1. Causes of demographic revolutionin Britain. Nutrition: better nutrition, people were more resistant to illnes. Thanks to the advances in agriculture and peoples diets. Personal and public hygiene: People used soap and cotton clothes, access to clean water, and streets were cleaner. Public health: in1796,vaccine was invented by Edward Jenner. New hospitals weere built. Epidemics: fewer deaths, because of better nutrition, hygiene and health. 2. Factors that affected demographic revolution. Factors: Extensive markets, Abundance of iron and coal and New mentality. 3. Tabla. 1st Ind Rev: textile industry, rail way, coal. 2nd Ind. Rev: oil, large buisness.
4. Tabla. Middle class: trademen, arm officers. Lower class: protestants, house servants. Higher class: industrialists.5. Diferences between anarchism and marxism. Anarchism: opposed any form of state, hope to replaced with volunteers and associations. Collective use of property, no polithical parties or elections. Trade unions and strikes were revolutionary instruments. Marxism: The bourgeoisie were oppressors, owned production and exploted workers. Proposed revolutions againts capitalism, want the proletarian dictatorship to control society, Max believed the labour parties and trade unions should participate in politics.
6. La Pepa. Pepa: During the Spanish War of Independence the juntas established a parliament in Cádiz. Its purpose was to govern Spain in the name of Ferdinand, and write a constitution, adoped on 19 March 1812, and is known as "LA PEPA", the first spanish constitution. Parliament’s representatives were liberals who believed in the Enlightenment. The constitution included many political reforms and gave new rights to citizens. The parliament abolished the Inquisition, and introduced economic reforms. Political reforms: popular/national sovereignty,based on universal suffrage for men; Ferdinand VII king, butthere was separation of powers; the government’s purposeis are to ensure the happiness of the people. MAS Pepa por detras!!!!
(pepa) Rights: freedom of speech and of thepress; equality before the law, and end of privileges to nobles; right to private property and to education; abolition of torture.7. Define. Desamortizacion: process of land reform used by liberals They nationalised land, this means State took lands owned by the municipalities and the Church,and sold them for the highest price. Bourbon restoration: When Napoleon's army lost the war. Criollos: People that wanted to control independent states. First carlist war: a war in 1833-1840 between people who suported Charles and the moderates who supported Isabel II. 8. Tabla. Progresist: central goverment, more freedoms. Moderates: desamortizacion, popular sovernity.