Accuracy: without mistakes; the ability to say or write Something correctly (grammar, vocabulary...). When we do accuracy work, we Correct our students, so they can fully understand what they are doing. Action research: when teachers try Something out and study the results to see if it was a good idea. Acquisition: Is The way we acquire a language without being aware. Is a subconscious Process. Assessment criteria: The qualities against which a Learner’s performance is judged for assessment. Behaviourism: a Theory which is suggest that people can be conditioned into behaving in a Certain way if there is the appropriate stimulus-response-reinforcement. Bottom-up Processing: when we try to understand a whole text, starting from finding The meaning of individual words and phrases.
Controlled practice: When students are involved in repetition and Cue-response drills using specific language. Comprehensible input: Language which students are exposed to and which they understand even if it is Above their own production level. Cue-response drill: when we give The students a prompt to encourage them to respond by saying the sentences or Questions which we want them to practice. CLIL: Content and Language Integrated Learning; the study of a subject that Is taught through a foreign language. Developmental Stage: the different things that children can do and understand at Different ages as they grow.
Extens list:When students
Listen for pleasure and for meaning rather than for study. Extens read:We
Use a long text and we may use a task for the whole text or no task at all. We
Often do it for pleasure and out of class. Extrinsic motivat: motivation
That comes from something outside the act of learning itself. Fluency:
Refers to the ability to produce rapid, flowing, natural speech, but not
Necessarily grammatically correct speech. Follow-up task: An
Additional task after students have completed a reading or listening
Task. Formal operational: the stage at which children can
Start to think in abstract terms, according to Piaget. Formative
Assessment: when we use
Assessment in order to help students (after the assessment) to improve
Input hypot: People acquire language if they get Comprehensible input, above their own level. Integrate Motivation: motivation to learn a language because we like or want to Be part of a target language community. Intensive list: When Students listen to a recorder listening or live listening mostly for language And meaning study. Intensive read: When students read a short text, Mostly for language and meaning rather than pleasure. They will do some Exercises about it. Instrumental motiv: motivation that comes From a desire to achieve something specific, such as learning to do something Because we think it will help us get a better job. Intrinsic Motiv: Motivation that comes from the act of learning itself - and a Desire to complete a learning task. Information- gap activities: An Activity where two or more students have different information about the same Topic; they have to share the information to “close the gap”. IWB: A Special surface where a computer screen is displayed using a projector. Teachers and learners can use it by touching it or by using an interactive pen.
Re/list: When students read different
Bits of a reading text and have to tell each other about their extracts in
Order to understand the whole “story”. Learning styles:The
Way that different individuals like to learn and learn successfully. Lesson shape: how the beginning, middle
And ends of lessons are put together by the teacher. Rapport: when
Teachers have a good professional relationship with their students. Realia:
Real objects such as clothes, menus that can be brought into the class for a
Range of purpose. Retrieval y use: When students have
To try to find (in their brains) the language they have learnt and then use
It. Scaffolding: A term originally used to refer to teacher talk
That supports pupils in carrying out activities and helps them to solve
Problems. Summative assessment:
Achievement test which measure students abilities at the end of a course or
Period of study.