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Century narrative. CENTURY OF ART
We have activity in narrative prose, but the paper-, arkatzik, magnetofono or if there is no video-telling was a very common words to make rhymes or verse. However, to measure the slab to speak, remember the recipient's full of resources to facilitate the work of the explanations were, were horrexetarako repetition, parallel, Angle, songs, and enparauak keywords.
Keywords · traditional stories are less organized.
· Epic (History) and lyrical (including sentimendukoak) can be.
Life events are associated with old people ·.
· XVI. and XVII. Most have been collected for centuries.
Some of them are known · full, others partially.
Ballad of the same bait-· version is not unusual to have received more than one dialect variations of dialects .- also happens to be.
I called in Basque ballads mutilik ttipiena edanik be left out at sea and Janik explains the story of the ship is the crew who are desperately to stick to kill, then eat the flesh of captains, and the stick out of the sinister.
Interviews through a difficult situation is described as follows and is also used to explain the situation tenka:
· Numbers game.
Despair in the passage of non-· where noted.
· Realism using raw-raw.
· Stylistics, fast connection without using the ideas.
Short words, a very measured, have been used. Size is a model, unnecessary elements have been rejected, there is no betelanik, and inserts are for people going over memories.
Rhyme, however, it is a glove. Nasaia It is where some questioned whether there can be.
Mouth to mouth from the eighteenth century. century was worth the attention of literary narratives and the other was the ballad of a model of courage lasted XIX.eraino Harbor.
In other words, full of fantasy short stories are the most outstanding characteristics of the animals and people is to become. -Master the satirical and moral purpose, and the lessons are finished.
Alegilariek simple and understandable language that is used for educational purposes. Verse and prose in the Basque alegilariek act between man and the authors are almost all Greek Aesop, Phaedrus in Latin, Iriarte and Samaniego, Alava in Spanish Canary Islands, and so on. sources in the Basque Alegia.
Some of the Basque Alegia:
Juan Antonio Mogel (1745-1804)
Juan Antonio Mogel Eibar Markina Xemein was originated, but the priests have been working on it. Traditional Peru is author of the excellent work. The work of the Basque autoretzat up a reputation of being among the best writers and honor.
Traditional Peru s also, however, other topics were also discussed JAMogelek the religion, the origins of the Basque language, philosophy, etc. and thought, both in Basque and TCG.
But especially in a relatively long series of stories that the translator-adapter and the work that we want. Juan Antonio that they had suffered together with his nephew, Vincent, but at the same time, work was kitzikatzailea uncle. Vincent Mogelenak Guipuzcoan are registered, go to Antoniorenak Bizkaieraz.
Language Processing and referred to the criticisms of the work eztitasuna goresmen-meritutzat.
Mogel Antonia Vincent (1782-1854)
Basque literature is the first woman writer, nephew of Juan Antonio. Vincent wrote only one work: a good story, which Guipuzcoan collection.
Ulerterraz languages are written and entertaining, and readers as possible to reach the largest. PETER xaxatu was written, twenty-two years old when she.
Since the evolution of narrative in the nineteenth and Basque. the late nineteenth century, as the text is a form of narrative explanation gorentzat novel.
This is written in prose fiction narrative is focused on the main character (s), place (s) and the plot is. These games make up the novel, and, airosoak game, guaranteeing the quality of the work.
Century novel, the golden era. Realism is the period of the century. Time for action, asaskatzeko path through the heart of interpersonal relations, philosophical reflection, a reflection of the conflicts and jendeon that is said to be made.
XIX. leave at the end of the century published works. What is clear, therefore, like the writer tell the same beauty that late Literature.
XX. during the last century, the narratives and literature, and the flowering of an interesting life. XIX. century novels, published by:
Traditional · Peru (1881), Juan Antonio Mogelena.
· Peter Adam (1889), Joan Batista Elizanbururena.
Once the final · (1893), Resurrection Mary Azkuerena.
Auñamendiak Flower (1898), Txomin Aguirre.
Azkue Resurrection Mary (1864-1951)
Lekeitiokoa was created. Priest. He died in Bilbao, Basque Academy after a long time. During the long years of his life, and the analysis of the Basque language is still essential to the work of the latter.
Works. Lexicography, Grammar, and includes a very popular literary works, he referred to. Respectively:
· Basque Izkidea. Grammar of Basque (1891)
Dictionary · Vasco - Spanish - French (Basque - Castilian - French Dictionary) (1905)
Morphology · Vasca (Basque morphology) (1923), the Basque language study
Multi Country · (1935-1947), public knowledge, the work of the collection.
Once the final · (1893), a novel.
· Lost Sheep (1919), a novel.
Criticism. Once the sheep is lost forever, and novels. Azkue novelist, and the name of work, however, and congregations are very low near the aztertzailearenaren.
The first is the work of customs and humor. Plot: Maripa Txanton couple and their winery. Katalin mandazain with his wife's friend is in love, but with good eye does not see the marriage of Catherine's father. During the novel, to approve the marriage, Catherine's father - Txiliri - attributed to maneuver and are JUKUTRIA.
Lost Sheep characters from each other through letters about the problems of religion is. Concerned about the need for unity of the Basque language-, consist of Turan could be reduced based on the unity of thought.
Turan and completed in that wrote the lost sheep, defended the practice by teaching, so the work has a greater interest in language, literature before.
Go Elizanburu Batista (1821-1891)
Sara was born and died, became a French army captain.
Works. Elizanburu tender and romantic poet. It does not work verbose turn off, but he is seasoned with poetry and singing are known today.
The unfinished novel, the prose Peter Adam, Peter Adam's story structure is framed. In other words, the main narrator presents the story the protagonist and the story tells us some of his hand.
Formed in different sections is a collection of stories, so. Telling stories that are interspersed through the main thread is mailakatzen. The basic story is a unique work, and stretch-film analepsiacalled flash-back - with a certain degree through the long, are inserted into the passages. This causes the scale of this can be done the following:
Peter · life.
Peter · he told stories.
·-Pello-party chat is in progress.
Very close to the characteristics of oral language, using the reader's attention is not the author, throughout the duration of the work that accompanied Ateraldiak Meta humor. Lapurteraz is issued.

XX. Century narrative
The novel is the youngest among the literary genres. XIX. Century, the bourgeoisie and the urban environment was enhanced, especially during the period realism.
Associated with the world is written in gender is a very open and wide. As a result, today, shows a unique vitality.
XIX. century realism and naturalism have completely passed arragoatik century novel has been decisive. Century is shown to maturity.
Author's point of view and the position of
Orojakilearen writer, instead of passing the secret of the authors, this is the adventure to adventure Kontaketaren telling the narrative.
Seen to appear just like many readers, an opinion without alternation.
Now is a common but not hutsartez special sections or chapters, the novel sequence. For example, Martin Santos "Time of Silence on" causes Lertxundi or "n-Petter Otto."
In fact, the main part of the structure, including structure-curated the more important changes. There of these changes:
§ counterpoint techniques: an overview of the combined and alternated with more than telling, narrative thread carrying ikusgunetik characters. Authors who can see and say these are the only konstatazioa.
§ the use of time, then instead of linear, mixed to take advantage of the chronology. Analepsia.

Person narrative
Narration of the story from the perspective of many characters are used. The first person narrative, and the second person to have their own characteristics and peculiarities, and the author of these people use the opportunities provided by the use of games.
Interviews and monologue
Interview jakitekoak games are:
§ Direct Style: When receiving a direct dialogue.
§ cross-style: using the third person is usually developed.
§ cross-free style: the style is said by someone, but the verb assistants, and menderagailurik quotes and / or without dashes.
§ internal monologue of the successful techniques of the twentieth. Thanks to the use of the great novelists of the century. Among them are: J. Joyce, W. Faulkner ...
Naturalism in the description of a great importance. Descriptions of objects, works of authors, some of the pertsonaienak sufficient importance.
Style Innovation
XX. century novel trends can be seen:
§ report a novel, ads, ... from the record is inserted.
§ letter forms are used in games.
Reader's complicity
Complicity with the reader will try to find a novelist, hartzailearekiko strengthening the relationship.
Basque origin of the novel
The courts in 1876 after abolitu XIX. Basque cultural movement for the end of the century was the recovery. Poetry, flowers, and cultural activities such as games.
Policy, subject to change, progress and momentum is known Euzko Party.
Oldar Esnatzea also came from this narrative, poetry and politics and influence over the weaker.
XIX. extend the period until the end of the century 1957.era two sections we will study:
Novel tradition
Custom-century novel. The end of the century, at the end of civil war in 1936 and extends Zibileraino. Violation of the Basque-age novel, the novel reach their tops.
§ The root of the romantic novel. Sensitive to the customs of view.
§ Farm and give people around the sea is, the idealization of life, giving clear.
§ the weight of the Catholic religion is a vast place.
§ are descriptive, or an intricate plot ahulekoak. Orojakilea storyteller always tends to be.
§ Encouraged by Basque writer to write their consciences.
Txomin Aguirre (1864-1920)
Aguirre was born in Txomin Ondarroa. Priest-Nun Zumaia Chaplaincy and was killed in his livelihood. Work with him to facilitate a peaceful victory Sermoigintzarako and writing skills showed.
Patxadatsua status also was a long, segaila, and txukuntasun jasotasunaren fan.
Basque was a member of the same foundation of the organization.
Is the author of three works:
§ Auñemendiko Flower (1898), historical and romantic novels.
§ mises (1906), the traditional novel.
§ Garoa (1912), the traditional novel.
- Mises
This is the second work.
Fishing is set in the world. Ondarroa habits and lifestyle is. Love-in between the accounts are in love with Angel and Mañaxi dabiltzalarik, Jose Antonio Indian-American, temporary work and be enriched in itzulitakoa-is-love into a third distribution.
Bizkaieraz work is written.
Mises bring style:
§ long sentence, the rhetoric of the establishment of character.
§ very careful and selected use of the Lexicon, a careful garbizalekeriaren pleasure.
§ izenondoak many, the text of the seriousness and maturity set him. Deskribaketetan izenondoak pairs are used.
§ a play on words, comparisons, and use of paradox is a very skilled Txomin Aguirre.
- Garon
Mises the sea is set in the world, is a reflection of Garoa rustic.
Guipuzcoan work is written. Plot:
Joan, the lord of the village Zabaleta. The oldest female, Jose Ramon, married to the house. Ignatius is the second son of Mary, is a neighborhood of marriage and the third, Juan Andres, abroad. Malentxo reason, riot and fight to have the boys.
Finally, the nun goes to Male, John and his death is made out of sheep, and Joseph, an orphan receive wide, is left in a quarry in the blind. Paul later marries.
Aguirre-novelist dohainka all you can see their beautiful Garon:
Size has to invent a language of §.
§ uses a masterful literary resources.
§ Interviews exemplary vitality and appropriateness.
Features include:
§ Didaktismoa, the desire to educate the reader.
§ attention to the reception and the Basque language: the language carefully.
Style, patxadatsua is prudent selection of those words used by the sweetness, rhythm, and phrases in every play, vitality and peace of mind to know-orekagune obtained.
Today, still maintains the strength and value of the model we have prose-mold.
It Cantabria, José María Pereda Erdal Agirrerengan writers left and the similarity effect.
Basque narratives, in 1957, Jose Luis Alvarez Plaza Txillardegik Leturia Shield to publish a newspaper, opened the modern era of the modern novel, which, today, is in full screen.
According to critics, modernity is a process, a novel in the history of what has happened and continued dialektiko. Ensures that the novel characteristics of modernity can meet in the following four elements:
· Subjectivity: the world is to stand out, because the concept of self.
· Fragmentation: the retention of the world because of their own, and therefore, is inevitably fragmented.
· Irony: It is a way of criticism, a critical view of the way of reality.
· Thoughtful: in favor of acceptance of criticism is a reflection of the attitude, and openness to accept changes in expression.
But innovation also led to other novel Basque authors:
University studies have ·.
Youth will begin to write.
Urban atmosphere-are the majority.
Have a close knowledge of European literature ·.
Basque · many of them are new.
There are also cultural tastes · heterodox.
· Commitment to the Basque language is a clear demand.
· Basque literature sintonizatu want to modernize and European currents.
Novel of the modern era can be divided in the following other subcategories:
· 1957-1969
· 1969-1976
· Goitikoa 1976
Both authors have highlighted the contribution of this period: Txillardegirena Miranderena and Jon.
Jose Luis Alvarez TXILLARDEGI Plaza (San Sebastian, 1929)
TXILLARDEGI engineer and novelist, is a linguist, and the year was as a journalist. And the work goes more deeply familiar with the grammar. Erbesteldi policy is long due to fluctuations. Here it works:
· Leturia newspaper Shield (1957)
· Leartzako Peru (1960) novel set in existentialism
· And about Ivy (1965) a collection of articles saikera
· Schelen Elsa (1969) responsible for the time being is a philosophical novel: Marxism, the Vietnam War, religious talk.
Select language and thinking (1972) study of Basque language Siakera
On the other hand · Wind (1988) novel. Existentialism is around here, once again, the author, this time from a poetic perspective.
· Eraserheads (1988) ideology point of view, is the author of this book markatuena.
· Wells (1999) historical novel, set in Carlism.
Leturia hidden diary. This road is a transgressive work of the Basque novels. Religion, or the strength of the rural environment as a model for the protagonist or the need for features such as the left side, and me being the first person protagonist is full of uncertainties. John Leturia Basque literature is the conflict protagonists. Newspaper Joxebaren hidden relations of love between Mary and tells the story, the story ends failures.
Newspaper career in Paris, the longest period occurs. Mary falls in love and marry the arrival, but in the end, all nazkaturik, and Mary is also dead, suicide is the protagonist.
Depending on the season, has four parts: the municipalities, summer, autumn and winter. Each era has its meaning protagonist of the internal situation.
-Existentialist conception of the world. Leturia sense of human life in his diary and the lack of shows at every turn.
Structure of the work by someone who has received Leturia newspaper reader offers.
Stop hand, the work is freely ekarririk best dictionary reforms. There are also references to authors of the time.
Jon Mirande (Paris, 1925-1972)
Mirande zuberotarrengandik parents born in Paris, is a writer, a new Basque.
Mirande life, like work, is full of unified heterodox that details:
· Was a great polyglot
· Ideological anti-Semitic, fascist, and antikreriala, antifrankista and at the same time.
· Polemikazale great.
He died by suicide, as autorearekiko help reinforce your interest and obrarekiko.
Children besoetakoa
This is the only novel Mirande. The work was curated in 1959, but the readers' response to fear, he published in 1970. The protagonist and narrator-daughter, Theresa 11urteko pederasta curious relationship between the theme of the work is subject eskandalosoa as heterodox.
Children besoetakoa is psychological. Literary style is quite traditional and novel, and it also describes the feelings of intensity and were unknown episodes plastizitateak novel at the time of Basque.
Description of life and air conditioning has to work very well-rounded does.
Edgar Alan Poe, American writer of the impact of Miranda. On the other hand, the famous author of children's Nabokov Lolita besoetakoak also refers to the similarity.
SECOND PERIOD: 1969-1976
Novel means of modernization of the Basque 1969.urtean curve is interesting. Emergent political opposition against the Franco 1969urte around that. Erauntsi all kinds of movement in the Basque Country and the smoke is being converted to. Gaiztotzearekin with pain and repression, demonstrations and riots in the street and are sutsuagoak.
Money that comes into the street next to the Basque daily later narrative modernotasunena Started as an indentation.
The current novel has been very useful:
New characters in the novel with the same question · and the importance of image. Anonymous narrator of the story to see what has become an absolute objectivity.
· Psychological analysis of characters, it is discarded.
· Most important form of the novel is told and how it is organized, the winner is not interested in telling the adventure, but to tell the same adventure.
· Requires readers sortzaileago causes, that is, without saying who is also the work of ondorioztatzea.
Ramon Leandro (San Sebastian, 1944)
Economics and has studied sociology-Fribourg, Switzerland. Lives in San Sebastian. This is a list of his novels:
· Because every day begins (1969)
· Hundred meters (1976)
· My Jesus (1976)
Eleven steps · (1995)
· The Heart (1996)
· Kndinskyren tradition (2003)
Every day is beginning. Bergier young girl named Giselle Riemmes to abort the trip is being made to work. After another walk, where a medical consultation, and finally, to achieve the goal.
Leandro continuous monologue has been developing the story.
Characters leads to a thread called Berritsu Kontaketaren, through the activity of non-response.
Other berritsuaren thread activity from the way abortion is Gisele: Gisele ibileren account.
Both are linked. Biañez In addition, the thread of connection between the third Sizarbitoriak two-story or story-line has become a thread.
Basically, Gisele berritsuaren and the passage of the endless flow of words have been told the work, other times referring to the combination of sociological concern.
Told in a unique ability to tell da.Kamerak duan objective vision. And the camera can not see the show, is aspergaitza berritsuaren act.
Style Light, saltaria, fast, the dialogue tends to be like. It is worth noting elipsiak use.

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