Catalan literature

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Ode "homeland"
Introduction: reinaxença begins with the publication of this Ode in 1833 in the journal steam. All expressed the ideals of reinaxença. It is written by Charles Bonaventure Aribau il'escriu his employer for his birthday, the two lived in Madrid
Structure: An Ode to 6 octaves of Alexandrine verse with a rhyme and rhyme ABBAACCA consonant.
Content consists of three parts, verses 1 and 2 are the introduction, the verses are 3-4-5 and the knuckle 6 is the final stanza. The first two stanzas are a tribute to the homeland through the geography (mountains and rivers to tell which part) and says that it costs a person living as if a tree had been replanted. The three stanzas four and five note that the homeland is the language and explains individual and collective demands of Catalan culture. The three recalls anyorança ... In the fourth and is proud to be able to speak Catalan because they had spoken sages, kings, etc. (important people) and also excited to speak their language in a different place. In the fifth says that Catalan is the mother tongue, dreams and feelings and the last language is sacred and that makes him remember his childhood ial'última stanza he sings the birthday in Catalan.
Conclusion: Ode you want to achieve is the claim of language as a symbol of the identity of a people and as a vehicle for cultural and literary, that is, you can do anything with this language.

2 - Ideology of reinaxença
Renaissance understood the cultural and nationalist movement that arose within the bourgeoisie in the early nineteenth century and was proposed to recover the language and literature after three centuries of little literary activity in the field of literature. Language and Literature were considered bourgeois by the symbols of this country's identity. The ideology of reinaxença consisted of:
- Reconstructing the medieval history (national glory days)
- Discover and disseminate càssics medieval (Greek and Roman, etc.)
- Collect the popular literary tradition (folktales, legends, romances ...)
- Create a model of language rules and
- Make possible the literary standards.
- The creation of new institutions that push the new dynamic literary (publications, press ...) and the strengthening of existing institutions (Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Barcelona ...).

3 - Floral Games (1859)
A literary competition for poetry. During the Renaissance recovered an ancient literary festival that had begun to celebrate the fourteenth century by the troubadours. Picked up three major themes: the Fatherland, faith and love. We gave a prize for best patriotic poetry (Englantina), another for the best religious poetry (Viola) and third best love poem (Flower naturally). If a poet won all three awards in the same event or different events was proclaimed Mestre en Gai Saber. The three main winners were: Photograph of the theater, in poetry Verdaguer, Oller Narcis the narrative.

The contrast between highland and lowland are one of the major themes of the play "Terra Baixa": while the ground floor is the very society and therefore there prevailing evil and corruption, where high ground is that human beings are free and good for nature, because it is in contact with human vileness.

The love triangle between the Manelic in Sebastian na Marta. From a beginning with Marta is in Sebastian, and later appeared in Manelic who marries for convenience with Martha because Martha is not really the love and everything is an assembly in Sebastian. Gradually Marta s'enadona feelings of Manelic notes that feelings are pure, which makes changing and it seems that even begins to feel something by Manelic. On the other hand, Marta is being forced to estimate as to Sebastian, it seems that although he is not with the love of truth, however that if he loves her. So both men love the same woman, is a pan with it, and the other is her lover.
It then gives a moment's work a love triangle where the married man is the only unknown situation. At the end of the work, is this love triangle disappears when one side rejects completely because Marta Sebastian and demonstrates love to her husband, and in part because the other killed by Sebastian in Manelic.



In the second half of the nineteenth century, realism was the dominant power in Europe and gave rise to some of the most important novels in modern literature. It was a movement that sought to reflect the society of his time, as opposed to tax evasion in the past. Features: - Research and rejection of objectivity in the world of fantasy and dreams. - It offers a representation of reality as accurately as possible without embellishing it. - The topics are contemporaries of his time, and often show a social criticism. Major authors: Balzac, Flaubert, Stendhal, Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy, and Spanish literature, Benito Perez Galdos, and our literature Narcis Oller.
Romanticism gave rise to naturalism created by Emile Zola in France. Tries to delve into the causes of biological and environmental, human behavior. The realist and naturalist novel was Narcis Oller its greatest exponent in the Catalan language. Features: - It aims to capture the reality of absolutely objective, so it is often said to be an evolution of realism. Includes aspects of the environment so far had not appeared in art works, disadvantaged social classes, problems, diseases, sexual themes ... - Includes the creation of a scientific approach, which the author has observed that surrounds it, to capture every detail and explanatory hypotheses with distance. Thus, the characters move within a determinism marked by genetic inheritance and environment education. -
The style is adapted to record the language they speak, the ideal of beauty is not only adapting to reality. The writer, despite the supposed objectivity, intersperses opinions and comments about the action that is narrating.
Narcissus Olle r (Valls 1846 - Barcelona, ​​1930). Orphan of father and educated in the house of his maternal family in a very liberal. He studied law at the University of Barcelona. He began to write in Spanish, but the spectacle of the 1877-JocsFlorals the tremendous success of Verdaguer and Guimerá, and the influence of his cousin, Joseph Yxart, were inclined towards the cultivation of Catalan literature. With the gold rush (it was published in three volumes from 1890 to 1892) Oller reaches full mastery of realistic-naturalistic techniques. We can consider it, then this novel as the narrative climax of Oller and, by extension, the Catalan realism. The historical basis is real gold fever broke out in Barcelona between 1880 and 1881. The protagonist, Gil Foix carpenter, carpenter leaves his job to become a wealthy bourgeois, thanks to the skill and cunning in their movements shows that stock. Mad ambition, delivered a frantic race of life, full of risks and extravagance to become a conspicuous representative of the high bourgeoisie of Barcelona. The thing, as his family expected more wise, just as it had to end: with the hero returning to his old trade of carpenter and completely ruined. Madness (1898), one of the best works of the author, poses one of the great obsessions of naturalism: the discussion of hereditary and environmental conditions that can lead a man to finish crazy. Other authors: the Catalan prose of sXIX s' began with romance novels, like The orfeneta Menargues of dying or Catalonia, Antoni de Bofarull or Julita of Genis and Martin Aguilar and Emilio Vilanova, they reflect the reality of short texts and humorous moment midway the newspaper article and story.
Regarding the novel.la realistic mentions some authors regard children as Charles Oller Narcis Bosch of Trinxeria - The heir-Noradell Josep Pin i Soler-The family of Garrigàs-Monserdà-The Sorrows of manufacturers, or Mariano The Vayreda-stab-in some cases were already published his main works entrance of the twentieth century.

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