Narrative : is a story written in the past. It can be real or imaginary.
Structure : -Paragraph 1 : introduce the characters and explain the backgr
-Paragraph 2 : describe the main event
-Paragraph 3 : explain what happened in the end
Linkers : Also,althought,as,as well,because,but
Useful expresions : I will never forget it / it was the best day of my life
Content: -Add detail. -Logical order -Narrative tenses(p.Simple,continuous,present perfect , p perfect)
Topic essay : gives information about certain subject
Structure : -Paragraph 1 : introduction -Paragraph 2 : first idea
-Paragraph 3: second idea -Paragraph 4 : third idea
-Paragraph 5 : conclusion
Useful lenguage : Giving examples : such as + noun
Expressing cause : Because / due to . Expressing effect : as a result / consequence
Content : -include facts rather than opinions, give examples.
Informal letter: to people we know personally. We normally give news about what is happening in our lives (email)
Structure : 1-Greeting : begin with a suitable greeting (Hi,Ana)
2-First paragraph : explain why you are writing or responds other email
3-Middle paragraph : give information or ask questions
4-Closing : finish and say goodbye. (Write your name and end)
Useful lenguage: Greetings: Dear ..., Thinking about the person you write : hope all's well / how are you?. Responding other email : thanks for your letter. Apologizing : i'm sorry i haven't written for ages. Giving interesting news: Guess what ? / Did I tell you that... Advising and suggesting : if i were you. Adding information : also, as well , too . Closing : take care , bye, all the best.
Content : informal lenguage, use varity of verbs, think about your reader
Discussion essay: you present two sides of an argument.
Structure : -Paragraph 1: think of a general statement for your introduction -Paragraph 2 : give two arguments which support your opinion. -Paragraph 3 : give two arguments which support the opposite opinion. -Paragraph 4 : sum up and give your own opinion.
Useful language : Giving arguments : moreover, furthermore . Adding arguments: firstly, finally. Giving evidence : for example, according to. Linkers of contrast : although, however. Comparing: there are advantages and disadvantages to... . Summing up : all in all, in conclusion, to sum up. Giving and opinion : i strongly feel, in my view.
Content : use linkers of contrast to compare ideas, examples, formal lenguage
Formal letter : when writing to organitzations or people we do not know ( request information, apply for a job , make a complaint)
Structure : Greeting : begin with a suitable formal greeting. -First paragraph: explain why you are writting. -Middle Paragraph : give information or ask questions. New paragraph for each new topic
-Closing : finish your letter with a suitable closing expression
Useful lenguage: Grettings : dear mr, mrs,miss,ms. Explain why you are writting : i am writting because/in response to. Sequencing ideas: firstly,finally,also. Making enquires : i would be interested to know. Making complaints : it was clearly stated that..But.. Other : i would like to pointout that. Saying goodbye : yours sincerly (name person)
Content : correct layout, formal lenguage, indirect question.