International Relations / League of Nations
(1919: The league of Nations created through the Treaty of Versailles was a chance for Europe to maintain international peace in a cooperative form. The idea was good but it wasn’t successful, the countries didn’t obey.)
The League of Nations was created in 1919 to solve problems between countries. It faced many problems because as an institution it did not have the power to convince or persuade countries.
2. Republic of Weimar (Weimar = time period in Germany)
(1919-1933: There was a constitutional assembly in Weimar. Is the name given to the time period when in Germany there were many economic problems (hyperinflation).)
The Weimar Republic created at the end of the war produced political and economic problems with the German hyperinflation of 1923 and the Nazis rise in the same year.
3. Russian Revolution
(1917: There was a series of revolutions in the Russian Empire during 1917. The events destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and helped to create the Soviet Union (no more king and queen. Communism). The main revolution was in october, led by Lenin. When the communist Bolsheviks replace Lasar and created the Soviet Union.)
The proletariat, with Lenin as one of its leaders, started a revolution in October, 1917 which led to a proletarian dictatorships and the creations of the Union of Soviet Socialist republic.
4.The Great Depression
(1929: In 1929 (stock market crash) a Great Depression started due to the problems of overproduction, excessive expansion of credit and speculation that artificially inflated prices on the stock market. After the stock market crash of 1929, banks failed, businesses were closed and millions were out of work. Was created in the USA, they asked the money back to Europe.
In 1920s the economy in USA was very rich but then with this the economy degrease.)
The good situation of US industry and the economy was based on a fictitious situation of high consumerism and profits, but all of that disappeared during the Crash of 1929.
5.Rise of fascism (Italy)
(1922: In Italy, fascism became one of the most popular ideas. It meant strong economic and social control of the country and its people. The dictator Benito Mussolini rose to power in 1922, he wanted to solve the economic crisis and restore the glory of Rome.)
Mussolini took power, due to Italy’s economic and social problems, with a left wing group which wanted a socialist revolution in Italy too.
6.Rise of Nazism (Germany 1933-1936):
1923: (The Weimar Republic created at the end of the war produced political and economic problems with the German hyperinflation of 1923 and the Nazis rise in the same year. So Hitler became leader legally after taking power legally winning elections, because he promised to raise the economy again.)
Germany's bad economic situation worsened by the crisis of 1929, let Hitler take power by winning the elections as he promised to finish all the economic, social and ideological problems.