Deductive, inductive, analogical

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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   1.Argument: a set Of propositions consisting of premises and a conclusion.Deduction: Arguments where the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises.Induction: Arguments where the conclusion follows from the premises with some degree of Probability. Validity: when It is impossible for a deductive argument to have all true premises and a false Conclusion. Soundness: when a Deductive argument is valid and all the premises are actually true.Strength: when The conclusion is probable/likely relative to the premises in an inductive Argument. Reliability: when An inductive argument is strong and all the premises are actually true.It is important because is like the basis of Everything. It brings some structure of were to start the argument, what to Discuss, what are the premises of your conclusion does it follows. Basic forms Of rationality. No tienes base para decirme porque estoy equivocado/no estas de Acuerdo conmigo porque no tienes base para decirmelo.Three parts: Arguments: Reason of why do I feel wrong. Developed an argument. Know how to say things. DEFINITION Structure: Sabes que esta algo mal y que no estan de acuerdo. Analyzed the problem and the Bas things. ANALYZE (VALIDITY OR STRENGTH)Truth of The premises:Example: When you are in a relationship, first you know that something is wrong, that Something is misinterpreted, etc. Then you analyze, see what is going wrong Where people do not agree. Then you see if its true and fix it. EVALUATE (SOUNDNESS OR  RELIABILITY).VALIDITY –DEDUCTIVE STRENGTH - INDUCTIVE
2.Divided into two story literal story represents Something deeper that is divided in 4 parts: The point of the allegory is the Point that the human nature needs to be educated. What true education means
o1) The prisoners in the cave cannot see Anything and are seeing the shadows in the cave (cognition- imagination of fantasy- entertainment: painting, poetry, And likeness of a likeness. The shadows represent the entertainment  is a way of changing the truth )

o2) One of the prisoners is set free. He sees The fire, when he sees the fire creates pain because he has not seen fire in a Lot of time. When he (common sense- Opinion: it is all of the believes and religion the fire represents your Religion how do you feel about something. Culture is influence in you)
oBut this Is the area of believe he says that you have to get out of what you believe
o3) The prisoner (free slaves) is dragged out of The cave and they experience more pain created by the sun because it created. Is How he is trying  to adapt living in the Outside (this explaining how you get Rationality, they hold beyond culture this includes music, dialectic, geometry, Astronomy. He says that this is what true education is getting out of your necessary Truth everything dialect geology,etc helps to tell the truth)
o4) He looks up and sees that there is more Moon, stars, sun. The most powerful the condition of possibility of everything (highest importance) (Nous intellectual Insight when you get the apprehension of the forms the highest form is the Goodness represented by the sun. Everybody lives under the light of goodness.)
oThe Point of the Allegory is to communicate the Educator 

oPlatoCalculative/Rational: Wisdom perfection of the rational part ------Knows what each of the parts needs. Anger Needs, determination needs, what the appetite need. It’s to know what the Appetitive part need. Knowledge of what all the parts needs to flowerage----Spirited: Courage perfection of the spirited part.---To properly fear anything that that comes and Damage the wisdom. Stand up for the truth.----Appetitive: Moderation the perfection of the appetitive part.---Is when you let the higher rule the lower.---The Harmony of all three is Justice. The hold to the sole is immortal because it Cannot die, increase your potential to help prepare you to your next birth.

oAristotle--Rational: This is unique. Intellectual perfection virtue Theoretical Nous (the ability to see self Evidence truth) Knowledge (deduction And induction being able to infer) Sophia (the combination of nous and knowledge) Calculative Example When intellectual is in control: Skill (the Action of making) Prudence (knowing The mean relative to you) Non-rational: We share with other creatures. Moral virtues Appetitive-- Vegetative: This has no virtue. Example when reason is in control: Courage, Moderation, Patience, Wittiness, Generosity, Honesty, Modesty.---I came out alive. That in the end everything s All right.  It does not place any Importance in the immortality of the soul 

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