Modernization theory is used to explain the process of modernization within societies. Modernz. Refers to a model of progressive transition from pre-modern to traditional to modern society. The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that with assistance traditional countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have been. Modern. Theory was a dominant paradigm in the social sciences in the 1950s-1960s. Modernization theory attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies and seeks to explain the process of social evolution. This theory not only stress the process of change but also the responses to that change. A civic political culture is a culture in which activity and passivity among citizens, civic obligation of citizens and government are combined in an appropriate mix. This arguement was influenced by behavioralism and by intellectual reflection on the fragility of the interwar European democracies. Karl Marx often said "democracy is the road to socialism". Marx expressed his belief that the working class could achieve power through democatic elections, but htat wokring people had the right to revolt if they were denied political expression. The democracy that Marxists aim to achieve is a workers democracy known as dictatorship of the proletariat. Charles Tilly had a state centered approach where democracy is defined by citizenship rights. Concepts of citizenship rights are freedom of speech, religion, the right to vote, social rights, and social security. Drawbacks CC=conception of causation is wrong and it is biased towards an conception of democracy. Marx= Tendency to ignore other motivations such as human need for recognition of ones achievements. Modernization= can cause economic harm as development equipment and technologies can reduce the need for human labor.