Csv

Classified in Other subjects

Written at on English with a size of 10.3 KB.

 
BLOOD PRESSURE.
Def: Force exerted by blood against any area of the arterial wall. Def: Force exerted by blood against any area of the arterial wall. It is an indicator
cardiovascular health
Systolic pressure:
-Corresponds to ventricular systole.
-Is cardiac output.
-Reflects changes in the arterial vessels.
Diastolic pressure.
-Corresponds to ventricular diastole (relaxation).
-Is the base pressure of the circulatory system.
In adult normal range. Systolic: 120-139 mm Hg diastolic: 60-89 mm hg
PULSE.
DEF: The passage of blood it is like to compress an artery on a prominence
marrow.
By contracting left ventricle. blood circulates through the arteries throughout the body, this wave is the pulse of blood.
Cardiac output is the volume of blood pumped by the heart in one minute
(freq. Vol Heart and ejection)
In the adult heart pumps blood 5.000 ml x.


Normal adult RANGE: 60-100 x '
Features:
1.-Frequency: Number of
beats per min. (LPM). May be altered in disease and varies
by age, sex, height, physical activity, medications and emotional state.
Eucardia or Normocardia.
Bradycardia;
frequency lower than the lower limit.
Tachycardia;
frequency higher than the upper limit.
2 .- Rhythm: Refers to the pattern of beats.
1.-Regular; Healthy.
2.-Irregular,
extrasystoles, arrhythmia complete blocks): disordered at intervals
irregular arrhythmic.
3 .- Voltage: Degree of compression of the arterial wall.
1.-Mild or low; If obliterated with light pressure.
2.-Sign or higher;
If obliterated with increased pressure.
4 .- Size: This
reflects the volume of blood which is driven against the wall of the artery
during ventricular contraction.
1.-Full or strong.
2.-Filiform or weak
There is no feeling of fullness or a pulse defined
3.-Imperceptible; not feel or hear
BREATHING.
DEF: Measure the external process, with its two movements, inspiration: inhalation, an act to take a breath and exhalation: breath, act of expelling air.
The quality and efficiency of ventilation is indicated by the speed, depth and rhythm of respiratory movements
Features:
1 .- Frequency:
Number of cycles per minute.
Eupnea, is defined as breathing frequency, amplitude and respiratory rate
within normal parameters, without effort, noise or pain.

In adult normal range in adult normal range: 12 to 20 x 'in adult normal range: 12 to 20 x'
Bradypnea; Decrease in number of cycles per minute than normal.
Tachypnea; Increased number of cycles per minute than normal.
2 .- Rhythm: Refers to the regularity of breathing cycles (inspiration-expiration)
with little variation in the length of breaks. Reg and irreg

3 .- Symmetry: Refers
to the mobility of both thorax (both sides of the thorax)
evenly without alternation.
4.-Amplitude: refers to the volume of air inhaled and exhaled with each cycle.
1.Superficial.2.Profunda.3.Amplitud normal.
TEMPERATURE.
Def:
Def: Body temperature is the difference between the amount of heat produced by the body processes and the amount of heat lost to the external environment.
"When the temperature exceeds a normal level mechanisms are activated as vasodilation, hyperventilation and sweating that promote heat loss.
-Product heat is lost:
Evaporation (sweating)
Radiation (heat transfer from the body to cooler objects in the environment)
Driving (step direct contact heat)
Convection (air mov.)
"If on the contrary, the temperature falls below normal mechanisms are activated as increased metabolism and spasmodic contractions that produce the chills, to generate heat.
-Anterior hypothalamus controls heat loss.
-Posterior hypothalamus controls heat production.
"The measured T th is central not normally rises or drops more than 1 º C, compared with the T ° average person
In adult normal range. Axillary temperature 36.0 to 36.9 ° C. Rectal temperature from 37.0 to 37.5 ° C. Mouth temperature from 36.2 to 37.8 º C.
Features:
1.-Top;
Abrupt or sudden.
Slow or gradual.
2 .- Intensity;
Feverish 37.6 to 38.9 º C
Hyperthermia greater than or equal to 39.0 º C
3 .- Oscillation daily;
1. Continuous or constant or sustained,
sustained fever with changes in t º <1
º C between morning and afternoon
2. Sender;Experience daily variations above a level without reaching normal
3. Intermittent daily variations t º arrive in time to normal, at least once in 24 hrs.
4. Appellant, alternating with fever for several days with as many of t th normal
PAIN.
Def;
unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with existing tissue damage or
potential
or described in terms of such damage.
How to assess?
Integrating the assessment of pain as part of routine monitoring and treatment.
Assess the absence or presence of pain and location.
Assess pain.
Rate your intensity.
To assess the effect of analgesic therapy.
Assess for medication side effects and if required salvage therapy.
Rate component of suffering.
- Culture, age, religion, sex, previous experience, emotional factors, meaning of pain.
TYPES OF PAIN.
1 .- As time evolution:
Acute pain: Pain is temporary after a structural lesion. It disappears when the lesion disappears. Ex contractions of childbirth, post-operative pain, acute renal colic.
Chronic Pain: Pain persisting> 6 months. Reappeared after stopping pain relief therapy that would have relieved completely. Produce continuous and unbearable suffering.
2 .- According physiology
Somatic pain: Produced by activation of nociceptors in the skin, bone and soft tissue. Is it dull, continuous, well-located, eg bone pain or arthritis. Usually respond well to treatment with analgesics.
Visceral pain: Caused by activation of nociceptors by injection, compression, distention, traction, or ischemia of viscerapelvic, abdominal or thoracic. When is acute is often accompanied by vegetative manifestations such as nausea, vomiting, sweating, tachycardia and increased blood pressure. Often the pain is referred to cutaneous sites that may be distant from the injury, such as right shoulder pain of biliary or liver injury.
3 .- According driving:
Slow: Associated with the fiber C.
Feeling dull, diffuse and unpleasant pain stimulus after the feeling precisely.
Fast: Associated with the fiber type AA. Feeling precise and localized pain stimulus
4 .- According to their source:
Nociceptive Pain: Pain associated with physiological and anatomical mechanism of pain stimulation and nerve transmission.
Psychological Pain: Pain associated with suffering or emotional component of pain.
5 .- According to their location:
Superficial pain (epicritic): severe skin and tissue. It is stinging or burning character, and located by the patient. (Burn). Located
1.-Mild or low; If obliterated with light pressure.
clearly, Diffuse.
Referred Pain:The term is used to indicate the presence of pain in a body area distant from the viscera or structure that originated in pain (heart attack, appendicitis).
OBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF PAIN.
Descriptive scale: None (0) Mild (1) Moderate (2) Strong (3)
VAS: visual analogue scale: It is a straight line whose left end represents no pain and the right end represents the worst pain the patient may feel.



Entradas relacionadas: