ITEM 8: HEALTH EDUCATION. Attitudes and habits concerning food, rest, hygiene and children's activities. PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS, FIRST AID AND CHILDHOOD DISEASES. CRITERIA FOR INTERVENTION Introducción2La EDUCATIVA.1 legal regulations in education and education for health valores.3Educación. · What is meant by health education. • Which order should pursue health education ·. Objectives and Content of Education for salud./4Actitudes and habits relating to food, rest, hygiene and child activity. · attitudes regarding health. · habits salud./5Prevención relating to the accident, first aid and childhood diseases. • Prevention of accidents. First aid as a subject refers to the EPS · Diseases infantiles.a) more incidencia.b pediatric diseases) prevention. Educativa./7Conclusión./8Bibliografía Vacunas./6Criterios for intervention. / / INTRODUCTION. / The next item is the number eight in early childhood education on health education. / / For the development of delivery of a fundamental idea, and many social problems can be improved if the content values are treated in the educational process. The health education to create a welfare state appropriate for the development of our students. / / This is accentuated in the law 7 / 2010 of education in Castilla la Mancha, which emphasizes values education. / / In First I will address the concept of health education, to go to learn good habits. Then explain some fundamental aspects concerning the prevention and first aid for accidents and childhood diseases. And finally, we discuss the criteria for conducting a good educational intervention regarding this matter. / / Here and although not shown as a separate paragraph in the title of ete issue is important to analyze LEGISLATION LEGAL EDUCATION AND VALUES EDUCATION to treat health as one of these values. / / The Education Law 2 / 2006 of May 3, Royal Decree 1630/2006 of December, which sets the curricula for the second cycle of infant education, Decree 67 / 2007 May 29 by regulating the curriculum for the second year of Nursery Education in Castilla la Mancha, and the Education Law 7 / 2010 of 20 July of the same region, made mention of the elements of an education values, basic principles of the educational process. / / The contents of education in values do not appear in a particular area or a particular type of area, but in all curriculum areas. / / The teaching of values that constitutes one of the cross-curricular elements of the educational project should be collected. / / This values education should be based on the following principles: / / • Must be provided in all elements of the educational activity. / • The moral and civic education a pillar of aspects of values education. / • The teaching of values should be evaluated. / · The management teams are to foster an interdisciplinary treatment. / · counselors may advise the faculty. / • Education in values must be integrated into all usual activities. / / Following from the legal, way to analyze HEALTH EDUCATION. / / First, let's examine what is meant by health education. The World Health Organization defines health as the absence of disease state of complete physical, mental and social./ / Any alteration in any of these areas, can harm our health. / / This definition provided by WHO was a revolution because it gave meaning to global health that went beyond the individual and organic. / / So comes to health education, as a set of actions aimed at preserving our health and prevent disease. / / Both the school as the family and the rest of the community, our mission is to promote these values. Specifically, the school promotes health, integrating curriculum in a global open education. / / Therefore, objectives must be pursued. What purpose should pursue health education?. / / A good health education has to develop in students: / / · Actidudes and judgments that foster the desire to enjoy the best possible health. / / ° Buenos hygiene. / / ° Basic knowledge about bodily functions, mental hygiene, the dangers that threaten the health and preservation of health in individuals, families and community. / / In this sense, the educator acts on the health activities of two types, by preventing the purpose of maintaining health standards set, and through advocacy to raise the existing level of health. / / Prevention can be / ·: Primary: actions to maintain our health ( health of skin, hair, mouth ...) / Freshman: early detection and prompt treatment of disease. / · Tertiary: trying to recover and rehabilitate after illness. / / The promotion foster in students a fundamental attitudes and habits relating to feeding, resting, hygiene and physical activity to help them maintain and improve their health. / / All this must be integrated curriculum, since it is the most effective way to promote healthy lifestyles and the only way to reach a cessful children. Step by analyzing objectives and content of health education. / / According to Torres' schools must be used to develop all kinds of skills and values that enable children to actively join as citizens ". / / In the case of Early Childhood Education psicoevolutivas characteristics of stage treatment advise globalization of content. For Health Education, will be integrated into the globalizing shafts leading to the treatment of this subject lines such as food, trips to the environment ... / / So, try the different areas that include health education, nutrition and nutrition, physical activity, education to avoid dependencies, accident prevention, road safety, personal citizens: hygiene and health, mental health, sexual health. / / These work areas are pursuing goals such as basic health habits, hygiene and nutrition . These objectives need to be grounded in a number of contents from the three areas that divide the kindergarten curriculum. / / / Therefore, a healthy school must schedule habits conducive to a proper lifestyle. Below I will describe ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES RELATING TO FOOD, THE REST, CHILD HEALTH AND ACTIVITY. / / Regarding the attitudes relating to Health, the school must develop content blocks in which attitudes prevail learning, understanding concepts and procedures will also be important. / / Insured about appropriate content, you should not forget the hidden curriculum. This perspective refers to values, norms and attitudes that are implicitly present and form a school microclimate. / / Among the main attitudes that must be worked into the curriculum, designed to keep children and improve their health, attitudes note concerning food, hygiene, physical activity and rest./ 1.Respecto to attitudes concerning food, no doubt to be the first source of pleasure in the little ones, helping to acquire the attitudes and acceptance of foods that are the adult, or appreciation for the rules social relationship with food. For this, the food has to be an important activity, scheduled and planned, taking into account: a sufficient time, a space with the right conditions, that the person responsible for feeding is the only one involved, having the participation of padres./2.La hygiene, is the set of cities that the body needs to stay safe and healthy, including physical exercise and & rest / It fulfills two basic functions: to improve the physical and social health and prevent enfermedades. / A target basic work in Early Childhood Education is that the child is autonomous in meeting their basic needs higiene./3Respecto to attitudes regarding physical activity is a need for children and an element involved in the maintenance of good health as it allows you to change unwanted habits and attitudes. In the school day with activities Alterans degree of involvement física. / physical activity leads to muscular development, but should be warned of the danger of inadequate physical activity level according to desarrollo./4En about activities relating to rest are a necessity, since the brain needs periods relajación. / sleep needs are decreasing with the age / · At six months, the baby sleeps more than fifteen hours a day, must be in his room, well ventilated . Parents must take a firm stand on time. / • In the first year, have twelve hours of sleep a night and a morning nap. / • In the second year, twelve hours of sleep a night, disappears when mantinal and is nap time. / · Three to six years, still twelve hours of nighttime sleep, and need a rest period after lunch. At school with alternating periods of activity with other relaxation and rest. / / Analyzed the attitudes that should promote health education, referrals to describe the health habits that have to be developed. / / A habit is a tendency to repeating a previously developed approach, which is beginning to acquire from the first days of life, although his training is solid after two years. / / It is important that children learn habits that will help preserve and improve their health. For the formation of these habits will take into account conditions such as: / · Maturation appropriate anatomical and physiological mechanisms involved. / · Development of an earlier program that meets a child's developmental level. / · Regularity and habits fixed schedule . / · appropriate models for imitation. / / As attitudes, habits that have major work on the early childhood curriculum, relate to food, hygiene, physical activity and habits relating descanso./1Entre to food, include: eating alone, eat everything, use utensils, not overeating, maintain appropriate behavior in terms mesa./2En hygiene habits to work with children, we can highlight: brushing teeth after eating, wash your hands before and after meals, get used to going to the bathroom just before and after comer./3Respecto with practices related to physical activity and rest, play a
hours of sleep and rest and pick up toys and material after performing an activity. / / To create these habits, we will conduct an appropriate educational intervention. Will prevent the child eats very excited and tired, trying to achieve autonomy. / / Finally, it is important to note, according to Martinez, which means the acquisition of habits is coordinated between family and school, and both work together. / / The acquisition of habits and attitudes described will contribute to the health and welfare of children and health education has a fundamental role. Step to analyzePREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS, FIRST AID AND CHILDHOOD DISEASES. / / Educational action for the prevention of accidents at this stage of education is that the child will assess the risks in perspective, without creating inordinate anxieties and fears. / / In Spain produce about 200,000 cases of child accidents each year, 43% occur at home and 26% in schoolyards and sports. The most frequent causes are falls and poisoning. / / Most childhood accidents could be avoided if carried out prevention measures, primarily in law and educacion.es /-law, establishing measures to regulate the environment safer. /-education teaching parents, children and educators how to prevent accidents: understanding the importance of accidents and their causes, identifying environmental factors that may cause accidents, knowing and applying safety measures, buying habits of reflection on one's skills and limitations when taking risks. / / But the real prevention of accidents is small risk of learning and not for the ban, the school must comply with basic recommendations. / / The first aid as a topic that makes regarding health education are important to prevent injury or other consequences. / / The school must be equipped to provide basic first aid in case of need, including teacher training, a kit in a place known and appropriate , and emergency numbers handy. / / The teacher's role in an emergency, it will be able to keep calm, call your doctor if you leave the child alone, do not overwhelm you with questions ... / / It will also require that teachers have notions how to deal with basic cardio-respiratory arrest, burns ... / / Taking into account the characteristics of this age psicoevolutivas, first aid, for students, should be approached from the standpoint of preparing the child to receive them, This work targets how to use communication skills to clearly explain the adult who has happened and how it was. / / Prevention we do in school, refers to knowing the most common childhood diseases. / / The disease is a disturbance body. The diagnosis and treatment for the medical professional will therefore in the nursery is essentially prevention through Health Education. / / The higher incidence of childhood diseases are / 1.Enfermedades infectious diseases caused by bacteria, which to be contagious, requiring isolation of the child, such as diphtheria, meningitis and whooping cough. Mumps, rubella, chicken pox, measles, types of hepatitis A, poliomelitos and scarlet fever are infectious diseases caused by viruses. And parasitic diseases caused by protozoa and helminths of origin parasitario. /-.Difteria: causing a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, sore throat rojas. /-.Meningitis: inflammation of the meninges, causing fever, vomiting, headache and stiff the nuca. /-Pertussis: coughing, vomiting, fever and amoratamiento. /-Mumps and mumps, swelling of the parotid glands. It causes fever, malaise and discomfort masticar. /-Rubella: malaise, fever, headache and appearance of small pink spots brillantes. /-Varicella: malaise, fever and headache, red spots accompanied by itching, which blisters and costras. /-Measles: runny nose, cold, sneezing, sparkling eyes, dry cough and fever. Large red spots oscuras. /-Hepatitis A: Liver inflammatory disorder caused by a virus in feces and urine.Causes fever, tiredness, aches and pains digestivas. /-Polio: throat and mild gastrointestinal disease that can affect the spinal cord, causing paralysis. Causes fever, headache, malaise, stiff neck and back.the /-Scarlet: causes headaches and throat, vomiting, fever and swollen glands in the cuello. / parasite-borne diseases, lice, irritation and peaks in the head. / / 2.Enfermedades respiratory, such as strep, ear infections, common cold, bronchitis and neumonía. /-pharyngitis: coughing, throat discomfort, fever, malaise and difficulty in swallowing. / -Otitis can affect the middle or outer gone: /-Otitos media affects half hatred can become infected from any upper airway. Causes fever, ear discharge and children are often irritables. /-external otitis affects the outer ear, causing inflammation in the skin lining the ear canal externo. /-Common Cold and flu: viral infection and causes fever, cough, malaise, runny nose and eyes. /-Bronchitis: inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, which is spread by contact with other people with this disease caused by viruses. Coughing, fever and mild to beep respirar. /-Pneumonia: inflammation of lung tissue, coughing and fever. / / 3.Enfermedades gastrointestinal such as diarrhea, constipation, vomiting and gastroenteritis /-Diarrhea disease that can lead to dehydration . /-Constipation: causes discomfort and eliminates the apetito. /-Small vomiting after ingestion of a passive nature and not forzado. /-Gastroenteritis, infectious disease caused by a virus or bacteria. / / 4.Alergias such as fever hay, seasonal allergies, food, are reactions to certain substances that the body rejects located generally or if swallowed, inhaled or in contact with the skin. / / All these diseases can be prevented and avoided through vaccination, in the case of some diseases vaccination should in the first months. / / Vaccines are preparations obtained from microorganisms and infectious agents that induce acquired immunity to the diseases they cause. The proportion attenuated infectious agent causes the development of antibodies in the body needed to prevent further infections. / / The vaccines are classified, with live vaccines or attenuated vaccines with killed or inactivated microorganisms, and may be bacterial or viral infections. / / There is a schedule of vaccine administration to children. We must also consider other vaccines for certain situations. / / Paniagua and Palacios have a question about medication administration. "Tenen to distinguish between practices that can make any adult or those developed by medical personnel. It is sometimes considered foolhardy to give medicine to a child when, it is essential, recklessness or negligence would not pass ". / / These lines of action and prevention, must be agreed with the family, guaranteed in writing by prescription optional, and known by the adults surrounding the child center. / / As we see the health education requires an appropriate educational intervention. I describe CRITERIA FOR ADEQUATE EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION. / / The educational intervention was defined as a set of actions that designs and develops the teacher to adjust teaching and learning processes. Is organized, planned, programmed and systematic. / / Part of student's developmental level, building meaningful learning, conceptual level, procedural and attitudinal, that child will acquire healthy habits. / / The contents of work reflect the health problems that exist in schools, such as balanced breakfast, tooth decay, sleep time or pediculosis./ / The health education has to be dealt with global, according to Decree 67/2007 of 29 May, establishing the curriculum for the second cycle of early childhood education, is included in all curriculum areas and treatment occurs in the first cycle of this same stage of early childhood education. / / response to the Organic Law of Education, 2 / 2006, article 21, emphasizes the horizontal approach of the intervention, which must be included in the Centre Education Project. / / This intervention will have to go based on a number of criteria: /-The teacher should incorporate habits higiene. / "The boy will have to go accepting a diet rich variada. /" The boy must perform independently, hygiene activities, food and & rest / "The child has to be recognizing the danger in situations habituales. /" The child has to assess the performance standards set out in various situations. / / In the first cycle of child, the teacher will be responsible for creating habits in children, along with the family. In the second cycle, reinforcing acquired habits and create other health-related quality of life. / / Finally, by way of summary, we present the following conclusions. / With this issue we have studied the importance of health the educational process of our students. / To do this, I analyzed the concept of health education for those good habits in terms of resting, feeding, hygiene and child activity. I then explained some of the key aspects relating to the prevention and first aid in case of accidents and diseases in children. And finally, I analyze the criteria for conducting a good educational intervention regarding this matter. / As we see, we face an issue of particular importance to us as teachers, because health education is born of a social need which the school must respond. For this reason and because of its importance, the content values can not be viewed in isolation, but permeate each of the areas of curriculum. / / Before the end of the track, I'll make a reference to the documentation I have consulted for processing. Bibliography. / regard to pedagogy, include the following works: / · Paniagua, G. AND PALACIOS, J. / Education. Educational response to diversity. / Ed Alliance. Madrid, 2005. / · VVAA / Foundations of Health Education and Primary Care. / CEP. / / And on the legal framework: / nd law 7 / 2010, of July 20, education de Castilla la Mancha. / • Decree 67/2007 of 29 May, for establishing the curriculum for upper secondary Education. / · Education Act of May 6, 2006. / · Royal Decree 1630/2006, of December 29, which sets the curricula for the second cycle of Early Childhood Education (MS).