERS ARE ACTIVATED AFTER FUEL IS DELIVERED TO THE FUEL NOZZLES.

-Connecting two 12 volt 40 ampere-hour capacity batteries in series will result in a total voltage and capacity respectively of: 24 VOLTS, 40 AMPERE-HOURS.

-Consider a jet engine whose control is based on the Engine Pressure Ratio (EPR): 1. with a constant EPR, the thrust decreases when the altitude increases 2. with a constant EPR, the thrust is independent of the Mach number 3. At same environmental conditions, a given EPR setting maintains the thrust irrespective of engine wear due to ageing. 4. the EPR is determined by the impact pressure difference between the turbine outlet and the compressor inlet 5. on take-off, in the event of icing not detected by the crew, the indicated EPR is lower than the real EPR The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 1, 3.

-Consider the variable-pitch propeller of a turbo-prop. During deceleration: WHEN BRAKING, THE PROPELLER SUPPLIES NEGATIVE THRUST AND ABSORBS ENGINE POWER.

-Continuous loop fire detector systems operate on the principle that an increase in temperature produces: A DECREASE IN RESISTANCE

-Control surface flutter can be avoided by: 1. a high torsional stiffness of the structure. 2. a low torsional stiffness of the structure. 3. locating a balancing mass in front of the control hinge. 4. locating a balancing mass behind the control hinge. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 3.

-Cooling air for a reciprocating engine can be obtained by means of: RAM AIR

-Creep in a gas turbine engine is: THE PERMANENT INCREASE IN LENGTH OF METAL PARTS DUE TO A COMBINATION OF TENSILE STRESS AND HIGH TEMPERATURES OVER A PROLONGED PERIOD.

-Creep of turbine blades is caused by: HIGH BLADE TEMPERATURE WHILST UNDER CENTRIFUGAL LOADING.

-Derated or reduced take-offs save engine life primarily due to: REDUCED LOW CYCLE FATIGUE DAMAGE.

-Diesel engines always produce a certain amount of soot, because: THE FUEL DROPLETS COMING FROM THE ATOMISER DO NOT BURN COMPLETELY.

-Diesel engines, compared to petrol engines have: A HIGHER COMPRESSION RATIO.

-Direct current generators are connected: IN PARALLEL TO PROVIDE MAXIMUM POWER.

-Dual ignition provides a factor of reliability and: IMPROVES COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY.

-During a climb in a standard atmosphere with constant Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) and RPM indications and at a constant mixture setting, the power output of a piston engine: INCREASES.

-During a normal pressurised climb after take-off: CABIN PRESSURE DECREASES MORE SLOWLY THAN ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE

-During climb with constant throttle and RPM lever setting (mixture being constant) the: MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (MAP) DECREASES.

-During flight, the wing anti-ice system has to protect: A PART OF THE WHOLE LEADING EDGE.

-During hydroplaning, the friction coefficient between tyre and runway surface is approximately: 0

-During level flight at a constant cabin pressure altitude (which could be decreased, even at this flight level), the cabin outflow valves are: PARTIALLY OPEN.

-During re-fuelling the automatic shut-off valves will switch off the fuel supply system when: THE FUEL HAS REACHED A PREDETERMINED VOLUME OR MASS.

-During start of an engine fitted with a brushless AC generator with no commutator rings, the generator is activated by: A SET OF PERMANENT MAGNETS.

-During take-off, the angle of attack of the blades of a fixed pitch propeller, optimised for cruise condition is: RELATIVELY HIGH.

-During take-off, the fan in a high by-pass ratio turbofan engine produces: THE GREATER PART OF THE THRUST.

-During the ram recovery process in a gas turbine engine subsonic intake, the: FLOW VELOCITY DECREASES.

-Electrical bonding of an aircraft is used to: 1. protect the aircraft against lightning effects. 2. reset the electrostatic potential of the aircraft to a value approximating 0 volt 3. reduce radio interference on radio communication systems 4. set the aircraft to a single potential The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 1, 3, 4

-Electrically powered ice protection devices on aircraft are: USED AS ANTI-ICING DEVICES FOR PITOT-TUBES, STATIC PORTS AND WINDSHIELD.

-Emergency extension of landing gear systems can be performed:: 1. with compressed C0². 2. with compressed nitrogen. 3. with compressed oxygen. 4. by mechanical/manual means. 5. by freefall. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 4, 5.

-Engine auxiliary gearboxes: PROVIDE THE DRIVES FOR A WIDE VARIETY OF SERVICES AND MAY EVEN PROVIDE FOR THE SUPPORT OF THE ENGINE IN THE AIRFRAME.

-Engine bleed air used for air conditioning and pressurization in turbo-jet aeroplanes is usually taken from the: COMPRESSOR SECTION.

-Engine compartment decking and firewalls are manufactured from: STAINLESS STEEL OR TITANIUM SHEET.

-Engine temperature limitations are usually imposed due to temperature limitations on the: TURBINE SECTION.

-Engine temperature limitations of a gas turbine engine are usually imposed due to temperature limitations on the: TURBINE SECTION.

-EPR can be defined as the ratio of: THE TOTAL TURBINE OUTLET PRESSURE TO THE TOTAL COMPRESSOR INLET PRESSURE.

-Evacuation slide normal inflation is achieved by: A PRESSURISED GAS CANISTER.

-Excessive pressure in the cylinders of an engine equipped with a constant speed propeller: HIGH MANIFOLD PRESSURE AND LOW RPM.

-Excessive priming of a piston engine should be avoided because: 1. it drains the carburettor float chamber 2. the risk of engine fire. 3. the risk of flooding the engine. 4. it fouls the spark plugs. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3, 4.

-Exhaust gas temperature sensing is usually taken: BETWEEN THE GAS GENERATOR TURBINE AND THE FREE POWER TURBINE.

-Filters in hydraulic systems often incorporate pop out indicators to: WARN OF AN IMPENDING BY-PASS SITUATION.

-Filtration in a hydraulic system is usually ensured by: FILTERS IN BOTH THE PRESSURE AND RETURN LINES.

-Fire precautions to be observed before refuelling are: ALL BONDING AND CONNECTIONS TO THE EARTH TERMINAL BETWEEN GROUND EQUIPMENT AND THE AIRCRAFT SHOULD BE MADE BEFORE FILLER CAPS ARE REMOVED.

-Fixed oxygen systems in pressurised aeroplanes are used to provide oxygen: 1. in the event of depressurisation. 2. in the event of any passenger indisposition. 3. during a normal flight. 4. in the event of smoke or toxic fumes in the cockpit. The combination of corrects statements is: 1,4

-Fixed-pitch propellers are usually designed for maximum efficiency at: CRUISING SPEED

-Flat rated jet engines are designed to provide constant maximum take-off thrust up to a certain level of: AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.

-Flutter results from two deformation modes which are: TORSION AND BENDING

-For a fan jet engine, the by-pass ratio is the: COLD AIR MASS FLOW DIVIDED BY THE HOT AIR MASS FLOW.

-For a fan jet engine, the by-pass ratio is the: EXTERNAL AIRFLOW MASS DIVIDED BY THE INTERNAL AIRFLOW MASS

-For a free power turbine engine: THE TURBINE DRIVING THE MAIN ROTOR TRANSMISSION IS MECHANICALLY INDEPENDENT FROM THE GAS GENERATOR.

-For a given type of oil, the oil viscosity depends on the: OIL TEMPERATURE.

-For a JAR25 aeroplane, spoilers are: UPPER WING SURFACE DEVICES, THEIR DEFLECTION CAN BE SYMMETRICAL OR ASYMMETRICAL.

-For a piston engine, the chemically correct fuel/air ratio is: 1:15

-For a reciprocating engine fuel/air ratio or mixture is the ratio between the: MASS OF FUEL AND MASS OF AIR ENTERING THE CYLINDER.

-For a subsonic airflow, air passing through a divergent duct: DECREASES IN VELOCITY AND INCREASES IN PRESSURE.

-For a subsonic airflow, in a divergent duct the: PRESSURE INCREASES, VELOCITY DECREASES AND TEMPERATURE INCREASES.

-For a turbine engine, the self-sustaining speed relates to the minimum RPM at which the engine: WILL CONTINUE TO OPERATE WITHOUT ANY STARTER MOTOR ASSISTANCE.

-For a turbine engine, the term self-sustaining speed relates to the lowest rpm range at which the engine: WILL CONTINUE TO RUN WITHOUT ANY FURTHER STARTER ASSISTANCE.

-For an aeroplane hydraulic supply circuit, the correct statement is: THE SECURITY COMPONENTS COMPRISE THE FILTERS, THE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVES, THE BY-PASSES, AND THE FIRE SHUT-OFF VALVE.

-For fail safe designed structural components: 1. there is more than one load carrying component. 2. one load carrying component is sufficient, provided it is strong enough. 3. the component is removed at the end of the calculated life time or number of cycles. 4. the design is based on the principle of redundancy of components. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 4.

-For internal cooling, reciprocating engines are especially dependent on: THE CIRCULATION OF LUBRICATING OIL

-For most large aeroplanes, spoilers are: UPPER WING SURFACE DEVICES AND THEIR DEFLECTION CAN BE SYMMETRICAL OR ASYMMETRICAL.

-For piston engines, mixture ratio is the ratio between the: MASS OF FUEL AND MASS OF AIR ENTERING THE CYLINDER.

-For safe life designed structural components : 1. there is more than one load carrying component. 2. one load carrying component is sufficient for a given load, provided it is strong enough. 3. the component is removed at the end of the calculated life time or number of cycles. 4. the design is based on the principle of redundancy of components. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3.

-For take-off, the correct combination of propeller pitch (1), and propeller lever position (2) at brake release is: (1) LOW (2) FORWARD.

-From the cruise, with all the parameters correctly set, if the altitude is reduced, to maintain the same mixture the fuel flow should: INCREASE

-Fuel flow information for gas turbine engines is: MEASURED IN THE LINE BETWEEN THE FUEL CONTROL UNIT AND THE ENGINE BURNERS.

-Fuel for gas turbine engines is usually heated in order to: PREVENT ICING-UP OF THE LP FILTER.

-Fuel pumps submerged in the fuel tanks of a multi-engine aircraft are: CENTRIFUGAL LOW PRESSURE TYPE PUMPS.

-Generally, for large aeroplanes, electrical heating for ice protection is used on: PITOT TUBES.

-Generally, on modern jet transport aircraft, how can the landing gear be extended if there is a complete hydraulic system failure: MECHANICALLY

-Generally, when the fire handle of the engine fire-extinguishing system on an aeroplane is pulled, the effects are: 1. opening of the bleed air valves and HP valves on the engine concerned. 2. arming of the extinguishing system. 3. immediate discharge of extinguishing agent. 4. deactivation of the electric generators. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is:  2, 4.

-Generators, when connected to the same bus bar, are usually connected: IN PARALLEL MODE.

-Given a conventional transport aeroplane with irreversible flight controls on the ground with engines running. Which of these statements about rudder trim actuation is correct? THE RUDDER MOVES, THE RUDDER PEDALS MOVE IN THE CORRESPONDING DIRECTION.

-Given an aeroplane with irreversible primary flight controls, how is control maintained if one hydraulic system is lost due to a hydraulic leak? THE REMAINING SYSTEMS WILL TAKE OVER CONTROL.

-Given the following information about an aeroplane with a turbojet engine: - mass air flow 50 kg/s - TAS 90 m/s - exhaust nozzle gas velocity150 m/s - exhaust nozzle static pressure1050 hPa - ambient static pressure 1000 hPa - cross-sectional area of the nozzle 0.10 m. Net engine thrust equals: 3500 N.

-Given the following statements about diesel engines. 1 power is regulated by the throttle valve. 2 there is no throttle valve. 3 power is set by the fuel flow. 4 thermal efficiency is lower than that for a petrol engine. 5 diesel fuel is less inflammable than petrol. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3, 5.

-Given the following statements about diesel engines: 1 power is set by the mixture control. 2 there is no mixture control. 3 the amount of power is determined by the fuel flow only. 4 thermal efficiency is higher than that for a petrol engine. 5 diesel fuel is more inflammable than petrol. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2,3,4.

-Given: p0 = static ambient pressure t0 = static ambient temperature m = air mass flow Vv = True Air Speed Vj = jet efflux (exhaust) velocity pj = jet efflux (exhaust) static pressure tj = jet efflux (exhaust) static temperature A = exhaust cross-sectional area The thrust T of a jet engine is: T = M(VJ -VV ) + A(PJ - P0).

-Halon is used as a fire extinguishing agent because it: ACTS AS A VERY EFFECTIVE FLAME INHIBITOR.

-Hydraulic fluid, entering the hydraulic pump, is slightly pressurised to: PREVENT CAVITATION IN THE PUMP

-Hydraulic fluids must have the following characteristics: 1. thermal stability 2. low emulsifying characteristics 3. corrosion resistance 4. good resistance to combustion 5. high compressibility 6. high volatility 7. high viscosity The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 2, 3, 4

-Hydraulic fluids used in systems of large modern airliners are: PHOSPHATE ESTER BASE FLUIDS.

-Hydraulic fluids: ARE IRRITATING TO EYES AND SKIN.

-Hydraulic power is a function of: SYSTEM PRESSURE AND VOLUME FLOW.

-Ice formation on turbofan engine intakes is usually: PREVENTED BY USING COMPRESSOR BLEED AIR.

-If a current is passed through a conductor which is positioned in a magnetic field: A FORCE WILL BE EXERTED ON THE CONDUCTOR.

-If a gas turbine engine fuel/oil heat exchanger is located downstream of the HP fuel pump, internal leakage of the heat exchanger will cause the oil level to: RISE.

-If a twin spool gas turbine engine is controlled by a conventional N2 control system, rupture of the LP shaft may result in: OVERSPEED OF THE LP TURBINE.

-If air is tapped from a gas turbine HP compressor (engine N2 controlled), the effect on the engine pressure ratio (EPR) and the exhaust gas temperature (EGT) is that: EPR DECREASES AND EGT INCREASES.

-If air is tapped from a gas turbine HP compressor, the effect on the engine pressure ratio (EPR) and the exhaust gas temperature (EGT) is that: EPR DECREASES AND EGT INCREASES.

-If an abortive start (hung start) occurs when starting a gas turbine engine, the correct action is to: SHUT DOWN THE ENGINE.

-If an engine detonates during climb-out, the normal corrective action would be to: RETARD THE THROTTLE.

-If an engine fails to stop with the magneto switch in OFF position, the cause may be: EXCESSIVE CARBON FORMATION IN CYLINDER HEAD.

-If engine compressor air is bled off for engine anti-icing or a similar system, the turbine temperature: WILL RISE.

-If one of the 12 cells of a lead-acid battery is dead, the battery: IS UNSERVICEABLE.

-If the cabin altitude rises (aircraft in level flight), the differential pressure: DECREASES

-If the electrical load of an AC generator providing a constant output voltage increases, the voltage regulator will: INCREASE THE INTENSITY OF THE EXCITATION CURRENT.

-If the engine, with a fixed pitch propeller, is detonating during climb-out after takeoff, the normal corrective action would be to: REDUCE THE THROTTLE

-If the ground wire between the magneto and the ignition switch becomes disconnected, the most noticeable result will be that the engine:  CANNOT BE SHUT DOWN BY TURNING THE SWITCH TO THE OFF POSITION.

-If the ground wire between the magnetos and the ignition switch becomes disconnected the most noticeable result will be that: THE ENGINE CANNOT BE SHUT DOWN BY TURNING THE IGNITION SWITCH TO THE "OFF" POSITION.

-If the main oil filter of a gas turbine engine becomes clogged, oil to the main bearings is still assured: BECAUSE THE OIL FILTER BYPASS VALVE OPENS.

-If the manifold pressure is increased, the blade angle of a constant speed propeller : IT WILL INCREASE

-If the maximum operating altitude of an aeroplane is limited by the pressurized cabin, this limitation is due to the maximum: POSITIVE CABIN DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE AT MAXIMUM CABIN ALTITUDE.

-If the maximum operating pressure of the oxygen system is exceeded the: OXYGEN IS DISCHARGED OVERBOARD VIA A SAFETY PLUG.

-If the pressure in the cabin tends to become lower than the outside ambient air pressure the: NEGATIVE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE WILL OPEN.

-If there is a single input data failure on a FADEC gas turbine engine: THE ENGINE CONTINUES TO OPERATE NORMALLY.

-If two constant frequency AC generators are operating independently, then the phase relation between both generators: IS UNIMPORTANT.

-If, when the magneto selector switch is set to the OFF position, a piston engine continues to run normally, the most probable cause is that: THE GROUNDING WIRE OF ONE OF THE MAGNETOS IS BROKEN.

-If, when the magneto selector switch is set to the OFF position, a piston engine continues to run normally, the most probable cause is that: ON A MAGNETO, THE GROUNDING WIRE IS BROKEN.

-Ignition occurs in each cylinder of a four stroke engine (TDC = Top Dead Centre): BEFORE TDC AT EACH SECOND CRANKSHAFT REVOLUTION.

-Ignition systems of a running piston engine receive electrical energy from: ROTATING PERMANENT MAGNETS.

-Immediately after starting engine(s) with no other electrical services switched on, an ammeter showing a high charge rate to the battery: WOULD BE NORMAL AND IS ONLY CAUSE FOR CONCERN IF THE HIGH CHARGE RATE PERSISTS.

-In a "bootstrap" cooling system, the charge air is first compressed in the cold air unit to: ENSURE AN ADEQUATE PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE DROP ACROSS THE COOLING TURBINE.

-In a bootstrap cooling system the supply air is first: COMPRESSED, PASSED THROUGH A SECONDARY HEAT EXCHANGER, AND THEN ACROSS AN EXPANSION TURBINE.

-In a cabin air conditioning system, equipped with a bootstrap, the mass air flow is routed via the: SECONDARY HEAT EXCHANGER OUTLET TO THE TURBINE INLET OF THE COLD AIR UNIT.

-In a commercial transport aeroplane the landing gear normal operating system is usually: HYDRAULICALLY DRIVEN.

-In a compensated capacitance type quantity indicating system, the contents gauge of a half-full fuel tank indicates a fuel mass of 8000 kg. If a temperature rise increased the volume of fuel by 5%, the indicated fuel mass would: REMAIN THE SAME.

-In a compressor stage of a jet engine, the sequence is: ROTOR – STATOR

-In a compressor stage, if the axial air velocity increases more than the rotor blade velocity the: STALL MARGIN INCREASES.

-In a fire detection system with single-loop continuous components (with no fault protection), if the line is accidentally grounded: THE FIRE ALARM IS TRIGGERED.

-In a four-stroke piston engine, the only "driving" stroke is: POWER

-In a free turbine engine, the energy delivered by the free turbine stages: IS DEPENDENT ON THE ROTATIONAL SPEED OF THE GAS GENERATOR.

-In a free turbine engine: THERE IS NO MECHANICAL CONNECTION BETWEEN THE COMPRESSOR AND THE POWER OUTPUT SHAFT.

-In a gas turbine combustion chamber: SECONDARY AIR IS REQUIRED FOR COOLING OF THE INNER CASING.

-In a gas turbine engine lubrication system, the oil to fuel heat exchanger provides: OIL COOLING THROUGH THERMAL EXCHANGE WITH THE FUEL.

-In a gas turbine engine the creep phenomenon is the most severe in the: TURBINE ROTORS.

-In a gas turbine engine, compressor blades, which are not rigidly fixed in position when the engine is stationary, take up a rigid position when the engine is running due to: THE RESULTANT OF AERODYNAMIC AND CENTRIFUGAL FORCES.

-In a gas turbine engine, the maximum gas temperature is attained: WITHIN THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER.

-In a gas turbine engine, the power changes are normally made by controlling the amount of: FUEL SUPPLIED.

-In a gas turbine engine, the propelling jet is generated by: EXPANSION OF HOT GASES RESULTING IN A CONVERSION OF POTENTIAL ENERGY (PRESSURE) INTO KINETIC ENERGY (VELOCITY).

-In a hydraulic braking system, an accumulator is pre-charged to 1200 psi. If an electrically driven hydraulic pump is started and provides a system pressure of 3000 psi, the pressure gauge, which is connected to the gas section of the accumulator, will read: 3000 PSI

-In a hydraulic system overheat detectors are mostly installed: AT THE PUMPS.

-In a hydraulic system, the reservoir is pressurized in order to: PREVENT PUMP CAVITATION

-In a jet engine the propelling nozzle: MUST BE DESIGNED TO OBTAIN THE CORRECT BALANCE OF PRESSURE AND VELOCITY TO PREVENT FLOW SEPARATION.

-In a modern hydraulic system, "hydraulic fuses" can be found. Their function is: TO PREVENT TOTAL SYSTEM LOSS IN CASE OF A LEAKING HYDRAULIC LINE.

-In a multi-spool turbofan engine, the fan is driven by: THE REARMOST TURBINE.

-In a piston engine if the ratio of air to fuel is approximately 9:1 the mixture is: RICH.

-In a piston engine, magnetos are used to produce the spark which ignites the fuel/air mixture. The operating principle of magnetos consists in : BREAKING THE PRIMARY CURRENT IN ORDER TO INDUCE A LOW AMP HIGH VOLT CURRENT WHICH IS DISTRIBUTED TO THE SPARK PLUGS.

-In a piston engine, the purpose of an altitude mixture control is to: CORRECT FOR VARIATIONS IN THE FUEL/AIR RATIO DUE TO DECREASED AIR DENSITY AT ALTITUDE.

-In a piston engine, turbocharger boost pressure may be monitored by: A MANIFOLD PRESSURE GAUGE ONLY.

-In a pressurized aircraft whose cabin altitude is 8000 ft, a crack in a cabin window makes it necessary to reduce the differential pressure to 5 psi. The flight level to be maintained in order to keep the same cabin altidue is: FL 230

-In a pressurized transport aircraft, the protective breathing equipment: PROTECTS THE MEMBERS OF THE CREW AGAINST FUMES AND NOXIOUS GASES.

-In a reciprocating four-stroke engine, the only "driving" stroke is the: POWER STROKE.

-In a single spool gas turbine engine, the compressor rpm is: THE SAME AS TURBINE RPM.

-In a subsonic convergent duct the: VELOCITY INCREASES, PRESSURE DECREASES AND TEMPERATURE DECREASES

-In a theoretical gas turbine cycle, combustion takes place at constant: PRESSURE.

-In a turbo compressor air conditioning system (bootstrap system) the supply of air behind the primary heat exchanger is: COMPRESSED, PASSED THROUGH A HEAT EXCHANGER, AND THEN ACROSS AN EXPANSION TURBINE.

-In a turbo compressor air conditioning system (bootstrap system), the purpose of the heat exchangers is to: COOL THE BLEED AIR IN FRONT AND BEHIND THE COMPRESSOR OF THE AIR CYCLE MACHINE.

-In a turbo compressor air conditioning system (bootstrap system), the main water separation unit is: AFTER THE COOLING TURBINE.

-In a turbo-jet, the purpose of the turbine is to: DRIVE THE COMPRESSOR BY USING PART OF THE ENERGY FROM THE EXHAUST GASES

-In a typical bootstrap cooling system the supply air is: COMPRESSED, PASSED THROUGH A SECONDARY HEAT EXCHANGER, AND THEN ACROSS AN EXPANSION TURBINE.

-In accordance with JAR-OPS, 10 % of the passengers in a non-pressurized airplane must have an oxygen supply reserve for the entire flight time when the cabin altitude pressure is greater than: 10000 FT BUT NOT EXCEEDING 13000 FT MINUS 30 MINUTES.

-In accordance with JAR-OPS, 100 % of the passengers in a non-pressurized airplane must have an oxygen supply reserve for the entire flight time at pressure altitudes greater than: 13000 FT.

-In addition to providing 'customer' bleed for aeroplane systems, air may be bled from compressors of a turbofan engine to increase stall margin: AT LOW ROTOR SPEED.

-In addition to the fire hazard introduced, excessive priming should be avoided because:IT WASHES THE LUBRICANT OF CYLINDER WALLS

-In an AC power generation system, the Constant Speed Drive (CSD): 1- can be disconnected from the engine shaft. 2- can be disconnected from the generator. 3- is a hydro-mechanical system. 4- is an electronic system. 5- can not be disconnected in flight. 6- can be disconnected in flight. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 3, 6

-In an aeroplane fitted with a constant frequency AC power supply, DC power is obtained from a: TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER UNIT (TRU).

-In an air cycle machine: THE TURBINE DRIVES THE COMPRESSOR OF THE MACHINE WHICH CAUSES A HIGHER TEMPERATURE, AND SO INCREASES THE SECOND HEAT EXCHANGER EFFICIENCY.

-In an aircraft air conditioning system the air cannot be treated for: HUMIDITY.

-In an aircraft electrical system where AC generators are not paralleled mounted, the changeover relay allows: POWER SUPPLY TO THE FAULTY AC GENERATORS BUSBAR.

-In an aircraft equipped with a DC main power system, AC for instrument operation may be obtained from: AN INVERTER.

-In an alternator rotor coil you can find : AC.

-In an engine equipped with a float-type carburettor, the low temperature that causes carburettor ice is normally the result of: VAPORIZATION OF FUEL AND EXPANSION OF THE AIR IN THE CARBURETOR

-In an ignition system during a normal start of a gas turbine engine, igniter activation: SHOULD COMMENCE PRIOR TO FUEL ENTERING THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER.

-In an on-board computer, the software is: RESIDENT IN A READ-ONLY MEMORY (REPROM, EEPROM,...)

-In aviation, the reflection on ionosphere layers phenomenon is used in the following frequencies: HF

-In case of engine failure during flight the blades of a constant speed propeller in a single engine aeroplane, not fitted with feathering system: MOVE IN THE LOWEST PITCH POSITION BY THE CENTRIFUGAL FORCE AND/OR THE SPRING FORCE.

-In case of engine failure during flight the blades of a constant speed propeller in a single engine aeroplane, not fitted with feathering system: MOVE IN THE LOWEST PITCH POSITION BY THE CENTRIFUGAL FORCE AND/OR THE SPRING FORCE.

-In case of smoke in the cockpit, the crew oxygen regulator must be set to: 100%

-In computer technology, a storage peripheral is a: HARD DISK DRIVE

-In computer technology, an input peripheral is a: KEYBOARD.

-In computer technology, an output peripheral is a: SCREEN UNIT.

-In flight, a cantilever wing of an aeroplane containing fuel is subjected to vertical loads that produce a bending moment, which is: HIGHEST AT THE WING ROOT.

-In flight, if the constant speed drive (CSD) temperature indicator is in the red arc the: PILOT MUST DISCONNECT IT, AND THE GENERATOR IS NOT AVAILABLE FOR THE REST OF FLIGHT.

-In flight, the cabin air for large jet transport aeroplanes is usually supplied by: ENGINE COMPRESSORS.

-In flight, the cabin air for modern airplanes with jet engines is usually supplied by: ENGINE COMPRESSORS.

-In flight, the most commonly used anti-icing method for the wings of modern commercial aircraft fitted with turbo-jet units is: THERMAL (USE OF HOT AIR).

-In flight, with centre tank empty and APU operating, a fuel unbalance is detected (quantity in tank 1 < quantity in tank 2). Rebalancing of the two tanks is: POSSIBLE WITH "CROSSFEED" OPEN AND TANK 1 PUMPS "OFF" AND TANK 2 PUMPS "ON".

-In hydraulic systems of large modern transport category aircraft the fluids used are: SYNTHETIC OIL.

-In jet aeroplanes the 'thermal anti-ice system' is primarily supplied by: BLEED AIR FROM THE ENGINES.

-In jet transport aeroplanes, oxygen for the flight deck oxygen system is stored as a: GAS.

-In jet transport aircraft, breathing oxygen for the cockpit is stored in the following state: GASEOUS

-In large modern aircraft, in the air conditioning system, reduction of air temperature and pressure is achieved by: AN EXPANSION TURBINE.

-In order that DC generators will achieve equal load sharing when operating in parallel, it is necessary to ensure that: THEIR VOLTAGES ARE ALMOST EQUAL.

-In order to produce an alternating voltage of 400 Hz, the number of pairs of poles required in an AC generator running at 6000 rpm is: 4

-In regard to passengers briefing in public transport aeroplane, information about oxygen must be given to passengers through a demonstration. If a flight is to be carried out at FL 290, this demonstration must be completed before: TAKE-OFF.

-In some aircraft, there is a protection device to avoid the landing gear being inadvertently retracted on the ground. It consists of: A LATCH LOCATED IN THE LANDING GEAR LEVER.

-In straight and level flight the most important loads on a cantilever wing are: COMPRESSION IN THE UPPER SURFACE, TENSION IN THE LOWER SURFACE.

-In the airflow through a single-spool axial flow turbo-jet engine, the axial velocity of the air is greatest: ON EXIT FROM THE PROPELLING NOZZLE.

-In the axial flow compressor of a turbo-jet engine, the flow duct is tapered. Its shape is calculated so as to: MAINTAIN A CONSTANT AXIAL SPEED IN CRUISING FLIGHT.

-In the cockpit of a transport airplane, at least one manual fire-extinguisher must be conveniently located containing : HALON.

-In the event of an AC generator fault, on a twin engine aeroplane, the protection device will open: THE EXCITER CONTROL RELAY AND THE GENERATOR BREAKER.

-In the hydraulic press schematically shown, what balancing Force would be acting on the left hand side ? (The diagram is not to scale): 100 N.

-In the propagation of MF waves, the phenomenon of FADING is particularly found: AT NIGHT, DUE TO THE COMBINATION OF THE SKY AND GROUND WAVES.

-In the response curve of an amplifier, the bandwidth is: THE FREQUENCY BAND CORRESPONDING TO MAXIMUM GAIN LESS 3 DECIBELS.

-In the stator of a turbine, the gas velocity V and static pressure Ps vary as follows: V INCREASES, PS DECREASES.

-In the typical hydraulic system represented in the graphic, assuming hydraulic pressure throughout and no internal leakage: A CONDITION OF HYDRAULIC LOCK EXISTS AND NO MOVEMENT OF THE PISTON WILL TAKE PLACE.

-In twin-engine aeroplanes with right turning propellers:  THE LEFT ENGINE IS THE CRITICAL MOTOR.

-In very cold weather, a slightly higher than normal engine oil pressure during startup: IS ACCEPTABLE, IF IT DECREASES AFTER STARTUP.

-In very cold weather, the pilot notices during startup, a slightly higher than normal engine oil pressure. This higher pressure: IS NORMAL, IF IT DECREASES AFTER STARTUP.

-In what state is the breathing oxygen for the cockpit of jet transport aeroplanes stored: GASEUS

-In which part of a gas turbine engine are high temperature requirements most critical for the materials used? THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER AND FRONT PART OF THE HP TURBINE.

-In which sections of the carburettor would icing most likely occur? VENTURI AND THE THROTTLE VALVE

-Increasing the frequency of variations in thrust setting during normal operation is detrimental to the life of HP turbine blades because: LOW CYCLE FATIGUE DAMAGE IS MORE SEVERE.

-Increasing the power setting of a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine causes: BOTH HP SPOOL SPEED AND EGT TO INCREASE.

-Internal leakage in a hydraulic system will cause: AN INCREASED FLUID TEMPERATURE.

-Jet engine total efficiency indicates the efficiency at which: CHEMICAL POWER IN THE FUEL IS TRANSFORMED INTO PROPULSIVE POWER (T X V).

-Labyrinth seals in the lubrication system of a gas turbine engine are designed to provide a seal that is: NOT COMPLETELY TIGHT, ALLOWING SOME MOVEMENT BETWEEN ROTATING AND STATIC PARTS.

-Landing gear torque links are used to: PREVENT ROTATION OF THE LANDING GEAR PISTON IN THE OLEO STRUT.

-Large transport aeroplane hydraulic systems usually operate with a system pressure of approximately: 3000 PSI

-Loads on the cylindrical part of the fuselage during pressurisation are carried by the: SKIN.

-Main cabin temperature is: CONTROLLED AUTOMATICALLY, OR BY FLIGHT CREW SELECTION.

-Maximum exhaust gas temperature (EGT) of a piston engine is theoretically associated with a: FUEL TO AIR RATIO OF 1:15.

-Maximum power output and low mass of aeroplane hydraulic systems can be achieved with: HIGH SYSTEM PRESSURE AND LOW VOLUME FLOW.

-Modern pressurized transport aeroplanes are equipped with: TWO INDEPENDENT OXYGEN SYSTEMS, ONE SUPPLYING THE COCKPIT, THE OTHER THE CABIN.

-Most high-bypass (unmixed) turbofan engines are equipped with a cold exhaust reverser (fan reverser) only in order to: SAVE COSTS AND MASS AT THE EXPENSE OF A REDUCTION IN AVAILABLE REVERSE THRUST.

-Most large conventional aeroplanes are not provided with aileron and rudder trim tabs. Is it still possible to trim these control surfaces? YES, TRIMMING IS POSSIBLE BY ADJUSTING THE NEUTRAL POINT OF THE ARTIFICIAL FEEL MECHANISM BY MEANS OF A TRIM SWITCH.

-Most transport aeroplanes are provided with protection against control jamming. This means that: THE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM HAS PROVISIONS TO DISCONNECT THE PART OF THE CONTROL SYSTEM THAT BECOMES BLOCKED.

-On a 13653 a fire detection system includes: A WARNING LIGHT FOR EACH ENGINE AND A SINGLE ALARM BELL COMMON TO ALL ENGINES

-On a a normally aspirated engine (non turbo-charged), the manifold pressure gauge always indicates: A LOWER VALUE THAN ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE WHEN THE ENGINE IS RUNNING.

-On a FADEC gas turbine engine during normal flight, the power for the FADEC's sensors comes from: THE FADEC POWER SOURCE(S) ON THE ENGINE.

-On a FADEC jet engine, the meaning of F.A.D.E.C. on a gas turbine engine is: FULL AUTHORITY DIGITAL ENGINE CONTROL.

-On a high by-pass ratio (fan) engine, due to the distribution of the thrust, it is normal for reverse thrust to be achieved by reversing: ONLY THE DIRECTION OF THE FAN AIRFLOW.

-On a high by-pass ratio (fan) engine, reverse thrust is achieved by reversing: ONLY THE DIRECTION OF THE FAN AIRFLOW.

-On a jet aircraft fuel heaters are: LOCATED ON THE ENGINES.

-On a large transport aeroplane, the auto-slat system: EXTENDS (PART OF) THE SLATS AUTOMATICALLY WHEN A CERTAIN VALUE OF ANGLE OF ATTACK IS EXCEEDED.

-On a modern aeroplane, to avoid the risk of tyre burst from overheating, due for example to prolonged braking during an aborted take-off, there is: A HOLLOW BOLT SCREWED INTO THE WHEEL WHICH MELTS AT A GIVEN TEMPERATURE (THERMAL FUSE) AND DEFLATES THE TYRE.

-On a modern large pressurized transport aircraft, the maximum cabin differential pressure is approximately: 7 - 9 PSI

-On a multi-engined aircraft a fire detection system includes : A WARNING LIGHT FOR EACH ENGINE AND A SINGLE ALARM BELL COMMON TO ALL ENGINES

-On a non-stressed skin type wing, the wing structure elements which take up the vertical bending moments Mx are: THE SPARS.

-On a normally aspirated aero-engine fitted with a fixed pitch propeller: MANIFOLD PRESSURE DECREASES AS THE AIRCRAFT CLIMBS AT A FIXED THROTTLE SETTING.

-On a normally aspirated engine, the manifold pressure gauge always indicates: A LOWER VALUE THAN ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE WHEN THE ENGINE IS RUNNING.

-On a transport type aircraft the fuel tank system is vented through: RAM AIR SCOOPS ON THE UNDERSIDE OF THE WING.

-On an aeroplane using AC as primary power supply, the batteries are charged in flight from: A TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER UNIT.

-On an aircraft provided with resistance and capacitance variation type fire detection loops, a fire alarm is initiated by a temperature increase detected: AT ANY ISOLATED POINT OF THE LOOPS OR ELSE GENERALLY ON ALL THE LOOPS

-On an airplane, the Krueger flaps are: LEADING EDGE FLAPS CLOSE TO THE WING ROOT

-On board present aircraft, the batteries used are mainly Cadmium-Nickel. Their advantages are: 1. low risk of thermal runaway 2. high internal resistance, hence higher power 3. good charging and discharging capability at high rating 4. wider permissible temperature range 5. good storage capability 6. sturdiness owing to its metal casing 7. the electrolyte density remains unchanged during charging. The combination of correct statement is:   3, 4, 5, 6

-On design purpose, the relationship between the fuel octane rating and the maximum compression ratio of a piston engine is: THE HIGHER THE OCTANE RATING IS, THE HIGHER THE MAXIMUM COMPRESSION RATIO IS

-On detection of a persistent overvoltage fault on an AC generator connected to the aircraft AC busbars, the on-board protection device opens: THE EXCITER BREAKER AND THE GENERATOR BREAKER.

-On detection of a persistent phase imbalance between an AC generator connected to the main bus bars and other AC generators, the protection device that opens is/are the: TIE BREAKER(S).

-On four-stroke piston engines, the theoretical valve and ignition settings are readjusted in order to increase the: OVERALL EFFICIENCY

-On landing and prior to shut down, a gas turbine engine should be run at "GROUND IDLE" for a short period. This allows: THE CORE TEMPERATURE TO DIMINISH.

-On large aeroplanes equipped with power brakes, the main source of power is derived from: THE AEROPLANE'S HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.

-On modern transport aircraft, cockpit windows are protected against icing by: ELECTRIC HEATING.

-On most modern airliners the cabin pressure is controlled by regulating the: AIRFLOW LEAVING THE CABIN.

-On most transport aircraft, the low pressure pumps of the fuel system are: CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS.

-On most transport aircraft, the low pressure pumps of the fuel system are: CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS, DRIVEN BY AN ELECTRIC MOTOR.

-On most transport jet aircraft, the low pressure pumps of the fuel system are supplied with electric power of the following type: 115 V AC

-On the attached diagram showing the power output of a piston engine as a function of mixture richness, best economy is at the point marked: 1

-On the ground, the Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) can provide: 1. electricity 2. air for starting system 3. hydraulic pressure 4. air for air conditioning The combination which regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 2, 4.

-On-board electrical systems are protected against faults of the following type: 1. AC generator over-voltage 2. AC generator under-voltage 3. over-current 4. over-speed 5. under-frequency 6. undue vibration of AC generators The combination of correct statements is : 1,2,3,4,5

-Once the engine has started, ignition systems of piston engines are: INDEPENDENT OF THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM OF THE AIRCRAFT.

-One advantage of having three instead of two spools in some high-bypass turbofan engine is that: FEWER VARIABLE STATOR VANES AND VARIABLE INLET GUIDE VANES ARE REQUIRED TO PREVENT COMPRESSOR STALL AT LOW ROTOR SPEEDS.

-One design method to avoid control surface flutter is: ENSURING CORRECT MASS DISTRIBUTION WITHIN THE CONTROL SURFACE.

-One function of a rib is: TO MAINTAIN THE AERODYNAMIC SHAPE OF THE WING.

-One indication of inadequate bonding of aircraft components may be: STATIC NOISES CAN BE HEARD ON THE RADIO.

-One of the advantages of a turbocharger is: TO MAKE THE POWER AVAILABLE LESS AFFECTED BY ALTITUDE.

-One of the advantages of an annular combustion chamber is: A REDUCED THERMAL STRESS ON THE TURBINE.

-One of the advantages of multiple-spool jet engine designs is that: A SMALLER AIR STARTER DRIVING ONLY A SINGLE SPOOL CAN BE USED.

-One of the causes of high oil temperature in a gas turbine engine at constant power setting is: MALFUNCTION OF THE HEAT EXCHANGER.

-One of the functions of a gas turbine engine subsonic intake is to: DECREASE AIRFLOW VELOCITY.

-One of the functions of an accumulator in a hydraulic system is: TO DAMP PRESSURE SURGES IN THE SYSTEM.

-One of the purpose of the fuel system booster pumps to be submerged in the fuel is: TO FACILITATE THE PRIMING OF THE PUMPS.

-One of the purposes of compressor bleed valves is to: DECREASE THE AIRFLOW ACROSS THE REAR COMPRESSOR STAGES, WHILST THAT ACROSS THE EARLY STAGES IS INCREASED.

-One of the purposes of the bleed valves fitted to axial flow compressors is to: REDUCE THE TENDENCY TO COMPRESSOR STALL.

-One of the purposes of the fuel system booster pumps being submerged in fuel is to: COOL THE PUMPS.

-One reason to fit a tip shroud to a turbine blade is to: INCREASE TURBINE EFFICIENCY.

-One stage of an axial compressor comprises: A ROW OF ROTOR BLADES FOLLOWED BY A ROW OF STATOR VANES.

-Overcentre mechanisms in landing gear systems are used to: LOCK THE LANDING GEAR IN THE UP AND/OR DOWN POSITIONS.

-Overheating of a piston engine is likely to result from an excessively: WEAK MIXTURE.

-Oxygen systems on pressurized airplanes are used to provide oxygen: 1. In an emergency in the case of depressurization. 2. In an emergency in the case of the indisposition of a passenger. 3. During a normal flight. 4. In an emergency in case of smoke or toxic gases in the cockpit. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 1,4

-Parameters to monitor a hydraulic system in the cockpit can be: PRESSURE, FLUID TEMPERATURE AND QUANTITY.

-Pneumatic mechanical devices that provide ice protection: ARE USUALLY USED AS DE-ICING DEVICES.

-Pneumatic mechanical ice protection systems are mainly used for: WINGS.

-Power plant fire extinguishers are operated by: AN ELECTRICALLY FIRED CARTRIDGE RUPTURING A SEAL IN THE HEAD OF THE BOTTLE.

-Pre-ignition refers to the condition that may arise when: THE MIXTURE IS IGNITED BY ABNORMAL CONDITIONS WITHIN THE CYLINDER BEFORE THE SPARK OCCURS AT THE PLUG

-Primary flight controls are: AILERONS, ELEVATORS AND RUDDER.

-Prolonged running at low rpm can have an adverse effect on the functioning of the: SPARK PLUGS.

-Pulling the fire shutoff handle causes a number of devices to disconnect. In respect of the AC generator it can be said that the: EXCITER CONTROL RELAY AND THE GENERATOR BREAKER OPEN.

-Purposes of an accumulator in an hydraulic system are: 1. to damp pressure fluctuations. 2. to cool the hydraulic fluid. 3. to serve as a limited alternate source of pressure. 4. to serve as a main pressure source for normal operation. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 3.

-Reflection from ionospheric layers is used in the following radio frequencies: HF

-Regarding (1) a fuse and (2) a circuit breaker: (1) IS NOT RESETTABLE, (2) IS RESETTABLE.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust decreases as the pressure altitude increases. II. The specific fuel consumption is inversely proportional to pressure altitude, at constant TAS: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust decreases as the pressure altitude increases. II. The specific fuel consumption decreases slightly as the pressure altitude increases at constant TAS: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust decreases slightly as the pressure altitude decreases. II. The specific fuel consumption increases slightly as the pressure altitude decreases at constant TAS: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust increases as the pressure altitude decreases. II. The specific fuel consumption increases slightly as the pressure altitude decreases at constant TAS: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust increases as the pressure altitude decreases. II. The specific fuel consumption is proportional to pressure altitude, at constant TAS: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust increases slightly as the pressure altitude increases. II. The specific fuel consumption decreases slightly as the pressure altitude increases at constant TAS: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust remains constant as the pressure altitude decreases. II. The specific fuel consumption decreases slightly as the pressure altitude decreases at constant TAS: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust remains constant as the pressure altitude decreases. II. The specific fuel consumption remains constant as the pressure altitude decreases at constant TAS: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust remains constant as the pressure altitude increases. II. The specific fuel consumption increases slightly as the pressure altitude increases at constant TAS: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Regarding a jet engine: I. The maximum thrust remains constant as the pressure altitude increases. II. The specific fuel consumption remains constant as the pressure altitude increases at constant TAS: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Regarding a thermal wing anti-icing system, the correct statement is: AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCES OF THE WINGS ARE MAINTAINED AND THERE IS A REDUCTION OF MAXIMUM ENGINE THRUST.

-Regarding fire detection, Ion detectors are used to detect: SMOKE.

-Regarding Ohm's law: THE CURRENT IN A CIRCUIT IS DIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL TO VOLTAGE.

-Regarding the chemical oxygen generator, to enable the oxygen to flow, the passenger must: FIRMLY PULL THE MASK TOWARDS HIS FACE.

-Regarding the oxygen system of a JAR 25 aeroplane: WITH THE SETTING ON "NORMAL", THE CREW BREATHES A MIXTURE OF OXYGEN AND CABIN AIR.

-Rotor brake discs are manufactured from: STEEL OR CARBON FIBRE.

-Ruddertrim adjustment in an aeroplane with irreversible flight controls is: AN ADJUSTMENT OF THE ZERO FORCE RUDDER POSITION.

-Severe compressor stall can be indicated amongst others by: A RISE IN TURBINE GAS TEMPERATURE (TGT) AND A CHANGE IN VIBRATION LEVEL.

-Severe compressor stall can be observed amongst others by: A RISE IN TURBINE GAS TEMPERATURE (TGT) AND A INCREASE IN VIBRATION LEVEL.

-Shimmy occurs on the nose wheel landing gear during taxiing when: 1. the wheels tend to describe a sinusoidal motion on the ground 2. the wheels no longer respond to the pilot's actions. This effect is overcome by means of: 3. the torque link 4. an accumulator associated with the steering cylinder. The combination of correct statements is: 1, 4.

-Should a hydraulic pump seize during operation: THE QUILL DRIVE WILL SHEAR TO OFFLOAD AND PROTECT THE GEARBOX.

-Shuttle valves will automatically: SWITCH HYDRAULICALLY OPERATED UNITS TO THE MOST APPROPRIATE PRESSURE SUPPLY.

-Significant torsion effects in a wing during flight can be caused by: AILERON DEFLECTION.

-Skip distance is the: RANGE FROM THE TRANSMITTER TO THE FIRST SKY WAVE

-Smoke detector systems are installed in the: UPPER CARGO COMPARTMENTS (CLASS E).

-Smoke detectors fitted on transport aircraft are of the following type: OPTICAL OR IONIZATION

-Some gas turbine engines have multiple stages in the HP and LP turbines: BECAUSE ONE STAGE DOES NOT GENERATE SUFFICIENT SHAFT POWER.

-Spark plug fouling is more likely to happen if: THE AIRCRAFT DESCENDS CONTINUOUSLY AT IDLE POWER.

-Spark timing is related to engine speed in the way that the: FASTER THE ENGINE FUNCTIONS, THE MORE THE SPARK IS ADVANCED

-Specific fuel consumption for a turbo-prop engine can be expressed in kg per: HOUR PER UNIT OF SHAFT POWER.

-Specific fuel consumption is defined as the: MASS OF FUEL REQUIRED TO PRODUCE UNIT POWER FOR UNIT TIME.

-Static dischargers: 1. are used to set all the parts of the airframe to the same electrical potential. 2. are placed on wing and tail tips to facilitate electrical discharge. 3. are used to reset the electrostatic potential of the aircraft to a value approximating 0 volts. 4. are located on wing and tail tips to reduce intererence with the on-board radiocommunication systems to a minimum. 5. limit the risks of transfer of electrical charges between the aircraft and the electrified clouds. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 2,4,5.

-Static gas temperature decrease when flowing at a subsonic speed through a jet engine exhaust nozzle because the: exhaust nozzle is convergent.

-The "cabin differential pressure" is: CABIN PRESSURE MINUS AMBIENT PRESSURE.

-The ABS (Auto Brake System) is being disconnected after landing: BY PILOT ACTION

-The accessory units driven by the accessory gearbox of a turbo-jet engine are the: 1. thrust reverser pneumatic motors 2. AC generator through its constant speed drive (CSD) 3. oil pumps 4. hydraulic pumps 5. high pressure fuel pumps The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 2, 3, 4, 5.

-The accumulator in a hydraulic system works as: AN ENERGY STORAGE.

-The advantages of a chemical oxygen source for the passenger cabin are : 1. reduced weight and volume, 2. easy storage and maintenance, 3. greater autonomy, 4. no risk of explosion, 5. reversible functioning, 6. no maintenance. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 1, 2, 4, 6

-The advantages of a gaseous oxygen source compared with a chemical source for the passenger cabin are: 1. no risk of fire and/or explosion. 2. possibility to regulate flow. 3. more capacity. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3.

-The advantages of a gaseous oxygen source for the passenger cabin are : 1. a greater autonomy, 2. no risk of explosion, 3. reversible functioning, 4. easy storage and maintenance, 5. possibility to regulate flow. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 3, 5

-The advantages of alternating current on board an aircraft are: 1. simple connection 2. high starting torque 3. flexibility in use 4. lighter weight of equipment 5. easy to convert into direct current 6. easy maintenance of machines The combination of correct statements is: 3, 4, 5, 6

-The advantages of fly-by-wire control are: 1. reduction of the electric and hydraulic power required to operate the control surfaces 2. lesser sensitivity to lightning strike 3. direct and indirect weight saving through simplification of systems 4. immunity to different interfering signals 5. improvement of piloting quality throughout the flight envelope The combination regrouping all the correct statements is:   3 and 5

-The advantages of grounding the negative pole of the aircraft structure are: 1. Weight saving 2. Easy fault detection 3. Increase of short-circuit risk 4. Reduction of short-circuit risk 5. Circuits are not single-wired lines The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 2, 4

-The advantages of Nickel -Cadmium compared with lead-acid batteries are: 1. lower risk of thermal runaway 2. higher internal resistance, hence higher power 3. reduced charging time 4. constant output voltage The combination which regroups all the correct statements is: 3, 4.

-The air flow passages between adjacent axial compressor rotor blades are divergent, but the absolute exit velocity is higher than the absolute entry velocity of the rotor. This is because: PART OF THE COMPRESSOR WORK DELIVERED TO THE AIR IS CONVERTED INTO KINETIC ENERGY.

-The air in a piston engine turbo-supercharger centrifugal compressor : ENTERS THE EYE OF THE IMPELLER AND LEAVES AT A TANGENT TO THE PERIPHERY.

-The aircraft hydraulic system is designed to produce: HIGH PRESSURE AND LARGE FLOW.

-The alternators, when connected, are usually connected: IN PARALLEL MODE

-The anti-icing method for the wings of large jet transport aeroplanes most commonly used in flight is: THERMAL (USE OF HOT AIR).

-The application of carburettor heating reduces the: DENSITY OF AIR ENTERING THE CARBURETTOR, THUS ENRICHING THE MIXTURE.

-The auto-brake system is disconnected during landing: BY PILOT ACTION.

-The Automatic Direction Finder uses the following wavelengths: HECTOMETRIC OR KILOMETRIC.

-The automatic fuelling shut off valve: STOPS FUELLING AS SOON AS A CERTAIN FUEL LEVEL IS REACHED INSIDE THE TANK.

-The automatic ground spoiler extension system is normally activated during landing by: MAIN WHEEL SPIN UP.

-The auxiliary power unit (APU) has its own AC generator that: SUPPLIES THE AIRCRAFT WITH THREE-PHASE 115-200 V, 400 HZ AC.

-The axial compressor of a gas turbine engine usually has more stages than its driving turbine because: THE POWER OUTPUT OF A TURBINE STAGE IS HIGHER THAN THE POWER CONSUMPTION OF A COMPRESSOR STAGE.

-The bending loads on a cantilever wing due to lift are carried by the: 1. upper skin surface. 2. lower skin surface. 3. wing root fairing. 4. spar or spars. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 2, 4.

-The bimetal strip detectors of an engine fire detection system: 1 - are arranged in series. 2 - are arranged in parallel. 3 - open during a fire. 4 - close during a fire. The combination containing all of the correct statements is: 2 and 4 only.

-The blade angle of a constant-speed propeller: INCREASES WITH INCREASING TRUE AIR SPEED.

-The blade angle of a propeller is the angle between the: REFERENCE CHORD LINE AND THE PROPELLER PLANE OF ROTATION.

-The blades in an axial flow compressor decrease in size from the: LOW PRESSURE TO THE HIGH PRESSURE STAGES IN AN ATTEMPT TO SUSTAIN AXIAL VELOCITY.

-The built-in passenger oxygen system be activated by: SWITCHING THE PASSENGER OXYGEN ON.

-The by-pass air in a by-pass type gas turbine engine promotes lower specific fuel consumption by causing an overall: DECREASE IN EXHAUST GAS FLOW AVERAGE VELOCITY AND HIGHER PROPULSIVE EFFICIENCY.

-The by-pass air in a turbo fan engine has the effect of a lower specific fuel consumption by causing an overall: DECREASE IN AVERAGE EXHAUST GAS FLOW VELOCITY AND A HIGHER MASS FLOW.

-The bypass ratio: I. is the ratio of bypass air mass flow to HP compressor mass flow. II. can be determined from the inlet air volume flow and the HP compressor volume flow: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-The bypass ratio: I. is the ratio of bypass air mass flow to HP compressor mass flow. II. can be determined from the inlet air mass flow and the HP compressor mass flow: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-The bypass ratio: I. is the ratio of inlet air mass flow to exhaust air mass flow. II. can be determined from the bypass air mass flow and the HP compressor mass flow: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-The bypass ratio: I. is the ratio of inlet air mass flow to HP compressor mass flow. II. can be determined from the inlet air volume flow and the HP compressor volume flow: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-The bypass ratio: I. is the ratio of inlet airflow to HP compressor flow. II. can be determined from the inlet air mass flow and the HP compressor mass flow: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-The bypass ratio: I. is the ratio of the volume of air passing through the inlet to that through the HP compressor. II. can be determined from the inlet air mass flow and the bypass mass flow: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-The cabin pressure is regulated by the: OUTFLOW VALVE.

-The cabin rate of descent is: A CABIN PRESSURE INCREASE.

-The capacitance type fuel gauging system indicates the fuel quantity by measuring the: DIELECTRIC CHANGE BETWEEN FUEL AND AIR.

-The capacity of a battery is given in: AMPERE HOURS.

-The capacity of a battery is the: AMOUNT OF AMPERE HOURS THAT A FULLY CHARGED BATTERY CAN SUPPLY.

-The capacity of an accumulator is: THE QUANTITY OF ELECTRICITY THAT THE BATTERY CAN SUPPLY DURING DISCHARGE.

-The Central Processing Unit (CPU) of a computer essentially consists of: 1. an Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU) 2. a control and timing unit 3. registers The combination which regroups all the correct statements is:  1,2,3

-The characteristics of a centrifugal compressor are: 1 - a high pressure ratio by stage. 2 - a large diameter. 3 - a low pressure ratio by stage. 4 - a small diameter. The combination containing all of the correct statements is: 1 AND 2 ONLY.

-The characteristics of an axial compressor are: 1 - a low pressure ratio by stage. 2 - a high pressure ratio by stage. 3 - the possibility of compressing a large mass airflow. 4 - the inability of compressing a large mass airflow. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1 AND 3 ONLY.

-The chemical oxygen generator supplies oxygen for about: 15 MINUTES.

-The colour of a fresh synthetic hydraulic fluids is: PURPLE.

-The component that converts hydraulic pressure into linear motion is called: AN ACTUATOR OR JACK.

-The compression ratio of a piston engine is the ratio of the: VOLUME OF THE CYLINDER WITH THE PISTON AT BOTTOM DEAD CENTRE TO THAT WITH THE PISTON AT TOP DEAD CENTRE.

-The compressor blades in a rotating gas turbine engine are held in position by: THE MOUNTINGS AND THE RESULTANT OF AERODYNAMIC AND CENTRIFUGAL FORCES.

-The compressor pressure ratio of an axial flow compressor is primarily determined by the: NUMBER OF STAGES.

-The compressor surge effect during acceleration is prevented by the: FUEL CONTROL UNIT (F.C.U.).

-The conditions most likely to produce the highest engine power are: COLD AND DRY AIR AT HIGH PRESSURE.

-The conditions to be met to activate a shunt generator are: 1. presence of a permanent field 2. closed electrical circuit 3. generator terminals short-circuited 4. minimum rotation speed The combination of correct statements is:   1, 4

-The conditions which can cause detonation are: HIGH MANIFOLD PRESSURE AND LOW REVOLUTIONS PER MINUTE.

-The connection in parallel of two 12 volt/40 amp hours batteries, will create a unit with the following characteristics; 12 VOLT/ 80 AMP HOURS

-The contents of an oxygen bottle can be ensure by the: 1 - weight. 2 - pressure. 3 - level. 4 - volume. The combination containing all of the correct statements is: 1 AND 2 ONLY.

-The control of free turbine engines on turboprops, is accomplished by: - a propeller control lever used to select: 1 - propeller RPM 2 - turbine temperature 3 - turbine RPM - a fuel control lever used to select: 4 - propeller RPM 5 - torque 6 - turbine temperature The combination which regroups all of the correct statements is : 1 - 5 – 6

-The correct formula to calculate the total displacement of a multi-cylinder piston engine is the: PISTON AREA X PISTON STROKE X NUMBER OF CYLINDERS

-The correct order of decreasing freezing points of the three mentioned fuels is : JET A, JET A-1, JET B

-The correct statement about rain protection for cockpit windshields is that: RAIN REPELLENT SHOULD NEVER BE SPRAYED ONTO THE WINDSHIELD UNLESS THE RAINFALL IS VERY HEAVY.

-The crank assembly of a piston engine comprises the: CRANKSHAFT, CONNECTING RODS AND PISTONS.

-The crash/fire axe is part of the safety equipment fitted to passenger aircraft. Its function is to : OBTAIN FORCED ACCESS TO A FIRE BEHIND A PANEL AND A GENERAL PURPOSE TOOL DURING EVACUATION.

-The cross-feed fuel system can be used to: 1. feed any engine from any fuel tank. 2. dump the unusable fuel. 3. adjust fuel distribution 4. to transfer fuel from one tank to another located in the same wing The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 3.

-The cross-feed fuel system enables: THE SUPPLY OF ANY JET ENGINE FROM ANY FUEL TANK.

-The cylinder head and oil temperature gauges are to exceed the normal operating ranges if a pilot:   USES FUEL THAT HAS A RATING LOWER-THAN-SPECIFIED FOR THE ENGINE

-The cylinder head and oil temperatures may exceed their normal operating ranges if: A LOWER OCTANE RATING THAN SPECIFIED FOR THE ENGINE IS USED.

-The cylinder head and oil temperatures may exceed their normal operating ranges if: A LOWER OCTANE RATING THAN SPECIFIED FOR THE ENGINE IS USED.

-The damping element in a landing gear shock absorber used on large aircrafts is: OIL.

-The de-icing system which is mostly used for the wings of modern turboprop aeroplanes is: PNEUMATIC BOOTS.

-The demand valve of a diluter-demand type oxygen regulator in normal mode, operates when the: USER BREATHES IN.

-The diagram shown in annex represents a jet fuel system. The fuel-flow measurement is carried out : AFTER HIGH PRESSURE VALVE (ITEM 4).

-The diffuser in a centrifugal compressor is a device in which the: PRESSURE RISES AND VELOCITY FALLS.

-The disadvantages of a chemical oxygen source for the passenger cabin are : 1. a flow which cannot be modulated, 2. a heavy and bulky system, 3. non reversible functioning, 4. risks of explosion, 5. poor autonomy. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 1, 3, 5

-The disadvantages of axial flow compressors compared to centrifugal flow compressors are: 1 - more expensive to manufacture 2 - lower airflow 3 - greater vulnerability to foreign object damage 4 - lower pressure ratio The combination which regroups all of the correct answers is: 1 – 3

-The Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) uses the following wavelengths: DECIMETRIC.

-The effect of ram air on the operation of a gas turbine engine is: AN INCREASE IN THE EFFICIENCY OF THE ENGINE.

-The electronic engine control of a FADEC gas turbine engine checks: ALL INPUT AND OUTPUT DATA.

-The elements specifically protected against icing on transport aircraft are: 1) engine air intake and pod. 2) front glass shield. 3) radome. 4) pitot tubes and waste water exhaust masts. 5) leading edge of wing. 6) cabin windows. 7) trailing edge of wings. 8) electronic equipment compartment. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 2, 4, 5

-The equipment of an oxygen supply installation must be kept absolutely free of oil or grease traces as: THESE SUBSTANCES CATCH FIRE SPONTANEOUSLY IN THE PRESENCE OF OXYGEN UNDER PRESSURE.

-The essential difference between aircraft AC alternators and DC generators (dynamos) is that the: INDUCED (OUTPUT) WINDINGS OF THE ALTERNATORS ARE FIXED (STATOR), AND THE DYNAMOS HAVE A FIXED INDUCTOR (FIELD) COIL.

-The expression "primary flight control" applies to the: 1: elevator. 2: speed brake. 3: lift-augmentation devices. 4: roll spoiler. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 4.

-The expression "primary flight control" applies to the: 1: stabiliser 2: rudder 3: speed brake 4: aileron The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 4.

-The expression "secondary flight control" applies to the: 1: elevator 2: speed brake 3: lift-augmentation devices 4: roll spoiler The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3.

-The expression "secondary flight control" applies to the: 1: stabiliser 2: rudder 3: speed brake 4: aileron The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 3.

-The FADEC of a gas turbine engine consists of: AN ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROL UNIT AND ITS PERIPHERALS (FUEL METERING, ACTUATORS, ELECTRICAL WIRING, SENSORS…).

-The FADEC of a gas turbine engine normally includes: AN ENGINE OVERSPEED AND/OR AN EGT PROTECTION FUNCTION.

-The fan in a high by-pass ratio turbo-jet engine produces: THE GREATER PART OF THE THRUST.

-The fan of a turbo-fan engine is driven by: THE LP TURBINE.

-The first indication of carburettor icing, in aeroplanes equipped with constant speed propellers, during cruise would most likely be a: DECREASE IN MANIFOLD PRESSURE.

-The following problems may occur when starting a twin-spool turbofan engine: NO N1 ROTATION, ALTHOUGH N2 MAY ACCELERATE NORMALLY.

-The frequency of an AC generator is dependent on the: NUMBER OF PAIRS OF POLES AND THE SPEED OF THE MOVING PART.

-The frequency of the current provided by an alternator depends on:  ITS ROTATION SPEED

-The fuel cross-feed system enables: THE SUPPLY OF ANY ENGINE FROM ANY FUEL TANK.

-The fuel cross-feed system: ALLOWS FEEDING OF ANY ENGINE FROM ANY FUEL TANK.

-The fuel supply system on a jet engine includes a fuel heating device, upstream of the main fuel filter so as to: PREVENT, AT LOW FUEL TEMPERATURE, THE RISK OF ICE FORMATION FROM WATER CONTAINED IN THE FUEL.

-The fuel tanks of aircrafts must be checked for wáter: BEFORE THE FIRST FLIGHT OF THE DAY OR AFTER A LONG TURNAROUND TIME

-The fuel temperature, at which, under standard conditions, the vapour ignites in contact with a flame and extinguishes immediately, is the: FLASH POINT

-The fuel-oil heat exchanger: COOLS THE OIL AND HEATS THE FUEL.

-The function of a constant speed drive (CSD) is to ensure: THAT THE GENERATOR PRODUCES A CONSTANT FREQUENCY.

-The function of a CSD in an AC generating system is to: DRIVE THE GENERATOR AT A CONSTANT SPEED.

-The function of a feed box in the fuel tank is to: INCREASE THE FUEL LEVEL AT THE BOOST PUMP LOCATION

-The function of a fusible plug is to: PROTECT THE TYRE AGAINST EXPLOSION DUE TO EXCESSIVE TEMPERATURE.

-The function of a hydraulic selector valve is to: DIRECT SYSTEM PRESSURE TO EITHER SIDE OF THE PISTON OF AN ACTUATOR.

-The function of a NOT logic gate within a circuit is to: INVERT THE INPUT SIGNAL SUCH THAT THE OUTPUT IS ALWAYS OF THE OPPOSITE STATE.

-The function of a scissor (torsion link) in a landing gear is to: PREVENT ANY ROTATION OF THE OLEO STRUT IN THE LANDING GEAR SHOCK ABSORBER.

-The function of a vibrator in some gas turbine ignition systems is to provide: A DC CURRENT TO THE TRANSFORMER TO FACILATE THE GENERATION OF A HIGHER VOLTAGE TO THE IGNITION

-The function of an accumulator in a hydraulic brake system is: TO SUPPLY A LIMITED AMOUNT OF BRAKE ENERGY IN THE EVENT OF FAILURE OF THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM NORMALLY SUPPLYING THE BRAKES.

-The function of ribs in a wing is to: GIVE THE WING THE DESIRED AERODYNAMIC SHAPE.

-The function of the Generator Breaker is to close when the voltage of the: GENERATOR IS GREATER THAN BATTERY VOLTAGE AND TO OPEN WHEN THE OPPOSITE IS TRUE

-The function of the primer pump in a reciprocating engine is to: PROVIDE ADDITIONAL FUEL FOR AN ENGINE START.

-The function of the rudder limiter system is: TO RESTRICT RUDDER DEFLECTION DURING FLIGHT AT HIGH IAS.

-The function of the swirl vanes round the fuel nozzles is to: 1. increase air pressure at the fuel nozzles. 2. reduce the average axial flow speed in order to stabilise the flame front. 3. generate a swirl of incoming air to enhance mixing of the fuel with air. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3.

-The functions of an LP booster pump in a gas turbine fuel system are to: AVOID VAPOUR LOCKING AND PREVENT CAVITATION OF THE HP FUEL PUMP.

-The fuselage structure of a pressurised transport aeroplane is an example of a: SEMI-MONOCOQUE STRUCTURE.

-The gas turbine illustrated is of the following type: FREE TURBINE AND CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR

-The greatest risk created by a free turbine overspeed is: BURSTING OF THE FREE TURBINE DISK.

-The heat for the anti-icing system of a turbofan engine intake is provided by: BLEED AIR FROM THE HP COMPRESSOR.

-The heating facility for the windshield of an aircraft is: USED ON A CONTINUAL BASIS AS IT REDUCES THE THERMAL GRADIENTS WHICH ADVERSELY AFFECT THE USEFUL LIFE OF THE COMPONENTS.

-The high Altitude Radio Altimeter uses the following wavelengths: DECIMETRIC.

-The highest load on the torsion link in a bogie gear is: WHILST TURNING ON THE GROUND WITH A SMALL RADIUS.

-The hydraulic device, which functionality is comparable to an electronic diode, is a: CHECK VALVE.

-The hydraulic systems which works correctly is shown in the figure:   B

-The ice protection for propellers of modern turboprop aeroplanes works: ELECTRICALLY.

-The ice protection system currently used for the most modern jet aeroplanes is the: HOT AIR SYSTEM.

-The ignition system generally used for small aircrafts is a: HIGH TENSION SYSTEM.

-The ignition system of a running piston engine receives electrical energy from: ROTATING PERMANENT MAGNETS.

-The illumination of the green landing gear light indicates that the landing gear is: LOCKED-DOWN.

-The inner surface of a heated windscreen is of: SOFT POLYCARBONATE.

-The input and output of a static inverter are respectively: DC AND AC.

-The installation and use of on-board oxygen generators is such that: 1 - the smoking ban is imperative when used 2 - in case of accidental drop of the "continuous flow" passenger masks, no crew action is required 3 - no trace of grease must be found in the system assembly 4 - the system's filling adaptors must be greased with non-freezing or graphite grease The combination which regroups all of the correct statements is:  1 – 3

-The Instrument Landing System (ILS) uses the following wavelengths: METRIC.

-The internal geometry of a turbofan intake for a subsonic commercial aeroplane is: DIVERGENT IN ORDER TO REDUCE AIRFLOW VELOCITY AND INCREASE STATIC PRESSURE IN FRONT OF THE FAN.

-The kind of compressor normally used as a supercharger is: A RADIAL COMPRESSOR.

-The level in a hydraulic reservoir will: FLUCTUATE WITH ACCUMULATOR PRESSURE.

-The logic symbol shown represents (assuming positive logic) : AN INVERT OR NOT GATE.

-The lubricating system of an air cooled piston engine is used to: REDUCE INTERNAL FRICTION AND PROVIDE COOLING.

-The lubricating system of an aircraft engine is used to: AID IN DISSIPATION OF HEAT

-The main advantage of a constant speed propeller as compared to a fixed pitch propeller is a: HIGH EFFICIENCY IN A MUCH WIDER SPEED RANGE OF THE AEROPLANE.

-The main feature of BCF fire extinguishers is that they: ACT AS FLAME INHIBITORS BY ABSORBING THE AIR'S OXYGEN.

-The main function of an air cycle machine is to: COOL THE BLEED AIR.

-The main purpose of a Constant Speed Drive unit is to: MAINTAIN A CONSTANT FREQUENCY.

-The main purpose of a turbocharger is to: MAINTAIN POWER WITH INCREASING ALTITUDE.

-The main purpose of the mixture control is to: ADJUST THE FUEL FLOW TO OBTAIN THE CORRECT FUEL/AIR RATIO.

-The maximum cabin differential pressure of a pressurised aeroplane operating at FL370 is approximately: 9.0 PSI

-The measured output power components of a constant frequency AC system are: KVA AND KVAR.

-The mechanism to change the propeller blade angle of a small piston engine aeroplane in flight is operated: HYDRAULICALLY BY ENGINE OIL.

-The minimum airborne equipment required for operation of a the VHF direction finder is a: VHF TRANSMITTER-RECEIVER OPERATING IN THE 118 MHZ TO 136 MHZ RANGE.

-The mixture control for a carburettor achieves its control by: VARYING THE FUEL SUPPLY TO THE MAIN DISCHARGE TUBE.

-The mixture controller of a carburettor: VARIES THE FUEL SUPPLY TO THE MAIN DISCHARGE NOZZLE.

-The modern anti-skid processes are based on the use of a computer whose input data is: 1. idle wheel speed (measured) 2. braked wheel speed (measured) 3. brake temperature (measured) 4. desired idle wheel train slipping rate 5. tire pressure The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 2, 4.

-The most common extinguishing agent used in gas turbine engine fire protection systems is: HALON.

-The most common material used in the construction of gearbox casings is: MAGNESIUM ALLOY.

-The most common type of starter used on a helicopter engine is: A D.C STARTER/GENERATOR.

-The most important oil system instrument indication during gas turbine engine start is: OIL PRESSURE.

-The most unfavourable conditions for adequate inlet air flow of a turbofan engine are: MAXIMUM TAKE-OFF THRUST, ZERO FORWARD SPEED AND STRONG CROSSWIND CONDITIONS.

-The most widely used electrical frequency in aircraft is: 400 HZ.

-The moving part in an AC generator is usually referred to as the: rotor

-The number of hand fire extinguishers which have to be installed in the passenger cabin according to JAR-OPS depends on the number of : SEATS IN THE CABIN.

-The octane rating of a fuel characterises the : THE ANTI-KNOCK CAPABILITY

-The octane rating of a fuel characterises the: RESISTANCE TO DETONATION.

-The oil supply to gas turbine engine bearings is maintained in the event of the main oil filter becoming clogged by: DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE OPENING THE BYPASS VALVE OF THE MAIN OIL FILTER.

-The oil system for a piston engine incorporates an oil cooler that is fitted : IN THE RETURN LINE TO THE OIL TANK AFTER THE OIL HAS PASSED THROUGH THE SCAVENGE PUMP

-The oil system of a gas turbine engine may be fitted with magnetic plugs, or chip detectors, that: PROVIDE WARNING OF IMPENDING FAILURE WITHOUT HAVING TO REMOVE THE FILTERS FOR INSPECTION.

-The opening of the doors giving access to the oxygen masks for the passengers is: 1. pneumatic for the gaseous oxygen system, 2. electrical for the chemical oxygen system, 3. pneumatic for the chemical oxygen system, 4. electrical for the gaseous oxygen system. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 1, 2

-The operating principle of float-type carburettors is based on the: DIFFERENCE IN AIR PRESSURE AT THE VENTURI THROAT AND THE AIR INLET

-The operating principle of magnetos in a piston engine ignition system consists of: BREAKING THE PRIMARY CIRCUIT IN ORDER TO INDUCE A LOW AMPERAGE, HIGH VOLTAGE CURRENT, WHICH IS DISTRIBUTED TO THE SPARK PLUGS.

-The pack cooling fan provides: COOLING AIR TO THE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY HEAT EXCHANGER DURING SLOW FLIGHT AND GROUND OPERATION.

-The part of a piston engine that transforms reciprocating movement into rotary motion is termed the: CRANKSHAFT

-The passenger oxygen mask will supply: A MIXTURE OF CABIN AIR AND OXYGEN.

-The phase relationship between two unparalleled AC generators: IS UNIMPORTANT.

-The power of a piston engine decreases during a climb with a constant power lever setting because of the decreasing: AIR DENSITY.

-The power of a piston engine, which will be measured by a friction brake, is: BRAKE HORSE POWER.

-The power output of a diesel engine without a turbo charger is regulated by: FUEL FLOW ONLY .

-The power output of a generator is controlled by: VARYING THE FIELD STRENGTH.

-The power output of a piston engine can be calculated by: TORQUE TIMES RPM.

-The power output of a piston engine without supercharging increases with increasing altitude in standard atmosphere at constant Manifold Air Pressure (MAP) and RPM because of the: INCREASE OF THE AIR DENSITY BEHIND THE THROTTLE VALVE.

-The power required for field excitation of the main rotor in modern constant-frequency alternators is directly controlled by: THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR.

-The pressure usually produced by the booster pumps of the fuel supply system of a large jet transport aeroplane is within the following range: 20 TO 50 PSI

-The pressurisation load on the skin of a fuselage is: TENSION.

-The pressurisation system of an aeroplane: HAS THE CAPABILITY TO MAINTAIN A CABIN PRESSURE HIGHER THAN AMBIENT PRESSURE.

-The pressurising function of the pressurising and dump valve in a gas turbine engine fuel system is: TO ADMIT FUEL TO THE NOZZLES ONLY IF THE FUEL PRESSURE IS HIGH ENOUGH FOR SUFFICIENT ATOMISATION.

-The pressurization of fuel tanks is maintained by: THE FUEL VENT SYSTEM.

-The primary function of the diffuser, located between the compressor and the combustion chamber, of a gas turbine engine is to: DECREASE THE FLOW VELOCITY.

-The primary input signals for a hydro-mechanical gas turbine engine fuel control system include: N2, COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE PRESSURE, COMPRESSOR INLET TEMPERATURE, FUEL SHUT-OFF, THRUST LEVER ANGLE.

-The primary performance indicator (cockpit instrument) for the thrust of a turbofan engine is: EITHER EPR OR N1.

-The primary reason for a limitation being imposed on the temperature of gas flow in a gas turbine is to: ENSURE THAT THE MAXIMUM ACCEPTABLE TEMPERATURE AT THE TURBINE BLADES IS NOT EXCEEDED.

-The primary reason for a limitation being imposed on the temperature of the gas flow is to: ENSURE THAT THE MAXIMUM ACCEPTABLE TEMPERATURE AT THE TURBINE BLADES IS NOT EXCEEDED.

-The primary reason for venting an engine oil tank is to: PREVENT EXCESSIVE PRESSURE IN THE TANK.

-The principle of aeroplane propulsion is to generate a propelling force by: ACCELERATING AIR OR GAS IN ORDER TO OBTAIN A REACTION FORCE.

-The principle of damage tolerance in structural design of an aircraft is based on the: CAPABILITY TO WITHSTAND A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF WEAKENING OF THE STRUCTURE WITHOUT CATASTROPHIC FAILURE.

-The principle of fail safe design of an aircraft is based on the: REDUNDANCY OF THE STRUCTURE OR EQUIPMENT.

-The principle of on condition maintenance is based on the: MONITORING OF CRITICAL PARAMETERS AND THE REPLACEMENT OF PARTS IF A LIMIT VALUE IS EXCEEDED

-The principle of the safe life design of an aircraft is based on the: REPLACEMENT OF PARTS AFTER A GIVEN NUMBER OF CYCLES OR HOURS OF USE.

-The purpose of a battery control unit is generally to isolate the battery: 1 - from the bus when the battery charge has been completed 2 - when there is a battery overheat condition 3 - in case of an internal short circuit 4 - in case of a fault on the ground power unit The combination which regroups all of the correct statements is: 1 - 2 -3

-The purpose of a chip detector in the oil system of an engine/gearbox is to indicate that: THERE ARE METAL PARTICLES IN THE OIL.

-The purpose of a compressor bleed valve is to prevent surging: AT LOW COMPRESSOR RPM.

-The purpose of a diluter demand regulator in an oxygen system is to : DELIVER OXYGEN FLOW WHEN INHALING.

-The purpose of a distributor in an ignition system is to distribute: SECONDARY CURRENT TO THE SPARKING PLUGS.

-The purpose of a trim tab (device) is to: REDUCE OR TO CANCEL CONTROL FORCES.

-The purpose of a variable bypass valve, fitted between the LP and HP compressor of an axial flow compressor, is to: PREVENT STALL IN THE LP COMPRESSOR.

-The purpose of a voltage regulator is to control the output voltage of the: GENERATOR AT VARYING LOADS AND SPEEDS.

-The purpose of an accumulator in a hydraulic system is: TO DAMP THE FLUID PRESSURE VARIATIONS.

-The purpose of an accumulator in an hydraulic system is to: STORE ENERGY.

-The purpose of baffle check valves fitted in aircraft fuel tanks is to: PREVENT FUEL MOVEMENT TO THE WING TIP.

-The purpose of baffles in an aeroplane's integral fuel tank is to: RESTRICT THE FUEL MOVEMENTS IN THE TANK.

-The purpose of bonding the metallic parts of an aircraft is to : PROVIDE SAFE DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL CHARGES AND CURRENTS.

-The purpose of bonding the metallic parts of an aircraft is to: 1 - prevent electrolytic corrosion between mating surfaces of similar metals. 2 - ensure zero voltage difference between aircraft components. 3 - isolate all components electrically. 4 - provide a single earth for electrical devices. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 4.

-The purpose of cabin air flow control valves in a pressurization system is to: MAINTAIN A CONSTANT AND SUFFICIENT MASS AIR FLOW TO VENTILATE THE CABIN AND MINIMISE CABIN PRESSURE SURGES.

-The purpose of gas turbine engine trending is: TO ENHANCE MAINTENANCE PLANNING AND DETECT ANOMALIES.

-The purpose of static wick dischargers is to: DISSIPATE STATIC CHARGE OF THE AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT THUS AVOIDING RADIO INTERFERENCE AS A RESULT OF STATIC ELECTRICITY.

-The purpose of stringers, used in fuselage construction, is to: ASSIST THE SKIN WITHSTAND LONGITUDINAL COMPRESSIVE LOADS.

-The purpose of the "Pressure Relief Valve" in a high pressure oxygen system is to: RELIEVE OVERPRESSURE IF THE PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE MALFUNCTIONS

-The purpose of the barometric correction in a fuel controller is to: MAINTAIN THE CORRECT FUEL TO AIR MASS RATIO WHEN THE ALTITUDE INCREASES.

-The purpose of the blow-in-doors at the air inlets is to: PROVIDE THE ENGINE WITH ADDITIONAL AIR AT HIGH POWER SETTINGS AND LOW AIR SPEEDS.

-The purpose of the cabin pressure controller, in the automatic mode, is to perform the following functions: 1. control of cabin altitude, 2. control of cabin altitude rate-of-change, 3. limitation of differential pressure 4. balancing aircraft altitude with cabin altitude 5. cabin ventilation 6. keeping a constant differential pressure throughout all the flight phases. The combination regrouping all the correct statements is : 1, 2, 3

-The purpose of the contact breaker is to: CONTROL THE PRIMARY CIRCUIT OF THE MAGNETO

-The purpose of the floor proximity emergency escape path marking system is to: GIVE ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE DURING AN EMERGENCY EVACUATION WITH A REDUCED CABIN VISIBILITY.

-The purpose of the pack cooling fans in the air conditioning system is to: SUPPLY THE HEAT EXCHANGERS WITH COOLING AIR DURING SLOW FLIGHTS AND GROUND OPERATION.

-The purpose of the proximity of the emergency evacuation path marking system is to : GIVE ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE DURING AN EMERGENCY EVACUATION WITH A THICK SMOKE.

-The purpose of the regulator of a flight deck oxygen system is to: 1. decrease oxygen pressure from 1800 PSI (in the bottles) down to about 50-75 PSI (low pressure system) 2. supply 100% oxygen 3. supply diluted oxygen 4. supply oxygen on demand 5. supply oxygen at emergency/positive pressure 6. trigger the continuous cabin altitude warning at 10000 ft cabin altitude The combination regrouping all the correct statements is: 2, 3, 4, 5

-The purpose of the venturi in a carburettor is to: CREATE THE SUCTION NECESSARY TO CAUSE FUEL TO FLOW THROUGH THE CARBURETTOR MAIN JETS.

-The purpose of variable by-pass valves in a high bypass turbofan engine between the LP compressor and the HP compressor (HPC) is to: PREVENT FAN STALL AND LP COMPRESSOR STALL DURING ENGINE START AND LOW ROTOR SPEEDS.

-The purposes of the oil and the nitrogen in an oleo-pneumatic strut are: THE OIL SUPPLIES THE DAMPING FUNCTION AND THE NITROGEN SUPPLIES THE SPRING FUNCTION

-The Ram Air Turbine (RAT) provides emergency hydraulic power for: FLIGHT CONTROLS IN THE EVENT OF LOSS OF ENGINE DRIVEN HYDRAULIC POWER.

-The rating of electrical fuses is expressed in: AMPERES.

-The reading on the oil pressure gauge is the: PRESSURE OF THE OIL ON THE OUTLET SIDE OF THE PRESSURE PUMP.

-The reason for a double switch on the elevator trim is: TO REDUCE THE PROBABILITY OF A TRIM RUNAWAY.

-The reason for fitting thermal plugs to aeroplane wheels is that they: RELEASE AIR FROM THE TYRE IN THE EVENT OF OVERHEATING.

-The reason for having a low pressure fuel-cooled oil cooler in a recirculatory type oil system is to: COOL THE OIL AND HEAT THE FUEL.

-The reason for the fact that an aeroplane designed for long distances cannot simply be used for short haul flights at higher frequencies is that: THE LIFETIME OF THE FATIGUE SENSITIVE PARTS HAS BEEN BASED ON A DETERMINED LOAD SPECTRUM

-The reason for the trim switch on a control column to consist of two separate switches is: TO REDUCE THE PROBABILITY OF A TRIM-RUNAWAY

-The reason for using inverters in an electrical system is: TO CHANGE DC INTO AC.

-The reasons for disconnecting a constant speed drive (CSD) of an AC generator in flight are: 1 - low oil pressure in the CSD. 2 - slight variation about the normal operating frequency. 3 - high oil temperature in the CSD. 4 - excessive variation of voltage and kVAR. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 1, 3.

-The relationship between compression ratio of a piston engine and the required fuel octane rating is that the: HIGHER THE COMPRESSION RATIO, THE HIGHER THE OCTANE RATING REQUIRED.

-The relationship between compression ratio of a piston engine and the required fuel octane rating is that the: HIGHER THE COMPRESSION RATIO, THE HIGHER THE OCTANE RATING REQUIRED.

-The replenishment of an onboard oxygen bottle must be done: WITH THE ENGINE(S) OFF.

-The reservoirs of a hydraulic system can be pressurized: BY BLEED AIR FROM THE ENGINE.

-The resistors R1 and R2 are connected in parallel. The value of the equivalent resistance (Req) so obtained is given by the following formula: 1/REQ = 1/R1 + 1/R2

-The richness of a fuel/air mixture ratio is the : REAL MIXTURE RATIO RELATIVE TO THE THEORETICAL RATIO.

-The rotor blades of an axial compressor of a gas turbine engine are often mounted on a disk or drum using a 'loose fit' because this: LIMITS DAMAGE TO THE BLADES DUE TO VIBRATION.

-The sand filter located at the air intake of a gas turbine engine: REDUCES THE EFFICIENCY OF THE AIR INTAKE.

-The selection of bleed air to "ON" will cause: A DECREASE IN POWER AND AN INCREASE IN EXHAUST TEMPERATURE.

-The sequential pneumatic impulses used in certain leading edge de-icing devices: 1 - prevent ice formation. 2 - can be triggered from the flight deck after icing has become visible. 3 - will inflate each pneumatic boot for a few seconds. 4 - will repeat more than ten times per second. The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 2, 3.

-The skip zone of HF-transmission will increase when the following change in circumstance occurs: HIGHER FREQUENCY AND HIGHER POSITION OF THE REFLECTING IONOSPHERIC LAYER

-The 'slipstream effect' of a propeller is most prominent at: LOW AIRSPEEDS WITH HIGH POWER SETTING.

-The smoke detection in the aircraft cargo compartments is carried out by four sensors: C1, C2, C3 and C4. They are associated with the logic circuit as described in the annex. The repeating bell is activated when:  THE C1 AND C2 SENSORS DETECT SMOKE.

-The so-called "hot buses" or "direct buses" are: DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO THE BATTERY.

-The speed of an asynchronous four-pole motor fed at a frequency of 400 Hertz is: 12000 REVOLUTIONS PER MINUTE.

-The static thrust of a turbo-jet, at the selection of full power: 1 - equals the product of the exhaust gas mass flow and the exhaust gas velocity 2 - is obtained by pressure of the exhaust gas on the ambient air 3 - is equivalent to zero mechanical power since the aeroplane is not moving 4 - is independant of the outside air temperature The combination which regroups all of the correct statements is : 1 – 3

-The systems used for emergency extension of landing systems may comprise: 1. Compressed C0². 2. Compressed nitrogen. 3. Compressed oxygen. 4. Auxiliary hydraulic system. 5. Freefall. The combination containing all of the correct statements is: 2, 4, 5.

-The take off of a jet aeroplane may be performed with "reduced thrust" in order to: REDUCE MAINTENANCE COSTS.

-The term "Bootstrap", when used to identify a cabin air conditioning and pressurisation system, refers to the: COLD AIR UNIT (AIR CYCLE MACHINE) ARRANGEMENT.

-The term "pressure cabin" applies when an aeroplane: HAS THE MEANS TO MAINTAIN CABIN PRESSURE HIGHER THAN AMBIENT PRESSURE.

-The term used to describe a permanent and cumulative deformation of the turbine blades in a gas turbine engine is: CREEP.

-The thermal efficiency of a diesel engine is higher than that of a petrol engine because: THE COMPRESSION RATIO IS MUCH HIGHER.

-The thermal efficiency of a gas turbine engine will increase with a: DECREASE IN AMBIENT AIR TEMPERATURE.

-The thermal efficiency of a piston engine is about: 30%

-The Throttle Lever Angle (TLA) information of a FADEC controlled gas turbine engine is provided: TO THE ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROL UNIT BY A DIRECT ELECTRICAL WIRING CONNECTION.

-The thrust reversers of jet engines may use clamshell doors in order to: CHANGE THE DIRECTION OF THE EXHAUST GAS STREAM.

-The torque of an aeroplane engine can be measured at the: GEAR BOX WHICH IS LOCATED BETWEEN THE ENGINE AND THE PROPELLER.

-The trim tab: REDUCES HINGE MOMENT AND CONTROL SURFACE EFFICIENCY.

-The turbine in a gas turbine engine generates shaft power using: EXPANSION OF HOT GAS FOLLOWED BY CONVERSION OF KINETIC ENERGY (VELOCITY) INTO (MECHANICAL) WORK.

-The two deformation modes that cause wing flutter are: TORSION AND BENDING.

-The type of a aircraft oxygen system intended for use by passengers, is mostly: A CONTINUOUS FLOW SYSTEM

-The type of brake unit found on most transport aeroplanes is a: MULTIPLE DISK BRAKE.

-The type of gate which requires all conditions with logic 1 for engagement is: AND.

-The type of hydraulic fluid which has the greatest resistance to cavitation is: SYNTHETIC FLUID.

-The type of hydraulic oil used in modern hydraulic systems is: SYNTHETIC OIL

-The type of windings commonly used in DC starter motors are: SERIES WOUND.

-The types of fuel tanks used on most modern transport aircraft are: INTEGRAL TANKS.

-The use of a hot air wing anti-icing system: DOES NOT AFFECT AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE WING AND CAUSES A REDUCTION IN MAXIMUM THRUST.

-The use of igniters in a gas turbine engine is required: 1. throughout the operating range of the engine 2. during engine acceleration 3. for in-flight relights The combination that regroups all of the correct statements is: 3

-The use of igniters is necessary or recommended on a turbo-jet:1. throughout the operating range of the engine,2. for accelerations,3. for ground starts, 4. for in-flight relights, 5. during turbulence in flight, 6. under heavy precipitation or in icing conditions. The combination which regroups all of the correct statements is: 3, 4, 5, 6.

-The use of too low an octane fuel may cause: DETONATION.

-The useful work area in an ideal Otto engine indicator diagram is enclosed by the following gas state change lines: 2 ADIABATIC AND 2 ISOCHORIC LINES.

-The vapour lock is: A STOPPAGE IN A FUEL FEEDING LINE CAUSED BY A FUEL VAPOUR BUBBLE..

-The ventilation system in a fuel tank: PREVENTS LOW PRESSURE OR EXCESSIVE OVERPRESSURE IN THE TANK.

-The very rapid magnetic field changes (flux changes) in the primary coil of a magneto are accomplished by the: CONTACT BREAKER POINTS OPENING.

-The VHF direction finder uses the following wavelengths: METRIC.

-The VHF Omnirange (VOR) uses the following wavelengths: METRIC.

-The viscosity of a hydraulic fluid should be: THE LOWEST TO MINIMIZE POWER CONSUMPTION AND RESISTANCE TO FLOW.

-The voltage of a fully charged lead-acid battery cell is: 2.2 VOLTS.

-The voltage regulator of a DC generator is connected in: SERIES WITH THE SHUNT FIELD COIL.

-The wavelength of a non-directional beacon (NDB) at a frequency of 300 kHz is: 1000 METRES.

-The wavelength of a radio signal transmitted at the frequency 118.7 MHz is: 2.53 M.

-The wavelength of a radio signal transmitted at the frequency of 75 MHz is: 4m

-The wavelength of a radio transmitted on frequency 121.95 MHz is: 2.46 M

-The wing anti-ice system has to protect: THE LEADING EDGE OR THE SLATS, EITHER PARTIALLY OR COMPLETELY.

-The wing ice protection system currently used for most large jet transport aeroplanes is a(n): HOT AIR SYSTEM.

-The wing ice protection system currently used for most large turboprop transport aeroplanes is a(n): PNEUMATIC SYSTEM WITH INFLATABLE BOOTS.

-The wing of an aircraft in flight, powered by engines located under the wing, is subjected to a bending moment due to thrust and drag. The loading on the front spar of the torsion box from the wing root to the wing tip is: COMPRESSION, AND THEN TENSION.

-The wing of an aircraft in flight, powered by engines located under the wing, is subjected to a bending moment which causes its leading edge, from the wing root to the wing tip, to operate in: COMPRESSION, AND THEN TENSION.

-The working cycle of a four-stroke engine is: INDUCTION, COMPRESSION, POWER, EXHAUST.

-The working principle of the anti-skid system is: REDUCTION OF THE BRAKE PRESSURE AT THE SLOWER TURNING WHEELS.

-Thermal plugs are installed in: WHEEL RIMS.

-To achieve control flutter damping the balance mass must be located: IN FRONT OF THE CONTROL SURFACE HINGE.

-To achieve reverse thrust on a "big fan" turbine engine, it is necessary to: DEFLECT THE FAN THRUST.

-To achieve reverse thrust on a turbine engine with a high by-pass ratio, generally: THE FAN FLOW IS DEFLECTED.

-To avoid the risk of tyre burst from overheating there is: A THERMAL PLUG THAT DEFLATES THE TYRE AT A SPECIFIC TEMPERATURE.

-To ensure correct load sharing between AC generators operating in parallel: BOTH REAL AND REACTIVE LOADS MUST BE MATCHED.

-To maintain a constant mixture at low and high power settings in a piston engine, a carburettor is fitted with: A DIFFUSER (COMPENSATING JET).

-To maintain the correct air/fuel ratio of a piston engine, independent of power setting, a carburettor is fitted with: A DIFFUSER (COMPENSATING JET).

-To protect against excessive system pressure, a hydraulic system usually incorporates: A HIGH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE.

-To reverse the direction of rotation of a shunt-type (parallel field) DC electric motor, it is necessary to: REVERSE THE POLARITY OF EITHER THE STATOR OR THE ROTOR.

-Torsion in a wing can be caused by: POSITIVE SWEEP

-Trimming of aileron and rudder in an irreversible flight control system: IS ACHIEVED BY ADJUSTING THE "ZERO FORCE POINT" OF THE FEEL SYSTEM.

-Turbine blade stages may be classed as either "impulse" or "reaction". In an impulse turbine stage: THE PRESSURE DROPS ACROSS THE STATOR BLADES AND REMAINS CONSTANT ACROSS THE ROTOR BLADES.

-Turbine blade stages may be classed as either "impulse" or "reaction". In an impulse blade section the pressure (i)... across the nozzle guide vanes and (ii)..... across the rotor blades: (I) DROPS (II) REMAINS CONSTANT

-Turbine blade stages may be classed as either "impulse" or "reaction". In an impulse blade section the pressure (i).. across the nozzle guide vanes and (ii).. across the rotor blades: (I) DROPS (II) REMAINS CONSTANT

-Tyre "creep" may be described as the: CIRCUMFERENTIAL MOVEMENT OF THE TYRE IN RELATION TO THE WHEEL FLANGE.

-Under normal conditions (JAR 25) the cabin pressure altitude is not allowed to exceed: 8000 Ft

-Under normal flight conditions, cabin pressure is controlled by: REGULATING THE DISCHARGE OF AIR THROUGH THE OUTFLOW VALVE(S).

-Under normal running conditions a magneto draws primary current: FROM A SELF-CONTAINED ELECTRO-MAGNETIC INDUCTION SYSTEM.

-Using compressor bleed air to power systems: DECREASES AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

-Vapour lock is: VAPORIZING OF FUEL PRIOR TO REACHING THE CARBURETOR

-Vapour locking is caused by: VAPORIZING OF FUEL PRIOR TO THE ENGINE.

-Variations in mixture ratios for carburettors are achieved by the adjustment of: FUEL FLOW.

-Vents in oil tanks are primarily to: PREVENT EXCESSIVE PRESSURE FROM BUILDING UP IN TANK

-Vibration sensors are used in a gas turbine engine to indicate: IMBALANCE OF ONE OR BOTH OF THE SPOOLS.

-Viscosity is: THE TENDENCY OF A LIQUID OR GAS TO RESIST FLOW.

-VLE is the maximum: FLIGHT SPEED WITH LANDING GEAR DOWN

-VLO is the maximum: SPEED AT WHICH THE LANDING GEAR CAN BE OPERATED WITH FULL SAFETY.

-What are the three elements of the fuselage structure of a large transport aeroplane? SKIN, FRAMES, STRINGERS.

-What is breathed in when using a passenger oxygen mask? CABIN AIR AND OXYGEN.

-What is the load in the upper respectively lower girder of a spar of a cantilever wing during straight and level flight? COMPRESSION IN THE UPPER GIRDER AND TENSION IN THE LOWER GIRDER.

-What may happen during a continuous climb with a mixture setting fully rich? FOULING OF SPARK PLUGS.

-When a battery is almost fully discharged there is a tendency for the: VOLTAGE TO DECREASE UNDER LOAD.

-When a bimetallic strip is used as a switch in a fire detection loop, a fire alarm is triggered after a delay. The purpose of this delay is to: AVOID FALSE ALARMS IN CASE OF VIBRATIONS

-When a cabin oxygen mask is pulled downwards, the passenger breathes: A MIXTURE OF OXYGEN AND CABIN AIR.

-When a conductor cuts the flux of a magnetic field: an electromotive force (EMF) is INDUCED IN THE CONDUCTOR.

-When a continuous loop wire type fire detection system is tested: THE WIRING AND THE WARNING ARE TESTED.

-When a gas turbine engine accelerates from idle to take-off thrust and the compressor rpm is too high in comparison with the air inlet velocity, this may result in: A COMPRESSOR STALL.

-When a gas turbine engine is fitted with can-type combustion chambers: A TOTAL OF ONLY TWO IGNITERS ARE USUALLY FITTED SINCE THE CHAMBERS ARE INTER-CONNECTED.

-When a landing gear wheel is hydroplaning, its friction factor is equal to:   0

-When a part of a continuous loop fire detection system is heated: 1. its resistance decreases. 2. its resistance increases. 3. the leakage current increases. 4. the leakage current decreases. The combination regrouping all the correct statements:   1, 3

-When a persistent top excitation limit fault on an AC generator connected to the mains with another AC generator, the overexcitation protection device opens: THE EXCITER BREAKER, THE GENERATOR BREAKER AND THE TIE BREAKER.

-When a persistent underexcitation fault is detected on an AC generator connected to the aircraft mains with another AC generator, the protection device opens: THE EXCITER CONTROL RELAY, THE GENERATOR BREAKER AND THE TIE BREAKER.

-When a turbo-prop aeroplane decelerates during the intial part of the landing roll, a constant speed propeller within the beta range: PRODUCES NEGATIVE THRUST.

-When a wing bends downwards, aileron flutter might occur if the aileron deflects: UPWARDS, BECAUSE THE LOCATION OF THE AILERON CENTRE OF GRAVITY LIES BEHIND THE HINGE LINE.

-When a wing bends upwards, aileron flutter might occur if the aileron deflects: DOWNWARDS, BECAUSE THE LOCATION OF THE AILERON CENTRE OF GRAVITY LIES BEHIND THE HINGE LINE.

-When air is compressed for pressurization purposes, the percentage oxygen content is: UNAFFECTED.

-When altitude increases without adjustment of the mixture ratio, the piston engine performance is affected because of a : A DECREASE OF AIR DENSITY WITH A FUEL FLOW WHICH BECOMES TOO HIGH.

-When an "open circuit" occurs in an electrical supply system, the : LOSS OF CONTINUITY WILL PREVENT ITS WORKING COMPONENTS FROM FUNCTIONING.

-When an underspeed fault is detected on an AC generator connected to the aircraft AC busbar, the protection device opens the: GENERATOR BREAKER.

-When applying carburettor heating: THE MIXTURE BECOMES RICHER.

-When carrying out a battery condition check using the aircraft's voltmeter: A LOAD SHOULD BE APPLIED TO THE BATTERY IN ORDER TO GIVE A BETTER INDICATION OF CONDITION.

-When changing power on engines equipped with constant-speed propeller, engine overload is avoided by: INCREASING THE RPM BEFORE INCREASING THE MANIFOLD PRESSURE.

-When detonation is recognised in a piston engine, the correct procedure is to: REDUCE MANIFOLD PRESSURE AND FULLY ENRICH THE MIXTURE.

-When excessively leaning the mixture for a better fuel economy, but still on the rich side of the peak EGT, the following engine parameter(s) may exceed their normal operating ranges: CYLINDER HEAD AND EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE.

-When in flight, a piston engine is stopped and the propeller blade angle is near 90°, the propeller is said to be: FEATHERED.

-When increasing true airspeed with a constant engine RPM, the angle of attack of a fixed pitch propeller: REDUCES.

-When leaning the mixture for the most economic cruise fuel flow, excessive leaning will cause: HIGH CYLINDER HEAD TEMPERATURE

-When powering up a hydraulic system, the level in the reservoir will: DECREASE SLIGHTLY.

-When quick donning masks are in use, the pilot is: ABLE TO RADIOTELEPHONE.

-When selected to normal, the oxygen/air ratio of the mixture supplied by the cockpit oxygen system regulator: INCREASES WHEN THE ALTITUDE INCREASES.

-When starting the engine, or when the engine is running at idle rpm on the ground, the mixture is: RICH, TO MAKE STARTING POSSIBLE AND TO COOL THE ENGINE SUFFICIENTLY WHEN IDLING.

-When TAS increases, the blade angle of a constant speed propeller will (RPM and throttle levers are not moved): INCREASE.

-When the AC generators are connected in parallel, the reactive loads are balanced by means of the: EXCITATION CURRENT.

-When the AC generators are connected in parallel, the reactive loads are balanced by means of the: ENERGIZING CURRENT.

-When the AC voltage across a capacitor is kept constant and the frequency is increased, the current through the capacitor will: INCREASE.

-When the combustion gases pass through a turbine the: PRESSURE DROPS..

-When the door of a transport aeroplane, equipped with evacuation slides in the armed position, is opened from the outside the slide: IS DISARMED AUTOMATICALLY.

-When the oxygen system of a large aeroplane is used: WITH THE SETTING ON "NORMAL", THE COCKPIT CREW IS SUPPLIED WITH A MIXTURE OF OXYGEN AND CABIN AIR .

-When the pilot moves the mixture lever of a piston engine towards a lean position the: AMOUNT OF FUEL ENTERING THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER IS REDUCED.

-When the wing skin is not able to carry loads, the structural elements of the wing, which carry the bending moment, are: THE SPARS.

-When two DC generators are operating in parallel, control of load sharing is achieved by: AN EQUALISING CIRCUIT WHICH, IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE VOLTAGE REGULATORS, VARIES THE FIELD EXCITATION CURRENT OF THE GENERATORS.

-Which of the following parameters remains constant in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? TOTAL TEMPERATURE.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The dynamic pressure increases in flow direction. II. The static temperature increases in flow direction: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The dynamic pressure decreases in flow direction. II. The static temperature increases in flow direction: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The static pressure increases in flow direction. II. The total temperature increases in flow direction: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The dynamic pressure increases in flow direction. II. The static temperature decreases in flow direction: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The static pressure increases in flow direction. II. The total temperature remains constant in flow direction: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The speed decreases in flow direction. II. The total pressure remains constant in flow direction: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The speed remains constant in flow direction. II. The total pressure remains constant in flow direction: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The static pressure remains constant in flow direction. II. The total temperature decreases in flow direction: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The dynamic pressure remains constant in flow direction. II. The static temperature remains constant in flow direction: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The static pressure decreases in flow direction. II. The total temperature increases in flow direction:  I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The speed remains constant in flow direction. II. The total pressure decreases in flow direction:  I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The speed decreases in flow direction. II. The total pressure decreases in flow direction: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements is correct about the flow in a divergent (subsonic) gas turbine engine intake? I. The dynamic pressure decreases in flow direction. II. The static temperature decreases in flow direction: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of the following statements regarding variable inlet guide vanes (VIGVs) and variable stator vanes (VSVs) on a high-bypass engines is correct? VIGVS ARE LOCATED AT THE FRONT OF THE HP COMPRESSOR AND, TOGETHER WITH THE VSVS, CONTROL COMPRESSOR AIRFLOW.

-Which of these statements about a gust lock system are correct or incorrect? I. There is no need for a gust lock on irreversible flight controls. II. There is no need for a gust lock on manual flight controls: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about a gust lock system are correct or incorrect? I. There should be suitable design precautions to prevent flight with the gust lock engaged. II. Reversible flight controls should have a gust lock: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about a gust lock system are correct or incorrect? I. There is no need for a gust lock on irreversible flight controls. II. Manual flight controls should have a gust lock: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about a gust lock system are correct or incorrect? I. There should be suitable design precautions to prevent flight with the gust lock engaged. II. There is no need for a gust lock on reversible flight controls: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about a gust lock system are correct or incorrect? I. A gust lock can be used in flight to reduce the effects of turbulence. II. There is no need for a gust lock on reversible flight controls: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about a gust lock system are correct or incorrect? I. Irreversible flight controls should have a gust lock. II. There is no need for a gust lock on manual flight controls: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an aeroplane's hydraulic system is correct? THE FILTERS, THE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE(S), THE BY-PASS VALVE(S), AND THE FIRE SHUT-OFF VALVE ARE SAFETY FEATURES INSTALLED IN THE SYSTEM.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure rises across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure rises across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure remains constant across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure rises across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure remains constant across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure remains constant across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure rises across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure drops across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure drops across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure remains constant across the rotor blades: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure drops across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure drops across the rotor blades: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure drops across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure rises across the rotor blades: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure rises across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure remains constant across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an impulse turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure remains constant across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure drops across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure remains constant across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure remains constant across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure remains constant across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure rises across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure rises across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure rises across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure drops across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure rises across the rotor blades: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure drops across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure remains constant across the rotor blades: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure rises across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure remains constant across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure drops across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure drops across the rotor blades: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure rises across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure drops across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about an reaction turbine are correct or incorrect? I. The pressure remains constant across the nozzle guide vanes. II. The pressure drops across the rotor blades: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about chemical oxygen generators are correct or incorrect? I. Chemical oxygen generators are often used to supply passenger oxygen. II. The oxygen supply of chemical oxygen generators, once activated, can be switched off: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about chemical oxygen generators are correct or incorrect? I. Chemical oxygen generators are used to supply the cockpit oxygen system. II. The oxygen supply of chemical oxygen generators, once activated, can be switched off: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about chemical oxygen generators are correct or incorrect? I. Chemical oxygen generators are used to supply the cockpit oxygen system. II. The oxygen supply of chemical oxygen generators, once activated, cannot be switched off: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about chemical oxygen generators are correct or incorrect? I. Chemical oxygen generators are often used to supply passenger oxygen. II. The oxygen supply of chemical oxygen generators, once activated, cannot be switched off: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about composite and metal structures are correct or incorrect? I. In a structural component with given dimensions constructed of composite materials, the strength is the same in all directions. II. Composite materials enable structures with higher strength/weight ratio than metal structures: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about composite and metal structures are correct or incorrect? I. For a structural component with given dimensions composite materials enable a structural component's strength to be tailored to the direction of the load. II. Composite materials enable structures with higher strength/weight ratio than metal structures: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about composite and metal structures are correct or incorrect? I. In a structural component with given dimensions constructed of composite materials, the strength is the same in all directions. II. Composite materials enable structures with lower strength/weight ratio than metal structures: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about composite and metal structures are correct or incorrect? I. For a structural component with given dimensions composite materials enable a structural component's strength to be tailored to the direction of the load. II. Composite materials enable structures with lower strength/weight ratio than metal structures: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about compressor stall are correct or incorrect? I. A compressor stall is most likely to occur in a compressor designed for a high pressure ratio operating at high RPM. II. A compressor stall is most likely to occur when the air flow stagnates in the front stages of the compressor: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about compressor stall are correct or incorrect? I. A compressor stall is most likely to occur in a compressor designed for a high pressure ratio operating at low RPM. II. A compressor stall is most likely to occur when the air flow stagnates in the front stages of the compressor: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about compressor stall are correct or incorrect? I. A compressor stall is most likely to occur in a compressor designed for a high pressure ratio operating at high RPM. II. A compressor stall is most likely to occur when the air flow stagnates in the rear stages of the compressor: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about compressor stall are correct or incorrect? I. A compressor stall is most likely to occur in a compressor designed for a high pressure ratio operating at low RPM. II. A compressor stall is most likely to occur when the air flow stagnates in the rear stages of the compressor: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about rudder limiting are correct or incorrect? I. A rudder ratio changer system limits both rudder and rudder pedal deflection as the IAS increases. II. A variable stop system reduces the rudder deflection for a given rudder pedal deflection as the IAS increases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about rudder limiting are correct or incorrect? I. A rudder ratio changer system reduces the rudder deflection for a given rudder pedal deflection as the IAS increases. II. A variable stop system limits both rudder and rudder pedal deflection as the IAS decreases: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about rudder limiting are correct or incorrect? I. A rudder ratio changer system reduces the rudder deflection for a given rudder pedal deflection as the IAS increases. II. A variable stop system limits both rudder and rudder pedal deflection as the IAS increases: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about sandwich structural parts are correct or incorrect? I. A sandwich structural part consists of two thin sheets enclosing a light core material. II. A sandwich structural part is not suitable for absorbing concentrated loads: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about sandwich structural parts are correct or incorrect? I. A sandwich structural part consists of fibres and a resin. II. A sandwich structural part is suitable for absorbing concentrated loads: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about sandwich structural parts are correct or incorrect? I. A sandwich structural part consists of two thin sheets enclosing a light core material. II. A sandwich structural part is suitable for absorbing concentrated loads: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about sandwich structural parts are correct or incorrect? I. A sandwich structural part consists of fibres and a resin. II. A sandwich structural part is not suitable for absorbing concentrated loads: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about structural design principles are correct or incorrect? I. The damage tolerance principle takes cracking of the structure into account. II. The safe life principle is based on the replacement of parts after a given number of cycles or flight hours: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about structural design principles are correct or incorrect? I. In structural design, fail safe implies redundant load paths. II. A safe life structure is based on a declared number of cycles or time period: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about structural design principles are correct or incorrect? I. In structural design, fail safe implies parallel structural parts. II. In structural design, safe life implies the structure will never fail during a declared time period or number of cycles: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about structural design principles are correct or incorrect? I. In structural design, fail safe implies the structure will never fail. II. In structural design, safe life implies the structure will never fail during a declared time period or number of cycles: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about structural design principles are correct or incorrect? I. In structural design, fail safe implies the structure will never fail. II. A safe life structure is based on a declared time period or number of cycles: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about structural design principles are correct or incorrect? I. The damage tolerance principle assumes cracks in the structure will never occur. II. The safe life principle is based on the replacement of parts after a given number of cycles or time period: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about the wing structure is correct? A TORSION BOX IS FORMED BY WING SPARS, RIBS AND WING SKIN REINFORCED BY STRINGERS.

-Which of these statements about trimming in a irreversible flight control system of a conventional aeroplane are correct or incorrect? I. The zero force position of the control column changes when using the elevator trim. II. The zero force position of the control wheel does not change when using the aileron trim: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about trimming in a irreversible flight control system of a conventional aeroplane are correct or incorrect? I. The zero force position of the control column changes when using the elevator trim. II. The zero force position of the control wheel changes when using the aileron trim: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements about trimming in a irreversible flight control system of a conventional aeroplane are correct or incorrect? I. The zero force position of the control column does not change when using the elevator trim. II. The zero force position of the control wheel does not change when using the aileron trim: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements about trimming in a irreversible flight control system of a conventional aeroplane are correct or incorrect? I. The zero force position of the control column does not change when using the elevator trim. II. The zero force position of the control wheel changes when using the aileron trim: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements concerning a sandwich structural part are correct or incorrect? I. The main function of the core material is sound insulation. II. A sandwich structural part is well suited for absorbing concentrated loads. I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements concerning a sandwich structural part are correct or incorrect? I. The main function of the core material is sound insulation. II. A sandwich structural part is unsuitable for absorbing concentrated loads: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements concerning a sandwich structural part are correct or incorrect? I. The main function of the core material is to stabilise the covering sheets. II. A sandwich structural part is unsuitable for absorbing concentrated loads: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements concerning a sandwich structural part are correct or incorrect? I. The main function of the core material is to stabilise the covering sheets. II. A sandwich structural part is well suited for absorbing concentrated loads: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements regarding cockpit windows are correct or incorrect? I. On some aeroplanes the cockpit windows have an additional speed restriction, related to bird impact, when window heating is inoperative. II. Cockpit side windows are always provided with a de-icing system: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements regarding cockpit windows are correct or incorrect? I. On some aeroplanes the cockpit windows have an additional speed restriction, related to bird impact, when window heating is inoperative. II. Cockpit side windows are usually defogged only: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements regarding cockpit windows are correct or incorrect? I. Cockpit windows never have an additional speed restriction, related to bird impact, when window heating is inoperative. II. Cockpit side windows are always provided with a de-icing system: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which of these statements regarding cockpit windows are correct or incorrect? I. Cockpit windows never have an additional speed restriction, related to bird impact, when window heating is inoperative. II. Cockpit side windows are usually defogged only: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which of these statements regarding most gust lock systems is correct? WHEN THE GUST LOCK IS ON THERE IS PROTECTION TO PREVENT TAKE-OFF.

-Which one of the following factors would be most likely to increase the possibility of detonation occurring within a piston engine? HIGH CYLINDER HEAD TEMPERATURE.

-Which one of the following factors would be most likely to increase the possibility of detonation occurring within a piston engine? USING TOO LEAN A FUEL/AIR MIXTURE

-Which one of the following factors would be most likely to increase the possibility of detonation occurring within a piston engine? HIGH CYLINDER HEAD TEMPERATURE.

-Which statement is correct about the flow in a divergent jet engine inlet? I. The speed increases in flow direction. II. The total pressure increases in flow direction: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct about the flow in a divergent jet engine inlet? I. The static pressure remains constant in flow direction. II. The total temperature remains constant in flow direction: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct concerning the effect of the application of carburettor heat? THE DENSITY OF THE AIR ENTERING THE CARBURETTOR IS REDUCED, THUS ENRICHING THE FUEL/AIR MIXTURE.

-Which statement is correct concerning the effect of the application of carburettor heat? THE DENSITY OF THE AIR ENTERING THE CARBURETTOR IS REDUCED, THUS ENRICHING THE FUEL/AIR MIXTURE.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed increases.II. The EGT decreases: I IS CORRECT , II IS INCORRECT

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The HP spool speed increases. II. The EGT remains constant: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed decreases. II. The EGT remains constant: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The HP spool speed remains constant. II. The EGT increases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed increases. II. The EGT remains constant: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed increases. II. The EGT increases: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed decreases. II. The EGT increases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed remains constant. II. The EGT decreases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The HP spool speed increases. II. The EGT increases: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed remains constant. II. The EGT increases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is decreased? I. The HP spool speed decreases. II. The EGT decreases: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed increases. II. The EGT decreases: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The HP spool speed decreases. II. The EGT increases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed decreases. II. The EGT remains constant: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed decreases. II. The EGT decreases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct for a gas turbine engine with a constant speed propeller and free power turbine, when the power setting is increased? I. The gas generator speed remains constant. II. The EGT decreases: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct? I. The freezing point for Jet A is at a higher temperature than that for Jet B. II. The flash point for Jet A is at a higher temperature than that for Jet B: I IS CORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct? I. The freezing point for Jet A is at a lower temperature than that for Jet B. II. The flash point for Jet A is at a higher temperature than that for Jet B: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct? I. The freezing point for Jet A is at a lower temperature than that for Jet B. II. The flash point for Jet A is at a lower temperature than that for Jet B: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct? I. The freezing point for Jet A is at about the same temperature as that for Jet B. II. The flash point for Jet A is at a higher temperature than that for Jet B: I IS INCORRECT, II IS CORRECT.

-Which statement is correct? I. The freezing point for Jet A is at a lower temperature than that for Jet B. II. The flash point for Jet A is at about the same temperature as that for Jet B: I IS INCORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Which statement is correct? I. The freezing point for Jet A is at a higher temperature than that for Jet B. II. The flash point for Jet A is at a lower temperature than that for Jet B: I IS CORRECT, II IS INCORRECT.

-Whilst in level cruising flight, an aeroplane with a pressurised cabin experiences a malfunction of the pressure controller. If the cabin rate of climb indicator reads -200ft/min: THE DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE WILL RISE TO ITS MAXIMUM VALUE, THUS CAUSING THE SAFETY RELIEF VALVES TO OPEN.

-Whilst stationary on the ground in a hangar the most important loads on a cantilever wing are: TENSION IN THE UPPER SURFACE, COMPRESSION IN THE LOWER SURFACE.

-Windshield heating of a transport aeroplane is: ESSENTIAL TO IMPROVE THE STRENGTH OF THE COCKPIT WINDOWS.

-With a piston engine, when detonation is recognised, you: REDUCE MANIFOLD PRESSURE AND ENRICH THE MIXTURE

-With an aircraft fitted with a fixed pitch propeller, during flight at normal cruising speed, one magneto fails completely. This will first cause: LOSS OF APPROXIMATELY 100 RPM.

-With regard to a twin spool turbofan, an abortive start (hung start) will result in: N2 SPEED STABILISING AT A LOWER THAN NORMAL RPM AND A SUBSEQUENT INCREASE IN EGT.

-With regard to an aircraft structure, 'fail safe' is one: IN WHICH THE LOAD IS CARRIED BY OTHER COMPONENTS IF A PART OF THE STRUCTURE FAILS.

-With regard to pneumatic mechanical devices that afford ice protection the only correct statement is: THEY CAN ONLY BE USED AS DE-ICING DEVICES.

-With respect to a piston engine aircraft, ice in the carburettor: MAY FORM AT OAT'S HIGHER THAN +10°C.

-With which instrument(s) do you monitor the power output of an aeroplane fitted with a fixed pitch propeller? RPM INDICATOR.

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