Dictionary of Psychology

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Aberration. It is the discharge or release of emotional tension associated with an idea, conflict or repressed unpleasant memory, this is achieved again reliving painful emotional experience.
Abstinence syndrome. The set of signs and symptoms that occur after a dependence on physical or / and psychic towards drug use and stop abruptly.
Apulia. Apathy and lack of willpower that includes failure to take their own initiatives.
Boredom. Emotional state of dissatisfaction within an existence that, during that period, is perceived as dull and pointless.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Irribonucleico deoxidizes acid (DNA) is an organic molecule whose structure is shaped like a "double helix" or helix. DNA molecules are the basic units from which the genes are formed.
Acrophobia. Fear of high places.
Attitude. Propensity of the person to respond in a certain way to a stimulus after evaluated positively or negatively.
Adaptation. State in which the subject establishes a relationship of balance and lacking in conflict with their social environment.
Adaptation syndrome general. The set of physical and psychological symptoms that appear negative in character when the subject must face a novelty.
Adrenalina. A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, whose function is to increase blood pressure and heart rate frequency.
Aphasia. Impaired understanding or communication of ideas through language in any form (reading, writing or speech), due to trauma or disease of the brain centers involved in language.
Affectivity. The set of emotions and feelings that an individual may experience through the different living situations.
Affective blockade. Inability to express feelings or emotions, sometimes characterized by a state of stupor.
Affection. Pattern of observable behaviors that is the expression of feelings (emotion) experienced subjectively. Sadness, joy and anger are common examples of affection. Expression varies greatly between different cultures and in each one of them. Mood disorders include the following types:
Flattened. Absence or near absence of any signs of affective expression.
Dull. Significant reduction in the intensity of emotional expression.
Inappropriate. Discordance between affective expression and the content of speech or ideation.
Labile. Abnormal variability in affect with repeated changes, rapid and sudden affective expression.
Restricted or constrained. Reduction in light of the range and intensity of emotional expression.
Affiliation. Defense mechanism in which the individual turns to others for help or support, which means sharing the problems without trying to attribute them to others.
Aphonia. Inability to produce speech sounds that require the use of the larynx and not due to central nervous system injury.
Agitation. State of restlessness or continuous activity focused not any objective.
Psychomotor agitation. Excessive motor activity associated with a feeling of inner tension. Usually, the activity is productive, is repetitive and consists of behaviors such as fast walking, fidgeting, wringing her hands, fondling the dresses and inability to sit still.
Agoraphobia. Fear of open spaces or crowded.
Aggressiveness. Emotional state consisting of feelings of hatred and desire to harm another person, animal or object. Aggression is any behavior that seeks to hurt physically and / or psychologically to someone.
Passive aggression. Defense mechanism in which the individual shows aggression toward others in an indirect and unassertive. There is an open outer mask of submission to others, behind which lurks in fact resistance, resentment and covert hostility.
Emotional isolation. Is the separation by the individual ideas and feelings originally associated with them. It departs from the affective component associated with a particular idea (eg., Traumatic event), but remains attached to its cognitive elements (eg., Descriptive details).
Alcoholism. The set of physical and psychological disorders caused by excessive and continuous consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Alpha waves. Brain waves recorded on an electroencephalogram, are high and slow, and occur when the subject is at rest, with eyes closed but not asleep.
Alogia. Impoverishment of thinking that is inferred from the observation of language and verbal behavior. Replicas can be observed brief and complete to the questions, as well as restricting the amount of spontaneous speech (poverty of speech). Sometimes the talk is right quantitatively, but contains little information for being too specific, too abstract, repetitive, or stereotyped ( poverty of content). Altruism. specifically human attitude in which the focus is rather on achieving the good of others before your own to meet the needs of others. Unlike the self-sacrifice sometimes characteristic of reaction formation, the individual receives a reward (eg., The responses of appreciation of others with this attitude).
Hallucination. Sensory perception that has the compelling sense of reality of a true perception but that occurs without stimulation of the sensory organ Esteva involved. Hallucinations should be distinguished from illusions, in which an actual external stimulus is perceived or misinterpreted. The subject may be conscious or not have it that it is experiencing a hallucination. A person with auditory hallucinations may recognize that you are having a false sensory experience, while another may be convinced that the cause of sensory experience has an independent physical reality. Here are some types of hallucinations:
Hearing. Hallucination involving the perception of sounds, most commonly of voices. Some clinicians and researchers did not include experiences that are perceived as originating inside the head and limit the concept of true auditory hallucinations to those sounds whose source is perceived as external.
Gustatory. Hallucination involving the perception of taste (usually unpleasant).
Olfactory. Hallucination involving the perception of smells, for example, burning rubber or decaying fish.
Somatic. Hallucination involving the perception of a physical experience localized in the body (such as a feeling of electricity). Somatic hallucination must be distinguished from certain physical sensations arising from a yet undiagnosed medical condition, a hypochondriac preoccupation with normal physical sensations and tactile hallucination.
Touch. Hallucination involving the perception of being touched or having something under their own skin. Tactile hallucinations are more frequent sensations of tingling and electric shock (the feeling that something is moving or crawling under the skin).
Visual. Hallucination involving structured view images, for example, some people, informal images, for example, flashes of light. Visual hallucinations should be distinguished from illusions, which are misperceptions of real external stimuli.
Hallucinogens. These are substances that can cause sensory disorders, affecting emotion and thinking. They can produce illusions and hallucinations (seeing or feeling something that does not exist in reality).
Environmental Psychology. Part of applied psychology that studies the effects of man on the environment and vice versa.
Environment. Living space in which the subject develops. Set of stimuli that influence the individual from the moment of conception.
Ambivalence. Motivational conflict that occurs when a person is simultaneously attracted and repelled by the same goal or desire.
Amnesia. Partial or complete loss of memory. It may be due to emotional or organic causes or a combination of both. There are two types of amnesia:
Anterograde. Memory leak on events that occurred after the action of the agent.
Retrograde. Loss of memory about events that occurred before the action of the agent.
Love Feelings are intense emotional experiences to another person, you can be the opposite sex or not.
Anal phase. According to Freud, period between the second and third years of age when the child is concerned with control of sphincters.
Factor analysis. Factor analysis is a statistical tool designed to identify clusters of items correlated with each other in standardized psychological tests. Each of these groups or clusters of related items is called a factor.
Andropause. Termination or reduction, sometimes only temporary, sexual activity in man.
Amphetamines. Deriving chemical and potent central nervous system stimulant. Decreases appetite and causes a state of subjective well with delayed onset of fatigue. In excessive doses appears restlessness, insomnia, irritability and verbiage. They have a great power of addiction and create a high dependency.
Anguish. A state of high emotional arousal that contains a sense of fear or apprehension. Clinically defined as a fear reaction to a vague and unknown danger. It is also used as a synonym for anxiety or to refer to the most extreme expression of it.
Anorexia nervosa. Psychiatric syndrome that focuses on the patient's refusal to eat, leading to an alarming weight loss. It usually occurs in young, single women between the ages of puberty and adolescence.
Anxiety. Miedo anticipated to suffer future harm or misfortune, accompanied by a feeling of fear or somatic symptoms of tension.
Anxiogenic. Factor that generates anxiety.
Anxiolytic. A drug that lowers anxiety and disappear.
Anticipation. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources experiencing emotional reactions before they occur or both anticipating their consequences, possible future developments, and considering a realistic alternative responses or solutions.
Antidepressant. Drug that raises the pitch of the mind and is used to combat depression.
Anthropomorphism. Is the tendency to attribute human characteristics to plants, animals or objects.
Apathy. Impassive mood. State in which the subject is indifferent, and has an inability to react to situations that should arouse emotion or interest.
Apathy of the beholder. It is a phenomenon of social behavior in which the observer of a situation where a person is in trouble, showing little or no interest for her.
Applied Psychology. Branch of psychology that focuses on conflict studies and practical problems, dealing with various spheres of activity, in conjunction with other sciences such as pedagogy or linguistics (psycholinguistics).
Learning. Is a permanent change of behavior of the person as a result of experience. Refers to the change in behavior or potential behavior of a subject in a given situation, as a result of their repeated experiences in that situation. This behavioral change can not be explained based on the innate response tendencies of the individual, their maturation, or temporary states (such as fatigue, alcohol intoxication, impulses, etc.)..
Cognitive learning. Active process by which the individual modifies its behavior, giving it a personal learning.
Avoidance learning. Conduct which attempts, through preventive action, to stop unpleasant or painful stimulus, announced by a sign.
Learning flight. Conduct for which a subject attempts, through action, to stop uncomfortable or painful stimuli.
Incidental learning. Is incidental learning that occurs unintentionally and without effort.
Latent learning. Modification of behavior that occurs without any apparent reason. It is manifested in the act, but it appears by subsequent conduct.
Observational learning. That learning that a body copy or imitate the behavior of another. Also calledmodeling.
Verbal learning. It is the learning that occurs when the content acquired by the subject consists of words, nonsense syllables, or concepts.
Fitness. The ability to take advantage of all education, training or experience in a particular area of performance.
Archetype. According to Carl Jung, image or impression that all people innately have in common. It resides in the collective unconscious mind and is equivalent to the concept of instinct in animals.
Association. The mental process by which an idea is spontaneously associated with another.
Free Association. Technique used in psychoanalysis to explore the patient's unconscious mental life. He said that talk of everything that comes to mind during the session, regardless of its logical consistency or moral content, sexual or aggressive.
Aspiration level. Meta establishing that the subject himself to perform a particular task.
Asthenia. Lack of energy, organic weakness.
Asthenic type. According to E. Kretschmer constitutional type characterized by thinness, the high altitude and delicacy. One of the key biotopes.
Ataxia. Partial or complete loss of coordination of voluntary muscle movement.
Attention. Ability to persistently focus on a specific stimulus or activity. A disorder of attention may be manifested by easy distractibility or difficulty in performing tasks or concentrate at work.
Athletic type. According to E. Kretschmer constitutional type robust.
Attribution.In social psychology, a tendency to infer motives, traits, intentions and capabilities of others based on observation of their behavior. A more or less automatic tendency to seek explanations for the actions of others.
Autism. Mental disorder that particularly affects children. The subject is isolated from the environment, self-enclosed and growing attention being paid less than the reality that surrounds him.
Assertion. Characteristic that distinguishes the behavior for positive social behavior, which aims to defend a right to reach a goal.
Automatism. Dissociation between the conduct and conscience. The set of movements that are performed as an unconscious habit or the result of the partnership reflects.
Accomplishment.Innate tendency to develop the best use of talents and potential to contribute to get a feeling of satisfaction to oneself by the individual.
Autosuggestion. Often unconscious process by which the subject himself is convinced of something.
Self-observation. Mechanism in which the individual reflects on his own thoughts, feelings, motivations and behaviors, and acts accordingly.
Avolition. Inability to initiate activities to an end and persist in them. When is sufficiently serious to be considered pathological, the avolition is widespread and prevents the subject fill different types of activities (eg., Work, intellectual pursuits, self).


Babbling.Disturbance of language characterized by hesitant and confused speech.

Generic name for drugs derived from barbituric acid, a strong hypnotic action.

Battery Thess.
Tesas set against which to measure certain aspects of the psychology of a subject.

Bella indifference.
Translated from the French name "Bella undifferentiated" to describe the indifference or lack of emotional reactions in patients with hysterical conversion symptoms.

Profit primary, secondary.
Advantage or benefit that the individual can draw from a pathological condition. The first is the reduction of internal tension or recovery of tenderness or attention of another. The secondary is more complete, once alerted to the symptoms, the patient does not see the interest that would heal: the healing will pose problems more distressing than the disease.

Biological type characterized by the constancy of certain physical and mental characters.

Feeling abnormally intense and sometimes uncontrollable urge to eat.


Tonic central nervous system stimulant and heart. It enhances brain activity, but their abuse causes cardiac arrhythmia, insomnia and headaches.

Are hypothetical mental abilities that would allow the human mind act and perceive in a way that transcends natural laws.

Nature. The
set of characteristics that distinguish one person from another.

Character neurosis.
Exaggeration of certain personality traits that cause disorders.

Practical. A
person of character or temperament is that practical guidance for the facts permanently adopts useful attitudes towards them and not get carried away by sentimentality.

Neurological disorder characterized by complete loss of power to amend voluntary muscle tone, the patient remained in the same position in which he has been in place for an extended period of time.
Episodes of sudden bilateral loss of muscle tone that causes the collapse of the individual, often in association with intense emotions such as laughter, anger, fear or surprise.

Liberation, through the word, ideas relegated to the unconscious defense mechanism.

Psychomotor syndrome characterized by loss of motor initiative, muscle tension, cataleptic, presence of phenomena paracinéticos (mannerisms, stereotypy, drives) and a mental state and negativistic stupor.

Hormone that activates the central nervous system.

According to Freud, part of the psyche that drives block or mask prohibited by the superego.

Complex structure belonging to the nervous system, located within the skull, the seat of higher thought processes such as memory and reason.

Brain washing.
Disruption caused by the intellect and emotions which leads to the revelation of secrets and false confessions by the subject, as well as a change in its political and moral ideals.

Sexual response cycle.
The sexual response cycle is a pattern of activation, physiological consists of four stages: 1) arousal, 2) plateau, 3) orgasm, and 41 resolutions.

Alternating periodic phases of manic depression.
Close. The closing (or closing) is an innate organizing principle of the
perception, in which gaps separating each sensations are "close" automatically in order to form complete wholes or configurations.

Phobia of enclosed spaces.

Disturbance in impulse control, characterized by the pathological tendency to steal objects that subsequently not used for any practical purpose.

Phase of the sexual aging process in which a woman loses her reproductive capacity.

Clinical Psychology.
Study of abnormal or pathological behavior.

Stimulant that comes from the coca plant, evergreen shrub from South America. Hence comes the coca paste or cocaine hydrochloride, a white powder that acts as a stimulant of the CNS. It causes a lot of euphoria and excitement, sense of wellbeing. It does not feel any physical or mental fatigue, so that the person has consumed overestimate their abilities.

Intelligence quotient (IQ).
It is an index number result of division between the age measured by different tests and chronological age. Is an indicative figure of how intelligent an individual possesses in relation to other subjects of the same age. The IQ tends to remain relatively stable over time.

Conscious process of thought and images.

Unconscious psychological mechanism whereby the subject attempts to counter real or imagined inferiority.

Oedipus complex.
According to Freud, the set of relations established between the child and his parents between two and five years, during the phallic phase. The child identifies himself as a sexual being, and directs his amorous desires to the opposite sex parent, establishing with the other a troubled relationship with jealousy, fear and guilt. (From the Greek myth of Oedipus.)

Electra complex.
According to Freud, the girl's equivalent to the Oedipus complex (the Greek myth of Electra).

Inferiority complex.
Complex for whom a constantly feel inferior to others, although there is no cause that justifies this feeling continued.

Unnecessary repetition of acts, derived from a feeling of necessity not under the control of the will. It differs from delusions in that the subject who suffers is aware of the absurdity of his conduct.

Personality structure that psychic phenomena are fully perceived and understood by the person.

Merger of two or more persons or concepts into a single image.

Classical conditioning.
Classical conditioning occurs when a neutral stimulus before it becomes capable of causing a learned response.

Operant conditioning.
Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which the conduct of an organization result in their immediate environment. The agency "operates", so to speak, about the world around him.

Overall reaction of the subject from the various environmental situations.

Aggressive behavior.
It occurs when an organism in a hostile attack, physically or verbally, to another body or object.

Abnormal behavior.
Is that departs significantly from a cultural norm or criterion or standard group. If the word "abnormal" is used in a negative or pejorative sense, refers to a maladaptive behavior, self-destructive behavior, which usually is a cause of distress for the individual or others.

Type A Behavior
It is a behavior pattern which is dominated aggressiveness, impatience, selfishness and inability to relax.

Hyperkinetic behavior.
It is characterized by unrest. inattention and excessive muscle movement.

Instinctive behavior.
It is an innate behavior, considered little more than a reflection, and a repertoire covering more complex and depends on the maturation of learning.

Neurotic behavior.
Inflexible maladaptive behavior that is associated with one or more of the following attributes: excessive anxiety, emotional conflicts, irrational fears, somatic disorders without organic base and a tendency to avoid certain situations caused stress, rather than address them effectively.

Social behavior.
Any conduct in which there is interaction between two or more humans.

Contemporary presence, in the same person, two motivations of opposite but of equal intensity.

Decreased activity of consciousness, from mild lethargy to stupor.

Object constancy.
It is the perceived tendency of an object to maintain its size, shape, color, brightness or other attributes with relative independence of the variations produced in the retinal image.

General body conformation. According to certain currents is related to personality.

Latent content.
In psychoanalysis, the latent content of a sound is its true meaning, hidden by the manifest or superficial.

There is proximity between two objects or events when they touch each other or are very close in time and space. There is a tendency for people to associate with each other such objects or events.

A process that combines conditioning with extinction. Requires: 1) the presentation of a conditioned stimulus capable of provoking an undesirable response, and 2) the simultaneous presentation of a stimulus capable of provoking an antagonistic response to the undesirable.

Projection unconscious feelings toward the patient's doctor.

Transformation of an unconscious conflict in somatic complaints, sensory or motor. Typical phenomenon of conversion hysteria or neurosis.

Contraction or widespread involuntary muscle spasm.

There is correlation between two variables when they change so that the values of them are making to some extent, predictable from those who take the other.

A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex.

Intellectual process characterized by originality, the spirit of accommodation and the opportunity to make concrete achievements.
Cretinism. Severe mental deficiency, associated with a delay in bone development and due to a malfunction of the thyroid gland.

Panic Attacks.
Involves the sudden onset of anxiety in their mHigh: intensity. The typical crisis usually occurs so suddenly, without previous warning symptoms. These crises are experienced by the patient as a sign of impending doom, the intensity of suffering is equivalent to someone who note that he will be killed. It is accompanied by physical symptoms of panic: tachycardia, palpitations, rapid breathing, shortness of breath or shortness of breath, nausea or abdominal distress, dizziness, fainting or lightheadedness, pallor, cold hands and feet, chest tightness that sometimes reaches be chest pain, sweating, paresthesia (numbness or tingling), fear of losing control or "going crazy" and fear of death.

Structure located inside the cell nucleus. It transmits the genetic code, which depend on hereditary traits.

Questionnaire. The
set of questions to which the subject can respond orally or in writing, designed to highlight certain aspects of psychological.
Guilt feeling. Painful experience derived from more or less conscious feeling of having transgressed the personal or social ethics.

Normal curve.
The normal curve is a theoretical probability distribution, meaning that describes the relationship between a random variable and the frequency of occurrence values. Is bell-shaped, and is also known as Gaussian curve.


Unit field. Characteristic cognitive style tends to be based primarily on external cues to make perceptual judgments.
Displacement of aggression. The displacement of aggression occurs when aggressive behavior, whether verbal or physical, moves from the original source of frustration to a substitute object.
Cognitive development. Growth has the intellect in the course of time, maturation of the higher processes of thought from infancy to adulthood.
Psychosexual development. Combination of biological maturation and learning that generates changes in both sexual behavior and personality from infancy to adulthood and along the latter.
Psychosocial development. Growth of the personality of a subject in relation with others and in their capacity as member of society, from childhood and throughout his life.
Derailment (loose associations). Pattern language in which ideas from one person away from each other so that a mutual unrelated or only tangentially related. Moving from a phrase or sentence to another, the subject changes the topic idiosyncratically from one frame of reference to another, being able to say things as a juxtaposition which has no significant relationships. The disorder occurs between sentences, unlike the incoherence, where the disorder occurs within sentences. An occasional change of topic unnoticed or no obvious connection is not derailed.
Disorientation. Confusion about the time of day, date or season (time) about where you will find one (place) or who is (person).
Depersonalization. Impaired perception or experience of oneself so that one feels separated from the body or mental processes themselves, as if it were an outside observer (eg., Feeling like you're dreaming) .
Displacement. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources or widespread recognition of a feeling or a response to an object to another usually less important.
Derealization. Impaired perception or experience of the outside world so that it seems strange and unreal (eg., People may seem unfamiliar or mechanical).
Standard deviation. The standard deviation is a measure of the dispersion of a set of scores around the mean. For the standard deviation begins by subtracting the average of each of the scores, which leads to a new set of securities denominated deviation scores. Then these are squared deviation scores, add the squares and divide the sum by the number of securities that comprise the series, in order to obtain the rms deviation or varying. The standard deviation is the square root of the rms deviation or variance.
Sexual deviation. Anomaly in the choice of adequate stimulus for sexual arousal.
Mental deterioration. Loss of some of the intellectual capacities of the individual.
Devaluation. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources attributing exaggerated negative qualities to self or others.
Body size. William H. Sheldon, a doctor and psychologist, proposed three body size; the endomorphy, the mesomorphy and ectomorphy. The endomorphy predisposes! subject to having a body soft and flabby, the mesomorphy predisposes him to have a compact and strong muscular; ectomorphy predisposes him to have a thin, frail body.
Dynamics, Psychology. Current psychology that holds that any mental phenomenon is set in motion by forces arising from within the individual.
Dysarthria. Imperfect articulation of speech due to disturbances of muscular control.
Dyskinesia.Distortion of voluntary movements with involuntary muscular activity.
Discromatopsia. Generic name together all the diseases characterized by a disorder of color vision.
Dysphoria by sexual identity. Displeasure persistent for some or all of the physical characteristics or social roles that connote one's own biological sex.
Dysmenorrhea. Pain in menstruation.
Dissociation. Alteration of the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception of the environment, certain behaviors or thoughts lose their normal relationship with the rest of the personality and acting in an autonomous way. The disorder may be sudden or gradual, transient or chronic.
Dyssomnia. Primary disorders of sleep or awakening characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia as the major current symptom. Dyssomnias are disorders of the quantity, quality or timing of sleep.
Cognitive dissonance. When there are two conscious thoughts in the individual, but are antagonistic to each other.
Mindset. The provision (or mindset) is a state of readiness to think or feel a certain way. It's a trend that decisively governs cognition.
Dyspareunia. Coitus painful.
See Derailment.
Dystonia. Altered muscle tone.
Vegetative dystonia. Poor coordination of the functions of the two major branches of the autonomic nervous system: sympathetic and parasympathetic. Adversely affecting the organic functioning as palpitations, sweating, etc..
Distractibility. Inability to maintain attention, that is, moving from one area or topic to another with minimal provocation, or setting excessive attention on external stimuli unimportant or irrelevant.
Double bond. It is a process of communication takes place a double bond when a person asks the other two statements or two instructions given to it that are contradictory from the logical point of view.
Drugs. Natural or synthetic substance that temporarily modifies the state of consciousness.
Dualism. Conception according to which mind and matter are two different entities.

Eclecticism. It is the point of view that should appreciate the value of the concepts derived from two or more systems or psychological schools of thought. An eclectic not rush to arbitrarily reject any finding or principle by the mere fact that it fitted in well to the premises established since long ago.
Echolalia. Repeating pathological own a parrot and apparently meaning of a word or phrase just issued by another person.
Echopraxia. Repetition by imitation of the movements of another person. The action is not voluntary and has a semiautomatic and uncontrollable nature.
Ectomorph type. According to W. Sheldon, tall and thin morphology.
Mental age (MA). Overall level of intellectual development for a given age.
Halo effect. Tendency for an observer to evaluate biased (either positive or negative) of another person based on characteristics of it which, although noticeable, are irrelevant to what should be evaluated.
Effect of law. The principle in which only the responses are acquired immediately followed by a booster.
Egocentrism. Exaltation of the personality, to consider it as a center of attention and general activity. It is common in children and immature adults.
Selfishness. Affection excessive someone to himself, putting his own convenience to others.
Electroencephalogram. Charting the potential differences produced in brain cells.
Id. According to Freud, area of residence of most primary mental processes and instinctual drives.
Emotion. Affective state, a subjective reaction to the environment, accompanied by organizational changes (physiological and endocrine) of innate origin, influenced by experience and has the adaptive function. They refer to internal states such as desire or need that drives the body. The basic categories of emotions are fear, surprise, disgust, anger, sadness and joy.
Empathy. Mental state in which a subject identifies with another group or person, sharing the same mood.
Empiricism. Doctrine that all our ideas and concepts derived from experience and this, in turn, is based solely on the information that reaches us through the sense organs.
Endomorph type. According to W. Sheldon is the kind of corporeal limp and round lines.
Endorphins. They are natural opiates produced in the brain and pituitary gland. They are considered a class of neurotransmitters.
Psychosomatic illness. It's caused or aggravated by psychological factors such as stress, changes in lifestyle, personality variables and emotional conditions.
Training for biorrealimentación. Method of conditioning which is achieved by voluntary control of certain autonomic responses of the body such as heart rate, brain wave patterns, circulation in the cardiovascular system and muscle tension.
Enuresis. Involuntary emission of urine, unconscious.
Erogenous, zone. Part of the body particularly sensitive to sexual arousal.
Eros. Greek god of love.
Erotic. Relative to Eros, or love and desire.
Living space. Physical and psychological space that every living being required for normal development.
Body schema. Global awareness of one's body.
Schizophrenia. Severe mental illness, characterized by a split personality and a breakdown of normal psychological mechanisms, causing an incomprehensible behavior and a loss of contact with reality.
Mood. Emoción widespread and persistent that influences the perception of the world. Are common examples of mood depression, joy, anger and anxiety. These are the types of mood:
Dysphoric. Unpleasant mood, such as sadness, anxiety or irritability.
High. Exaggerated feeling of well being, euphoria and joy. A person with elevated mood may say that he feels "above", "in ecstasy", "at the top of the world 'or' clouds'.
Euthymic. Mood within the range of 'normal', which implies the absence of depressed or elevated mood.
Expansive. Failure to control expression of feelings, often with valuation of the meaning or significance of its own.
Irritable. Easily susceptible to anger and rage.
Intersex state. State in which an individual manifests mezcladamente, and to varying degrees, characteristics of each sex, including physical form, reproductive organs and sexual behavior.
Stereotype. In social psychology stereotype is called a fixed set of attributes that the observer of a particular group awarded to all members.
Stimulating. A drug that increases motor activity and mental functioning.

Conditioned stimulus.
Originally neutral stimulus that elicits a response finally unconditioned (innate) on the individual.

Unconditioned stimulus.
Any stimulus that regularly raises an answer not learned or innate. The individual can not control the response to stimuli as it occurs as a reflex.

Theory that explains the conduct of an individual as a set of reactions to stimuli before.

Any requirement to produce a state of tension in the individual and request a change or adjustment by the same.

Psychosocial stressor.
Any event or life change that can be associated temporally (and perhaps causally) at the start, occurrence or exacerbation of a mental disorder.

Science that studies animal behavior.

State in which they do not respond to stimulation and is accompanied by immobility and silence.

Stupor state. Particular state that is characterized by slow
psychomotor and inert behavior is accompanied by a torpor of conscience.

State of mental excitement that accompanies a high emotional tone.

Exaltation. Change in the affective tone that is characterized by feelings of euphoria.

Pathologic tendency to show in public the genitals.

Experimental Psychology.
Branch of psychology that uses controlled experiments and observation for the study of behavior.

Synthetic hallucinogenic drug that is manufactured in clandestine laboratories. Amphetamine derivatives are capable of altering the behavior and vital body functions.

Active process during which gradually decreases the probability of occurrence of a conditioned response. Can be regarded as the unlearning of a habit.

According to CG Jung, characteristic of the individual "conciliatory nature", apparently open and available, which easily adapts to any situation, is related ventures smoothly and without problems and unfamiliar situations with confidence.
Premature ejaculation. In men, inability to control sexual arousal, resulting in premature expulsion of semen F F

Phallic stage. At this stage the child's sexual interest is focused on the genitals. It arises when the Oedipus complex.
Family therapy. Psychotherapeutic approaches for treating families.
Fantasy. Free movement of thought by which premises and conclusions can ignore reality. Also defense mechanism by which mental images produced substitute satisfactions invented unreal.
Autistic fantasy. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources through excessive fantasies replacing the search for interpersonal relationships, more effective action or resolution of problems.
Psychiatric Pharmacotherapy. Treatment of diseases and psychiatric disorders through psychotropic drugs. Residual phase. The stage of a disease that occurs after the remission of florid symptoms or the full syndrome.
Fetish. Psychosexual disorder consisting of achieving sexual excitement through an object.
Fixation. Linking libido to particular objects belonging to one of their evolutionary states.
Phobia. Persistent and irrational fear towards an object, situation or specific activity (the phobic stimulus) that results in an irrepressible desire to avoid it. This often leads to avoid the phobic stimulus or to cope with terror.
Concept formation. It is the learning process by which we create mental or cognitive classes.
Reaction formation. Defense mechanism by which the individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources replacing the behaviors, thoughts or feelings that are unacceptable by other diametrically opposite (this defense mechanism tends to operate in simultaneity with repression).
Frigidity. Inability to achieve female orgasm.
Frustration. A situation in which the subject is when it encounters an obstacle that prevents you from satisfying a desire or achieve a goal.
Flight of ideas. A nearly continuous flow of accelerated speech with abrupt thematic changes, which are usually based on understandable associations, distracting stimuli or word games. When severe, speech may be incoherent and disorganized.

Gen. basic unit of heredity.
Generalization. In learning phenomenon that gives a response to a stimulus, also in the presence of similar stimuli.
Stimulus generalization. Is the tendency of a stimulus, similar to other original conditioned stimulus to evoke a conditioned response also, although to a slightly lesser extent.
Behavior genetics. It is the study of the influence of the genetic structure inherent to a body in determining traits, talents and predispositions.
Adrenal glands. View adrenal glands.
Greatness. Evaluation disproportionate value, power, knowledge, importance or self-identity. When extreme, greatness can reach delusional proportions.
Group. A group of people influenced each other and pursuing a common goal: for example the family, a political party or a basketball team.
Control group. The set of subjects used in an experiment to provide an observation that can be compared with experimental group behavior, which is being studied.
Group therapy. Contemporary treatment of many patients (6 to 12) by one or more psychotherapists.

Talk pressing. Speech that is excessive in amount, accelerated, and difficult or impossible to interrupt. It is usually excessive volume and empathetic. Frequently the person talks without any social incitement and may continue to do so even if nobody listens.
Ability. Ability to act that develops through learning, exercise and experience.
Habit. Tendency to act in a mechanical way, especially when the habit has been acquired by exercise or experience. It is characterized by deeply entrenched and because it can run automatically.
Hashish. Estupefaciente extracted from cannabis. It causes euphoria and excitement in large doses and hallucinations.
Hedonism. Conception whereby the primary motivating factor of human behavior is the pleasure-pain bipolar dimension.
Heroin. Derived from the opium plant specifically morphine, whose capsule is called "Poppy", which is extracted from a resin called "bread of opium, which is the active substance. It acts as a depressant of the central nervous system (CNS).
Heterosexual. Individual sexually attracted to persons of the opposite sex.
Hyperacusis. Painful sensitivity to sound.
Hypersomnia. Excessive sleepiness, as evidenced by prolonged nocturnal sleep, difficulty maintaining alertness during the day or daytime sleep episodes unwanted.
Hypersensitivity theory. Theory that whatever the effect of a drug, withdrawal will produce opposite effects. For example, if exciting, abstinence produce depression.
Hypnosis. State of altered consciousness induced by cooperating subject. It is characterized by a narrowing of focus and increased suggestibility.
Hypnotic. A drug that produces a dream-like nature (sleeping pill).
Hypochondria. State characterized by excessive concern for health or disease.
Hypoglycemia. It is an organic disorder that appears in low blood sugar. In people suffering from hypoglycemia and clinical condition this state tends to be chronic, in which case the body is weakened.
Homeostasis. Term indicating regulating the balance of the internal environment and in general of all the body's activity.
Homosexual. Subject whose affection and erotic desires are directed toward individuals of their own sex.
Delusion. False belief based on incorrect inference on the external reality that is firmly sustained. The belief is not ordinarily accepted by other members of the subculture or culture to which the individual belongs (eg., There is an article of religious faith). When an erroneous belief involves value judgments, only considered when the trial delusion is so extreme that it defies credibility. Delusions are subdivided according to its content. Some of the most common types are:
Delusional jealousy. Delusional thinking that is the subject who is betrayed by her sexual partner.
Of greatness. Delusion of courage, power, knowledge or identity exaggerated, or a special relationship to a deity or famous person.
Reference. Delusion whose theme is that certain events, objects or people from the immediate environment of the subject take a particular and unusual significance. These delusions are usually negative or pejorative nature, but may be of grandeur. They differ from ideas of reference, where the false belief does not hold as firmly as organized nor as a true belief.
To be controlled. Delusion that certain feelings, impulses or acts are experienced as if they were controlled by some external force rather than under the self.
Dissemination of ideas. Delusion that one's thoughts are being broadcast out loud so they can be perceived by others.
Erotomanic. Delusion that another person, usually of higher status, is in love with the subject.
Strange. Delusion that involves a phenomenon that consider the individual's culture completely implausible.
Thought insertion. Delusion that certain thoughts are not one's own sake, but rather are embedded in one's mind.
Persecutory. Delusion whose theme is that the subject (or someone close to him) is being attacked, harassed, beaten, persecuted or conspired against him.
Somatic. Delusion whose main content is part of the appearance or function body.
Overvalued idea. Persistent and unreasonable belief that is maintained with less intensity than the delusion (that is, the subject is able to accept the possibility that his belief can not be true). Belief is not commonly accepted by other members of the culture or subculture to which the individual belongs.
Paranoid ideation. Ideation involving suspicion or belief of being tormented, persecuted or treated unfairly, but in proportions lower than a delusion.
Idealization. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources attributing exaggerated positive qualities to others.
Ideas of reference. Feeling that certain incidents causal or that certain external events have a particular and unusual meaning is specific for each subject. Be distinguished from a delusion of reference, in which there is a belief held with delusional conviction.
Innate ideas. Ideas in the body since birth, not necessarily in its final form and mature, but at least in germinal form.
Projective identification. Defense mechanism in which the individual incorrectly attributed to other feelings, impulses or thoughts themselves that are unacceptable. Unlike simple projection, in this case the individual is not totally repudiate what he projects. Rather, the individual is aware of their emotions or impulses, but misinterprets the reactions considered justifiable compared to others. It is not uncommon for the individual attributed their feelings to others, making it difficult to clarify who did what to whom first.
Identity. Crisp and clear concept of self.
Sexual identity. A person's inner conviction about being male or female.
Identification. Unconscious psychic mechanism which induces a subject to behave, think and feel as one who acts as his model.
Idiocy. Grave form of mental impairment, congenital or acquired following brain injury in early childhood.
Illusion. Perception or misinterpretation of real external stimuli, eg listening to the murmur of leaves or the sound of voices.
Picture. Mental representation of an object, person or an event.
Imagination. Faculty of mental objects, people, situations not present in reality.
Imbecility. Form of mental impairment, less severe than idiocy, but from living in an autonomous manner. Oligophrenia intermediate.
Imitation. Voluntary acquisition of a behavior observed in others. Fundamental element of learning.
Impotence. Inability to achieve or maintain penile erection. It is often motivated by psychological factors.
Printing. Visión general opinion or a fact any other subject, which immediately arises.
Mark. It is a variety of learning both fast and irreversible, which takes place at certain critical periods of early development of an organism.
Momentum. Tendency to act without previous deliberation. Phenomenon contrary to an act of will.
Emotional impulse. It is the innate tendency under which an organization aspires to touch, physically or emotionally, with another agency.
Biological drives. Mobilizers are a set of innate behavior, which reflect the needs of the organs and physiological processes in the body.
Social maladjustment. State in which the subject establishes conflictual relations with their social environment.
Inconsistency. Speech or thought that is essentially incomprehensible to others because words or phrases come together without logical or meaningful connection. The irregularity occurs within sentences, unlike the derailment or dispersion, in which the change occurs between sentences. The inconsistency has sometimes been called "word salad" to highlight the degree of linguistic disorganization. Inconsistency should not be regarded as certain grammatical constructions and idiomatic usage hardly characteristic of a particular culture or region, a lack of schooling or low intelligence level. The term is usually applied when there is no evidence that the speech disorder is due to aphasia.
Unconsciousness. State in which the perception and ability to act consciously are muted. The deepest state of unconsciousness is a state of coma.
Unconscious. Area "shadow" of our personality, of which the subject is not directly aware. Its contents are of a drive (drive) and your organization is governed by condensation and displacement. His attempts to access consciousness are held back by repression and just get success in so far as, through the distortions of censorship, there are compromise formations (dreams, slips, etc.). It consists mainly of psychological material from childhood wishes.
Collective unconscious. According to Jung, the set of ideas and memories that belong to all humanity and are a consequence of accumulated memories after the experiences of countless generations.
Child Psychology. Branch of psychology that studies the processes of child development and behavior.
Infantilism. Attitude. Presence of childish behavior in adults.
Inhibition. Lack or decrease of certain types of behavior, especially aggressive.
Reactive inhibition. Specific measurable amount of fatigue that accumulates in a body every time you take a certain response. The result is a decrease or disappearance by the body to produce this response to the stimulus.
Immaturity. Insufficient degree of emotional development that can occur in people chronologically and intellectually mature.
Insomnia. Subjective complaints of difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep or because of poor sleep quality. These are the types of insomnia:
Initial insomnia. Difficulty falling asleep. Middle insomnia. Waking up at midnight after falling asleep, though with difficulty.
Terminal insomnia. Waking up before the usual time to do with inability to resume sleep.
Death instinct. As formulated by Freud, instinct or death drive is an innate tendency to seek the destruction of other agencies and self-destruction.
Intelligence. In general, mental capacity to understand, remember and use in a practical and constructive knowledge in new situations.
Intellectualization. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources by engaging in widespread or too abstract thoughts to control or minimize feelings that cause discomfort.
Retroactive interference. Phenomenon of learning by which to learn a second set or list of materials, it inhibits or reduces the ability to remember a first list or set previously learned.
Intimacy. According to transactional analysis, privacy is a state of emotional closeness to another person, characterized by the absence of manipulation and the presence of genuine communication.
Introspection. The mental process through which the subject is carefully noting their own experiences.
Introversion. According to Jung, nature of the subject property slow, thoughtful and closed, avoid contact with others and easily put on the defensive.
Introvisión. According to Gestalt psychology, the perception is introvisión sudden manner in which the parties are linked to the organized whole. In psychoanalysis, is precisely capture the patient achieves the meaning of ideas, motifs and recovered memories from the unconscious of his personality.
Introjection. Defense mechanism by which they own personality traits of a subject.
Intuition. Form direct knowledge characterized by the immediacy and contemporaneity.

Lability. Emotional state characterized by an alteration of conscious control of emotional reactions.
Latency phase. According to Freud, stage of child development in that sexuality remains more or less dormant. It stretches from age seven through adolescence.
Latent content. The hidden part of a dream, a fantasy, thoughts and emotions. Masked is expressed in the manifest content.
Body language. Form completed nonverbal communication through gestures, movements, etc..
Lexitimia: neurological disease that, due to head injury, the person fails to recognize their feelings.
Law of effect. This law states that if a body of its response to a stimulus to your satisfaction, to learn and stay "print" in your nervous system.
Libido. According to Freud, is of vital energy that directs and produces the manifestations of the sexual instinct.
Logorrea. Loquacity excessive.
Logotherapy. Is a kind of psychotherapy designed to help people with problems to rediscover the meaning of his life, he has lost.
Psychomotor slowing. Visible generalized slowing of movements and speech.
LSD 25. Semisynthetic derivative of one of the alkaloids of ergot (a fungus). It is a colorless and tasteless liquid that causes his action at the CNS.

Obsession. Inrush at the thought of an idea, a feeling or a trend, which appears in the patient at odds with his conscious thought, but it persists despite all efforts of the subject to get rid of him.
Obsessive-compulsive neurosis. Neurosis in the obsessions and compulsions that have become chronic, disrupting normal life of the subject.
Hate. Emoción reactive against a person or an experience that hurt or threat.
Oligophrenia. See Weakness of mind.
Forgetfulness. Inability to recall an individual piece of information that is surely there in his memory.
Omnipotence. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources thinking, or acting as if he had special powers or abilities and longer than others.
Nail biting. Nail biting habit.
Dream. Relative to the world of dreams.
Opium. Estupefaciente extracted from capsules Papaverum album.
Oral phase. Period covered the first year of life. According to Freud, during this phase needs, perceptions and ways of expression for children focus on the mouth, through which it obtains all its immediate gratification.
Agency. Any living entity.
Orgasm. Reflex action caused by sexual stimulation, is the climax of pleasure during the excitement.

Visual perception that objects are larger than they really are.
Mania. Disease mood characterized by hyperactivity and psychological background of joy, euphoria and frenetic activity that does not have any real motivation.
Manic-depressive psychosis. Mental condition characterized by alternating manic and depressive phases.
Manifest content. The subject recalls and / or consciously tells of a dream, a fantasy or their thoughts and emotions.
Marijuana. Popular name of the extract of a part of cannabis, produces euphoria and a feeling of floating.
Masochism. Psychosexual disorder in which sexual arousal is achieved through physical pain or humiliation violated and / or requested by a partner to another.
Masturbation. Self-excitation of the erogenous zones, to the climax.
Defense mechanism. Automatic psychological process that protects the individual from anxiety and awareness of threats, internal or external dangers. Defense mechanisms mediate the individual's reaction to emotional conflicts and to external threats. Several defense mechanisms (eg., Projection, dichotomization, and "acting out") are almost always maladaptive. Others, like the suppression and denial, may be maladaptive or adaptive depending on its severity, inflexibility and the context in which they occur.
Agonist. Extrinsic Chemical substances produced endogenously, which acts on a receptor and is capable of producing the maximum effect that can be achieved by stimulating the receptor. A partial agonist is capable only of producing less than maximum effect, although administered in sufficient concentration to bind to all available receptors.
Agonist / antagonist. Extrinsic Chemical substances produced endogenously acting on a family of receptors (such as opioid receptors), so that is an agonist or partial agonist for a type of receptor and antagonist over another.
Agonist drug. Extrinsic Chemical substances produced endogenously occupied by a receiver, does not produce physiological effects and prevents endogenous and exogenous chemical factors produced any effect on this receptor.
Meditation. The mental process through which the subject reaches his deeper self.
Megalomania. Feelings of power and superiority that has no real foundations.
Identical twins. Are those that derive from the same zygote and therefore have the same genetic structure.
Memory. Mental capacity to retain and recall what has been experienced. Very complex psychological phenomenon at play on the psyche elemental (left traces that sensations in the nerve tissue), the higher nervous activity (creation of new neural connections by repetition, ie conditioned reflexes) and the conceptual system or intelligence itself. As specifically human activity entails an acknowledgment of the past image as pass.
Menarche. Apparition of the first period.
Menopause. Cessation of menses.
Menstruation. Cyclic bleeding that occurs in sexually mature women.
Mesamorfo. According to W. Sheldon, corporeal type active and energetic.
Mescaline. Alkaloid derived from the peyote cactus peyoti or capable of producing significant toxic disorders, especially hallucinatory.
Experimental method. It is a method for collecting data which compares the measurements of the behavior of a control group, at least as measured in an experimental group, at least.
Alice in Wonderland. Visual perception that objects are smaller than they really are.
Fear. Emotional reaction against a threat recognized in consciousness.
Morphine. Principal alkaloid extracted from opium, has therapeutic properties, especially as an analgesic and spasmolytic. It is also a drug.
Motivation. The set of reasons involved in an act of election, according to their origin the reasons may be either innate physiological (hunger, sleep), or social, the latter are acquired during socialization, in terms of forming interpersonal relationships, values , norms and social institutions.
Reason. One reason is an inner state budget of an organism in order to explain their choices and behavior-oriented goals. From the subjective point of view, is a desire or craving.
Stereotyped movements. Repetitive motor behavior, seemingly driven and nonfunctional (eg., Shake or move his hands, body rocking, head banging, mouthing of objects, automorderse, picking at skin or bodily orifices, hitting own body) .
Rapid eye movement (REM). They are spontaneous and abrupt changes in the position of the eyeballs during sleep. These shifts occur both in the vertical direction as in the horizontal, and resemble what actually happens when the individual provides a real event with his eyes open.
Mutism. Inability to speak is not caused by lesions in the vocal cords.


Defense mechanism characterized by an excessive concern to the individual.
Narcolepsy. Irresistible tendency to sleep.
Narcotic. Chemicals that signal the onset of sleep.
Necrophilia. Psychosexual disorder in which there is a sexual orientation to the bodies.
Denial. Defense mechanism by the rejection of those aspects that are considered unpleasant reality. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external source refusing to acknowledge some painful aspects of external reality or subjective experiences that are obvious to others. The term psychotic denialis used when there is a total impaired ability to grasp reality.
Nerve. A nerve is a bundle of axons of neurons that form part of the peripheral nervous system. The nerves may be sensory or motor (there are also mixed). The first convey information from outside to the nerve centers, while the latter is transmitted to the effector organs.
Nervousness. State of slight imbalance of the nervous system with mental health problems of a certain intensity (irritability, poor attention, etc..) And organic (motor restlessness, etc.)..
Neurasthenia. The set of alterations in the excitability of the nervous system, characterized by increased fatiguability, with sensation of somatic and mental exhaustion.
Neuroleptic. Psychological Drug with sedative, anxiolytic and antipsychotic drugs.
Neurology. Medical discipline that studies the pathological aspects of peripheral nervous system.
Neuron. It is a specialized cell in the communication of information. It is the basic functional unit of the brain and nervous system.
Neurosis. The set of mental and emotional symptoms caused by psychological conflicts that have become chronic. It retains the ability to think coherently.
Neurotransmitter. It is a chemical "messenger" that allows one to excite or inhibit neuronal depolarization (ie, the "discharge") from another neuron adjacent to it.
Empty nest syndrome. Feeling emotional vacuum that parents experience when their children become independent, leaving the parental home.
Nymphomania.Female psychosexual disorder characterized by the absolute disinhibition of sexual instincts.
Nystagmus. Involuntary rhythmic movement of the eyes, which consists of small-amplitude rapid tremors in one direction and a recurrent stroke, older, slower, in the opposite direction. Nystagmus can be horizontal, vertical or rotary.
Level of aspiration. Subjective pattern according to which an individual sets goals and evaluates its achievements.
Obsession. Inrush at the thought of an idea, a feeling or a trend, which appears in the patient at odds with his conscious thought, but it persists despite all efforts of the subject to get rid of him.
Obsessive-compulsive neurosis. Neurosis in the obsessions and compulsions that have become chronic, disrupting normal life of the subject.
Hate. Emoción reactive against a person or an experience that hurt or threat.
Oligophrenia. See Weakness of mind.
Forgetfulness. Inability to recall an individual piece of information that is surely there in his memory.
Omnipotence. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources thinking, or acting as if he had special powers or abilities and longer than others.
Nail biting. Nail biting habit.
Dream. Relative to the world of dreams.
Opium. Estupefaciente extracted from capsules Papaverum album.
Oral phase. Period covered the first year of life. According to Freud, during this phase needs, perceptions and ways of expression for children focus on the mouth, through which it obtains all its immediate gratification.
Agency. Any living entity.
Orgasm. Reflex action caused by sexual stimulation, is the climax of pleasure during the excitation

Panic. Episodio acute anxiety states characterized by an intense and irrational fear.
Role or gender role. Attitudes, behavior patterns and personality traits defined by the culture in which the individual lives and social roles stereotypically "male" or "female".
Paranoia. Delirio interpretive evolves progressively, with a seemingly perfect logic and without intellectual impairment. Paranoia is rarely established in pure form, is therefore more appropriate to speak of paranoid personality, whose essential features are an inordinate sensitivity, a hipervaloración of self confidence and a mental construct peculiar.
Parasomnia. Abnormal behavior or physiological events that occur during sleep or sleep-wake transitions.
Pedagogy. Science education.
Pedophilia. Psychosexual disorder characterized by the erotic interest to children.
Thought. A generic term that indicates a set of mental activities such as reasoning, abstraction, generalization, and so on. whose aims are, among others, problem solving, decision-making and representation of external reality.
Magical thinking. Erroneous belief that one's thoughts, words or actions will cause or prevent a specific event in a way that defies the laws of cause and effect commonly accepted. Magical thinking can be part of normal child development.
Perception. Mental function allowing the body through the senses, to receive and process the data from abroad and become fully organized and equipped with meaning for the subject.
Profile. Graphical representation of the results of a Tes. or battery of tests.
Perseveration. Repeat persistent and aimless activity, words or phrases.
Person. The individual understood as a living being endowed with consciousness.
Personality. Psychic structure of each individual, the way it reveals how they think and express themselves in their attitudes and interests and in their actions. They are enduring patterns of perceiving, relating and thinking about the environment and oneself. Personality traits are prominent aspects that are manifested in a wide range of important social and personal contexts. Personality traits are only a personality disorder when they are inflexible and maladaptive and cause subjective distress or significant functional deficit.
Authoritarian personality. The authoritarian personality individual usually presents the following features: blind obedience to authority, strict adherence to rigid rules, expectation of unquestioning loyalty from his subordinates, hostility towards members of other groups and admiration for the powerful.
Multiple personality. Mental disorder characterized by the appearance altered in a subject of two or more contradictory personalities.
Nightmare. Dreams with frightening and distressing nature, without pathological significance if they are not very severe or repeated.
Fleshy type. According to E. Kretschmer constitutional type short and stocky.
Pyromania. Need not subject to voluntary control by fire and presence.
Placebo. Drugs or treatment without effect but provides relief to the patient by a process of persuasion.
Placebo effect. Effect medicine causing more by suggestion than by their actual drug efficacy.
Polarization. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources seeing himself or others as entirely good or bad, without getting integrated into cohesive images positive or negative qualities of each. Unable to experience mixed emotions simultaneously, the individual excluded from the insight and emotional awareness balanced expectations of himself and others. Often the person alternately idealizes and devalues the same person or oneself: give qualities exclusively loving, powerful, useful, nutritious, good-natured or only bad, hateful, angry, destructive, repellents or useless.
Distributed practice. It is a learning situation characterized by the inclusion of rest periods or "breaks" between trials. Contrast this concept with practice grouped learning situation in which, by contrast, a study follows another without any rest period.
Negative practice. Method used to extinguish and which habits are repeated in a conscious and deliberate the wrong trend associated with these habits.
Prejudice. Attitude, belief or opinion not based on a sufficient knowledge or experience to reach a categorical conclusion. Literally defined as "due process".
Premenstrual syndrome. The set of physiological and psychological symptoms that appear a few days before menstruation.
Premack Principle.If we assume that two of the actions that comprise the behavioral repertoire of an organism have different degrees of probability as to its occurrence: one is very likely to occur, and the other is unlikely. The Premack principle states that the action with high probability of occurrence may be used to bolster low probability.
Emotional deprivation. Lack of a satisfactory and lasting relationship with one or more persons. It is negative for normal emotional and intellectual development of children.
Projection. Defense mechanism that the individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources incorrectly attributing to others feelings, impulses or thoughts themselves that are unacceptable. Is to project qualities, desires or feelings that cause anxiety outside itself toward something or someone completely attributed.
Psychoanalysis. Psychotherapeutic approaches for treating mental disorders, using free association techniques and interpretation of dreams. It is a theory of personality based on such concepts as unconscious motivation, the self, the id and the superego.
Psychobiology. It is the study of behavior in its biological function.
Psychosurgery. It's the brain surgery performed in order to treat a mental disorder.
Psychoactive drug. A chemical substance capable of modifying the normal or pathological psyche.
Psychophysics. It is the study of the functional relationship between the magnitudes of physical stimuli and sensory responses to them.
Psychophysiology. Tendency of experimental psychology that considers the psychic functions from a physiological standpoint.
Psychogenic. Referred to pathological manifestations in general, whose origin lies in an organic lesion but a mental disorder.
Psychology. Science that studies psychic activity and behavior of organisms.
Comparative psychology. It is the study of similarities and differences that manifest in their behavior contrasting species of organisms with each other.
Psychopathy. Generic name for a mental disorder characterized by antisocial behavior.
Psychotherapy. Reeducation is any process that aims to help a person with problems, drawing principally on psychological interventions, in contrast with organic treatments such as administration of drugs.
Psychotic. This term has historically received many different definitions, none of which has achieved universal acceptance. The narrowest definition of psychotic is restricted to delusions or prominent hallucinations, in the absence of awareness of its pathological nature. A slightly less restrictive definition would also include significant hallucinations that the individual accepts as hallucinatory experiences. Even more comprehensive definition that also includes other positive symptoms of schizophrenia (ie, disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behavior intensely). Finally, the term has been defined conceptually as a loss of ego boundaries or a significant alteration of reality check.
Psyche. The set of sensory functions, emotional and mental health of an individual.
Psychiatry.Branch of medicine that studies diseases of the psyche.
Psycho. Serious mental disorder that affects a total way of personality and behavior of the subject, with disruption of the trial, the will and emotions.
Psychosomatics. Relative, while both the psychic or mental component of the personality as to the organic.
Psychotherapist. Specialist in Psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy. The set of therapeutic methods based on interpersonal relationship, through dialogue, and interventions of the therapist, allows for overcoming of psychic conflict.
Puberty. Stage of life which are a set of morphological and physiological changes that enable the initiation of sexual function, marking the transition from childhood to adolescence.
Pulse. Pushes instinctive tendency to do or shun certain acts.
Rationalization. Defense mechanism which tends to give a logical explanation for the feelings, thoughts or behaviors that otherwise would cause anxiety or feelings of inferiority or guilt.
Rapport. It is said that a relationship between two or more people there are rapport when your thoughts or feelings harmonize with each other or when they present a set of shared views.
Trait. Element characteristic of relatively stable personality. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources to invent their own explanations, reassuring but wrong, to conceal the true motives that govern their thoughts, feelings or actions.
Reactive training. Defense mechanism by which everything that can not be satisfied is replaced by the opposite: for example the love for a person who becomes incumbent upon us to hate, and so on.
Recognition. Ability to identify a number of elements of a previously learned set.
Reconstruction. Phenomenon whereby memories return to memory stimuli connected to past events.
I remember. Playback of something experienced or learned before.
Reflection. Answer unlearned spontaneous and organic.
Reinforcement. Any stimulus that increases the probability of occurrence of some kind of answers.
Mnemonic. It is a cognitive strategy used to underpin the functioning of memory.
Regression. Defense mechanism is to return to earlier periods of development or old behaviors that were more satisfactory.
Figure-ground relationship. The perception tends to isolate one or more objects (figures) of the perceptual field (background). The figure-ground relationship is to collect a set of well defined shape or pattern, which differs from the indeterminate and amorphous background.
Repression. Defense mechanism is to reject out of awareness anything that is painful or unacceptable to the subject. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats of expelling internal or external sources of consciousness or not being understood cognitively aware of the desires, thoughts or experiences that cause discomfort. The affective component may be active in consciousness, detached from its associated ideas.
Resistance.Perhaps unconscious or conscious opposition to bring the level of consciousness experiences, ideas, emotions, etc.., Past, that would cause anxiety.
Answer. Defining a response in the field of psychology, any behavior is caused by a stimulus.
Mental retardation. Incomplete or inadequate development of intellectual development.
Retrospective. Recurrence of a memory, feeling or perceptual experience from the past.
Ritual. The set of acts so repetitive. Typical of the obsessive behaviors.
Rol. In social psychology it is considered that the role is the public personality of each individual, ie the role more or less predictable than assumed in order to adapt to the society of which it forms part.

Sadism. Psychosexual disorder in which the subject gets pleasure from the act of inflicting pain and humiliation to another person to satisfy their sexual desires.
Sedative. Substance that attenuates the emotional states of arousal or motor.
Sensation. The process by which the organs of sense stimuli from the outside world become in the elementary data or raw material of experience.
Sign. Demonstration of a state objective that can be pathological. The signs are observed by the clinician rather than described by the individual concerned.
Symbolization. Defense mechanism that uses a mental picture or a conscious thought as a symbol to disguise an unconscious thought that makes us a state of anxiety.
Symbol. Any stimulus representative of an idea or an object distinct from it.
Synapses. Is the functional connection point between two adjacent neurons.
Syndrome. Grouping of signs and symptoms based on their frequent co-occurrence, which may suggest a pathogenesis, an evolution, a family history or a common therapeutic selection.
General adaptation syndrome. It is a pattern of physiological reaction caused by chronic stress, which aims to remove the effects of this and allow the body to conserve its resources. The pattern is divided into three stages: 1) the alarm reaction, 2) resistance and 3) exhaustion.
Synesthesia. State in which a sensory experience stimulates another type of sensory experience (eg., A sound produces the sensation of a specific color).
Symptom. Subjective manifestation of a pathological condition. The symptoms are described by the affected individual rather than observed by the examiner.
Conversion symptom. Loss or alteration of voluntary motor or sensory functioning suggesting a neurological or medical illness. It is assumed that i are certain psychological factors associated with the development of the symptom, so the sign can not be explained entirely by a medical or neurological disease or the direct effects of a substance. The symptom is not intentionally produced or feigned is, and is not culturally sanctioned.
Psychotic symptoms consistent with the mood. Delusions or hallucinations whose content is fully consistent with the typical themes of a depressed mood or mania. If the mood is depressed, the contents of the delusions or hallucinations consistto issues of personal inadequacy, guilt, sickness, death, nihilism or deserved punishment. The content of the delusion may include issues of persecution if they are based on concepts autodespectivos as deserved punishment. If the mood is manic, the content of delusions or hallucinations include topics on value, power, knowledge or identity exaggerated or on a special relationship to a deity or famous person. The content of the delusion may include issues of persecution if they are based on concepts like an exaggerated value or a deserved punishment.
Incongruent psychotic symptoms with mood. Delusions or hallucinations whose content is not consistent with items typical of a depressive or manic mood. In the case of depression, delusions or hallucinations do not involve issues of personal inadequacy, guilt, sickness, death, nihilism or deserved punishment. In the case of mania, delusions or hallucinations do not involve issues of value, Power, knowledge or identity exaggerated or special relationships with a deity or famous person. Examples of incongruent psychotic mood delusions of persecution (without content autodespectivo or greatness), thought insertion, thought broadcasting, and delusions of being controlled whose content is unrelated to any apparent of the topics listed above.
Autonomic nervous system. See autonomic nervous system.
Central nervous system. Part of the nervous system comprises the brain and spinal cord.
Parasympathetic nervous system. Part of the autonomic nervous system that is predominant inhibitory action.
Peripheral nervous system. Part of the nervous system formed by the roots that emerge from the central nervous system and which will form the nerves. According to the function may be sensory, motor and mixed.
Sympathetic nervous system. Part of the autonomic nervous system stimulant that has action.
Autonomic nervous system. The set of nerve fibers not controlled by will. Its role is to coordinate and guide the work of the internal organs. It is subdivided into sympathetic and parasympathetic system.
Social Psychology. Study of the relationship between individual and society.
Socialization. The process by which an individual develops those qualities essential to their full affirmation in society where he lives.
Sociobiology. It is the study of social behavior of organisms based on the premise that such behavior stems from genetic patterns.
Sociogram. Representation of positive relationships and negative or quantity of exchanges between members of a group.
Somatization. The process by which are transformed or become emotional problems in somatic symptoms.
Soteria. Reaction to a given stimulus, which gives a feeling of safety and security absurd and unjustified.
Sotero, object. An object that provides an unfounded sense of security.
Subconscious. The phenomena subsumed under the term are a set of subconscious mental processes or personality stratum whose activity is below the conscious levels. Its manifestations are often endowed with greater burden and stress than fully conscious and emerge at this level through complex mechanisms of displacement, projection, etc.., Or in a dream.
Sublimation. Form of displacement in which energy is diverted to an object that has some ideal values. The individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources channeling potentially maladaptive feelings or impulses into socially acceptable behaviors (eg., Contact sports to channel aggressive urges).
Dream. Important psychic experience that occurs during sleep. Physiological disruption periodic spontaneous activity of consciousness, accompanied by functional changes in some organs.
Non-REM sleep. Sleep period in which they are not seen REM.
REM sleep. Period of sleep in which rapid eye movements are seen.
Suggestion. Ability to influence the behavior of a person. Superstition. Belief in the existence and effectiveness of some phenomena that have no rational explanation.
Suicide. Consists in removing life voluntarily.
Superego. According to Freud, one of the parts of the personality of the role of being the moral conscience, ideals. Be formed at an early age to assume the model of an important person with whom the child identifies.
Deletion. Defense mechanism in which the individual is faced with emotional distress and threats to internal or external sources intentionally avoiding thinking about problems, desires, feelings or experiences that make you upset.

Thanatology. It is the study of death and the process that leads to it.
Temperament. It is the reactive conformation of an individual, spontaneous aspect of his personality. It comes from the mix of characteristics that emanate from his appetites, emotions and moods.
Central tendency. The statistical concept of central tendency refers to the grouping of a series of scores around a common intermediate step.
Tic. Involuntary motor movement or vocalization, sudden, rapid, recurrent, rhythmic and stereotyped.
Shyness. Tendency for the person feel uncomfortable, inhibited, awkward and very self-conscious in the presence of others. This results in inability to participate in social life, although they want to do and know how.
Muscle tone. State of muscular tension and excitement, higher in wakefulness and low during sleep.
Addiction. Typical use of toxic and harmful, drugs or narcotics. Is generally accompanied by a psychological dependence and sometimes also physical.
Trance. Particular mental state in which consciousness is limited and frequent states of amnesia.
Transsexualism. Important for gender identity dysphoria associated with a persistent desire to be with the physical and social roles that connote the other biological sex.
Download. Projection of the patient to a series of emotions and unconscious emotions in the figure of the doctor.
Personality disorder. Is a type of behavioral disorder characterized by causing considerable problems for social adaptation. The person with personality disorder are not always or necessarily upset, but instead others often consider it disturbing or annoying.
Phobic disorder. It is a kind of mental disorder characterized by irrational fears that the subject recognizes itself as exaggerated and unfounded.
Mental disorder. Pathologic state characterized by confusion of ideas, emotional distress and maladaptive behavior. You can have organic or functional.
Organic mental disorder. It is one in which a pathological condition of the body, particularly the brain and nervous system generates a maladaptive behavior.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is a mental disorder characterized by involuntary and irrational ideas repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the distress associated with such irrational ideas.
Psychotic disorders. Serious mental disorders in which one loses contact with reality and manifests maladaptive behavior well. Some of the symptoms associated with psychotic disorders, personality disorganization, disruption in thought, the imbalance of mood and the presence of delusions and hallucinations.
Psychological trauma. Emotional shock that leaves a mark on the subconscious.
Transvestism. Psychosexual disorder in which the subject experiences an erotic satisfaction by dressing in clothes of the opposite sex.

Validity. In psychology, the concept of validity applies primarily to standardized psychological tests. We say that a Th. is valid if it measures what it is supposed to measure.
Functional vagina. Contracture of the muscles of the lower third of the vagina that prevents or disturbs consistently intercourse.
Variable. In statistics is any trait, attribute, dimension or property capable of taking more of a value or magnitude.
Will. The psychic faculty that an individual has to choose between making or not a particular act. Reports directly to the desire and intention to perform a specific act.
Will to meaning. According to Viktor Frankl, the will to meaning is the innate urge to find meaning and purpose in life.
Voyeurism. Psychosexual disorder in which the subject gets the excitement and erotic pleasure secretly watching people undress or are naked, or couples in sexual acts.

Xenophobia. Fear of the unknown persons.

I (ego). According to Freud, is the "reality principle" is conscious and has the function of reality testing and the regulation and control of desires and impulses from the id. Your task is self-preservation and uses all the psychological defense mechanisms.
Yoga. Physical and mental discipline designed to achieve mystical union with the totality of the individual, the Universe, the Great Being, the Cosmic Consciousness or Godhead.

Zen Buddhist meditative variety that seeks to help the individual reach a state of enlightenment is characterized by the direct experience of the genuine nature of reality without the mediation of abstractions, words, beliefs, concepts or dualisms.
Zoofilia. Misuse of the power of sexual attraction, in which the excitation is obtained with animals

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