1st Continental Congress-All colonies except Georgia went to this congress in Philadelphia in 1774 to respond to the Intolerable Acts
Articles of Confederation-1st Constitution had no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade
Aztec-Nomadic tribe of hunter-gathers, capital city Tenochtitlan, bloodthirsty ruler,made many sacrifices.
BTP-Citizens disguised as Indians, dumped tea into the harbor in 1773.
Bank of the U.S.-
Braddock-British commander during the F&I war. Attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. Defeated by the F&I Braddock was mortally wounded.
Bunker Hill-The British took over a hill in Boston
Cabral-Claimed Brazil for Portugal
Cahokia-mound-builder settlement, located near today's East St. Louis, Illinois;
Cartier-French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)
Champlain-French,sailed to west indies,Mexico,Panama, and St.Lawrence river/Quebec
Columbian Exchange-Exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and Columbus's voyages.
Columbus-Italian explorer, sailing for Spain, reached the Americas in 1492 while searching for a western sea route from Europe to Asia
Conquistadores-Spanish explorers who conquered civilizations in the New World.(GGG)
Coronado-Explored the southwest.
Cortes-Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Da Gama-Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498, expedition from Europe to India led to Portuguese control of the spice trade
Daniel Shays-The Other angry farmers protested against debtor's jail;
De Lafayette-Aided George W, spent time in valley forge, french nobleman/soldier
De Soto-Discovered Mississippi
Declaratory Act-Parliament had the supreme authority over the colonies
Dias-Portuguese explorer in 1488 led the 1st expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from Atlantic
Duquesne-French fort that was site of first major battle of French & Indian War;
Encomienda-Land grant from Spain to a settler in America, had rights to use Native Americans as laborers on it.
Federalists-Support the constitution and protections against too much power.
Funding and Assumption-Under Hamilton's financial plan where federal government took over the state's' debt.
George W-1st Pres of U.S./commander-in-chief of the Continental Army
Great compromise-Created 3 branches of gov, and separation of powers
Hudson- English explorer who explored for Dutch. Claimed the Hudson River around present day New York and called it New Netherland. Had the Hudson Bay named for him
Inca-A pre Columbian civilization in the Andes Mountains. Excelled at engineering, and developed new food crops like potatoes.
Intolerable Acts-Laws meant to punish Boston after the Tea Party. Stamp Act
Iroquois-Indian people who were allies of Britain during the American Revolution
James Oglethorpe-Founded the colony of Georgia where debtors from England could begin new lives.
Jamestown-1st permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia
Jay Treaty-Treaty signed in 1794 between U.S. And Britain which Britain sought to improve trade relations
John Winthrop-First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.
La Salles-Claimed Louisiana for the french
Line of Demarcation-This was the line drawn by Alexander VI that gave Portugal most of Brazil and Spain the rest of South America
Lord Baltimore-1694 Founder of Maryland, offered religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics.
Lord De la Warr-New governor of Jamestown who arrived in 1610, Delaware was named after.
Magellan-was the leader/captain of the first people to circumnavigate the world, led Spanish expedition to Philippines
Massachusetts bay colony-Colony founded in 1630 by John Winthrop, part of the Great Puritan Migration, founded by puritans.
Maya- Noted for architecture and city planning,mathematics, calendar and hieroglyphic writing system.
Mercantilism-The state regulates economy, by taxes, tariffs, subsidies, laws.
Pinckney’s Treaty-established friendship between the United States and Spain.
Pizarro-Crushed Inca and enslaved them
Plymouth-Settled by the Pilgrims, later merged with Massachusetts Bay colony.
Pueblo-S Western U.S, extensive irrigation systems to water corn. Houses were multi-storied buildings made of adobe.
Puritans-Wanted to purify the church
Quakers-Wanted to break away from church of England
Quartering Act-Required colonists to provide housing for redcoats
Sam Adams-Founder of the sons of liberty, a patriot, signed DOI
Sons of Liberty-A secret society formed to oppose british policies
Thomas Jefferson-Founded the Democratic republicans, creator of the constitution, and was a president.
Thomas paine-Wrote common sense
Triangle Trade-Shipping goods from Britain to West Africa to be exchanged for slaves, these slaves being shipped to the West Indies and exchanged for sugar, rum, and other commodities, which were in turn shipped back to Britain.
Von Steuben-Prussian drill master and captain who volunteered to George Washington
Whiskey Rebellion- 1791 an objection to whiskey tax that helped national debt under Hamilton's financial plan.
William Penn-Quaker founded Pennsylvania as place where his people could be free from persecution.
- Yorktown-Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army.