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Knowledge: Access to Ideas. (Epistemology).
Plato, explain and teach philosophy in an attractive manner. To convey some of his most complex theories often resorted to metaphor, simile or myth. One of their myths is the myth of the cave.
more expressive narrative in the history of Western thought
Plato recounts the myth in this painful and rugged path of knowledge. The man in chains inside the darkness symbolizes the original human condition, ignorant and deceived. The world inside the cave is the world of things. The way out is the process of knowledge. As we can see, the theory of ideas and knowledge are intertwined.
The different types of knowledge.
knowledge is closer to the truth, overcoming ignorance and deception. But where is this truth? We have seen that, as opposed to changing and confusing world around us, the truth is in the ideal or intelligible world. By

In the book The Republic, Plato explains the different levels of knowledge. After dividing the segment that represents the visible level of reality in physical objects and images in the text Socrates explains how to split the segment corresponding to the intelligible world
Reminiscence: to know is to remember. The trotting horse is brown I see a little lame, I drew the triangle is quite irregular, such as pretty pink fade begins. Between sensible things and the related idea is an abyss: the idea of horse, triangular, beauty has a "plus" is a reality that is not in the concrete sensible thing. But if the idea, unlike the thing is perfect universal and eternal, how man comes to these ideas so different and away from things? Plato's answer is that we, in our soul has always been there as dormant or latent, fingerprints or traces of these ideas. Therefore, the only thing to do is wake up, do what is already emerging in us. Consequently, learn it is nothing more than evoke or recall these ideas

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