Critical Review

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The usual roster of 27 poetic group is limited to ten authors: Jorge Guillen, Pedro Salinas, Rafael Alberti, Federico García Lorca, Damaso Alonso, Gerardo Diego, Luis Cernuda, Vicente Aleixandre, Manuel Altolaguirre and Emilio Prados, but there were also many other writers, novelists, essayists and playwrights, who belong to the Generation of 27, usually led by Max Aub who would follow some older, Fernando Villalona, Jose Moreno Villa or León Felipe, and other younger men as Miguel Hernandez. On the other hand some others have been forgotten by the critics, such as Concha Mendez-Cuesta, poet and playwright, Juan Larrea, Mauritius Bacarisse, Juan Jose Domenchina, Jose Maria Hinojosa, Jose Bergamin or Juan Gil-Albert. Or known as Another generation of '27, as the name he gave one of its members, Jose Lopez Rubio, the disciples made up comedians Ramon Gomez de la Serna, ie Jardiel Poncela Enrique, Edgar Neville, Michael Mihura and Antonio de Lara, "Hue", the writers in the postwar period was an editor at The Quail ... and are just a few.
Moreover not all literary production of 27 is written in Castilian, some of which are esteemed authors of literary texts in other languages, like Salvador Dalí or Oscar Dominguez, who wrote in French or English, as Philip Alfau, and some writers and foreign artists also had much to do with this aesthetic, as Pablo Neruda, Vicente Huidobro, Jorge Luis Borges or Francis Picabia.
Moreover, we also need to undo the idea that the Generation of '27 was a phenomenon exclusively Madrid as a criticism too parochial (and located) seems determined to draw, but a constellation of creative hubs spread throughout the national geography and closely intertwined. The most important were concentrated in Seville (around Noon magazine), Canary Islands (about the Gazette of Art) and Malaga (about the magazine Litoral) undiscounted many others of smaller membership but no less important in Galicia, Catalonia and Valladolid.
Similarly, it is often forgotten that some group members to cultivate other branches of art, such as Luis Buñuel, filmmaker, K-Hito, the caricaturist, Salvador Dalí and the Surrealists, Maruja Mallo, painter and sculptor, Benjamin Palencia, Gregory Prieto, Manuel Ángeles Ortiz, Ramon Gaya and Gabriel García Maroto, painters, Ignacio Sanchez Mejias, bullfighter, and Rodolfo Halffter and Jesus Bal y Gay, composers and musicologists latter also belonging to the Group of Eight, which is usually identified in music as the literary counterpart to the Generation of '27 and was composed of the said Bal y Gay, the Halffter, Ernesto and Rodolfo, Juan Jose Mantecón, Julian Bautista, Fernando Remacha, Rosa García Ascot, Salvador Bacarisse and Gustavo Pittaluga. In Catalonia, Catalan is the young group, which made its debut in 1931 under the name Independent Artists Group composed Catalan Roberto Gerhard, Baltasar Samper, Manuel Blancafort, Ricardo Lamote de Grignon, Toldrá Eduardo and Federico Mompou.
Could also be added the components of the so-called Generation of 25 architects (others have proposed that generation also call from 27 to attach it to this one), which formed part Ahmed Augustine, Theodore of Anasagasti, Carlos Arniches Molto, Jose de Aspiroz, Rafael Bergamin (brother of Joseph), Luis Blanco Soler, Jose Borobio, Martin Dominguez, Fernando Garcia Mercadal, Luis Gutiérrez Soto, Casto Fernández Shaw, Manuel Munoz Casayús, Luis Lacasa, Miguel de los Santos, Manuel Duran and Ramon Sanchez Areas Reynals.
The authors of 27 is very significant tendency to balance the synthesis between opposites (Lazarus), include a romantic conception of art (rapture, inspiration) and a classical conception (rigorous effort, discipline, perfection). Lorca said that if he were a poet "by the grace of God (or the devil)" was not less "by the grace of technique and effort."
Between aesthetic purity and human authenticity, between pure poetry (art for art, desire for beauty) and genuine poetry, human, concerned with human problems (more common after the war: Guillén, Aleixandre ...) .
Among the art for minorities and majorities. Alternate Hermeticism and clarity, the cultured and the popular (Lorca, Alberti, Diego). One can sense a step of "I" to "we". "The poet sings to all," say Aleixandre.
Between the universal and Spanish, among the influences of European poetry of the moment (surrealism) and Spanish poetry of the best ever. They feel great attraction for the Spanish folk poetry: songbooks, ballads ...
Between tradition and renewal. They feel close to the Vanguards (Lorca, Alberti, Cernuda and Aleixandre Surrealist books possess, G. Diego, creationists), close to the previous generation (Juan Ramon admire Unamuno, the Machado, Ruben Dario ...); admire the Becquer century (Alberti, ( "Tribute to Becquer") Cernuda "Where Oblivion Dwells "...); feel real zeal for the classics: Manrique, Garcilaso, San Juan, Fray Luis, Quevedo, Lope de Vega and above all Gongora.

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