Chemical formulation

Classified in Chemistry

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No of
oxidation
Prefix /
suffix
Formula No of
oxidation
Prefix /
suffix
Formula No of
oxidation
Prefix /
suffix
Formula
+1 hypo-...- bear HXO +2 hypo-...- bear H 2 X +2 ...- bear H 2 XO 2
+3 ...- bear HXO 2 +4 ...- bear H 2 X +4 ...- ico H 2 XO 2
+5 ...- ico HXO 3 +6 ...- ico H 2 X
+7 ...- ico HXO 4

Valencia +7 elements
Element Symbol Valences
Hydrogen H 1
Li Li 1
Sodium Na 1
Potassium K 1
Silver Ag 1
Fluorine F 1
Beryllium Be 2
Magnesium Mg 2
Calcium Ca 2
Barium Ba 2
Zinc Zn 2
Oxygen O 2
Boro B 3
Aluminum Al 3
Silicon Si 4
Copper Cu 1 and 2
Mercury Hg 1 and 2
Gold Au 1 and 3
Chlorine Cl 1, 3, 5 and 7
Bromine Br 1, 3, 5 and 7
Iodine I 1, 3, 5 and 7
Iron Fe 2 and 3
Nitrogen N 3 and 5
Phosphorus P 3 and 5
Antimony Sb 3 and 5
Lead Pb 2 and 4
Carbon C 2 and 4
Tin Sn 2 and 4
Sulfur S 2, 4 and 6
Chromium Cr 3 and 6
Manganese Mn 1, 2, 4, 6 and 7



Exceptions.
Manganese -> manganous acid: H 2 MnO 3 manganic acid: H 2 MnO 4
Acid Permanganic: HMnO 4

Chromium ---------> Acid chromosome: HCrO
Chromic acid: H 2 CrO 4
Dichromic acid: H 2 Cr 2 O 7
Fosofro elements, antimony, arsenic and boron can give Lugat other acids with different numbers of hidrognos, k van proveden goal prefixes, pyro and ortho.


OXIDOS.se are provided with O 2 composite. Tope.EJ is simplified to:
Na 2 O-oxide disodium sodium-Monoxide
Cl 2 O 7-chlorine oxide (VII)-dichloro heptaoxide.
CO-carbon oxide (II)-carbon oxide
PERÓXIDOS.Igual that the oxides but sometimes not simplifica.Ecepciones: when in the 1st comupuesto have valence 1 gets a dos.EJ:
Cu 2 O 2 peroxide copper (I)-dicopper dioxide.
When el1 second lead compound valence two away.
MgO 2-Dioxide mangesio peroxide of magnesium.
HYDRIDES to'o METALICOS.es easy penis.
LiH lithium hydride-lithium Monohidruro
CRH 6 Hidruri chromium (VI)-Hexahidruro corm.
NO METAL HYDRIDES.
BH 3-trihydride boron-Borane.
NH 3-trihydride Nitrogen-Ammonia.
PH 3-trihydride arsenic-Arsine.
SBH 3-Triidruro of antimnio-stibnite.
CH 4-carbon-Matano tetrahydride.
SiH 4-tetrahydride silicon-Silano.
HF hydrofluoric acid
H2Te-Hydrogen telluride
SALTS BINARY.
NaCl-sodium chloride-sodium chloride
FeBr 3-bromide iron (III)-iron tribromide.
CrS 3-sulfur chromium (VI)-trisulfide chromium.
PCl ·-chloride phosphorus (III)-phosphorus trichloride.
Cloruri NH 4 Cl ammonium chloride-ammonium
Oxoacids
HClO hypochlorous acid-Monoxoclorato (I) of hydrogen-monoxoclorico acid (I)
HClO 4 perchloric acid-Tetraoxoclorato (VII) acid hdrogeno-tetraoxoclorico.
H 2 SO 4 sulfuric-acid-Tetraoxoclorato (VI) hydrogen-tetraoxosulfurico acid (VI)
H 2 CO 3-carbonic acid-Trioxocarbonato (IV) hydrogen-Acidotetraoxocarbonico -
SALES oxoacids
is replaced, hypo-...- bear -> hypo-...- ito
ito bear >...- ------- ...-
ico >...- ato -------- ...-
ico per-...- ---> per-...- ato
NaClO, sodium hypochlorite-Monoxoclorato (I) sodium
Cu (ClO 4) 2-perchlorate copper (II)-Tetraoxoclorato (VII) copper (II)
Al 2 (CO 3) 3-aluminum-carbonate Trioxocarbonato (IV) aluminum
NH 4 NO 3-ammonium-nitrate Trioxonitrato (V) of ammonium.
T easy HIDROXIDOS.too valence k aktu indika
Cr (OH) 3-Hydroxide rhizome (III)-chromium trihydroxide
NaOH-sodium hydroxide-sodium hydroxide.
NH 4 OH, ammonium hydroxide ammonium hydroxide.
Acid salts.
NaHS, sodium disulfide-sulphides of sodium-sodium sulphides
CA (HS) 2-disulfide sulphides calcium-calcium-bis [sulphides] calcium
NaH 2 PO 4-sodium dihydrogen phosphate-sodium dihydrogen-Dihidrogenotetraoxofosdato (V) sodium
Bicarbontato NaHCO 3-sodium-sodium Hidrogenocabonato-Hidrogenotrioxocabonato (IV) injection.







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