AMERICAN WOMEN WRITERS in the 2nd half of the 19th century
Kate Chopin. She was an American author of short stories and novels. She wrote with a feminist trend.
The Awakening that was set in Grand Isle. The main character is Edna Pontellier and her struggle to reconcile her increasingly unorthodox views on femininity and motherhood with the social attitudes. // “Story of an Hour”
MODERNISM 20th C
There are important characteristics of Modernist authors: Rejection of the artistic conventions of the end of the 19th c. E.G. Oscar Wilde
Novelists’ works try to show the reader they are not real and the tone is, in general, very pessimistic.
The idea of the round character: a character that shows an evolution from the beginning to the end, a character who is not static (e.G. Growing). Also the character looks like a real human being.
The concept of the world, the knowable world, authors say that is impossible to know the world; the world, the human reality…are questions).
Influence of Sigmund Freud. He was an Austrian psychologist famous for the Theory of the Unconscious.
Modernism focuses far greater attention onto the states and processes inside the consciousness of the main character(s) than onto the public events in the outside world.
“Stream of Consciousness” or the internal monologue. It has the appearance of external reality but it is inside, it is where your thoughts take you.
“Epiphanies / Moments”. Epiphanies (James Joyce) – Moments (Virginia Woolf). (Incarnation of God in earthly form; coming to light, appearing) - It’s when you see God, when there is a changing moment in the life, so the whole story will be dedicated to explain this thought, this sentiment, this perception.