The earl lucanor

Classified in Geography

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The Red River Resistance  

  • How Metis people and culture emerged

The Métis people originated in the 1700s when French and Scottish fur traders married Aboriginal women. Their descendants formed a distinct culture, collective consciousness and nationhood in the Northwest.

  • HBC and NWC policies

HBC: discouraged the marriages: They thought bigger families would cost more money  They tried to make a policy of celibacy! But by the end of the 1700s, most HBC employees have Native wives. Alaso there was the stay by the bay policy. It was where the HBC built trading posts at the mouths of rivers, on the shore of Hudson Bay; and had the First Nations trappers and traders travel long distances to bring their furs to the trading posts to exchange them for trade goods. By 1820, both companies were almost bankrupt from competing with each other There were not enough furs in the Northwest to support 2 companies In 1821, the British government forced
companies to merge (they were scared they would  lose the Northwest), and keep the name the HBC The new HBC downsized: They reduced their number of trading posts and employees The Métis were the main suppliers of pemmican and Trading First Nations were employed as trappers, translators, guides, and map makers They mostly used York Boats for transportation

Language and stuff

“Michif”, a mix of French and Cree words

The Métis hunted Bison hey would use all of the animal: Meat for eating, fur for clothing, bones for tools

They made pemmican: dried meat and fat and berries It was high in calories and protein, easy to carry

and store The North West Company traded for it.

Selkirk Settlement

Earl: a British nobleman (from a powerful and wealthy British family)
The Earl of Selkirk was from Scotland He was a liberal democrat: someone at that time who
fought for the rights of the poor and underprivileged He wanted to help poor tenant farmers in Scotland.Selkirk made colonies in PEI and Upper Canada He became one of the directors of the HBC, and wanted to create a colony at the Red River Valley. There were two reasons: The land at the Red River Valley was fertile It was costly for the HBC to send food and supplies
from England to the Northwest Selkirk thought he could help both the farmers
(good, new land to farm) and the HBC (a source of food and supplies)
1812: European colonists arrived where the Red River and Assiniboine meet (now Winnipeg)

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