Clayton Sheet

Classified in History

Written at on English with a size of 18.4 KB.

  1. 1st Continental Congress-All colonies except Georgia went to this congress in Philadelphia in 1774 to respond to the Intolerable Acts

  2. Articles of Confederation-1st Constitution had no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade

  3. Aztec-Nomadic tribe of hunter-gathers, capital city Tenochtitlan, bloodthirsty ruler,made many sacrifices.

  4. BTP-Citizens disguised as Indians, dumped tea into the harbor in 1773.

  5. Bank of the U.S.-

  6. Braddock-British commander during the F&I war. Attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. Defeated by the F&I Braddock was mortally wounded.

  7. Bunker Hill-The British took over a hill in Boston

  8. Cabral-Claimed Brazil for Portugal

  9. Cahokia-mound-builder settlement, located near today's East St. Louis, Illinois;

  10. Cartier-French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)

  11. Champlain-French,sailed to west indies,Mexico,Panama, and St.Lawrence river/Quebec

  12. Columbian Exchange-Exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and Columbus's voyages.

  13. Columbus-Italian explorer, sailing for Spain, reached the Americas in 1492 while searching for a western sea route from Europe to Asia

  14. Conquistadores-Spanish explorers who conquered civilizations in the New World.(GGG)

  15. Coronado-Explored the southwest.

  16. Cortes-Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)

  17. Da Gama-Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498, expedition from Europe to India led to Portuguese control of the spice trade

  18. Daniel Shays-The Other angry farmers protested against debtor's jail;

  19. De Lafayette-Aided George W, spent time in valley forge, french nobleman/soldier

  20. De Soto-Discovered Mississippi

  21. Declaratory Act-Parliament had the supreme authority over the colonies

  22. Dias-Portuguese explorer in 1488 led the 1st expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from Atlantic

  23. Duquesne-French fort that was site of first major battle of French & Indian War;

  24. Encomienda-Land grant from Spain to a settler in America, had rights to use Native Americans as laborers on it.

  25. Federalists-Support the constitution and protections against too much power.

  26. Funding and Assumption-Under Hamilton's financial plan where federal government took over the state's' debt.

  27. George W-1st Pres of U.S./commander-in-chief of the Continental Army

  28. Great compromise-Created 3 branches of gov, and separation of powers

  29. Hudson- English explorer who explored for Dutch. Claimed the Hudson River around present day New York and called it New Netherland. Had the Hudson Bay named for him

  30. Inca-A pre Columbian civilization in the Andes Mountains. Excelled at engineering, and developed new food crops like potatoes.

  31. Intolerable Acts-Laws meant to punish Boston after the Tea Party. Stamp Act

  32. Iroquois-Indian people who were allies of Britain during the American Revolution

  33. James Oglethorpe-Founded the colony of Georgia where debtors from England could begin new lives.

  34. Jamestown-1st permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia

  35. Jay Treaty-Treaty signed in 1794 between U.S. And Britain which Britain sought to improve trade relations

  36. John Winthrop-First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.

  37. La Salles-Claimed Louisiana for the french

  38. Line of Demarcation-This was the line drawn by Alexander VI that gave Portugal most of Brazil and Spain the rest of South America

  39. Lord Baltimore-1694 Founder of Maryland, offered religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics.

  40. Lord De la Warr-New governor of Jamestown who arrived in 1610, Delaware was named after.

  41. Magellan-was the leader/captain of the first people to circumnavigate the world, led Spanish expedition to Philippines

  42. Massachusetts bay colony-Colony founded in 1630 by John Winthrop, part of the Great Puritan Migration, founded by puritans.

  43. Maya- Noted for architecture and city planning,mathematics, calendar and hieroglyphic writing system.

  44. Mercantilism-The state regulates economy, by taxes, tariffs, subsidies, laws.

  45. Pinckney’s Treaty-established friendship between the United States and Spain.

  46. Pizarro-Crushed Inca and enslaved them

  47. Plymouth-Settled by the Pilgrims, later merged with Massachusetts Bay colony.

  48. Pueblo-S Western U.S, extensive irrigation systems to water corn. Houses were multi-storied buildings made of adobe.

  49. Puritans-Wanted to purify the church

  50. Quakers-Wanted to break away from church of England

  51. Quartering Act-Required colonists to provide housing for redcoats

  52. Republicans-

  53. Sam Adams-Founder of the sons of liberty, a patriot, signed DOI

  54. Sons of Liberty-A secret society formed to oppose british policies

  55. Thomas Jefferson-Founded the Democratic republicans, creator of the constitution, and was a president.

  56. Thomas paine-Wrote common sense

  57. Triangle Trade-Shipping goods from Britain to West Africa to be exchanged for slaves, these slaves being shipped to the West Indies and exchanged for sugar, rum, and other commodities, which were in turn shipped back to Britain.

  58. Von Steuben-Prussian drill master and captain who volunteered to George Washington

  59. Whiskey Rebellion- 1791 an objection to whiskey tax that helped national debt under Hamilton's financial plan.

  60. William Penn-Quaker founded Pennsylvania as place where his people could be free from persecution.

  61. Yorktown-Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army.

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