Dissemination of heritage

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TEMA1Cada time in history has had its own cultural heritage concept, rtdo of different valuations of the soc d each time is a relative concept since there is a process of conceptual evolution. In referring to the demonstrations and significant evidence of human civilization, x it must be kept to pass on to future generations. As we understand it today, the concept of "cultural heritage" ("cultural") develops in the Contemporary Age (since the French Revolution). In ancient times, had a cult living ideas, particularly religious reasons and estéticos.Siglo XV. The Italian Renaissance was a historical consciousness, is to estimate the ratio of classical monuments, glorious past, sought aesthetic perfection and the inspiration was to create modern, came the first legal provisions for protecting monuments (Brief Paul III, 1534). seventeenth century Enlightenment: the academies were developed, archeology and scientific surveys, and began to assess the "ancient monument" (chronological constraints) 1 .- The French Revolution. The French National Assembly 1789: The Revol franc mark a new phase in the evolution of the protection of heritage, heritage is destroyed, the church, the monarchy and the nobility (were symbols of the "Old Regime" In the post-revolutionary France was National Assembly created a need arises to protect, preserve and restore the historic and artistic heritage.-The Abbot Grégoire and the concept of collective heritage, to the National Assembly, the Abbot Gregoire, denounced in 1794 were suffering from vandalism q "objects national "publication stating that respect should revolve around national goals that do not belong to a person, and q are the property of all" the idea of the existence of a collective heritage protection and q d was due to public utility the interests of historical memory and identity nacional.-The National Assembly established the decree of 1794. Principle of conservation of monuments. also applied the first values ​​in relation to heritage: monuments d significance for the history the nation, the beauty of his work and teaching interest--In 1796, the French archaeologist Alexandre Lenoir meet in a convent in Paris (Petits-Augustins), works saved from destruction, creating the Museum of French Monuments ( 1796-1815) .- In all this we must add a new utility Heritage: The public use and enjoyment, which was established by holding the first exhibition that showed objects confiscated from the nobility and the church in 1798.1.2-The discovery of the historical and artistic values: Rieql Alois (1858-1905) In the nineteenth century, there is a major shift in Western consciousness on the appreciation of the monuments. Discovery of new civilizations. Identification of each civilization with its most representative monuments. Romanticism. End of exclusive artistic value whatsoever (Antiquity) on artistic value, "modern." New values: - Realization of historical value. - Concept artists. Alois Riegl. Historian. President of the Royal Commission of Monuments of Vienna. Developed a report to the legislative renewal system for the protection of monuments in Austria: The modern cult of monuments. Characters and backgrounds. 1903. -Text that led to the establishment of modern standards of historic preservation. The modern cult of monuments: it is not a text, are reflections of Riegl through them trying to define q: q values ​​is modern man in the monuments The controversy q may have and how to understand and protect heritage. retraced-Securities (recognition of belonging to the past): value of old, historical or documentary and intentional remembering. contemporaneity-values ​​(q monuments acquire the regardless of their past, the credit for us, modern subjects): the artistic and the instrumental or functional.-Securities recalls, (recognition of belonging to the past): There are 3 types of values: old: it is immediately apparent . "Talk" directly to the sense of historical or documentary: It takes knowledge (conservation) value intentional remembering (restoration) 3 .- Protection of Cultural Property. Hague Convention (1954) The term "cultural property" first appears in the Hague Convention of 1954, dedicated to protecting them in case of armed conflict. First international treaty in this area worldwide (2 nd protocol in 1999). This international forum organized by UNESCO, was created with the aim not to repeat back the ravages of q heritage had caused World War II-Definitions of "cultural property" under the Hague Convention: 1 .- movable or properties with great importance for the cultural heritage of the peoples: architectural monuments, art or history, archaeological sites, works of art, manuscripts, books and other items of historical interest or archaeological value. 2 .- Buildings whose purpose is to preserve or expose the Cultural Property: Museums, Libraries, Archives 3 .- monumental center. Those centers containing a large number of .- Important Cultural Property is its reference to "culture of the peoples "(novelty, transformation of the social sciences). If in past centuries the knowledge of historical events and art objects had been the chief end of history or art history in the mid-twentieth century , consider its study within the historical context that created them, because what mattered was not the event or object itself, but to understand man and the culture that created 1.4 Italy. Protection of Cultural Property . Fraceschini commission. 1964/67 cultural heritage concept was expanded in subsequent years. The 1st step in this evolution was given by Italy, through the so-called "Commission Franceschini." In 1964, the Italian government commissioned Francesco Franceschini create a commission with the aim of reviewing the Italian legislation on cultural heritage. The conclusions drawn in 1967, spread throughout Europe, leading to the "Theory of Cultural Property." The Commission defined the cultural property "evidence material goods of civilization - considerably increased the typological diversity of objects that formed the Cultural Heritage, but they were limited in nature" material ", leaving out of the definition and, therefore, protection, other series of objects characterized by its immateriality.. 1 5 By the perfection of the concept. UNESCO Conventions: Paris 1970, 1972. Belgrade 1978, Paris 1989. In 1970 there was a convention in Paris on measures should be taken to prohibit q and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. It created a long list of items on which action was needed for effective protection. (the ethnological material, the product of excavations related goods with history, engravings, prints, stamps, photographic film files ..)-Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage - First convention that appeared related to both concepts universally. Article 1 For the purposes of This Convention shall be considered "cultural heritage": - monuments: architectural works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and combinations of features, which are of outstanding universal value from the point of view history, art or science, - sets: groups of buildings, isolated or together, their architecture, unity and integration in the landscape give you an outstanding universal value from the standpoint of history, art or science - sites: works of man or the combined works of man and nature and areas including archaeological sites which are of outstanding universal value from the point of historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological value.Article 2 For the purposes of this Convention, the term "natural heritage": - the natural features consisting of physical and biological formations or groups of such formations, which are of outstanding universal value from the aesthetic point of view or scientific - Courses geological and physiographic and precisely delineated areas which constitute the habitat of species of animals and plants, threatened, having outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation - natural sites or precisely delineated natural areas, with a outstanding universal value from the standpoint of science, conservation or natural beauty, 'Two more meetings sponsored by UNESCO, will complete the concept that today is the Cultural Property. These are: - Belgrade Convention of 1980, which agreed to the Recommendation on the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images. (New means of artistic expression).-Paris Convention of 1989, which approved the recommendation to safeguard of Traditional Culture and Folklore .- Attention not only in the "product", but in the activity. Immateriality

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