Initial German offensives 1914: invading Belgium, the north of France. German forces were fighting to
Prevent Russian advances in the east.Trench warfare and new allies 1915-1917: in 1915, the western front was stabilised. In 1917, the United States support the Allies. Allied victories and the armistice 1918: Kaiser
Wilhelm II abdicated and the armistice was signed on 11 November 1918.
Death and injury: the war produced casualties. Material destruction: bridges and ports. Economic decline: Europe lots its economic Leadership and needed loans from the United States. The United States became the world´s leading economic power.New European states: the German, Austro-Hungarian, Russia and Ottoman Empires ceased to exist. New states were created, including Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Finland. Colonial changes: the Paris peace treaties gave Allied Powers control over colonies or Regions that had belonged to the Central Powers before the war. Mandate territories.
It Was an absolute monarchy ruled by the tsar. Civil rights were not recognised.The Economy was semi-feudal- a wealthy Minority owned most of the agricultural land, which was worked by a peasant majority. A Capitalist economy could not develop a bourgeoisie and the working-class were Smaller. The Russian Empire ruled by Tsar Nicholas II. The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) was formed. The Mensheviks led by Martov who argued That gradual reforms. The Bolsheviks led by Lenin, who argued For an immediate revolution. In 1905, there were protests. Workers And soldiers formed a revolutionary Council (or soviet).
From 1914 to 1917, Russia´s participation in the First World War