Egypt has seen various regimes throughout its history, with each having its own attitude toward economic and social policies. Specifically, between 1956 and 1981, Egypt was ruled by two different mindsets. Gamal Abdel Nasser came to power as the president of Egypt in 1956 after serving as prime minister. Following Nasser’s death in 1970, Muhammad Anwar El-Sadat rose to the presidency, and served till his assassination in 1981. It is at times argued that both Nasser and Anwar constructed and followed the same norms as each other. This argument, however, holds no weight as the different attitudes towards the economic and social policies made by the two lead to complete different levels of societal acceptance from Egyptian citizens. Nasser, for example, had massive support from the citizens of Egypt, partially through imprisoning his opposition and outlawing contesting political parties. This however cannot be said for Anwar, as he formed his political stance in opposition to Nasser's ideals. Sadat’s backing of the Brotherhood, then subsequent peace with Israel, led to people turning against him. The differences and similarities in their policies are written below
Nassir was well known for his policies in Egypt. Prior to the 1950s, less than six percent of Egypt's population owned more than 65% of the land in the country, and less than 0.5% of Egyptians owned more than one-third of all fertile land. These major owners had almost autocratic control over the land they owned and charged high rents which averaged 75% of the income generated by the rented land. To limit the consequences, established Land reforms which prevented people from owning more than 200 feddans of land. Additionally, He also implemented fixed rent which means the price of rent was the same in all cases. Nasser was also known for banning political parties, old constitutions, and anyone in politics from 46-52 couldn’t participate.