Why did the Industrial Revolution cause a Change to the social and political system?
The industrial revolution had lots of impacts in the way of living around The world. Beginning on Britain, where it all started, the absolute monarchy Had been substituted by the parliamentary and Britain was considered a wealth And free country.The industrial revolution caused lots of changes; and those Changes also affected the social and political systems. With the uprise of the Bourgeoisie, the social system changed radically, and a part of the third class Became powerful. As well as changing people´s homes and working lives, the Industrial revolution caused changes in people's attitudes towards the Political system, because of the working classes and their need to be Represented.
Starting with the social changes, before industrialization, the power was In those who owned land, but things changed, and as the society adopted the Mechanized government, factories were the main source of production of goods. Many factories moved to cities where they could more easily get labour and be Near to the roads and railways for carrying goods. So instead of using those Lands, the privileged ones owned, everything moved to the cities, leaving the Countryside with no use at all. These people had a whole new range of products To sell, as machines made the production of goods easier.
However, people who owned small businesses, also made more money and Benefited from the lower prices of manufactured goods. Although some businesses Were put out because of the substitution of machines instead of workers. Wealth Was now available to new groups of people, considering the middle class (bourgeoisie) the most powerful because of the benefits factories gave them.
Furthermore, the political changes were also important within the Industrial revolution.The absolute monarchy was abolished and the parliamentary Monarchy was adopted in the hole country. Continuing with the new towns, which Were the ones that produced most of the wealth of the country, weren’t Represented in the Parliament and couldn’t still vote. Sequently, the middle Class, which grown because of the job opportunities and population growth, Payed much taxes as the ones that owned lands, but still didn’t have the right To vote in the elections, like the ones who owned lands and could vote, paying The same amount of money. The working class had many grievances regarding their Working and living conditions, and without further to do, still, they didn’t Have a place, vote, or representation in the parliament.
Concluding, as the social changes could bring positive effects to the Country, the political weren’t that positive, and caused some inequalities. Finally the before known as the working class, had an uprise and gain more Benefit, by this controlling mainly the production of goods and trades. But, However, this didn’t lead them on to having the opportunity to vote, elect or choose their politics in their own countries, and weren’t represented by the Parliament; Although they gave the country its wealth and power.