Dramatic Art

Classified in Other subjects

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General Documentation
Title: Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe
Author: Manet, Édouard
Dated: 1863
Style: Impressionism
Technique: oil
Support: canvas, 2.08 mx 2.64 m
Current Location: Musée d'Orsay, Paris
2.1 Technical Elements
Oil on canvas where we highlight color, especially the predominance of green with a wide range of colors, bright or dark depending on light. Are an innovation in terms of shadows, as it starts to use the color of which is projected, but more intense and the Impressionists caught it and fixed before the gray used for the shade. Highlights whites and blacks, the white girl's naked body contrasts with the clothing of both men.
Somehow the color tends to be flat, no shadows and no degradation of the shades. Regarding the natural light, which is projected shadows of color are projected shadows by itself, with a splash of color caught up in the middle, as if another drawing. There are areas with complementary colors, yellow to the violet and white - black ... widely studied. Finally the brushwork is loose.
Formal Elements 2.2
A composition similar to the classical, Renaissance, but the figure seems to go independent of each other.
The composition is not uniform but sparse, there desproporcionalitat as if we wanted to cheat or do not know that Manet perspective.
2.3 Style
- Both current belongs to the artist as their own personal style and the author
- Put the work in the whole of H. Art:
Impressionism is a trend born in France as a natural evolution of painters known as the Barbizon School (Georges Michel, Theodore Rousseau, Millet, Corot and Courbet) interested in plein air painting.
Search for a new language based on an extreme naturalism and subjective (Argullol)
The element that unites all the artists of the current interest is to capture the particular time as the human eye sees, indicating an influence of photography.
use of color theory, developed by Chevreul and Rood, dividing into primary colors (blue, yellow and red) and complementary (orange, violet and green, respectively). Chevreul also develops the theory of simultaneous contrasts by which the colors diffuse a border of its complementary color.
Think of color as a form of light in painting as a sum of rings of light.
Disappearance of chiaroscuro. The shadows are painted with touches of complementary colors to the object that causes it.
And loose brushstrokes to paint juxtaposed. Some work with personal criteria (Degas, pe)
Paint outdoors (plein air)
Authors: Manet (precursor). Participated in the first exhibition: Monet, Renoir, Degas, Pissarro, Sisley, Cezanne, Boudin and Berthe Morisot.
3.1 Work Function
Exhibited at the Salon of 1863, but these shows were no rules and that was finally exposed this salon and was finally exposed to a parallel appointed living Hall of Rejected even think that the artist himself was paid to create the. For such, it has a decorative function for sale
3.2 Context (historical, cultural, personal ...) which directly influences the work or in their preparation
Historical Context
France intensely lived experiences of a revolution: the Napoleonic empire, the restoration of royalty, a constitutional monarchy and a common revolutionary. The industrial revolution shook all economic structures with a radical change in agricultural economics and rural migration towards cities. In the scientific field, it gave great industrial progress.We can classify this period of economic liberalism and in a time when the technique is happening very quickly because the new machines, transportation and trade develops new media, and industry creates new products to supplant the old (donor place in the consumer society). It was a century of research and findings, which assayed for new ways to achieve a constitutional balance between social rights and material progress.
3.3 emphasize relationships and influences.
Manet had Spanish influence (Goya, Velazquez ...) and giorigiones (Tizia. ..). As to influences will later versions of Picasso paintings of Manet.
3.4 Content (subject matter) and meaning (message) that has the painting from someone who is dedicated to the subject inspires
Content (subject matter)
An everyday scene, a portrait of daily life, three people who are making a meal in a field.
Significance (message)
Everyday scene, but could have a background that is unknown. Some art historians say that this picture speaks only pictorial research (and the paint colors).

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