The whole tone that is used in these works is very poetic. // Some philosophical connotations that are essential in the novels:
James Joyce. He was born in Dublin in 1882 and he died in Zurich in 1941. He was and Irish and Catholic (Jesuit) novelist and poet. In his works there are two fundamental components: Jesuit and Dublin, and in both cases, he tried to escape. He moved away from Ireland and he lived in Trieste, Paris and Zurich. Important works: “Dubliners” (1914). It’s a collection of 15 sketches of Irish middle-class life in Dublin. It looks like a novel whose main character is Dublin. In all the sketches, Joyce portrayed his frustration with the people. Ulysses” (1921). Joyce was working on that novel for 7 years. It has hundreds of pages and everything happens in one day (the passage of Leopold Bloom through Dublin during an ordinary day, 16 June 1904). It’s divided in eighteen episodes. It’s one of the best examples of the use of internal monologues. It’s an experimental novel; this is that everything is there: poetry, journalism, etc.
Katherine Mansfield. She was born in 1888 in New Zealand and she died in 1923, in France, because of tuberculosis. When she was 28 she moved to London. She will bring New Zealand to English Literature and in her works, New Zealand, is the “newest world”. Her husband, John Middleton Murry, was the founder of the magazine “Rhythm”. She was against the Bloomsburg group, which shows the “feelings” of the characters. She wrote important works like: “The Garden Party! (1922). It tells the story of how the Sheridan family is preparing to host a garden party. It includes themes like class consciousness, death and life, etc.
Virginia Woolf. She was born and died in the same years as James Joyce (1882-1941), but in her case, she born and died in England. She committed suicide drowning in the water, in the River Ouse, near her home. Virginia was against the Realism, against the plot in the novel, against a story-line, against artificial characters, against the stage. She was a central figure in the influential Bloomsbury Group. She wrote experimental novels and tried to find the internal life of the characters. She wrote important works: “The Waves” (1931). She analysed the internal life of six characters: 3 men and 3 women: Bernard, Susan, Rhoda, Neville, Jinny, and Louis. Each character is distinct, yet together they compose a gestalt about a silent central consciousness.