- THE SECOND REPUBLIC:
On April 12th municipal elections were held and led to a victory for republican parties. Two days later, April 14th the Second Republic was proclaimed and king Alfonso went to exile.
- Provisional Government until the Constitution was passed OCTOBER 1931
headed by NicetoAlcalá-Zamora. Other relevant figures of the Provisional government were Miguel Maura, Manuel Azaña andLarroux.
By May there was an outburst of violence. In some cities, both churches and convents were burnt to the ground.
In June 1931 the Constituent Cortes were elected to draft a Constitution that was finally passed on October 1931. This constitution had some hot issues that concerned the Catholic Church, which led to Maura and Alcalá-Zamora resignation. The constitution strictly controlled Church property and prohibited religious orders from engaging in education. The most controversial article was nº 26.
Ever since the right began to react. The CEDA (Confederación Española de Derechas Autónomas) was established;it’s main idea was that, as long as the common good was achieved, the form of government was not that relevant.