-Gross national income (GNI): The money a country earns by different ways.
-GNI per capita: The money a person earns.
-Literacy rate: Percentage of the population aged 15 and older qqwho can both read and write.
-Life expectancy: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live.
- Infant mortality rate: Number of babies who may die in 1 per 1000 live births.
-Human Development Index (HDI): An indicator measuring average achievement in the three basic dimensions of human development-a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living.
- Millennium goals:
Erradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Achieve universal primary education
Promote gender equality and empower women
Reduce child mortality
Improve maternal health
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Ensure environmental sustainability
Global partnership for development
- NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS (NGOs)
Many people feel that they have to do something to try to solve or help people who suffer from inequality. In order to do this, there are different institutions, usually NGOs, which organise campaigns with different objectives.
A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens group which is organized on a local, national or international level. NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, environment or health.
The inequality that appears in the campaign is located in any type of country.
The main indexes that measure economic development are GDP and GNI. On the other hand, the most accurate index that measures human development is HDI which stands for HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX, created by the UN to provide a real reflection of the development of a country and be able to compare, rank them. The HDI is based on 3 main aspects education, health and wealth.
This issue is an example of the bad consequences of globalisation so that multinationals from a MEDC country exploit LEDC people in order to have higher profits.