2.3-napoleons rule Napoleon as cosul(1799-1804) MAIN OBJETIVES: he wanted to implement the more moderate ideologies that had inspired the french revolution through a goverment that represented the interests of the bourgeoisie. HIS GOVERMENT: 1 the new constitution of 1800 not include separation of powers and opinions censured 2. state organised departments run by prefects under napoleons control. 3. Finance sector reformed(privileged people pay) 4.State schools created to spread values of revolution 5.Signed agreement with church: concordato 6.Civil/comertial code ->drawn up ---napoleons conquest(04-15) 1.Stoped austrian invasion and began to conquer europe 1803 2.Defeted most of european monarchies(russia, austria, naples,...) 3.In 1811 reached its zenith and extended from germany to spain: controll most of europe ---his rule over europe: population reacted 2 ways: 1.Abolishment of absolute monarchies and suppresion of manorial rights had the support of europeans liberals and enlightenent thinkers 2. Invasions cause strong anti french sentiment which resulted in the emergence of resistance movements and defeat and end of the empire.
2.4conseguences and legacy: caused the end of ancient regime and the beginning of the modern age(contemporaneo) main changes: 1-basis of democracy: a)declaration of human rights b)popular sovereignty: choose representative(vote) c)constitution as the fundamental law d)equality before the law e)organisation of countries into departments and town councils 2-political life and press: a)political clubs(associations of citizens with similar ideas) were precursors of political parties, became key element of the political life in assemblies or parliaments. B)political press grew out of peoples interest in comparing different political opinions. 3-economic liberalisation: napoleonic commercial code involved the liveralisation of the economy which enabled the develpment of capitalism and success of bourgeoisie: a)guilds were abolished, freedom of trade and cotract was implemented and trade unions prohibited b)internal customs were ended c)decimal measuring system were introdiced (liter, gram and meter) 4-public education and culture: a)revolutionaries wanted to separe church-state (no official religion) b)proposed compulory education for all (state schools and the first public museums)