Europe: 730 million inhabitants.
???? High population density in Central Europe and the UK, low density in
???? Lowest birth rate in the world and lowest mortality in the world = negative growth, aging population.
???????? Immigration balances population loss.
???? Spain: 10 million inhabitants in the 18th century,18 million in the 19th century, 45 million currently.
???? Average population density: low in Aragon, Extremadura and both Castile; High in Madrid, Barcelona, Basque Country and Levante
Reasons: geographical (topography, climate, etc.), economic and social (rural exodus)
???? Spain is in ‘Advanced stage' of the demographic transition model
???? Main causes of the birth decrease are:
???? Higher age of marriages/couples due to economic difficulties of the young and/or the broad access to higher education