Three Christian kingdoms at the beginning of the Middle Ages

Classified in History

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5 REALLY IMPORTANT DATES:
1) 476  - Fall of the (Western) Roman Empire
2) 711 - Musilm Invasion of the Iberian Penninsula
3) 722 - The Reconquest begins with the Battle of Covadonga
4) 1054 - The Schism 
               (between the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Church)
5) 1492 - King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel finish
                the Reconquest at the Battle of Granada
    1492 - Cristopher Columbus discovers America

CULTURE AND ART IN AL-ANDALUS CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS
 
1.-Islam does not allow art to represent human beings, so art was mostly based on nature and geometric shapes.
2.-Muslim arches have a "horse-shoe" shape and where painted ith red and white stripes
3.-Arabic influenced many European languages.
4.-Economic prosperity and a certain amount of peace and tolerance allowed culture and science to progress tremendously.

UNITY AND DIVISION IN AL-ANDALUS

1) Why do you think the Muslims defeated the Visigoths so easily?
-The Visigoth army was divided and betrayed their king.
-The Muslims, however were united.

2) Which one of the five political phases in Al-Andalus wasthe most Prosperous? Why?
-The Cordoba Caliphate because Al-Andalus was united under a strong leader.

3) Which one of the five political phases in Al-Andalus was the least Prosperous? Why?
-The period of the Taifa kingdoms was the least prosperous because Al-Andalus was divided it was easily conquered.

4) Was society in Al-Andalus divided or united? Does religious freedom Promote division or unity in a country?
-It was usually divided (into different religious groups) except when the Muslims leader didn´t allow religious freedom.
-Religious freedom only unites society when people try to be integrated.

5) Which of the four maps shows the territory that it took the Christian Kingdoms the longest to conquer? ABCD
-Because it actually took from 722 to 1492 to re-conquer Granada.
-Because the Muslims had most of the territory and the beginning is often The hardest part.


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