·The ultimate public opinion poll is: The voting booth on election day ELECTIONS
·General agreement among the citizenry on An issue is: CONSENSUS
·Most views that are expressed as political opinions are acquired:From political socialization b/c of Party ID
·*Concerning political socialization, Most studies show that most:
·*Research Suggests that the clearest legacy of the influence of the family on political Socialization is…
·Generally, the more education a person Receives: the more likely That person will be interested in politics
·Peer groups are most likely to influence Political attitudes when: the peer group is actively involved in political activities
·Liberals are most commonly understood to Embrace: change in government through reform; the New Elite
·Conservatives are most commonly understood to embrace: stick To the traditional ways of government and tend to oppose change; the Traditional Elite
·*Election research indicates the number of Americans who could be Identified as ideologues is:
·An interest group is: ORGANIZED GROUP OF INDIVIDUALS SHARING COMMOM OBJECTIVES WHO ACTIVELY SEEK TO INFLUENCE POLICY MAKERS OF ALL BRANCHES AND LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT.( an organization that actively attempts to Influence government policy)
·People who become members of interest groups for solidarity Incentives are joining: FOR A SENSE OF BELONGING TO THE GROUP.
·People who become members of interest groups for material Incentives are joining: to improve their economic opportunities or gain Economic benefits
·Direct lobbying techniques used by Interest groups include: interaction with government officials to further the Group's goals (Approch an elected Official personally)
·Indirect lobbying techniques used by Interest groups include: uses third parties to influence government officials
·Lobbyists make themselves valuable to government decision makers By: Through PAC Money
·Grassroots lobbying is effective because legislators and Government officials are often more impressed by contacts from: PUBLIC OPINION
·The intent of “astroturf” lobbying is to:Indirect lobbying efforts that manipulate or Create public sentiment, "astroturf" being artificial grassroots
·The “shotgun” approach to lobbying: Having large numbers of constituents act in concert by writing, emailing, Phoning, or sending postcards to a legislator
·The “rifle” technique of lobbying consists of: Having an influential constituent contact a Legislator on a particular issue
·Definition of Climate Control as a lobbying technique: The use of public relations techniques to Create favorable public opinion toward an interest group, industry, or Corporation
·A political party is a group of individuals who: seeks to elect candidates to public office; Factions and can have internal factions
·A political party differs from an interest group in that: PP have a broad focus (IG have narrow focus)
-PP want to BE government (IG want to steer Government from outside)
·*Between the national conventions the major functions of American Political parties arecarried out at The national level by: NATIONAL COMMITEE
·American parties are composed of the party: 1) in the electorate
3) In Government
·The party-in-electorate is: individuals Who perceive themselvesas party members; many voters have a party Identification that guides and influences their votes. No dues or membership Cards;one needs only to claim to be a member.
·The party institution or organization is: a national office, a full-time staff,rules and Bylaws, and budgets. American parties are loosely organized at the national, State, and local levels. The party organization pursues electoral victory.
·The party-in-government is: consists
Of elected officials who call themselves members of the party (such as
President and Congress). These leaders do not always agree on policy; but they
Are the main
spokespersons of the party.
·A major reason for the death of local political party machines is: Most social services are now controlled by State and national agencies
·In principle, the Democrats have been known as the party of:the working class
·In principle, the Republicans have been known as the party of:the middle and upper classes.
·A major reason for the two-party system is the electoral system Which is based on the concept of: the Winner-take-all, or plurality, system
·In the winner-take-all (plurality) system: whoever gets the most votes wins
·*Requiring candidates from newly established political parties to Obtain more signatures on petitions to qualify to run for office than Established parties:
·The increase today in split ticket voting and registered Independents suggest that: parties have Lost much of their hold on the loyalty of their voters
·Political parties have been weakened by the: declined because of laws and government
Practices that took over party functions (voting, elections), loss of
Commitment to party identification, decentralization
-rise of candidate-centered politics
-progressive actions reduced party corruption And made boss rule more difficult
·***All of the following are important reasons that election campaigns no Longer depend on political parties EXCEPT:
·A political action committee (PAC) is: a private group that raises and distributes Funds for use in election campaigns. /They are the political arms of special Interest groups and other organizations who have a stake in politics
·When the selection of the parties’ candidates is limited to Declared party members, it is called a(an): closed Primary
·There are five questions on Electoral College from pages 276-277 Of the textbook:
·The people who cast their ballots in the Electoral College are Called: electors
·*The Constitution indicates that the number of electors each state Has in the Electoral College: is determined By the number of representatives and senators a state has in Congress.
·How electors are selected within each state is governed by: state laws and party rules
·The Constitution does not require electors to: cast their ballots for the candidate of their Party
·A brief memorable comment that easily can be fit into news Broadcasts is called: Sound Bite
·In cases where no presidential candidate receives a majority of The Electoral College vote: the election is decided in the U.S. House of Representatives.
·Spin refers to: an Interpretation of campaign events that is most favorable to the candidate