3) Characteristics of hyperbole and lights reflected in Bohemia The absurdity is a grotesque distortion of reality for expressive purposes ("Goya has invented"), national heroes referred to in concave mirrors ... distorted sistemáticamente.El author before a monstrous world absurd operates selectively disintegrating the facts and gives the public what most shocked and overwhelmed. Devastating critiques of the established order and the grotesque is both tragedy and farce. Valle himself described the new aesthetic concepts in three well-known texts: Regarding the chronology of absurdity should be noted 1920 as a watershed year. Are four works by the author: a tragicomedy of village Divine words, rural eyesore and is considered a masterpiece of world theater Bautista, two sham, farce of love with the king and Farce and Queen castiza license, and a scarecrow, lights bohemia. In this work transforms and deforms Valley creatures to pass through the sieve of the grotesque and monstrous conveys an image of the Spanish reality: institutions, middle class, people, anything or anyone that has any social relevance is spared criticism. Do not fall into sentimentality or moral. For Zamora Vicente from the linguistic point of view would be the masterpiece of the grotesque and aesthetics summarizes the new way of seeing the world by the autor.Definimos the grotesque as a literary genre created by Ramon del Valle-Inclán that systematically distorts reality , recharging their features grotesque and absurd, while degraded literary values enshrined, for it is dignified and artistically torn colloquial language, abounding cynical and slang expressions. Valle defined in the scene XII: "The grotesque has forged Goya. Classical heroes have gone for a walk in the Alley Cat. Classical heroes reflected in the concave mirrors are the grotesque ... The most beautiful images in a concave mirror are absurd. "Distorting the expression in the same mirror that distorts the faces and miserable life in Spain." "My aesthetic is to transform current math concave mirror with classical rules." - distanciamiento.Lo deformation techniques and fundamental absurdity is "an attempt to delve into the miserable life of Spain: crítica.En as the distance, the resource used by Valle-Inclan is to adopt a view from above "or" raised in the air. " This is separate from what is going to count, get over it, not to engage or identify the author with the characters ... So actually transmitting a shrunken, de-idealize, deformed (the character is <> author, eg., Homer ) or "standing": the characters are heroes but human, it can give the emotional identification between author and character (character = author, eg., Shakespeare).
The characters are not only deformed but also the situations. The most usual esperpentización of different situations is to make grotesque or absurd by the technique of contrast, fundamental in some scenes, like the scene XIII, full of them: Don Latino arrives drunk at the funeral of his best friend, the little dog jumping over the box and twist the sail, the appearance of Soulinake saying that Max is not dead but in a state of trance, the arrival of the driver to see if he is dead or not dead ... All these contrasts become a tragic grotesque . 4) Lights of Bohemia and the political and social reality in the scene Max XII defined the grotesque.Part of this statement: "Our tragedy is not a tragedy." The tragedy is a genre too noble for the landscape around him: "Spain is a grotesque deformation of European civilization." Therefore, "the tragic sense of Spanish life can only come with a beauty systematically distorted." And so the impossibility of tragedy arises esperpento.Luces is a satire of bohemian national politics, society, religion, etc., is an indictment of the Spanish situation. With this work makes its distorting mirrors Valley to the most varied aspects of Spanish reality. Aspects of the Spanish reality criticizing Valley through the grotesque are the following: - Some references to the imperial past: Felipe II, El Escorial ...).- Valley refers to the Spanish colonies in America, the Tragic Week ( 1909), the Russian Revolution (1917) and the events following the Spanish crisis of 1917 .- In particular strength is the protest against police repression. Criticized the torture carried out by the police, the illegal detentions. Of particular relevance is the ridicule that makes the captain and Serafin Pitito Bonito .- street riots appear through workers revolution. The only two figures are not esperpentizadas the child's mother died and the Catalan workers .- The critique of traditional religion and void (stage II). Max sometimes say, "You have to raise Christ," "The miserable people all the major concepts transformed into a fairy seamstress pious", "Spain as a religious concept is a tribe of Central Africa", etc. Criticism .- also figures, schools and literary institutions. A Galdós calls it "the Garbancero Benito, Quintero brothers," if cogieran Hamlet and Ophelia, which would work! ", Villa thick, at the Royal Academy ...- also ridicules the bohemian life and defines as a world useless. He, as a bohemian who was society.The feels the work is a commitment to total criticism, criticism not only from above or institutions, but all, we have a collective review provides an overview of the conflicts that hatched life Spain. In short, everything seems to take on the whole to that phrase of his: "Spain is a grotesque deformation of European civilization. & Rdquo
5) Modernism and 98 in Luces de Bohemia 1. The Modernismo.En its origins, there is deep disagreement with the bourgeois civilization. Rubén Darío himself said: "I hate life and time I happened to be born." Literally express their displeasure through aristocratic isolation and aesthetic refinement, it is often accompanied by attitudes labohemia conformists, the dandyism and certain asocial and amoral behavior. They were critical of elitism and escapism of subjectivism sterile, others emphasize its sense burgués.Es iconoclastic materialism against a French move deep impression. Follow the guidelines set by Parnassianism and symbolism, is largely a synthesis of both movements Spanish: The Parnasianism "Art for art's sake." Its characteristics are the cult of formal perfection, the ideal of a calm and balanced poetry, a taste for clean lines and sculptural themes such as Greek myths, the medieval or exotic environments orientales. "The Simbolismo.No are content with external beauty and formal perfection. We propose to go beyond the sensible: for them, holds true, after their appearances, deep meanings or unexpected affinities with moods. The poet must discover and transmit them, for it uses symbols. The symbol is a physical image that suggests something is not physically perceptible (an idea, a feeling). It is an art that proposes to suggest everything is hidden in the depths of the soul. Use language and musical flow.6) The characters of Max and Don Latino Star Lights xMastrella Bohemia is a complex, hard analysis, which even contradiction. Is described with nobility, congrandilocuencia, both for the author's annotations (visual and descriptive many of them, the pair literary), and by the character's own parliaments. Max Lapropia blindness, beyond simply identifying the personajereal Alejandro Sawa, which equates to Homer himself. Testimony will be blind (how justice?), Social injustice, corruption of clasepolítica of s0ciedad degradation, lack of recognition of us contemporary literary. In this sense, Max seems to occur in certain developments, ranging from the personal (his poor economic condition and his frail health) to the social, communal, general, which will lead to death. Seems to confess to the Catalan workers' bad conscience by the social indifference. There are, at this meeting, a definition of the evolution of the character, which, little by little, is considering entering the social and political, from the purely artistic and aesthetic, characteristic of the bohemian, the ideological awareness that considerations about the worker Catalan anarchists. And despite this, it is converted back to the consenting selfish economic aid of his former friend and now a minister, who offers, in a grotesque scene between the case and the tender consideration of their old friendship, a pay lifetime. This is one of the contradictions of character and perhaps his neglect of family functions, consenting to the death of his wife and treats hija.Valle Max with the same distorted and grotesque perspective (looking at your character from the air, less than the author, the theory put forward by the Valley itself when comparing tragedies of Homer, the author of heroes than those of Shakespeare, at the same level of the author or your own, below the author). And so will go through a process of personal degradation (Latino deception and Zarathustra, imprisonment, loss of dignity to the minister, the theft of his wallet and his death ridiculous and pathetic velatoriopor other hand, Latino Hispalis is, perhaps, the character másesperpéntico with constant distorted caricature accompanied desu puppy being himself lapdog (traitor and sold to the highest bidder, the owner of the largest bone). Zamora Vicente tells us not to have found link with no real character. He claims to be an artifact Valley itself to give both sides the same way, by way of Max's own dark side. It would be a way to round out the absurdity of the play, heads and tails of a degraded society that twists between personal survival and the workers' struggle of time. magical realism in the House of the Spirits Magical realism is a literary movement that emerged in Latin American culture during the last third of the twentieth century. This movement is known as post-boom of the 40 in which agreed very Castilian number of authors who developed many compositions. New authors like Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Isabel Allende had a clear interest in trying to put together in his compositions both ancient South American culture and the new technological culture imported to globalization. The House of the Spirits is a novel by Isabel Allende in 1982 in which the author tells the story of the Trueba family for 4 generations. We see the emergence of feminism in the work because it makes the players in the saga are always women of the family.By reading the novel we see a turn, as many of the characteristics of estacorriente reflected in it: "It is very remarkable mix that has continued between real and magical elements into the everyday family life. For example, powers of Clara telekinésicos help them predict earthquakes and save the dishes and even to find the severed head from an accident of his-father in the countryside. "These premonitions could also be framed as a way of seeing reality in the sense that explanations become very important, uses the multiplicity of narrators that when you're reading a chapter in the same scene the narrator happens to be the grandfather , Esteban Trueba to be your granddaughter or even other people. In fact, in one chapter may change to more than four times the narrator without losing information about what is counted. "It makes an excellent description of the wild and natural areas continentesudamericano. The most obvious example is the estate of "Las Tres Marias", the cottage where they carry half of their lives. In this environment describenpaisaje s fantastic such as the White River area where Pedro Tercero and have their first romantic getaway in the middle of the night. - Death is not taken into account, as in the case of Uncle Mark, who after a trip up dead even though no one comes to know if he was really dead or not because later returns with his adventures. "Time is not conceived in the work of a classical form, ie linear, but progress and setbacks occur in cycles without affecting the narration of the facts because while events take precedence, are explained others who had given