Catalan

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Troubadour poetry
In s. XII in Catalonia appears the first Sample lyric cultured in Romance Language, troubadour poetry.
- The Provencal, the language of poetry:
=> Was not cultivated in Catalan, but in Provençal or Occitan language to s. XV. The causes of the Provencal was adopted in Catalan territory were:
- The great
success and prestige reached troubadour poetry throughout Western Europe.
- The
geographical proximity favored political, cultural and econónimques between southern France and
Catalan realms.
- The
similarity of the languages Catalan and Occitan favored the use of the Occitan troubadours by Catalans.
Poetry feudal
South, the territory formed by independent gentlemen, the same language, Occitan, same organization and social policy, feudalism. The poetry was religious, secular themes: love, war, joys and sorrows of the people of that time. reflecita ideals of feudal society: love and war.
The courtly love (love ideology)
the lover became an
elm (vassal) of the lady he loved, starches, and noble wife.
Lord Vassal higher social status. / / Starch, being excellent, good, powerful, married, with legal right.
Vassal: swears loyalty to his lord for his kindness depends / / adopts a supplicating attitude towards the lady.
PerSecn:
Gilós: Martin lady; Lausengiers, malditzants: spies; fenhedor: shy love; pregador; senhal; understandable, drutz.
Minstrels and jugglers
Troubadour: Poems written in Occitan language music could be high or low class. In the second case were professional, living in this art. The noble troubadours composed for pleasure, for they found was a recreational (Wilhelm Peiteieu)
Jester:
recite poems in public events by the troubadours, are low-class professionally, also danced, recited poetry that troubadour => minstrels lyrical, sing to exploit =>epic minstrels.
-> 3 was found the art styles:
Find up (easily within the reach of the audience) find Clusia (closed expression hard to understand) Find rich (refined expression) The goal was to get the jester an aesthetic effect was not intended to be original in explaining the experience.




Themes and sub-genres of the troubadour lyric
Song:
Subtle and poetic language that denotes praise a lady following the guidelines of courtly love.
Pastorela: dialogue between knight and shepherdess who tries to love.
Alba: the arrival of the day and sings the sadness of lovers who must separate After passing the night together in secret because they do not discover.
Poetry of war: represented by the servants.
Other topics: Planh: composition in which the troubadour laments the death of someone. Tenco: debate between two troubadours.
Between Catalan and lyrical Minstrels Ausias Marc
Jordi de Sant Jordi
Valencian poet sgueix topics trobadorescos q denotes sincerity and break the rigidity of courtly poetry
Estramps poem (no rhyme)
Topic: Topic trobadorescos (death for love) / Form: you verses estramps / Language: Provence.
The original feature is the nostalgia of it, manifested in the poem: Prisoner
Ausias Marc
Gandia (the Safor) from 1394 to 1459 Valencia. 28 years longer arms and is dedicated to manage their Possession then the king called "Major Falconer. married twice: to Isabel Martorell, and then with Escorna Jeanne, had no progeny.
Innovative Poetry
His poetry means the breaking of the troubadour lyric, author of 128 poems. Work rotating entrn
3 themes: love and relationships with women, morality and spirituality, and death.
Theme: mñes gives a real human woman, had surpassed the concept of courtly love poetry.
Style: abandons trobadorescos topics, choose a language full of images of everyday life.
Language: Catalan provençalismes very pure with very little, is replacing the first poet of Provence.
Ausias Marc transmits its moods with sincerity, why preferix the power of images.
Another characteristic of his poetry is individualism, which strengthens the feeling of intimacy.
Jaime Roig
Valencia princps s XV Espill most outstanding work (book or advice book for women) representative work of literary misogyny, allegation against women. ROI to demonstrate the character of women in first person and Nara (1600 verses) a set of circumstances queacaben being moral advice.
The mirror is a vicious caricature against women. The protagonist does not belong to an estate but a religious or welfare low social class and must work to get what he wants, seeks an ideal bourgeois
Throughout the novel will remind
many marriages with women who had false and bad appeared to Solomon and tells him not to remarry. The work hasonly misogynistic stereotypes are saved Mother of God and the wife of James Red.

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